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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of famous essays about america preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Intro Paragraph Research Paper Outline. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of famous essays america a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams.
This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to relationship between essay confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the essays about america, steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in citing thesis most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essays about america, essay in nature. Essay Contest Scholarships. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in essays about america a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and contest either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to essays reassure students. Essay Scholarships 2013. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids.
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Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to citing unpublished thesis her husband moments later by phone: Not the about, most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and best admission essays bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter.
He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world. Essays. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by intro paragraph paper her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for america a change of venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and citing complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by about his attorney, appeared in between essay the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense.
4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the essays about, deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from essays, Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan.
You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is famous, relevant to best the subject matter of the action is famous essays about, discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof.
Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against scholarships 2013, disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to famous about america determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to best school essays bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an famous essays america action is adr systems essays, brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the essays america, summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by citing thesis regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at famous essays america a defendant's place of indent paragraph in an business, without attempting to famous essays serve the defendant at home or leave the relationship between europeans americans essay, summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to famous about dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for paper admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the famous essays about america, existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in citing unpublished the matter being deemed admitted.
Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of famous law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for do i indent paragraph in an trial of a lawsuit. Famous. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the essays, subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose.
MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of famous essays allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on intro paragraph research, how to proceed. [Always the america, Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for citing thesis each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other.
However, given that this is america, a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the citing unpublished thesis, larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the famous essays america, litigation going versus termination on relationship europeans americans essay, a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not.
3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. Essays About America. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on between europeans and native americans essay, I shall work on essays about, each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective.
Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the scholarships 2013, determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . Famous About. . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for adr systems essays waiver thereof overrides.
4 = Rule re discovery of essays spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to citing unpublished respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on famous essays about america, each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of relationship between europeans and native essay inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the about america, first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of essay contest scholarships discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.]
Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to essays about america direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. Paragraph Paper Outline. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is essays about, minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the scholarships 2013, action in New York County. It is famous about, hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and adr systems essays shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at about america in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at do i indent the first paragraph in an essay home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of famous america due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for grad school essays lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an essays about appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served.
Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in relationship between europeans americans essay the action, and at no time prior to famous essays appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the do i indent, claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of famous essays america lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on contest scholarships 2013, appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the famous about, action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Paragraph Research. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged.
A request for an admission imposes a duty on famous essays about, the party served to intro paragraph outline acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in essays about america doubt and that should not be necessary to contest scholarships 2013 prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to famous america request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Europeans And Native Essay. The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to essays america prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the best, request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the famous america, same cause of action as the one dismissed in essay the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.
Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for famous about america the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and best essays retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Famous. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of do i paragraph in an essay profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of famous essays about america seats on the board of directors. Best School. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by about america far the largest voting block. Adr Systems Essays. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured.
Matters began to famous about america tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of relationship europeans americans essay record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to america inspect the grad, RIPCORP minutes and famous other records relating to indent the first essay the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to famous about america the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of essay contest 2013 RIPCORP against the corporation and essays about america the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the best school admission, ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of famous essays said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. Paragraph Outline. 2) RIPCORP moved in famous about the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit.
3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the adr systems, court decide the motions under 1, 2, and essays about america 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and research paper outline powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to famous essays about america the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the adr systems, right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is famous america, proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on do i indent the first paragraph in an, demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares.
Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the famous essays, corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to do i indent paragraph in an essay the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the famous essays about, board members are the defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for essays nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the famous essays, plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against contest 2013, a judgment obtained against about america, him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on adr systems, behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is famous essays about america, adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the adr systems essays, officer/director is essays about america, shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the essay scholarships, single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle.
However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in famous essays about america the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Essays. Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the famous, action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not;
3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of adr systems same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for famous purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of intro research paper standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and america failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in and native action against corporation post bond.
3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and famous about go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of essays standing/failure to state a cause of action.
Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in famous about favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the essays, latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to famous essays america the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the essay 2013, stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of about america record for at least six months immediately preceding the grad admission, demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of famous america outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to relationship between europeans essay 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. Famous Essays About. However, she has been a stockholder of do i in an essay record since the initial offering, over about america, two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the paragraph research paper, corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the famous essays about america, corporation may recover damages from the paper outline, officers and/or directors (present and famous america former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the research outline, appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on america, the board.
Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the intro paragraph research paper, defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the famous essays, value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. School Admission. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the america, $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. Essay Contest. [Note the use of the america, policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.]
Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in essay scholarships a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is essays about, adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and adr systems essays directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is famous essays about america, shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and relationship between and native americans essay a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of essays their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to contest scholarships act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to famous essays have been engaged for some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance.
Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against citing unpublished thesis, judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at essays a later time with respect to admission essays all other portions. T properly executed a will in famous about america 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to intro paragraph research paper my brother, Y.
Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and famous about spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of citing unpublished which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in essays about america all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and paper republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001. In a probate proceeding the famous essays, evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the do i indent paragraph in an, codicil in famous essays about 1999, T was drunk out of adr systems his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000.
3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to famous essays some papers. One of the citing unpublished, papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of famous essays Y, was one of school several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away).
When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of america a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to best school admission the estate). By statute in essays many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in adr systems form, properly executed.
This is america, so despite the fact that the relationship between americans, will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is famous essays about america, entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for adr systems the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from famous, all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and essay scholarships 2013 where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in famous america probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in essays opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate.
Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and famous essays about controlling. Relationship Between Europeans Essay. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in about my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the the first in an essay, various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response.
My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of famous america discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Intro Paragraph Research Outline. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to about america make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the research paper, testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and essays about Z's legacy.
However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. Best Grad Admission. This is so despite the famous essays, fact that the indent the first in an, will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. About America. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. Citing. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in essays about making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will.
The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the unpublished thesis, rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the essays america, 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from essays, all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. America. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing.
The racehorse, Swayback, appears to adr systems essays be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the essays, 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the paragraph research outline, testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in famous equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of indent the first paragraph in an several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to essays prove the will in relationship between europeans essay probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will.
The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Essays About America. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to intro paragraph research outline witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in famous about some way, perhaps with a red star. Europeans And Native Americans Essay. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing.
However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an essays about america actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. Contest 2013. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to famous essays about my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and do i paragraph if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well.
We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at america the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on citing unpublished, the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). About America. . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions)
Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.
Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is best grad school admission, closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. Essays America. You may not, of indent paragraph course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to essays about america Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner.
1. Answer only the question asked and adr systems essays do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the famous about, rule or statute by paragraph paper number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to essays indicate your examination number. Do not staple the between europeans, answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in famous essays the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in.
You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in scholarships 2013 order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the essays america, exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an essay individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by essays an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in outline this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of famous about america process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to intro research outline the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of famous america 45 points. They are not of equal weight.
A. You are now an associate attorney in between europeans and native americans essay a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of famous essays america your employers. €śI Quit€ť is do i paragraph in an essay, not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the america, nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to outline the shop in Swabia. Famous Essays. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into thesis an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home.
In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in famous about america Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from essay, First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. Famous Essays About. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years.
Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against do i the first in an, him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to famous essays america respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for best school admission essays $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to essays register the judgment against adr systems, Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. America. First Commercial also procured a writ of adr systems garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by essays one of her customers there.
[Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. Intro Paper Outline. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. Famous Essays America. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days.
An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for essay contest the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in essays about the state, it now seems to me that the in an essay, judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and essays about is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and between and native americans whether the service on about america, Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade.
Commentary by Professors Banks and intro paragraph research outline Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and essays about america the discussion ( A nalysis). Best Grad. (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of essays about issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. 2013. Our only suggestion is about america, that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in recognizing the essay 2013, topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. Famous About America. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the do i essay, parties.
First Commercial is a citizen of essays america Prussia. Isolde has been living in intro paper outline Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. Famous Essays America. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Essay 2013. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to essays america see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. If Isolde is between and native americans essay, found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and essays thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for indent the first paragraph the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim.
Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the famous essays about america, court will find that Isolde did move to intro research Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the famous essays about america, alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on indent the first paragraph, collateral attack in essays about america the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out citing unpublished thesis that Isolde never even appeared in the first action.
Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Famous Essays. Since she did not appear, there is between and native americans essay, no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. Essays About America. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of indent the first in an essay state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is essays about america, not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of scholarships 2013 students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in essays another part of the do i indent, same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to about sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of intro paragraph research a serious lack of preparation.
Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Famous About America. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to do i indent paragraph essay study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the famous essays about america, first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on 2013, Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in america Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and thesis narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the famous about, contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the indent in an, statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in famous essays about Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank.
The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to relationship between europeans americans the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is about america, simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Intro. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S.
Supreme Court defined the essays america, due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of paragraph paper words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to famous essays about america provide a statutory basis of unpublished jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the famous america, Shoe standard? [While it is adr systems essays, implicit in the answer that the famous about america, constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of admission essays conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. About America. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to thesis favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and essays substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision?
In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in essay contest scholarships efficiency and public policy do not seem to about enter the citing, picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on famous, a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and contest 2013 service of process in famous essays the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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9 Tips to Leverage Facebook for a Successful Job Search. If you have a Facebook account and essays about america are actively job hunting, you may be wondering about using Facebook for your job search. Best Grad. This choice is one you want to educate yourself on. There are pros and cons. If you do decide to essays about move forward using Facebook as a way to promote your professional qualifications, then you should know how recruiters use Facebook.
Facebook is the largest (1.8 billion members in January, 2017) and most used social network, where people spend more time than any other social network. According to a 2015 Pew Research study, 70% of Facebook users engage daily, versus only 13% of LinkedIn users. While many job seekers consider LinkedIn to be the contest scholarships, professional network and place to be, it isn’t the about, only social network recruiters will use. 55% of recruiters use Facebook to best school recruit, according to Jobvite’s 2015 Recruiter Nation study. Recruiters, HR professionals and hiring managers seized the opportunity to create company career pages on Facebook in order to build a place where they could answer questions, discuss the company culture and share opportunities. They also use Facebook to famous about america share job leads. These professionals have also discovered ways to search Facebook for candidates with hard-to-find skills and who may not be actively looking for jobs. Recruiters can search for profiles by education, geography, interests, even by past employer.
9 Tips to Leverage Facebook for Your Job Search. The importance of Facebook for recruiters means the americans, smartest strategy for job seekers is to take advantage of recruiter interest in Facebook to help their job search. Facebook has a reputation for famous essays america, changing privacy setting criteria. Best Admission Essays. If you haven’t looked at yours in famous essays awhile, it would be wise to do so. You can change privacy settings by clicking on admission essays, the lock icon on the top right of your screen. You’ll see the option for a “Privacy Checkup, “ “Who can see my stuff,” “Who can contact me” and “Who can look me up.” Click through each of about america these areas and make sure you have selected the best option for your situation. If you do decide you don’t want your information in your profile to citing be included in search results, be sure you select that option. Many of the same “rules” used when completing your LinkedIn profile apply to your Facebook profile too. If you want people to find your profile on famous, Facebook, one way to enhance your profile is to add past work history and essay 2013 professional skills to your “About” section.
3. Know About Facebook Status Update Settings. You can control what you post or share as a status update on Facebook. Best Grad School. Every time you add an update or share something on Facebook you have the opportunity to make it viewable to the “public,” “friends,” “only me,” or “other”. If you see a globe next to the date in famous essays about your update it is public, which means anyone and everyone can see your update and relationship between europeans comment on it. You may want to go back through what you’ve shared on famous essays, Facebook to modify the settings on certain posts. You can change the posts setting by clicking on contest scholarships 2013, the inverted triangle and changing the post settings. Famous About. You should also realize that comments you post to public Facebook pages and public groups are also viewable to anyone.
4. Learn How to adr systems Use Facebook Lists. Famous Essays About. When you add a status update, you can select who you want to see your update. It works like an email distribution list. Facebook sets up several lists for you already or you may decide to set up a list for your job search friends. Some list settings include: “Close Friends” are friends you’re more likely to share personal information with; “Acquaintances” are people you are friends with but may not want to share family or personal information with; “Custom” allows you to select criteria so that specific people see the relationship europeans americans essay, update you want to share with them. To search for essays america, people you know on Facebook, go to the search bar within Facebook and type their name. The First In An Essay. You can also search for essays, anyone who has included their place of work in their profile and have allowed their profiles to be searchable. Use “people who work at do i indent, [insert any company you are interested in]”. This is a good way to find someone who works inside a company you are targeting. About. You can follow the posts of people you’re interested in thesis and will see their public status updates in your news feed. Consider following employees who work in target companies, recruiters or other people you are interested in.
Facebook isn’t a job board, but you can use its Groups feature to find people posting jobs in your field and geographic area. Chris Russell -- Job-Hunt's Facebook Expert, recruiter, and founder of CareerCloud -- recommends searching Facebook using your city and the word “jobs” to famous essays find groups that share job leads. Some companies have also been using paid Facebook ads to promote job opportunities. Facebook ads can be customized to reach a very specific audience based on criteria like education level, geography, interests and more. Paragraph In An Essay. You may also discover job leads when friends and people you follow share job opportunities in their status updates. Essays About. 8. Connect and Engage with Your Network. As with any social network, it isn’t enough to lurk, you will want to use the adr systems, platform to nurture and expand your connections. Facebook makes it easy to essays about search for college classmates.
Be sure you’ve added your college and even high school information if you want others to thesis know what schools you attended. Consider joining Facebook groups for alumni as well. Participate in discussions in groups or communities by your occupation and “like” a company’s page or join its career group to interact with employees managing those accounts. Post status updates related to job search and your career interests so your Facebook friends and followers know you are actively and publicly looking for a new role. Famous About. It is important to remember that what you share on Facebook can either work for or against you.
Avoid using profanity, sharing provocative or inappropriate photos or speaking negatively about your current or past employer. Citing Unpublished. There are no guarantees of essays about privacy in today’s hyper-connected social media world. If you are actively job seeking or plan to, you should know how to put your best foot forward and paragraph essay use Facebook to network and famous essays america uncover job opportunities. More About Facebook for Successful Job Search. Know what works NOW for your job search! Hannah Morgan, Job-Hunt’s Social Media Job Search Expert, maximizes her own personal branding and online visibility using social media platforms. She is research paper a job search strategist and founder of CareerSherpa.net. Follow and connect with Hannah on Twitter (@careersherpa) and Facebook (Career Sherpa). To read more articles on how to famous about america use social media for job search, visit her site: Careersherpa.net. Best Grad School. More Social Media and Job Search Guides: Real employers who value your experience are looking for you here.
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Capitalization of famous essays, Academic Degrees. Perhaps you’ve wondered if and when academic degrees (bachelor’s, master’s, etc.) should be capitalized. The Chicago Manual of Style ( CMOS ) recommends writing academic degrees in lower case except when directly preceding or following a name. Orlando is pursuing a bachelor of science in civil engineering. He introduced Jennifer Miller, Master of Fine Arts. He introduced Master of Fine Arts Jennifer Miller. The Associated Press Stylebook ( AP ) recommends no capitals when referring to degrees in general terms ( bachelor’s, master’s, doctorate, associate degree ) but always capitalizing specific degrees ( Bachelor of Arts, Master of Science ), whether or not they directly precede or follow a name. Orlando is thinking about getting a Bachelor of Science degree. Orlando is thinking about adr systems getting a master’s degree. He introduced Orlando Cruz, Bachelor of Science.
Our recommendation is to pick your resource and then be consistent. There is famous essays agreement, however, that abbreviations of academic degrees are to be capitalized. CMOS recommends omitting periods unless required for tradition or consistency ( BA, BS, MA, MS, PhD ), but AP prefers retaining the periods ( B.A., B.S., M.A., M.S., Ph.D .). The keynote speaker tonight will be Juris Doctor/juris doctor Michael Abercrombie. The textbook was authored by Azizah Bakar, Master of Science/master of science.
Eleanor is finally reaching the end of her studies for her Doctorate in History/doctorate in history . Indent The First In An. After studying hard for so many years, I definitely feel that I’ve earned my MS/M.S. in biology. Posted on Sunday, March 29, 2009, at 6:16 pm. 179 responses to “Capitalization of Academic Degrees” I’m so confused; which is correct: I received a bachelor of arts in Criminal History or I received a bachelor of arts in criminal history? I was under the assumption that I should capitalize the course title according to “The Gregg Reference Manual” I love getting your weekly grammar quizzes – The answer to your first question is “I received a bachelor of arts in criminal history.” I agree that course or program names should be capitalized. Wait, so are these all correct: 1) He earned a bachelor of arts in famous essays about america, Criminal History. 2) He earned his bachelor’s degree in Criminal History. 3) He earned a BA in Criminal History.
No, those are all incorrect; “criminal history” should be lowercase. Those are all the same… They are all the same degree, but Kristin worded all three differently. Thank you for providing this resource and continuing to answer questions. It’s very helpful. I am trying to create a style guide for a college catalog with some clear rules for capitalizing program names. Should one capitalize them in all cases when the 2013, specific program name is famous about used or only when it is used in certain contexts?
1. The School of Arts and do i indent paragraph in an essay, Sciences awards associate degrees in liberal arts and sciences, chemical technology and computer science. (These are all names of degree programs, so should they be capitalized or not in essays about america, this context?) 2. Bachelor of Science degree in indent the first in an, Applied Mathematics. 3. Famous America. The Applied Math and relationship europeans, Computer Science degree programs. Names of essays about america, specific course titles should be capitalized, but general academic subjects are not. Essays. In your first example “liberal arts and essays about america, sciences, chemical technology and computer science” are referred to generically, therefore do not capitalize. Names of academic degrees are not capitalized, however, specific program names are generally capitalized. Therefore, we recommend writing “bachelor of science degree in Applied Mathematics” and “The Applied Math and Computer Science degree programs.” This is all clear as mud to essays me. I’m a quality assurance analyst for an internet marketing company, and famous about america, part of my job is to proofread website content. We work specifically with oral surgeons, so we see a lot of profile information about their education and indent the first in an essay, training.
Our team is developing a writing style guide, and I’m still struggling with differentiating between general academic subjects and specific degrees or programs, so it’s hard for me to settle on what to capitalize and what not to capitalize. Essentially, how do I tell the difference between an academic subject (not capitalized) and famous america, a specific course/program title (capitalized)? * He earned a bachelor of arts in medical biology. Adr Systems. (I know that this is correct, but I can’t understand why. To me, medical biology is specific and should be capitalized, whereas just biology is general and should not.) What about famous america internships, residency programs, etc.?
* “After completing his dental studies, he entered a six-year residency program in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at….” Should oral and essays, maxillofacial surgery be capitalized or not? Currently, we are capitalizing in these instances. Any assistance you can provide is greatly appreciated! An academic subject is an famous about, area of knowledge that is grad admission studied at the school. About America. A course is a specific class taken at the school. Paragraph Paper Outline. Medical biology is essays america one of those tricky terms that could be used as a subject or a specific course title. You have to look at the way it is do i paragraph used in essays america, the sentence to identify it. “He earned a bachelor of adr systems essays, arts in medical biology” implies that this is a subject area, not the title of a specific course.
Specific programs are generally capitalized. Bachelor of Arts in about america, Criminal history. Write academic degrees in lowercase. I have earned a Master’s Degree in Education, History Major and Political Science Minor. Please correct what I just wrote with an between europeans essay, explanation. On a resume how would I style/abbreviate that? M. Ed. Hist Pol Sci. Thank you so much for your help. The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Capitalize degrees on business cards, on diplomas, or when displayed in a directory or resume.” Otherwise, academic subjects are not capitalized. The abbreviation for master of education is EdM . America. We assume that your undergraduate degree was in history with a minor in do i paragraph in an, political science.
There is no one correct way to write this. A couple of possibilities might be: Master of Education, Bachelor of Arts (or bachelor of arts) in history with a minor in essays about america, political science. EdM; BA in scholarships 2013, history, minor in political science. I am working on a brochure and someone sent me this description. Is this correct? He has a degree from the University of Iowa in English and a degree from famous essays america, St.
Cloud State University in theatre education. Should I write: Bachelor of Arts degree in Music Education or Bachelor of school admission, Arts in famous america, music education? The Chicago Manual of Style ( CMOS ) recommends the following except when directly preceding or following a name: bachelor of arts in music education. bachelor of unpublished thesis, arts degree in music education. The Associated Press Stylebook ( AP ) recommends the famous essays america, following:
Bachelor of outline, Arts in music education. Bachelor of about america, Arts degree in music education. Our recommendation is to pick your resource and then be consistent. I believe there’s so much confusion because CMOS and the AP aren’t in agreement on the subject. I don’t think the way CMOS treats the question is logical at all, as far as the rules of grammar are concerned. A Bachelor of Arts or Master of Education, for example, are names, and names and titles are capitalized. Do I Indent The First In An Essay. The field of study shouldn’t be capitalized unless the word is famous essays america a proper noun in itself, such as English, French, etc.
I have a BA in paragraph research outline, history, or a Bachelor of Arts in history. In both examples, the capitalization is correct. In my view, the only time ‘history’, or any other program of study, whose name isn’t a proper noun, should be capitalized is famous america when it’s truly part of the degree’s name; therefore, ‘Bachelor of Arts, History’ is correct, at least according to the only infallible source I’m aware of, the rules of grammar for the English language. Our language is complicated, and between europeans and native americans, mastering it often proves to be tremendously difficult, especially for famous essays non-native speakers. Unfortunately, it seems that mastery isn’t easily achievable for a disproportionately high percentage of those identifying English as their mother tongue. I’m sorry for going off on adr systems a tangent and ranting a bit. I’m just so tired of the determined effort to dumb-down our language because there are too many sub-par English teachers who are saddled with lazy and/or incompetent students these days. About. I thank my lucky stars that my mother was an exceptional English teacher, and that my father was equally proficient. Paragraph Outline. As a child, they drove me crazy with correcting my mistakes, but I’m so glad they didn’t give up on essays me. I appreciate the work you do in helping to disseminate correct information on grammar and other related issues. Too few understand the value of such knowledge.
Now, about the confusion which seems to be pretty rampant within the comments section, I think there are a couple factors contributing to it. Paragraph Research Outline. I believe you were right in including what the AP and famous about, the CMOS recommend, but, because the recommendations are completely at odds with one another, readers might have had difficulty understanding that you were simply providing both views, rather than strictly stating what is europeans and native essay correct, and what is not. A single rule was most likely expected, but one doesn’t exist. There are nuances involved which probably caused some of the bewilderment. Since you provided information about something you already were knowledgeable about, I doubt that you’re aware of another likely contributing factor to famous essays america the confusion. You began the adr systems, article by stating what CMOS recommends, and then provided appropriate examples.
You then did the same with the essays about, AP Stylebook recommendation, again sharing pertinent examples. I think it would’ve made things easier had you prefaced the sharing of intro paragraph paper outline, CMOS and AP policies by stating that you were going to detail two different approaches because there’s no hard and fast rule on the subject. I agree with you that one way should be adopted and about america, consistently followed, but you only alluded to the two contrasting opinions when you said, near the best grad admission essays, end, that both guides agree on the capitalization of the abbreviations for famous about america degrees. A lot of people have trouble summarizing what they’ve read, and this was probably made more difficult because the reader had to decide for himself which way was right for him. The comments show me that a lot of your readers probably just wanted to be told what to do, rather than having to intro paragraph make their own decision. You answered appropriately because sharing only your personal preference would have provided an essays about, incomplete picture. What I found mildly irritating with CMOS is that they think it’s correct to the first paragraph essay capitalize abbreviations for words they say should not be capitalized. That seems pretty ridiculous to essays about america me. And while I’ve pointed out that some of the people commenting seemed a bit confused, I do want to say that it’s refreshing to read questions asked by obviously intelligent people who were seeking clarity about adr systems something because they cared whether or not their writing was free from mistakes.
Isn’t it sad that such an attitude has become fairly rare today? The opposite famous essays about is what I stumble upon far too often, usually numerous times per day. I don’t want you to think I’m being critical because that certainly isn’t my intention. I know how it is to essay scholarships edit your own writing, which I’d imagine was the case when you wrote this years ago. It’s difficult to catch errors or identify any ambiguity when you’re proofreading your own work. Essays About. And you’d need a proofreader who’s unsure about the capitalization of degrees, courses of study, etc., in order for grad you to receive good feedback. Obviously, I love grammar, writing and famous america, all that’s related to it, so I couldn’t control myself in writing this post. It’s a lot longer than your article!
I’m sorry! This is what happens when delirium sets in from lack of sleep. And please excuse my referring to the CMOS and AP guides in the 3rd person plural. I tried not to, but I gave up on trying to rewrite every thing where I’d used “they” or “them”. I wonder what it’s like not to be OCD about all of this stuff. I’ll never know because I refuse to accept what many folks no longer consider to do i indent the first be erroneous, simply because of widespread misuse. I’ll never treat ‘disrespect’ as a verb, nor will I use a past participle without its helping verb (“I seen it.” ). ‘None’ and ‘neither’ is america singular. And I will always use a subjective or nominative pronoun following the conjugated form of the adr systems essays, verb ‘to be’, even if others believe I’ve made an egregious error.
I can live with that more easily than if I were to disregard all that my sweet mother taught me. Thanks for passing on your knowledge, and for allowing me to ramble on and on famous about america and on. When saying Bachelors of Art degree, is the word “degree” capitalized? According to The Chicago Manual of Style , degrees should not be capitalized at all: “Names of degrees, fellowships, and the like are lowercased when referred to paragraph generically.” Yet this is on another page: BA Bachelor of Arts. This is confusing, isn’t it? I recommend writing bachelor of arts degree . “Bachelor of Arts degree” would be the correct way of writing it, right? bachelor of arts degree, not Bachelor of Arts degree. When does one use an famous essays, apostrophe in writing degree names? Do I write, “Carrie earned a master’s degree?” or “Carrie earned a masters degree?” What about, “I’m working on my masters/master’s degree?” I see it both ways. Is it plural or is the degree belonging to the master or master category.
I found contradictory answers on admission essays the AP Style Manual site: A. Keep the america, apostrophe in the plural forms: “The university offers bachelor’s degrees in ….” 2007-02-11 (Source: Ask the Editor, Singular/plural) A. No apostrophe for simple plurals: Ph.D.s or Ph.D. degrees. (Source: Ask the Editor, Spelling) I cannot find anything in The Chicago Manual of Style , at least not yet. Therefore, it seems that you can either use or not use the citing thesis, apostrophe according to your own “taste.” If you choose to use the essays, comma and it is adr systems plural, then wouldn’t it be, “the university offers masters’ degrees” with the about america, apostrophe plural possessive position after the ‘s’? It is contest 2013 only the word “degrees” that should be plural in your sentence: “master’s degrees.”
I am confused about whether to capitalize specific centuries. Fifth Century B.C. or fifth century B.C. About America. I see it as a common noun, such as the the first paragraph in an, eleventh hour. In that case, it would be written in essays about america, lower case. However, I also see that it is a specific point in time, leaving me to believe that it should be capitalized. Please help. Thank you! The Chicago Manual of Style says this: Particular centuries are spelled out and lowercased. the twenty-first century. the eighth and ninth centuries.
from the ninth to the eleventh century. the eighteen hundreds (the nineteenth century) What should be capitalized? “She received her b.a. degree in art, with a concentration in painting and special studies in old masters’ reproductions” ? There are so many options regarding capitalization with degrees. Yours is intro paragraph research outline correct; however, the most common method may be as follows: She received her BA degree in famous essays about america, art, with a concentration in painting and citing thesis, special studies in Old Masters’ Reproductions. I capitalized the last bit because of its specificity. Isn’t it redundant to say “master’s of arts degree”?
A master’s of about, arts is a degree; there should be no need to say ‘degree’ after it. Master of arts is a phrasal adjective describing the word degree , so I do not consider it redundant. The use of master of essay contest, arts without the word degree is just a shortened form. Either one is grammatically correct. On a resume, it would be preferable to essays about write master of arts or master’s degree . Note that the apostrophe s is intro paragraph research outline not used with master of about, arts or bachelor of arts , but is used with master’s degree and bachelor’s degree.
Can “Master of Art” also be viewed as a noun phrase? You could write “He is a master of relationship essay, art” meaning “He is an artist of great and exemplary skill.” The term “master of america, art” here is a noun phrase and is not capitalized. You could also write “master of arts” without the word degree and it would be a noun phrase rather than an essays, adjective. Example: He earned his master of arts at Northwestern. do we capitalize things like academic titles …like chartered accountant? for example ….this report was written by essays about america Nicolas Jorizzo, Chartered Real Estate Broker…do i capitalize all words in my title? We do not recommend capitalizing “chartered real estate broker” in your title. I just love this stuff. My idea of pleasure reading.
I’m an English teacher and always wonder about indent paragraph in an essay this stuff. Essays America. It’s so fluid. We are so glad you enjoy it! Thank you so very much for research paper outline providing this information on the internet. You’re very welcome, Robin. I just finished another program. Am I now a “B.A., J.D., CPht, M.S.”….are the famous essays about, degrees by chronological order or ranked by level of study accomplished?
Grammatically speaking, there is no preferred order. Between Europeans. In general, degrees are listed in the order in which they were earned, which usually corresponds with increased academic level. In some cases it is customary to about leave out earlier degrees, and in some cases people choose to omit lower-level degrees. It’s up to you. Wondering if there is a specific rule for referring to do i indent a masters (apostrophe or no) – as in earned her masters in nursing. Thanks for famous essays your help.
According to do i indent in an the AP Stylebook , “Use an apostrophe in bachelor’s degree , a master’s , etc., but there is famous about no possessive in bachelor of arts or master of science .” What is the proper form for doctor’s degrees? Is their area of expertise capitalized? Please advise what should be caps in this paragraph: “He is board certified in Internal Medicine and board eligible in best essays, medical oncology. Famous Essays. Dr. Doe practices general medical oncology and relationship between europeans and native, hematology, but has a particular clinical and research interest in lung cancer.
Having helped establish and direct our multi-disiplinary lung cancer clinic.” Is there a website or other form of reference materiall I can refer to in the future. Thanks for famous essays america your help. Since this is such a specialized area, I will defer to The Chicago Manual of Style which recommends, “The following paragraphs offer only the most general guidelines. Medical writers or editors should consult the do i indent the first, AMA Manual of Style or Scientific Style and Format . Names of famous about america, diseases, syndromes, diagnostic procedures, anatomical parts, and the like are lowercased, except for proper names forming part of the term. Acronyms and initialisms are capitalized. The full names of adr systems, institutions, groups, and companies and the names of their departments, and often the shortened forms of such names (e.g., the Art Institute), are capitalized.” Regarding degrees, “Spelled-out terms, often capitalized in institutional settings (and on business cards and other promotional items), should be lowercased in normal prose.” You do not indicate whether this paragraph is for an institutional setting or normal prose. If it is normal prose, only the doctor’s name and the names of any specific departments would be capitalized.
If this is for an institutional setting, the specializations could also be capitalized, but not the diseases. Very interesting read. I am still confused though in some areas. Famous Essays About America. For sentences that I would appreciate help on are: She has completed several programs that include computer analyst programmer and business adminstration.
She holds a computer technology certificate and a masters certificate in project management. She is currently pursuing her master of relationship europeans americans, business administration. She holds a bachelor of science degree and has completed programs related to information technology management. Since The Chicago Manual of Style recommends writing academic degrees in lower case, except when using the degree as a title, your sentences are correct without the capitalization. Also, master’s certificate should have an apostrophe and please note the spelling of administration . Do I say: “I will pursue a Master of famous, Science in International Politics” or “Master’s of Science…” And, how about: “I will work towards a Master of contest scholarships 2013, Philisophy/Doctor of Philosophy in War Studies” OR a “Master’s of famous essays about america, Philosophy/Doctorate of Philosophy…”? (in the British system an MPhil is upgraded to a PhD). I’m writing applications and essay contest, really need to make sure this is correct!
Thanks! The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Names of degrees, fellowships, and the like are lowercased when referred to essays about america generically: a master’s degree; a doctorate; a fellowship; master of adr systems essays, business administration (MBA) Therefore, “master of science” or “master’s degree in science” would be grammatically correct as well as “master of america, philosophy” or “master’s in philosophy.” So then when the discipline follows it, all remains lower case? As in, “he earned a master of science in biotechnology at the…” What about if it is a program title, then I can capitalize, right?
For example, “He was accepted into the Master of Science in do i indent paragraph in an, Biotechnology Program.” Thanks for famous essays about your feedback. Great site! Yes, you are correct. Most specific programs and course titles tend to be capitalized. Is the capitalization in this sentence correct? Even though I’ve read to not capitalize degree titles in AP style, it seems odd for them to citing unpublished thesis be lowercase. Katie studied journalism at the University of Memphis and famous essays about, graduated in 2010 with a Bachelor of scholarships, Arts with emphasis in public relations. Degree titles are often capitalized in essays, institutional settings (and on business cards and other promotional items); however, they should be lowercase in normal prose. Actually I have a question is grammatically speaking using in adr systems essays, a sentence : His “son” might come by tonight. vs. His “Son” might come by tonight.
I know the later “Son” denotes Diety (Jesus the famous about, Son) but does “son”. “His son might come by tonight” indicates you are speaking of normal human beings, not deities. Isn’t it redundant to follow up many of relationship and native americans essay, these terms with “degree?” I would prefer to see “I earned a bachelor of science” to “I earned a bachelor of science degree,” but which is correct? Bachelor of famous, science is a phrasal adjective describing the word degree , so I do not consider it redundant. The use of “bachelor of science” without the word degree is just a shortened form. Either one is grammatically correct. Are items in a series capitalized in contest scholarships 2013, a chart if those items are being emphasized? If these “items in a series” are displayed like Rule 3 of essays about, Colons, they may be capitalized if desired. For new hires–are their degrees capitalized in the body of the announcement? Or, if everything lowercase? Our blog Capitalization of Academic Degrees addresses this by citing other authoritative references.
The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) recommends writing academic degrees in adr systems essays, lowercase, except when using the degree as a title. The Associated Press Stylebook recommends using lowercase when referring to degrees in general but capitalizing when they follow a name. My recommendation is to pick your resource and then be consistent. Juan Perez, bachelor of science OR. Juan Perez, Bachelor of Science. CMOS advises that academic degrees be capitalized when used in famous america, lists. Our new marketing team includes: Lane Bridges, Bachelor of grad admission, Science. Carol Hudson, Bachelor of Arts. Juan Perez, Bachelor of Science.
Justin Weber, Master of america, Business Administration. Quick question – if all surrounding text is in caps, would you cap all the adr systems essays, letters of Ph.D. Essays. or not? JANE DOE, PH.D. OR JANE DOE, Ph.D. It is not a sound policy for text to be in all caps unless it is a military, police, Coast Guard, or National Weather Service bulletin, or you are sending a telegram. By definition “all caps” means all capital letters. We have a question about whether certain medical terms or words should be capitalized.
Such as Diabetes Mellitus, rotator cuff tear or repair, cardiac arrhythmia, etc. Generally, medical terms are lowercased except when proper names form part of the term, such as Alzheimer’s disease or Hodgkin’s lymphoma. hi… I have a Bachelor degree in Industrial Engineer and a Masters degree in Environmental Management but I’m not really sure how to specify my titles when writing my name? Our blog Capitalization of Academic Degrees addresses this. The Chicago Manual of Style recommends writing academic degrees in lowercase except when using the degree as a title. The Associated Press Stylebook recommends using lowercase when referring to degrees in general but capitalizing when they follow a name. Essay Contest Scholarships 2013. Both stylebooks agree that abbreviations of academic degrees are to be capitalized.
Also, the degrees would be capitalized if appearing on a resume or in a list. My recommendation is to famous about pick your resource and then be consistent. Willie Smith, BS, MS. Willie Smith, BS, Industrial Engineering; MS, Environmental Management OR. Willie Smith, BS, industrial engineering; MS, environmental management. Willie Smith, bachelor of science in thesis, industrial engineering; master of science in environmental management OR. Willie Smith, Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering; Master of Science in Environmental Management. There is no right answer. These are rules made up by about people like you and I. Write how you want and be happy! For formal writing, we advise people to best follow the rules of proper grammar and punctuation, rules which have been well established but do evolve over time and become recognized by such leading reference authorities as The Chicago Manual of Style and famous essays about america, The Associated Press Stylebook and which we reflect on citing thesis our website and in The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation . I am confused about this usage, How the order of academic degree should be written with a person’s name?
Dr. Bill B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Dr. Bill Ph.D., M.S., B.S. Which usage is correct ? Grammatically speaking, there is no preferred order. Usually, degrees are listed in famous, the order in which they were earned, which generally corresponds with increased academic level. Some people choose to omit earlier degrees. Dr. Bill, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. she received her BA in politics at Hendrix College.
she received her BA in school admission, Politics at… ?? The Chicago Manual of essays america, Style says, “Names of degrees, fellowships, and the like are lowercased when referred to relationship between americans essay generically.” She received her BA in famous essays about, politics at Hendrix College. The position title is capitalized within the body of a job announcement. Relationship And Native Americans. If I apply the ego rule, repeat its “error,” and capitalize the job position in my cover letter, how do treat the other job titles I mention later in the same letter (previous positions held)? It’s my inclination to about america leave those titles lowercase in thesis, running text, but I’m concerned about consistency. Thanks for a very helpful Web site! We agree it would be more consistent to capitalize your previous positions held.
If you use lowercase, the essays, people reading your cover letter might interpret your previous positions as less important than the one announced. Will they look favorably on school admission that or not? It is your call. I have a question regarding how to write degrees for a wedding announcement. Famous Essays About America. Should it read he received both an Associates and Bachelor of essays, Science in essays about, Nursing. He also received a Master of Science in Nursing and is currently pursuing a Doctorate in Nursing. Unless the groom is insisting on listing his entire academic history, generally the highest degree earned is sufficient, especially since his degrees are all in the same field of study. Indent Essay. Since you are not using the degrees as part of famous, a title, do not capitalize: He received a master of science degree in nursing and is currently pursuing a doctorate in nursing.
I’m writing my resume and wanted to stick with AP Style. When using my degree as a title, is it okay to capitalize degrees in AP Style? For example, “Dual Bachelors of Arts, public relations journalism” Yes, AP Style does say to capitalize academic degrees. Do not capitalize the word “dual” unless it is the first word of a sentence. Also, use the word and rather than an americans, ampersand ( #038; ) in formal writing, especially on a resume. dual Bachelors of Arts, public relations and famous essays, journalism. I also can’t find anything that truely clears up communication and communications… The company I want to apply for adr systems adds “S”.
But in a resume and using AP Style, what is famous essays about correct? Pursuing an opportunity with (ABC Company) to build strong relationships with external and internal audiences through the marketing communication (company used communication(s))specialist position. Associates Degree, communication(or communication(s)) Associates Degree, Communication(s) AP Stylebook says, “The AP spelling would be guided by the specific college degree, business name or professional title. So the word could be singular for some cases, plural for others.” We recommend using the s if the company uses it and listing your degree the way your college spells it. You can either write associate of arts or associate degree . We think associate of arts looks better on a resume. The major or program name should be lowercase. Associate of arts, communication(s)
I’m making a survey of sorts and asking people about their academic degrees. However, I’ve found somewhat conflicting information about the essay contest scholarships 2013, grammar. Are associate and doctorate followed by essays “degree” or not? Should they have an apostrophe or not? Academic Degrees (check all that apply) Associate Degree (Ex. AA, AS)
Bachelor’s Degree (Ex. BA, BS, AB) Master’s Degree (Ex. Adr Systems Essays. MA, MS, MEd, MPH) Doctorate Degree (Ex. PhD, EdD, MD, JD)
The word degree does not follow doctorate . It can in the case of the three others. Associate degree and doctorate have no apostrophes. Both bachelor’s degree and master’s degree do. Essays America. Also, since they are used generically, you do not need to capitalize the paper, words, just the famous essays about america, abbreviations. academic degrees (check all that apply) associate degree (Ex. AA, AS) bachelor’s degree (Ex. Intro Research Paper. BA, BS, AB) master’s degree (Ex. MA, MS, MEd, MPH) doctorate (Ex. PhD, EdD, MD, JD) hello, can you please tell me , if in my degree written as my name first and my dad’s name second and my surname is last, is it the acceptable way in essays about, my further education? as in the most of the way it supposed be written as first surname and first name, then father’s name…i am so confused.
We are guessing that you are writing from a country outside the United States. In the U.S., our standard or most common naming convention is to have first and middle names that may or may not have any relationship to our parents’ names followed by our surname, which is in an our family name. Generally, high schools and famous essays about america, universities in the U.S. will issue your diploma using the citing thesis, name that you used when registering or will ask you how you want your name to famous essays about america be printed on your diploma. We hope this answer is helpful to you. If not, please write back including a specific example or two illustrating your question. When referring to a specific university in a sentence, Boston University for example would the sentence say: “While at the University golf course you were found in violation of speeding on a golf cart.” Or would university be lower case? Our blog Capitalization of Governmental Words addresses this dilemma. The rule says, “When you refer back to a proper noun using a shortened version of the original name, you may capitalize it.” I was wondering if the following is adr systems correct when capitalizing certain words (degrees and kindergarten teacher).
Here is the beginning of my letter of intent for an elementary teacher position. I am interested in applying for the elementary teacher position at ______ Elementary School. Your opening for an elementary school teacher relates directly to my experience teaching K-6 grade school level in the ____ Elementary School District. I am highly qualified having earned a Multiple Subject Teaching Credential with CLAD and about america, a Supplementary Subject Matter credential in Introductory English K-9. Between Europeans And Native. I earned a Bachelor of Arts in about america, Human Development and do i the first, a Master of famous essays america, Arts in Education from Azusa Pacific University. For the 2011-2012 school year, I was a temporary contracted kindergarten teacher at _______ Elementary.
Thank you for best essays your help! Our blog Capitalization of america, Academic Degrees says, “ The Chicago Manual of unpublished, Style recommends writing academic degrees in lower case, except when using the degree as a title.” Also, we agree with lower case for about america “kindergarten teacher.” I’m currently formatting my resume, and I’m wondering how to list my degree and majors according to Chicago style. I double majored like one of the other posters above, and intro paper outline, I’m struggling to find the about, best/most accurate way to convey this information. Bachelor of Arts, English and citing, history, May XXXX. Then I switched to. Bachelor of Arts, English and History, May XXXX.
I fret that the first example looks odd and/or inconsistent because of the lowercased “history,” and about, might draw attention to itself for the wrong reasons. But the second example kind of looks like I majored in relationship and native americans essay, a singular field of study called “English and famous about, History.” Would you be so kind as to help me out with this one? Thank you! The Chicago Manual of Style’s Rule 8.84 says, “Academic subjects are not capitalized unless they form part of a department name or an best grad essays, official course name or are themselves proper nouns (e.g., English, Latin).” CMOS does advise that academic degrees be capitalized when used in famous america, lists or when displayed on indent the first paragraph in an essay a resume, however, CMOS does not specifically address academic majors on about lists or resumes. In the case of a resume, you could interpret “academic degree” as including the major and best grad school, capitalize both the degree and the major on a resume. Other possibilities for listing your degrees could be: Bachelor of Arts, English, May XXXX.
Bachelor of about, Arts, History, May XXXX. Bachelor of Arts in both English and History, May XXXX. Just wondering how to handle degree abbreviations when the name appears in ALL CAPS, as would be the case if a name appears in a section title or book title. Specifically I’m wondering which of the following is the best option: We would stick with the standard abbreviation PhD . A more conservative practice would be to include the periods: Ph.D.
Would it be correct to citing unpublished thesis write Doctorate’s Degree for one with a PhD? The word degree does not follow the essays, word doctorate . Relationship Between And Native Essay. It is simply written as a doctorate . This is an argument I find myself in all the time. Famous Essays About. I cannot seem to understand what AP suggests. In the school, following sentence, I don’t think corporate communications and essays, management should be capitalized because they are just concentrations, not the title of the degree. Unpublished Thesis. Or maybe they are and should be capitalized? So confusing. She graduated from Vanderbilt University in 2008 with a BA in English for corporate communications and management. Since you specifically asked about the Associated Press Stylebook’s rule, their advice reads,”The specialty is lowercase unless it’s a proper noun: bachelor’s degree in French history, master’s degree in natural resources, doctorate in English literature.” She graduated from Vanderbilt University in 2008 with a BA in English in corporate communications and management. I frequently have to write descriptive bios for young professionals who want to emphasize their academic honors.
Is it correct to write: “She earned her BS, magna cum laude, in history…”? Or perhaps, “She earned her BS in famous essays, history, magna cum laude,…” Or is there another, better way to express this? I have searched high and low and cannot find a recommendation on this in any of my reference books. Thanks. Grammatically speaking, either option is correct; however, we think it makes more sense to adr systems keep the name of the degree with the major.
Therefore, we recommend writing “She earned her BS in famous america, history, magna cum laude.” You are welcome. Should I capitalize anything here (aside from the essays, first word and the names of the schools? She received her art education certification from State University and her yoga teaching certification from essays about america, Yoga University. No other capitalization is necessary. I’m looking for information not on academic degrees but on certificates and licenses issued by the State of California. This is for state regulations, but unfortunately the State offers no guidelines. We issue various certificates (Certified Phelbotomy Technician I and relationship europeans and native americans, II, Medical Laboratory Technician, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, etc.) Should these titles be capitalized? Below are two examples: 1. (b) To be certified as a Certified Phlebotomy Technician I, a person shall meet the following requirements:
2. (i) Under the supervision of about america, a physician and surgeon licensed under Chapter 5, physician assistant licensed under Chapter 7.7, clinical laboratory bioanalyst or clinical laboratory scientist licensed under Chapter 3, registered nurse licensed under Chapter 6, or certified phlebotomy technician with three years of citing unpublished thesis, experience in famous about america, the previous five years; I would like to capitalize in the first example, but not in the second, but I need firm grammatical ground on which to stand. Could you offer any? The style manuals do not specifically address certificates and licenses. The Chicago Manual of relationship between europeans and native americans essay, Style ‘s rule 8.28 says, “Names of degrees, fellowships, and essays about america, the like are lowercased when referred to generically.” However, they do state in scholarships 2013, their Q#038;A section, “Cap a degree on a resume, business card, or diploma, in famous essays, an alumni directory, or wherever it looks like a title rather than a description of adr systems, what degree you have. Famous America. Lowercase it in running text. You can’t go too far wrong with this if you’re consistent within a given document.” Since certified phlebotomy technician, medical laboratory technician , and clinical laboratory scientist look more like titles and the printed certificates might be considered similar to relationship between europeans and native americans diplomas, you could have an argument to capitalize them.
The most important thing is to be consistent. Thanks so much for the references. And thanks for a great website! You are welcome. I find a contradiction in famous about, the following two examples: He introduced Jennifer Miller, master of fine arts. He introduced Orlando Cruz, Bachelor of Science. Could you please clarify? Thank you. Your first example sentence is relationship between and native americans given in famous america, regard to the statement “ The Chicago Manual of research, Style (CMOS) recommends writing academic degrees in lower case, except when using the degree as a title.” He introduced Jennifer Miller, master of fine arts.
The second example sentence pertains to “ The Associated Press Stylebook recommends using lower case when referring to degrees in general but capitalizing when they follow a name.” He introduced Orlando Cruz, Bachelor of Science. The style manuals have different rules. As we stated above, our recommendation is to essays about america pick your resource and then be consistent. I like German. All nouns are capitalized. Simple and end of discussion. Outline. It’s too bad English didn’t adopt this methodology. I am still a little confused on capitalization.
Would this grammar be correct? I am not sure if subject matter should be capitalized or not. Ms. Rittenhouse holds a bachelor of science degree in Environmental and Natural Resources Policy Studies from Michigan State University and a master of public administration degree from the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas-Austin. We recommend not capitalizing “environmental and natural resources policy studies.”
What if you are writing to say “Graduated with Honors in Litigation.” Or is famous it better to write “Graduate Cum laude with a concentration in litigation? Even though cun laude can not be italicized. Because it is grad admission essays a Latin phrase, cum laude should appear in italicized lowercase letters. Therefore, if you cannot italicize cum laude, it might be better to write “graduated with honors in litigation.” Is there any usage of associate’s degree or associates degree that is correct or are these just a frequent errors people make? The Chicago Manual of Style recommends either “associate degree” or “associate’s degree.” Educational institutions are inconsistent regarding this term and both are widely used. LOVE this page! Thanks so much for famous providing this reference. I am working on job descriptions, and we start out the Education section with something like this: “Bachelor degree/Technical School” Should I use “Bachelor’s” instead?
Also, should the words “Technical School” be capitalized or should they be lower-case? Thanks in advance for your help. Thank you for contest the compliment. Essays About. The grammatically correct term is bachelor’s degree . Since the terms bachelor’s degree and technical school are not part of a name or a list, they do not need to be capitalized, however, such terms are often capitalized in institutional settings, especially in contest 2013, promotional materials. How about the capitalization of Degrees and famous essays, Name in plaque?? Should I capitalize all of the name including the degrees?? such ASSOC. PROF. GIRRA MARTINDA, M.B.A or Assoc. Paragraph Research Outline. Prof.
GIRRA MARTINDA, M.B.A. Thanks in advance for your help?? The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Display items like plaques support a number of america, treatments, none of which is the only correct choice. You should make your decision and strive for consistency within the plaque.” This has been very helpful! Perhaps you can help me understand how to properly punctuate the credentials for a board-certified physician assistant. Would the correct punctuation be: Yes, that is correct. Citing Unpublished Thesis. The Chicago Manual of Style advises against the use of periods with abbreviations that appear in full capitals and AP Stylebook recommends using periods in most two-letter abbreviations. Do I capitalize nursing in the following sentences:
I intend to major in nursing. I have chosen nursing as a major. Do not capitalize the word nursing in famous about america, either sentence. In earlier posts I read that both the following were correct. He has a B.A. in Criminal History. She earned her BS in history. Why is one upper case and the other lower. My particular situation applies to admission essays a translation I’m doing where the famous essays about, person holds a B.A. in visual and media arts, which I have left in lower case because in intro paragraph research, my view it is not part of the famous essays about, title.
This would be different if it were Bachelor of Fine Arts. What is scholarships your thinking on this? In your examples, we would lowercase the area of study: B.A. in criminal history . I just received a Master’s of Science in Counseling: Applied Behavioral Science degree. Even my university couldn’t tell me if I should use MS or MSC or something else to identify my credentials. Can you tell me what I should use, and about, how it should look after my name? Th anks! The style manuals do not offer any specific recommendations for the abbreviation of your credentials.
In addition, the style guides do not agree on how to adr systems essays form abbreviations for essays about degrees. The Associated Press Stylebook uses periods, and The Chicago Manual of Style does not recommend the use of periods in best grad admission essays, the abbreviation. I am have a similar issue. I obtained my bachelor’s of arts in applied behavioral science and I have no clue how to list this on a signature line following my name also how is it listed on a resume. Presently I have it listed on my resume as: Bachelors of Art in Applied Behavioral Science-September 2013. Is this correct?
Also is this how it would be written as a title. NAME,BA,Applied Behavioral Science. Since there is no agreement among the leading style manuals, we recommend being consistent in your use of capitalization when writing your degree. The Associated Press Stylebook recommends capitalizing a degree specialty on a resume only if it’s a proper noun ( Bachelor of Arts in famous, applied behavioral science, Bachelor of Arts in English ). The Chicago Manual of best grad, Style recommends capitalizing degrees on america business cards, on diplomas, or when displayed in a directory or resume, but placing them in lowercase in running text. Essay Contest 2013. Therefore, you may write “Bachelor of Arts (or BA or B.A.), Applied Behavioral Science” on your resume, business cards, or signature block if you wish.
However, in generic, running text we recommend lowercase; for famous essays about example, “I received my bachelor’s degree in applied behavioral science in 2013.” What is this correct? In 2011, she graduated with a bachelor degree in clinical exercise physiology. In 2014, she graduated from best grad school admission, The University of Mississippi Medical Center with a master of occupational therapy? Should it be bachelor’s degree in clinical exercise physiology instead?
Should it be Master of Occupational Therapy? Just curious about the capitalization and the apostrophes with the degrees? In 2011, she graduated with a bachelor’s degree in essays about, clinical exercise physiology. In 2014, she graduated from the University of Mississippi Medical Center with a master’s in occupational therapy. Is the following correct? #1) “Lisa holds a bachelor in scholarships 2013, computer science degree and a MBA.” #2) Is it correct to famous about america write “John holds a MBBS degree…” or does the abbreviation need to best school admission essays be written out?
Please let me know, thanks. In your first sentence we would write “… and america, an MBA.” In your second sentence we would write “John holds an MBBS degree …” We assume the do i indent paragraph, abbreviations would be spoken as written; otherwise you’d be better off writing them out. Which of the following is about america correct? I am a member of the do i the first in an essay, girls’ basketball team. I am a member of the girl’s basketball team. This question is more appropriate for our blog Apostrophes, but we recommend girls’. I visit your site frequently and always find helpful advice to guide me when producing and editing documents for work in the higher education sector and in my postgraduate studies. Thanks so much! Can you tell me if the following sentence below follows the Associated Press Stylebook guidelines? Thanks! Scott holds a Master’s Degree in famous america, Industrial and Labor Relations from Cornell University and a Bachelor’s Degree in International Affairs from The George Washington University.
AP Stylebook does not capitalize the terms “master’s degree” or “bachelor’s degree.” AP spells academic departments and programs in scholarships, lowercase except for words that are proper nouns or adjectives or when the department name is part of the official and formal name preceded by the university or college. Therefore, write “Scott holds a master’s degree in industrial and essays, labor relations from Cornell University and a bachelor’s degree in international affairs from the George Washington University.” What would I put in my Journalism article: … and then will continue with the Accelerated Master’s Program for best admission social work… … and then will continue with the accelerated master’s program for social work… We recommend “accelerated master’s program for social work.” Can I say: I am officially a Bachelorette in dental surgery? We don’t know about “officially,” but we would not capitalize the word bachelorette.
What is the right way to write your qualification in a CV? Bachelor in Computer Science. B.Sc of Computer Science. B.S of famous, Computer Science. Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science? There may not be one “right way” to do it. The Chicago Manual of adr systems, Style advises “Capitalize degrees on business cards, on diplomas, or when displayed in about america, a directory or resume [CV].” We prefer to minimize capitalization. Bachelor of Science in computer science or bachelor of science in paragraph research outline, computer science are options. If I am writing content for a website and I want to say “Hunter College offers two Master’s programs: a MA in Psychology and a MA in Animal Behavior and famous essays about, Conservation (ABC).” Is “Hunter College offers two Master’s programs”correct? Master’s does precede the title of two degrees.
The word master’s is an adjective describing the noun programs . It does not need to essays be capitalized. Famous. The Chicago Manual of Style recommends lowercase for research paper outline the specific program names. About America. Either omit the article or use the article an before MA. “Hunter College offers two master’s programs: MA in psychology and adr systems essays, MA in animal behavior and conservation (ABC).” OR. “Hunter College offers two master’s programs: an MA in famous america, psychology and an MA in animal behavior and conservation (ABC).” Hi, I would like to ask if this sentence is correct: “I am a registered nurse and a registered professional teacher major in bioscience.” Should I capitalize registered nurse and registered professional teacher? Thank you. Lowercase is fine.
We recommend that you rewrite your sentence to research read “with a major in famous about, bioscience.” Also, in American English we usually say “certified teacher” rather than “registered teacher.” So, would saying: “I am a senior in the department of communications with a concentration in journalism and adr systems, citizens media” be correct? or would Department of Communications be written as such? As we mention in our section Capitalization Rules, there are many gray areas and exceptions. Famous. We favor all lowercase in your example, but if your academic institution always capitalizes Department of Communications , then you may wish to best grad school essays follow that example. Is that correct if I say. I am going to study in Architectural Technology program.
Thank you for your time. We cannot tell from your sentence how to advise you. The sentence is not written in standard English. Writing a thank you to an alumni. How do I reference liberal arts education? Is it ” a Liberal Arts education” or ” a liberal arts education”? We recommend “a liberal-arts education.” So just to confirm, the essays, following is relationship between europeans essay correct: bachelor’s degree in business administration. If you are following the rules of the Chicago Manual of Style , and the academic degree does not directly precede or follow a name, it is famous about generally correct.
Example: I am working on my bachelor’s degree in business administration. As the post indicates, there are exceptions. Degrees are often capitalized on business cards, on indent paragraph in an essay diplomas, in promotional material, or when displayed in a directory or resume. Famous Essays About America. If you are following the rules of the Associated Press Stylebook , the degree is scholarships capitalized. Which is the famous about america, correct way of writing the degree on best grad school essays an approval sheet (a page on a thesis book)? Master of Arts in Theology, major in Pastoral Ministry or Master of famous essays, Arts in Theology, Major in paragraph research paper, Pastoral Ministry. whether to write the word Major (with capital M) or major (lower case m). According to the Chicago Manual of Style there should be no capitals in the degrees listed. Essays. Do not capitalize the word major. So for a business card or name plate in scholarships, ALL CAPS.
Which is about america correct? FIRSTNAME LASTNAME, ED.D. Contest Scholarships. OR. FIRSTNAME LASTNAME, Ed.D. We prefer Ed.D. Essays About America. Note too that the title Ed.D. contains two periods. When is it correct to use “degree” after the proper name? For instance, “John earned his Master of Science in 1975” or “…earned a Master of Science degree…?” AP’s rule seems to infer that no “degree” is needed with the proper name since it is paragraph research paper outline a noun and not an adjective. Is that correct? “A master’s degree” or “master’s” is acceptable, usually with the famous essays about america, specialty. Is it correct to say, associate degree or associate’s degree; or Associate degree or Associate’s degree.
I know it is not associates degree or Associates degree. Essay Contest. Also, I never use the famous about america, apostrophe in associate and I am being told I am not correct, nor do I capitalized “associate” unless I write the complete title of the degree such as…Associate of Arts in Business Administration. What is correct way to write associate degree? Thanks! The Chicago Manual of Style recommends either “associate degree” or “associate’s degree.” Educational institutions are inconsistent regarding this term and both are widely used. Is this correct?
He earned bachelor of arts degree from ABC University with majors in Math and French. (It is a double-major, not double degree). We recommend adding the article a before the paragraph research outline, term bachelor of arts degree . Majors do not require capitalization unless they are themselves a proper noun. He earned a bachelor of about america, arts degree from ABC University with majors in the first essay, math and French. I have a bachelor of arts degree in journalism. While earning my degree, and for essays america many years after graduating, the A.P. Citing. Stylebook was considered the only source of style for famous journalists.
I realize there are now other sources, and that these sources occasionally conflict with each other, so I have a question in reference to an earlier post. In An. Isn’t it redundant to use both a title and degree: “Dr. John Doe, Ph.D” or “Dr. Bill Smith, M.D”? Thank you very much, and about, I’m delighted to have discovered your website! The Chicago Manual of Style is in agreement that social titles are to be omitted when an academic degree or professional designation follows the name. We too are delighted that you have discovered our website.
If I am talking about a fellow associate (Should associate be capitalized?). When used to mean “a colleague,” the word associate is not a degree or title. Do not capitalize. Is the below correct?? Lee graduated from the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff in 2005 with a bachelor of arts degree in sociology and a commission in the U.S. Army. Intro Research Paper Outline. An active member of the Phi Beta Sigma fraternity since 2006, he also earned a master’s degree in management in 2009. Which is the preferred punctuation for famous essays these titles? There is no definitive answer to your question. The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Use no periods with abbreviations that appear in full capitals, whether two letters or more and grad school essays, even if lowercase letters appear within the famous essays about, abbreviation.” Examples include MD and PhD.
However, the Associated Press Stylebook says: Use periods in essay contest, most two-letter abbreviations: U.S., U.N., U.K., B.A., B.C. Use all caps, but no periods, in longer abbreviations when the individual letters are pronounced: ABC, CIA, FBI. In cases like these, we recommend choosing your method and staying consistent. I need your help, please!
In my bio section of my website I wrote this…. “…she moved back to New Jersey and received her master’s in essays, fine arts at Montclair State University….” I feel like this is incorrect. Please advice…..or advise? Oh man! Not another one!
The excerpt from the grad admission essays, bio is essays fine. If you are seeking advice, write “Please advise.”