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Bartleby The Scrivener Essays (Examples) Bartleby the Scrivener. Bartleby, The Scrivener. Not having a will, becomes thus the only possibility to of the wolves book, attain freedom and this thesis present in Schopenhauer's thinking seems to have protruded into Melville's convictions when he wrote the lesson short tale. Bartleby the Scrivener. Bartleby the Scrivener, By Herman Melville. He later finds out that Bartleby has refused to julie of the book, leave the old office. Eventually, Bartleby is thrown into jail, where he perishes, after having refused to eat. After all, he was performing his main tack quite well and in a continuous manner. The second time to refuses to is writing illegal, perform a task his boss gives him happens to be in report, front of all the other employees. This new situation commands immediate reaction from his part, because his very authority is questioned. Marketing Research? By not taking action, he could open a chain of reaction and julie wolves insubordination from the rest of the team.
He decides to ask them for their opinion, before making any sudden decision. They respond according to their own disposition and the moment in the day. Still before noon, Turkey is still in a good disposition and suggests clemency, Nipper is in a bad mood and suggest that he fires him. The voice of innocence, Ginger Nut, expresses his conviction that Bartleby is mentally disturbed. These seem to be like voices of the narrator's alter ego. He could#8230;#8230; [Read More] Isolation in Melville's Bartleby the Scrivener: The narrator becomes restless in finding a solution to this new and unexpected problem that he encounters. All the on internet strategy knowledge and wisdom he thinks he has gathered in years of practicing an easy, uncomplicated way of acting are of no use to him now. The old order of thongs and of the his firm beliefs are of no use when he is homework dealing with the of the wolves book report case of Bartleby. Sometimes, the reader could suspect the narrator is actually looking at the scrivener and see his other self.
There is homework in college a certain degree disobedience in the lawyer, too. After having discovered one Sunday that Bartleby practically lived in the chambers at No_ on Wall Street, the lawyer is still unable to dismiss him from his job and from his life: I strangely felt something superstitious knocking at my heart, and forbidding me to carry out my purpose, and denouncing me for julie book report, a villain if#8230;#8230; [Read More] The story is about a relationship, not just the fact Bartleby does not 'care' to work. The narrator was thrown off guard by Bartleby's non-threatening responses for which he did not really know how to on internet marketing, handle. He mentions that he is julie book aggravated by Bartleby's passive resistance. it's as though he could accept Bartleby's resistance if it had some fire and passion to it. ' The narrator clearly believes in this system, which is why he is so determined, until the bitter end, to is writing illegal, force Bartleby to julie of the wolves book, work, rather than firing him immediately. The narrator describes himself as an eminently safe man. because he supports the system of Wall Street without question. Bartleby and Akaky: A Struggle against Social Tide.
He determines that Bartleby suffers from a mental trauma. These actions come from a man of which the narrator and the readers know very little. It would seem logical for the narrator to assume Bartleby had suffered some cruel injustice. Papers Ghost In Hamlet? The narrator feels pity for Bartleby because he seems sad; he goes nowhere, seems to wolves book, eat or drink nothing, and homework says nothing. Everything the narrator and readers feel at this point are not because of anything Bartleby does per julie of the wolves book, se. About Marketing? These emotions are based on of the wolves very little and Bartleby does not provoke any of them. Therefore, both characters failed to have positive reviews from their employer; yet, by compensation, they managed to remain employed. The discrepancy between the is writing illegal assignments they were paid to manage and the actual results in fact will weight more by comparison to the amount of work Bartleby would be able to achieve up to a certain point. Therefore, it can be said that one of the first characterizations of the main character is provided through the comparative characterization of the other two important characters. Bartleby, The Scrivener. Franklin's autobiography demonstrates a truly American kind of businessman, because he so neatly embodies all of the assumptions and logical fallacies that American capitalism depends on in order to justify its dominance in an ostensibly equitable and representative society.
Willa Cather and Herman Melville both explore themes of psychological and social isolation in their short stories. In Cather's Paul's Case, the title character is a vibrant young man whose passion and creativity is constrained by his pitiful life in Pittsburgh, where his only solace is his work as an usher. Melville's protagonist Bartleby in Bartleby the Scrivener lacks the julie book joie du vivre that Paul possesses. Papers? However, both of these protagonists plummet toward death as the only foreseeable relief from the terrible injunction of life. Their approaches to death are different, though. Julie Of The Book Report? Bartleby is wholly unlike the thesis statement lesson plan young Paul, who feels regret the julie of the wolves book instant he realizes the folly of essay about, his haste, (Cather para 65). On the contrary, the senior Bartleby remains fully resigned to self-abnegation throughout his adult life. Whereas Paul believes that if he only had money, he could be free from the clutches of his past and embrace#8230;#8230; [Read More] Melville and Irving. The narrator becomes repulsed by julie book, Bartleby and decides that he must be suffering from some type of mental problem. The less the narrator knows about Bartleby the worse things seem to be for him.
He wants to make sense of things. He wants it all to make sense. The conflict arises from his inability to do so. The narrator is simply being human in his desire to control and understand things but Kafka is thesis marketing demonstrating how we cannot always know everything and how we must be at peace with that, lest we become insane. It is also important to point out that some things are simply not meant to be known or completely understood.
Kafka does not attempt to explain everything in this story because we often face situations that will never be truly understood. It is report recommended that the Boss should tell Bartleby to begin acting more responsibly or he will be forced to essay about research, leave. (Melville, 2006) American Studies - Anthology. 'How stupid can you get' (German 5). CLASSICAL AND POPULAR MUSIC IN 'THE CRYING OF LOT 49' American Studies Preface and book report Conclusion. nature in American literature, from earliest writings to the Civil War period. Homework In College? It is my purpose to outline the julie connection between spirituality, freedom and nature and explain how American writers have chosen to reflect and interpret these themes in relation to their historical realities. However, in line with the Paz prompt at about marketing research, the outset of this discussion, Keats merely uses this tradition as a bridge on which to extend toward motivation on wolves book report behalf of the thesis on internet strategy evolving form. The subject matter is where this work takes a step toward modernity. Book? The manner in which Keats describes the reality of dying is startling for statement lesson plan, its time primarily because it lacks religiosity.
In describing death, the poet tells, where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies; / Where but to think is to be full of sorrow / and leaden-eyed despairs; / Where beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, / or new Love pine at them beyond to-morrow. Paradoxically, based on the outcome of the story, it can be argued that the snake in the crest is not poisonous or else Fortunato's bite would have had more severe consequences on Montressor; however, the story ends with Montressor getting away in Fortunato's murder. Thomas Paine was an earlier conqueror of the special association that was formed between America and France. His part in this association was initiated with his responsibility of the post of American Congress Secretary of Foreign Affairs where he continually used dialogue to make relations between the two better. He retained this post throughout the wolves book report American Revolution. Thesis Statement? Paine, however, is better noted for his works written throughout the American and French Revolutions Eras. In his writings, Paine offered spirited protection of accepted autonomy, human rights, and the republican government. Both Common Sense (1776) Rights of Man (1791-1792) stick out of the report, as the most broadly read political areas from the era.
Paine's distinctive global thought also can serve as the building blocks for for someone illegal, liberal cosmopolitanism in worldwide relations. His unrelenting faith in julie wolves book, aspects of democratization, free trade, and respect for human rights being the factors that cut back worldwide conflict stands among#8230;#8230; [Read More]
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Guidelines for a Literature Survey and an Annotated Bibliography. One of the options as a summative exercise for the MTS degree is to do a survey of literature of about 40 pages in length. Here you will choose a specific topic in the area of theological studies and identify, discuss, evaluate, and relate significant books, articles, and other resources. A survey evaluates what scholars and researchers have written on a topic, organized according to a guiding concept such as your research objective, thesis, or the problem/issue you have identified. You may need to include studies contrary to your own perspective.
The final result should be that your literature review be relevant, appropriate, and useful. An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources, each of which is followed by a brief note or annotation. These annotations describe the content and focus of the book or article; suggest the source's usefulness to your research; evaluate its method, conclusions, or reliability; and record your assessments of the sources. This guide provides you with guidelines on wolves book, how to evaluate the resources you are using, whether the result is included in the body of your survey of on internet marketing, literature, or as an appendix in the form of an annotated bibliography, or both. Either way the purpose is evaluative: i.e. to assess the strengths and of the report, weaknesses of a select or comprehensive array of works (in book, article, essay, or electronic format) on a given topic. This guide provides you with guidelines on thesis statement, what areas to address and questions to ask, the answers to of the, which will provide you with the material from on internet marketing which your survey of literature can be composed; and, as a derivative, how to construct annotations. Wolves Book? Key questions are listed, sample annotations (print and electronic) are appended, and guidelines on style provided. The most important part of your literature survey is the Introduction. Is Writing An Essay? In it you will set the scene for book, the rest of your work in the compilation of materials. It should be written before you choose literature to include in your survey. Refer back to in college, your Introduction as you choose materials and write evaluations or annotations.
The Introduction is best written after you have done some general reading on wolves book report, the topic. The Introduction should define your topic and should include the research ghost, following: One sentence summarizing the topic Statement of how the topic fits into the larger context of the subject area Definitions of any terms used Statement as to how selective or comprehensive your survey and report, accompanying bibliography is. Homework? Do you want to include everything published on your topic or do you want to impose certain limitations? If you choose to be selective, you must outline the book, criteria by which you include materials while excluding others. Research? Limitations may consist of: Years of publication: e.g. deal with literature published between 1960 and 2000. Geographical: e.g. research done in North America only Language(s) of materials, e.g. only works in English Aspects of a topic: e.g. historical; particular schools or traditions of scholarship etc Type(s) of materials, e.g. books, articles, essays, theses, online resources.
Make a statement in the Introduction as to what limitations you are placing on julie of the, the literature you are surveying. What is the plan, scope of the literature review? What types of publications are you using? See further below under VIII Structure . The objectives in doing a review of literature and its accompanying annotated bibliography include the julie of the, following: To choose and evaluate current literature, print and thesis statement, electronic, relevant to your topic. To synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept you have determined. To demonstrate the quality of your own research. To provide additional information or background material for your reader.
To explore the topic as the julie wolves, basis for further reading or preparation for research. About Research? To give your research historical perspective or context. To place your project into the context of established work in julie of the wolves, the field. The purpose of the homework, review of literature is not merely to know what literature exists, but to of the book report, provide an informed evaluation of that literature. To achieve both purposes, two methodological skills are required: Information Literacy : the ability to locate relevant literature (books, articles, essays, theses, or electronic resources) using efficient information seeking skills. Essay Marketing? How good are your information seeking skills? Has your search been wide enough to ensure you have found all the relevant material?
Has it been narrow enough to exclude irrelevant material? Is the number of sources you have used appropriate for the length of your summative exercise? Is there a specific relationship between the literature you have chosen to review and the topic you have chosen? If you need assistance in this area make an appointment to talk to a reference librarian (Tom Power or Elsie Del Bianco) at julie wolves report the Graham Library (416-978-2653). Critical Evaluation : the ability to apply evaluative criteria in order to identify those works which are central to your topic. About Marketing Research? The rest of this guide addresses this area. IV Evaluation of Books/Articles/Essays. A number of report, key questions need to in college, be asked the answers to which will provide you with the wolves book report, material upon which your survey and/or annotations can be constructed.
Checkpoints indicate the research, potential answers to the questions. Why was the book/article written? To: inform? For example: sequence of historical events, results of lengthy study persuade? For example: to change or refute an established point of view give an overview? For example: textbooks, encyclopaedias. The purpose is of the wolves, usually presented in the introduction. Who published the book? A university press? (University theses and dissertations are considered published by the university that granted the degree to the student who wrote it.) Commercial publisher?
Professional Association, Institution, or Research Centre? What can you tell about the book from the publisher? What theological tradition is the publisher in? Catholic, liberal, evangelical, reformed, or broad academic? Some journals have an inherent bias that will impact articles printed in homework, them. Is the journal: liberal or conservative, centrist, feminist in stance? Can you determine what its orientation is?
Examine the table of contents and/or headings to determine if the book is organized in a logical and book report, understandable manner. Do the about marketing research, contents indicate that the book contains the information you need? How thoroughly does the material cover the of the wolves book, topic? Is there added material such as appendices? Is the material organized, focused, and marketing, clearly presented? Is the argument or presentation understandable? Is this original research, a review of of the wolves book report, previous research, or an informative piece?
Table of contents Index Introduction/Preface Book reviews Reviews of the literature. Some topics require current information, while other subjects, value older material as well as current. Thesis Statement Lesson? If the topic is controversial and/or rapidly changing, it is important to choose recent materials. Older materials may be used for topics explored from a historical perspective. Julie Wolves Report? Examine the thesis statement, currency of the book/article; is it: up-to-date, out-of-date, or timeless? Is the julie book report, author an expert in this field? Is the author reliable? Where is the author employed? What else has he/she written?
Preface of book Biographical sources in library (e.g. P. Is Writing For Someone Illegal? W. Carey J.T. Lienhard, Biographical dictionary of Christian theologians , 2000). Type of publisher. Sources of Information/Perspective/Bias. Where is the author getting information? What types of research methods are used?
What are the author's assumptions? From what perspective or school of thought is the author writing? How does the book/article fit into the big picture? In what context is the book/article written? In what time period? Are there outside influences that are reflected in the book/article such as a particular theoretical framework or model (e.g. a feminist interpretation, post-liberal, denominational)? Has the author clearly and unambiguously formulated a problem/issue and established its significance? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the way the author has done so?
Could the problem have been approached from another perspective? Has the julie of the, author evaluated the literature relevant to the topic? Does the author include literature taking positions s/he does not agree with? Is the analysis accurate and relevant to the research question? Are the conclusions validly based upon papers, the evidence and analysis? Is the author objective, or is s/he merely 'proving' what s/he already believes? Have similar materials been published? How do they compare? How important is this publication for julie of the wolves report, the subject?
Scholarly works always contain a bibliography of the resources that were consulted. Bibliographical references should be in sufficient quantity and thesis plan, be appropriate for the content. Determine: if a bibliography exists if the bibliography is of the book, short or long if the bibliography is selective or comprehensive, if the references are primary sources (e.g. Thesis On Internet Marketing? journal articles) or only secondary sources (e.g. encyclopedias) if the of the wolves book report, references are contemporary to the book or much older, and if the citation style is clear and consistent. A well researched, well-written book/article is not going to be helpful if it does not address the topic at hand. Is the book/article relevant to the current research project? Ask, is this book/article useful to me? If it is useful, does it: support an argument refute an argument provide wrong information that can be challenged or disagreed with cover the topic comprehensively, partially or is marketing research, it an overview? How does the author structure his or her argument? Can you 'deconstruct' the flow of the argument to analyze if/where it breaks down?
Is this a book/article that contributes to our understanding of the report, problem under study, and in what ways is about marketing research, it useful for wolves, practice? What are the strengths and an essay, limitations? How does this book/article fit into the thesis or question you are developing? For what type of julie wolves book report, reader is the author writing? Is the level of the book/article appropriate for your needs? Is the essay mla format, book/article intended for a scholarly or general audience? Introduction Level of language used Type of publication/publisher the material is found in. Are charts, graphs, maps, photographs, etc. used to illustrate concepts?
Are the illustrations relevant? Are they clear and professional looking? Do they enhance the julie wolves report, text? To evaluate a web page (and determine if you want to use it for your research) look for: Why was the page created? Is the page organized and research papers in hamlet, focused? Is it well designed? Is the text well written? Are the links relevant and appropriate? Are the links evaluated?
Is the scope or purpose of the web page clearly stated? Is the document written for julie of the wolves book report, an academic audience? Are the sources for any factual information clearly listed? Is a bibliography or list of works cited provided? Can you verify citations from your own academic resources? Is the information free of spelling and grammatical errors? Distinguish between fact and opinion. Since web resources are rarely reviewed, the in college, information provided should not be accepted at face value. Some web pages have an book report inherent bias that will impact everything that appears on them. What is the theological orientation of the author or sponsor? Is there objective analysis as opposed to mere expression of opinion?
Is the essay marketing, information presented with a minimum of bias? Is there use of bibliographical references to other credible sources? The value of a web page is closely related to currency and wolves report, timeliness. When was it last revised? Are the links still viable? Is the date of creation of the page provided? Are the links in the document current (i.e. have not expired or moved)? Is the with, web page relevant to the current research project? A well-researched, well-written, page is not going to be helpful if it does not address the topic at hand.
Ask, is this useful to me? If it is useful, does it: support an argument refute an argument provide wrong information that can be challenged or disagreed with productively What is the relative value of the website compared to the range of information resource (print and non-print) available on the topic? What is the provenance of the website? Does the page have an identifiable, respectable author? If not, the page must be used with caution. What is the institutional affiliation of the author? Does this imply a particular theological perspective? Who is responsible for the page? Is the julie wolves book, author an expert in this field?
What else has he/she written or produced? How accurate is the provided information? Is the thesis, author of the document clearly stated? Are the credentials of the author(s) provided (i.e. Julie? position, education, occupation)? Is contact information (email address, phone number and mailing address) for the author provided? Do you believe this person is qualified to research papers ghost, write on the given topic? (look at credentials, other publications he/she has written) Is there an editorial board or someone who verifies or checks the information? Often a web page is not signed or a specific author is not attributed to the document.
If this is the case you should try to determine the credibility of the host or sponsoring organization of the web document. If you can, answer the following: Is the sponsoring organization reputable? To what type of reader is the web page directed? Is the level appropriate for your needs? Is the page for: general readers, students, specialists or professionals, researchers or scholars? Does the page cover the topic comprehensively, partially or is it an overview? Are the links relevant and appropriate for this site? What do the links offer that is not easily available in other sources? Are the links evaluated in any way? Are annotations included?
Are the graphics clear in intent, relevant and professional looking? Do the julie, graphics add to or enhance the content? Use the Chicago A style for your annotations. Papers Ghost In Hamlet? Be careful with the order of of the wolves book report, elements within a citation: punctuation, spacing, indenting (each line except the first within citations, etc). Use the format outlined in K.L. Turabian, A manual for homework in college, writers of term papers, theses, and dissertations 7th ed. (Chicago, 2007). Annotations can vary in length depending on of the book, what you have to is writing an essay for someone, say but they should be concise (see examples below, X Examples of Annotations ). Just like print sources, information derived from the of the wolves report, web as part of your survey must be acknowledged. Although different style manuals may require different citation formats, most will include the following: Author's last name, first name Title of essay with, document Title of julie of the wolves book report, complete work (if different from title of document) Document date (if known and ghost in hamlet, if different from julie wolves report date accessed) Protocol and full address Date of access.
The Chicago A style for electronic resources is as follows: using the Chicago Manual of with, Style to include Internet sources produces the following model: author's name (in normal order), document title, date of Internet publication, or other retrieval information (date of access), text division (if applicable). To document a file available for viewing and downloading, provide the following information: author's name (if known); title of document (in quotation marks); title of complete work (if applicable), in italics or underlined; date of publication or last revision (if known; otherwise use n.d.); URL in angle brackets; date of julie wolves, access (in parentheses). Example: Leslie R. Shade, Gender Issues in Computer Networking, 1993, http://www.mit.edu:8001/people/sorokin/women/lrs.html(28 May 1996). Provide the following information: author's name (if known); author's email address (in angle brackets); subject line from essay with posting (in quotation marks); date of publication; for emails: type of communication (personal, distribution list), or for listserv, address of the book report, listserv (in angle brackets); date of access (in parentheses). To document a file that can be retrieved from a list serve or web address, provide the following information after the publication date: address of papers ghost in hamlet, listserv (in angle brackets); address or URL for list's archive (preceded by via and enclosed ion angle brackets); date of access (in parentheses). Example (Email): Danny Robinette, firstname.lastname@example.orgEpiphany Project, 30 April 2000, personal email (29 May 2000). Example (Listserv): Victor Parette, email@example.com On Expectations of Class Participation, 27 May 2000 (29 May, 2000). Example (Listserv Archive): Nick Carbone, firstname.lastname@example.orgNN 960126: Follow-up to Don's Comments about Citing URLs, 26 January 1996, email@example.com http://www.ttu.edu/lists/acw-l(17 February 1996). Bibliography entries differ from footnote/endnote references in the following ways: authors' names are inverted; elements of entries are separated by julie wolves book periods; the first line of each entry is aligned with the homework, left margin, and subsequent lines are indented three or four spaces.
If your paper is double-spaced, double-space the bibliography as well. Example: Hoemann, George H. Electronic Style-Elements of Citation. Electronic Style Page. 3 November 1995. http://funnelweb.utcc.utk.edu/ hoemann/style.html (29 May 1996). You will already have established a preliminary structure resulting from julie your introductory considerations (see above I Introduction ). When composing and writing your literature review and annotated bibliographies certain structural considerations are worth noting: Your review should be organized into practical sections that present themes or identify trends. Your review must be a conceptually organized synthesis of the results of your search.
It must organize information and relate it to the thesis or research question you are developing synthesize results into a summary of thesis lesson, what is and isn't known identify controversy when it appears in wolves report, the literature develop questions for further research. IX Examples of Surveys of Literature. Waldman, Nahum M. The recent study of is writing an essay, Hebrew: a survey of the literature with selected bibliography . Cincinnati: Eisenbrauns, 1989. Oesterley, W. Wolves Book Report? O. E. A short survey of the literature of rabbinical and mediæval Judaism . Marketing Research? London : Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1920. Hahn, Herbert Ferdinand. The Old Testament in modern research. With a survey of recent literature . Philadelphia: Fortress Press . Survey of current literature on julie report, the Christian mission and Christianity in the non-Western world [microform].No. 1 (1982)- Aberdeen: Scottish Institute of Missionary Studies, 1982-. Runia, David T. Philo in early Christian literature : a survey . Minneapolis: Fortress Press,1993.
The content of the annotations can be varied from summative to thesis, evaluative or a mixture of both, however, at this level they will normally be evaluative. Julie Of The Wolves Report? An annotation that is research in hamlet, purely a summary is merely a summary of the source. A descriptive annotation defines the scope of the source, lists the significant topics included, and tells what the source is about. In the evaluative annotation you assess the of the report, source's strengths and weaknesses. You assess why the source is interesting or helpful, or why it is homework, not. Of The Wolves Book Report? In doing this you should list what kind of and how much information is given; in short, evaluate the source's usefulness, critically stating its place in the field in research, relation the topic you have chosen. Most annotations are a combination of these approaches with one or two sentences summarizing or describing content and one or two sentences providing an evaluation. In terms of writing style used in the annotations the key factor is brevity, whether you are writing in phrases, paragraphs, or complete sentences. Omit anything that is apparent in the title, background materials and of the, references to previous work by with mla format the same author. Report? You are recommended to use full sentences in research ghost, your annotations. Julie Of The Wolves Book? Although the length of sentences may vary, avoid long and complex sentences.
Paragraph length is expected, and they should be full and coherent. Sample annotations on the topic of New Testament theology follow below: Goppelt, L. A Theology of the New Testament . Thesis On Internet Marketing? 2 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981, 1982. The first volume includes a great deal of wolves, material on thesis, the history of and methods of the discipline of wolves, biblical theology. Goppelt is especially insightful when he treats salvation history. Not as conservative as Ladd or Guthrie, Goppelt nevertheless is a thoughtful and careful student of marketing research, Scripture, and his work deserves wide circulation, even if many will find his approach to history unduly cautious and skeptical. Guthrie, D. New Testament Theology . Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1981. More than twice as long as its closest rival (Ladd, above), this major study is distinctive for another reason: it is the julie wolves book report, only recent NT theology to organize its material in this way. Essay? Guthrie selects a wide variety of wolves, themes and topics and examines how each is treated in each corpus of the NT, and then concludes with summary syntheses. Kummel, W. G. Homework? The Theology of the of the wolves report, New Testament according to its Major Witnesses: Jesus-Paul-John . Nashville: Abingdon, 1973.
This book hews its own line and marketing, interacts very little with secondary literature. Kummel is far more conservative than the two volume standard by julie of the report Rudolf Bultmann, and very suggestive. The material is organized as in Ladd. Ladd, G. E. A Theology of the New Testament . Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974. This theology is organized by presenting the major themes of each Biblical author/work. There is no attempt to synthesize the material for the NT as a whole, and no comparison of themes from corpus to corpus. Nevertheless, although some coverage is patchy (e.g. on thesis statement lesson plan, the theology of the cross), some is outstanding, especially Ladd's treatment kingdom and of salvation history. XI Examples of Published Annotated Bibliographies.
You may find it useful to julie book report, consult some published annotated bibliographies of which the following are a sample: Joseph A. Fitzmyer, An Introductory Bibliography for the Study of Scripture , 3rd ed. (Rome, 1990). Is Writing An Essay For Someone Illegal? Douglas Moo (ed.), An Annotated Bibliography on the Bible and the Church (Deerfield, Ill., 1986). Mark A Powell, The Bible and Modern Literary Criticism: a Critical Assessment and Annotated Bibliography (New York, 1992). Julie Of The Wolves Book Report? Mark Minor, Literary-Critical Approaches to the Bible: an Annotated Bibliography (West Cornwall, CT, 1992). Robert J. Kepple John R. Muether, Reference Works for Theological Research: an Annotated Selective Guide for Bibliographical Research (Lanham, MD, 1992).
Henry O. Thompson, The Book of Amos: an Annotated Bibliography (Lanham, MD, 1997). Frank E. Sugeno, Episcopal and Anglican History: 1973-1975, an annotated bibliography. Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 46 (Mar., 1977), 115-148. XII Examples of Online Annotated Bibliographies. T. Power, Nov.
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For the email content, you can modify it in our Settings page. We hope you find these new features useful and would love to hear your thoughts about essay about marketing research, them. Thanks for your continuous support. When Employee Referral Turns Ugly. Why do companies use employee referral programs? Because, by definition, they can generate the best candidates at a fraction of the cost of traditional recruitment methods. An employee referral program can also help employers to reach a source of high quality passive candidates (people who are not actively looking for new jobs). The referring employee usually screen his or her referrals closely because their own reputation is at stake. Employees tend to make sure the referrals are a good fit with the company’s culture before making the recommendation.
However, not every employee referral has a happy ending. Here is julie of the book a dramatic story between a former Miso engineer and the company’s founders. To cut a long story short, the employee forgot to claim his referral bonus after referring a personal friend to Miso. After this employee left Miso, the employer refused to give back the bonus because they believe bonuses are to thesis strategy, reward current employees only. This incident turned into julie of the wolves, a PR disaster harming the company’s reputation. Eventually, Miso’s CEO admitted the essay about, mistake and of the wolves report, agreed to pay for the referral bonus.
Check his response here. He also makes the homework, following changes in their referral program going forward: Moving forward, we have established the julie wolves, following clear criteria to explain how employees will be eligible for the $10K referral bonus: The employee must provide a referral for a full-time hire. The referred employee must work at Miso for 6 full months after hire date (excluding any leaves of absence) The referring employee must be employed at Miso and plan, not have given notice to depart the company prior to the date of the bonus payment. They probably never expected their referral program would hurt them so bad.
So what can you do to avoid the same mistake? Firstly, your organization has to understand that it is necessary to add clear structure to an employee referral program, make sure the julie of the wolves report, employees understand the benefits, track the result of referred candidates, reward successful referrals and discourage bad referrals. You can find a list of essay marketing research, Employee Referral Program best practices here. After all, the benefits of successful employee referral programs should outweigh the potential pitfalls. Just remember that, before encouraging your employees to refer candidates, you have to make sure that a well designed employee referral program is already in place. Julie Book! And you have to spend time to teach your employees how to homework, do this right. Small Business Answer to of the report, Filling Jobs: Personal Touch. Say you want to essay with mla format, hire for a new position. Do you count on wolves book report, interviews alone to make hiring decisions? Does your company have an research ghost, obsession with grades? According to julie report, a research by Frank Schmidt and John Hunter in the Psychological Bulletin, interviews are not the best predictor of performance, despite their widespread use.
Big corporations, like Google, would collect and analyze data about their existing employees and is writing for someone, come up with some sophisticated models to evaluate and identify top talents. Unfortunately, as a small business, you probably don’t have a large data set and julie book report, the skills to build such a statistical model. So does that mean you should give up and compromise your hiring standards? So if you’re trying to compete with companies that are much bigger and statement plan, better funded, you’re not going to win by playing their games. Of The Book! You have to think differently. So what can you do to statement lesson, attract superstar candidates to come to julie wolves book, you? In a world of technology innovations, hiring managers are often too busy to give superstar candidates the “personal touch” they crave.
They tend to essay, rely too much on wolves book, technology, mostly sending out impersonal emails, and ghost in hamlet, forget that this is wolves report a people business. People like to is writing, be touched, talked to personally, courted, and wooed. Recruiting technology can help, but it can only take you so far. And it definitely is julie of the not a silver bullet because hiring is about still a highly personal activity. Many companies hate adding the “personal touch” in the hiring process because it takes time and perseverance. So if you find top talent candidate, your company has to be willing to of the, invest more than just money because you can’t compete based on wages, or equity alone nowadays. Marketing! You need to make sure that they know you value their talent.
One of the classic examples is how 42Floors, a startup trying to wolves book report, disrupt the commercial real estate market, decided to publicly offer a college sophomore a job via their company blog recently. Below is the offer letter. Thesis Lesson! For the julie, full blog post and background story, please check out here: Dear Dan Shipper: Please join us. Consider this a job offer to work at 42Floors.
Because you have never applied for this position, this may come as a little bit of a surprise. But you have known for awhile that I have been really impressed with your work. You’re only is writing illegal a sophomore in college, but you’ve already started several companies. You’ve taught yourself to code, and of the, you are a maker at heart. And you have that rare gift of having a sense of style in your design work as well.
AND, your blog posts that reach Hacker News are eloquent and well thought out. It would be an honor to have you join us here at 42Floors. Here is your job description: You will make gorgeous products that help entrepreneurs find their dream office. Papers Ghost! There are dozens of julie wolves book report, things we need built — you will pick what you most want to work on or come up with your own project. If you ever decide you want to go back to working on your own startup, you have my full support, and I will personally do everything I can to help you be successful as an entrepreneur.
You will never be asked to sign a non-compete. You will be free to essay mla format, contribute to open source, free to blog about anything and julie of the wolves book, everything, and never be required to in college, submit a patent that could be used offensively. This offer has no expiration and, regardless of whether you decide to work with us, I hope to julie of the book, personally be there on your side in everything you do. If you are willing to essay mla format, go the extra mile to recruiting the top talent like 42floors, your people will eventually become your company’s competitive advantage. Innovative Hiring Tactics That Go Beyond Job Ads. Companies should never compromise with the julie of the, talents and qualifications required of their employees. However, talented professionals are becoming a rare commodity in the job market now. How do you plan to strategy, win them over to your small company?
You probably have already tried campus recruitments, internal job postings, employee-referrals, participating in job fairs, advertising in newspapers and job portals…etc. As a small company, what else can you do? Let’s see how other startups did it. When Facebook was young and hunting for talent, says Lee, it combed through Stanford’s syllabi and course catalogs to find relevant students. Julie Of The Wolves Report! Facebook was already well-known on campus. If, for example, Facebook needed engineers, it would search for statement plan, engineering classes. Once it found relevant classes, it would find their required reading lists. Zuckerberg and his staff would go to Stanford’s library and put fliers for Facebook positions in those books.
When students pulled them down, they’d find what Facebook left behind. The program, which ran this summer, brought in people with a core aptitude for wolves book, programming, then spent six weeks “teaching them something to see if we could get them up to a level where we actually might want to hire them,” Bahat says. Research! IGN specifically downplayed the importance of experience and education. “Flipping burgers to scrape together enough cash to julie wolves, buy Portal 2?” read its recruitment ad. “Blow our minds while you’re here and we’ll hire you.” Pivotal Labs - Train junior developers through paired programming. Rather than spending months searching for a white whale, take those eager, ubiquitous junior developers you’d normally pass over and pair them with your senior developers. In three to an essay, six months, Knowles says, they’ll start adding value, and you’ll be able to rotate them out into autonomous roles. Cycle in more junior devs to keep the factory growing. ZOHO - Training high-school students who can’t go to college. Zoho identifies promising high-school students whose families can’t afford to julie of the wolves, send them to college, then trains them itself.
The program began six years ago, and about a tenth of Zoho’s 1,400 employees, and 20% of its new engineers, are graduates of it. “It’s not charity,” says Zoho CEO Sridhar Vembu. “It works for everybody. We find great employees, and they make us money.” SMS Country - Using collective knowledge. SMS Country recruits their sales teams on college campuses. They visit a campus to host a company presentation and call for research in hamlet, applications. Every attendee is asked to julie wolves book report, name the eight other people from the homework in college, class that he or she would want to work with on a sales team. The eight names that get mentioned the most frequently are hired. Of The Wolves! It’s that simple.
Rather than relying on a 20-minute interview with a stranger, SMS Country leverages the collective knowledge in research papers ghost in hamlet, the two-year “interview” conducted by fellow classmates. Brilliant! But the julie wolves book report, process doesn’t stop there. The 8-member team elects their own leader as well as finds and establishes their own office in their sales region. If you know of any other creative hiring methods, feel free to let us know in is writing an essay, the comment. Winning With the Collaborative Hiring Process. Many small businesses believe that hiring is wolves report a top-down process driven by the owner. They wrongly assume that employees are happy to leave the hiring decision to the management.
However, this approach often left team members feeling disconnected and frustrated. After all, they are the ones who will work with new hires on a daily basis. Is Writing For Someone! They should be the ideal people to judge whether the job candidate fits the company culture and julie book, values. But how can business effectively involves their employees in the hiring process? Simply put, they have to embrace a collaborative hiring approach. It’s common for marketing, big corporations like Google, Facebook, Apple…etc, to let job candidates to meet with their future colleagues during on-site interviews. Why do they do that? Because they understand the huge cost of wolves, making a bad hiring decision. According to marketing research, the Department of Labor, the cost of mis-hire is considered to be, on average, 3-4 times their annual salary. It can be even higher at a smaller company when you have only a few or even one employee. Including existing employees in the hiring process can make sure the of the report, candidates fit with the company’s culture.
In result, employers can make better hiring decisions and create a more productive and engaged workforce. So how can small business learn to implement a collaborative hiring process? Simple steps like improving communication during the interview process can already create better and faster results. Marketing! Ideally, employers can create a platform for team members to julie of the report, discuss potential candidates and give comments. They can do it on essay, the phone, in person, or using recruiting software to help encourage engaged communication. For example, on Resume Tracker, every team members can leave their comments about book report, each candidates so that everyone in the team knows how each other feels about the marketing strategy, prospects. These steps can seem time consuming at first, but it’s time well spent when you find the perfect candidate. The effective and collaborative hiring process can definitely save you time in the long run. New Pricing Offer for Our Early Users.
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Julie of the Wolves book report
10 Free PDF Business Plan Templates. Business plan templates come in all forms, shapes and sizes. The beauty of PDF business plan templates, however, is that users can create their own business plans while having a guide or reference point readily available in front of them. Whether a business owner wants to create his or her own business plan or replicate one, PDF business plan templates eliminate the arduous task of starting from scratch. Of The Book? Below are 10 PDF business plan templates to help you get started. Research In Hamlet? If you need a business plan template for a small business, there is no better place to look than the U.S. Julie Report? Small Business Administration (SBA). The SBA not only offers a Web-based business plan creator, but also a downloadable PDF business plan template from sba.gov#39;s 8(a) Business Development Program.
This no-fuss, straightforward business plan template hashes out the details of a business, with more than 50 prompts to essay about research, help users answer the questions needed for a complete business plan. [ How to Start a Business: Step-by-Step ] Another government organization, the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), also provides useful resources for starting a business. In addition to offering a business plan template and financial projections charts, the VA#39;s Writing a Business Plan PDF contains information on why an entrepreneur should create a business plan, basic business plan guidelines and tips on the do#39;s and don#39;ts of julie report writing a business plan. Used as the official business plan for homework in college the New York StartUP! 2014 Business Plan Competition, this PDF business plan template was adapted from Successful Business Plans (The Planning Shop, 2010) by Rhonda Abrams. Each of the 12 sections of book report this business plan template includes instructions explaining what type of information to enter, as well as chapter references so you can look up more details. In addition, the template includes a SWOT analysis and essay marketing research optional technology plan. Wolves Book Report? Need a quick and painless, albeit unconventional, business plan? Try the research papers ghost in hamlet, Business Entrepreneurship Center#39;s (BEC) elevator pitch business plan.
Instead of an entire business plan with typical sections written out such as executive summary, market analysis and financial projections the julie book report, elevator pitch business plan template combines all these areas into one succinct paragraph. Find examples at the BEC#39;s downloadable PDF elevator pitch small business plan template. Essay About Marketing? 5. The One Page Business Plan Company#39;s business plan template. Hate the of the wolves, idea of homework writing out an entire essay for a business plan? The One Page Business Plan Company offers a one-page business plan separated into several sections vision, mission, objectives, strategies and julie book action plans. An Essay Illegal? You can answer all of these sections using keywords and short phrases. PDF samples of the one-page business plan template are available for download via Oprah.com.
6. $100 Startup One-Page Business Plan. Business plans don#39;t have to be complicated. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan template helps users craft a business plan by julie wolves report answering several short questions. You can answer each question in essay one or two sentences. Julie? This PDF one-page template covers everything from an overview of your business to marketing, money matters and obstacle projections. 7. Biz Kids business plan template. Biz Kids, an online portal where kids teach kids about money and business, offers a step-by-step guide to writing a business plan. This PDF document breaks down each section with brief questions and simple formulas to help users complete the research, included one-page business plan template.
Although the guide and plan are catered toward young entrepreneurs, these resources cover all the basics and are suitable for any type of business. 8. Julie Wolves Book? Rowan University College of an essay for someone illegal Business#39; sample plan. Julie Of The Book? Thinking about starting a consulting business? Check out Rowan University#39;s sample consulting business plan template. Part of the university#39;s Center for Innovation Entrepreneurship 2013 Rohrer Business Plan Competition, this 30-page PDF business plan template is a comprehensive example of what a consulting business plan entails, complete with financial charts and balance sheets. 9. Thesis Statement Lesson? iPlanner.net business plan template. IPlanner.net, a Web-based business planning software provider, offers a simple business plan template specifically for julie of the startups. The downloadable PDF business plan template includes instructions and tips for completing each section, as well as sample charts to help users complete the financial areas of the essay about marketing research, business plan. 10. Julie Wolves Book Report? SNIEDC fill-in-the-blank business plan. If you want to cover all of your bases, look no further than the Seneca Nation of Indians Economic Development Company#39;s (SNIEDC) PDF fill-in-the-blank business plan template.
This all-inclusive, 50-page business plan outline asks a series of questions so you can fill in each section of the business plan. It also includes detailed financial charts and a glossary of business terms. Thesis On Internet Strategy? The SNIEDC is a Salamanca, N.Y.-based organization that aims to provide financial services and working capital support for enrolled members of the Seneca Nation of julie of the Indians. Sara is a tech writer with a background in business and marketing. Ghost In Hamlet? After graduating from julie of the wolves report, UC Irvine, she worked as a copywriter and papers ghost blogger for nonprofit organizations, tech labs and lifestyle companies. She started freelancing in 2009 and joined Business News Daily in 2013.
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Child Poverty. Wolves Book Report. A Critical Perspective. Francine Mestrum , Universite Libre de Bruxelles. Introduction by Rudi Roose, Ghent University, Belgium. The issue of child poverty is currently high on the policy agenda of the European Union and its member states and plan has featured as a political priority in many national action plans on poverty and social exclusion over the past decade. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child often serves as a framework for taking into account the comprehensive and multi-dimensional approach of poverty, hence also stating the importance of social work as an important actor in fighting a diversity of julie book, poverty related problems. In this essay, Francine Mestrum discusses the about research, current conceptualizations of (child) poverty, arguing that a multidimensional approach of poverty as well as a focus on wolves book report, child poverty can be problematic. 2 Child poverty. A critical perspective.
There are serious problems with the conceptualization of ‘poverty’. There are no clear definitions and monetary and multidimensional poverty approaches continue to amalgamate causes and consequences of poverty. In this contribution, I want to focus on the comparison of income and multidimensional approaches and question the relevance of measuring child poverty. The first part of this essay examines the theoretical basis for an income definition of poverty. In section two I look at the results of the thesis, newest multidimensional poverty index (MPI).The third section looks at the arguments for a multidimensional approach to child poverty. In the final part I examine the ideology of poverty and propose some alternatives for of the report eradicating poverty and for someone illegal promoting development. It seems that every one knows what ‘poverty’ is, except social scientists. For those who engage in poverty research, the julie of the book, overwhelming avalanche of different approaches can at first be discouraging.
Poverty is a research topic in economy, history, sociology, anthropology and psychology. Since the international financial institutions proposed poverty reduction programs in development cooperation, academic studies have proliferated but have not clarified the debate. According to Paugam  , poverty is what Durkheim calls a ‘prenotion’, a self-evident and self-explaining phenomenon that nevertheless is wrong and has to carefully be researched. In our wealthy market economies, this ‘prenotion’ says that poverty means that people lack the resources to live a life in dignity. This phenomenon is then linked to a series of consequences and causes of ‘lack of resources’: access to health care, education, employment, family, lack of autonomy and empowerment, lack of thesis statement plan, participation and ‘voice’, to name just a few. Almost spontaneously, this ‘poverty’ will also be linked to julie of the report, some specific groups in society: female heads of household, the elderly, migrants and asylum seekers, etc. However, these dimensions do not help to clarify what poverty is and they lead to constant circular arguments. Furthermore, in most cases it is research papers ghost, not possible to operationalize these concepts and julie of the the empirical approaches have to about research, fall back on the traditional measurements of income and consumption and/or to arbitrary cut-offs in julie of the wolves report, the non-income dimensions. The problem with poverty research is the difficulty to delink the essay mla format, research from the normative approach to poverty.
All definitions point to some ‘deficit’ and even researchers are clearly influenced by what they think is economically sustainable, socially desirable or psychologically feasible. It means that there is a dire lack of ‘objective’ poverty definitions, since the perceived ‘deficit’ can only be defined in relation to an arbitrary ‘enough’. I want to argue, then, that poverty is, in every market economy, an income deficit. It is income that will allow people to have access to food, shelter, water and sanitation, education and health care. Lack of water, education and health care are not specific characteristics of julie, poor people. We all know wealthy people who refuse health care or who lack education.
After all, this was the ‘American dream’, the shoeshine boy able to is writing an essay for someone, become a millionaire. Neither is social exclusion a specific characteristic of the poor. Social groups can willingly or unwillingly be ‘excluded’ without having to be poor. What poor people do have in common is a lack of julie, income. What we should never forget is that the definitions of poverty, the way poverty is perceived and the policies put into place to homework in college, fight it, are always the result of the actions taken by the non poor. According to Georg Simmel, the father of the sociology of julie, poverty, ‘poverty’ is a teleological concept that never is in line with the needs of the poor but always with the needs of society. ‘Caring for plan the poor’ is very often a moral obligation that the wealthy accept and put on the forefront, forgetting about the rights of julie, poor people. If assistance to thesis, the poor would come in the first place, as a right, there would be no limit to book report, the transfer of essay about marketing, wealth, and it would rapidly lead to the total eradication of poverty. Of The Wolves Book. But that, clearly, does not happen, though everyone will agree there is more than enough wealth on this planet.  If wealthy people ‘care for the poor’, what they want to make clear is that their wealth is ‘legitimate’ and their own social role is useful. They want to an essay for someone, eliminate certain unacceptable symptoms of a totally unjust social structure, in order for this structure to continuously be based on these forms of of the, extreme inequality.
In fact, the poor are not the ultimate objective of the policies that are developed in is writing an essay for someone, their name. They are ‘collateral beneficiaries’ of the conscious and unconscious guilt of the wealthy. This reasoning can explain why it is so difficult to define poverty. The disorderly conceptualizations have to julie of the wolves report, hide the real objectives of so-called poverty reduction. Poverty definitions always have to be in line with the social and ideological needs of the papers, non-poor and the wealthy. This also explains why the poverty definitions of the international organizations focus on an ever-changing list of ‘poverty dimensions’ and mostly totally forget income. In order to julie of the report, fight poverty as an income deficit, different policies may have to be developed, whether they be income transfers, agricultural policies, education policies, health policies, democratization of societies and so on. Poverty policies can indeed be multidimensional, but in my view poverty is an income deficit.
The ultimate objective of these policies should be to provide people with an thesis strategy adequate income and living standard in order to live a life in wolves book report, dignity. 2.2 The Multidimensional Poverty Index. The discussion between the homework in college, advocates of the income approach to poverty and those of the julie of the wolves, multidimensional approaches has been going on for a long time. Most ‘multidimensionalists’ however do not make statistics with their findings, and certainly do not make comparisons between their results and those of the ‘monetarists’. We do have a couple of ‘composite’ indexes, like the IDH (Human Development Index), combining income with life expectancy and literacy, and the IPH (Index of human poverty), with five different ‘dimensions’.  UNDP (United Nations Development Program) did publish comparisons between the rankings of countries according to papers in hamlet, these two indicators, but not with monetary measurements. The recently published MPI (Multidimensional Poverty Index) of julie report, Alkire and Santos is different  . It is an index of ‘acute multidimensional poverty’, which reflects deprivations in very rudimentary services and essay about marketing research core human functionings for people in 104 countries. Most importantly, it gives different patterns of poverty compared to the measurements of julie of the wolves report, income poverty, so here maybe is a first and major refutation of the essay, arguments I have given above. If ‘multidimensional poverty’ is very different from ‘income poverty’, than clearly we need at least both indicators in order to know what we are talking about. If multidimensional poverty does not disappear with the eradication of income poverty, than the advocates of multidimensionality have a serious point to make. The MPI has three dimensions: health, education and standard of living. Julie Book. These are measured using ten different indicators.
In some countries, there is ghost in hamlet, more income poverty than MPI poverty, whereas in others income poverty is less important than MPI poverty. In the first case, it is clear that services and assets are available, but people have not sufficient income to julie wolves, live a life in dignity and have access to these services. Only in thesis lesson, the second case is of the, there an indication that the major problem is on internet marketing, indeed the availability of services and of a decent standard of living. In fact, a comparison of African, Latin American, South and East Asian and Arab countries in terms of income and non income poverty does not give clear results. They are not easy to wolves book, interpret and are somewhat contradictory for the poorest and the middle income countries. They certainly deserve a more detailed analysis, comparing income and MPI poverty with GNI (Gross National Income) data. At first sight, it seems however that the poorest countries have serious extreme income and MPI poverty, which cannot surprise us, whereas the middle income countries have more income poverty problems.
In the poorest African, South Asian and Latin American countries services and a decent standard of research in hamlet, living are most lacking. However, measured at the 2.0 $ a day poverty line, an important majority of countries seem to have major income problems. At this level, it is indeed income which is most lacking. Services may be available, but incomes do not allow having access to them. This is interesting, because it seems to indicate that for poor people less than 2 $/day income is indeed the most important problem. These multidimensional measurements do not make the income measurements redundant, on wolves book report, the contrary.
They do point to the fact that services are badly needed in is writing an essay for someone illegal, the poorest countries, but they also show that income poverty rapidly becomes more important. Other research done in the framework of the wolves book, UNDP and its HDI points to the fact that there is homework, a near zero correlation between income and wolves book non income components of this composite index.  The income per capita is highly correlated with the HDI ranking, but the rates of change of HDI and GNI/capita have a very low level of correlation. The author concludes that HDI and papers in hamlet income do not measure the same thing and are not interchangeable. What does this all mean for of the wolves book children? It should be clear that income poverty is not a relevant measurement for is writing an essay illegal the situation of children.
One cannot expect children to earn a living or to achieve a decent standard of living for themselves. One conclusion of this could be that here multidimensional poverty is the julie of the wolves book, only right approach. However, we should also wonder whether we need a separate poverty approach for children? Are children living in poverty not necessarily living in poor families? With the consequence that one should look at the family income instead of at the multidimensional poverty of children. Can one imagine non income poor families with poor children? Or income poor families with non poor children? In order to answer these questions, I propose to look at some of the arguments in is writing an essay illegal, favor of julie of the wolves book report, a separate poverty approach for children. A first and homework in college important argument is that income is not necessarily equally distributed among household members and that some members may be discriminated against. This is certainly true and has been pointed at by feminist researchers who would like to know more objectively whether there is a so-called feminization of poverty.
Women and girls certainly are discriminated against in many areas and julie book we have statistics about their disadvantages in terms of health, education and even wages. But that is no reason to say they are more ‘poor’ in terms of income. Research Ghost. We simply don’t know, there are no disaggregated poverty statistics. It will be clear however, that gender discrimination is not a matter of ‘poverty’ but of cultural traditions and attitudes that will not change with anti-poverty policies. Gender-sensitive legislation can help, as can empowerment policies to give more autonomy to women.
This being said, girls more than children in general - are discriminated against in many countries, but again, this is not an exclusive matter for poverty policies. Clearly, if one truly wants to reduce poverty, one will have to work at the level of mothers and daughters, because yes, one can see poor mothers and julie of the book poor girls in non income poor households. A more general argument can be that multidimensional poverty is more important than income poverty and this poverty has to be revealed at the level of children. However, as referred to strategy, by Alkire and Santos, the book report, reason for multidimensional poverty being more important can be the inadequacy of the homework, poverty line for wolves book report some countries where national poverty lines are much higher than the international ones. Thesis On Internet Marketing Strategy. The main problem of some of of the wolves book report, these countries is not poverty but extremely high inequality that hinders anti-poverty policies. A second problem with this general argument is that the papers in hamlet, cut-off point for multidimensional poverty is wolves, even more arbitrary than for the absolute World Bank poverty line. Why 30 % as in the MPI-case? It would be interesting to see how the results change with a slightly different definition of the cut-off point. A third argument in favor of child poverty research concerns the specific poverty dimensions of children, such as immunization and child labor. For immunization it will be clear that all children should receive it, this is not a question which relates only to poor children, so again, this can be part of a poverty reduction policy, but is not limited to in college, poverty problems. Child labour is julie wolves book, a very serious problem and should be tackled on research ghost in hamlet, the labour market.
Here, one certainly has to wonder whether children would be active on the labour market if their parents were to earn a decent income? Child labour seems to book report, me not to with, be a problem of poor children, but a problem of children in poor families. If parents get a job with a decent income, chances are high they will send their children to school, possibly leave them at home to take care of younger children. Some employers may prefer to get as cheap labour as possible and therefore prefer to hire children instead of their fathers or mothers. Again, this is not a matter of poverty reduction policies, but of regulated and monitored labour markets. Because here indeed families may escape poverty thanks to child labour, whether it is income or multidimensional poverty. If looked at exclusively from a poverty perspective, these children will not be taken care of. All other dimensions of a multidimensional poverty approach for children are not different from julie book report, those for adults: food, shelter, clothes, health, water and sanitation.
They can all be tackled in a poverty reduction policy at the level of households since it is difficult to see a difference between adults and children in terms of access to them. Some other dimensions are not relevant in that they do not only concern the poor such as social inclusion, mental health, security, affection, etc. These ‘intangible’ dimensions of poverty are in fact not poverty related but concern all adults and children. ‘Affection poverty’ certainly is research in hamlet, not absent from wealthy families. Finally, there is the argument of the special vulnerability of children to environmental degradation. This is certainly true since the poor in general are more vulnerable to it and children more particularly.
However, once again, this should not be tackled exclusively in a poverty reduction policy, but in of the book, a more general environmental policy. Essay Mla Format. It would be rather meaningless to just solve the specific children’s problems, and not the other ones. Does this help to julie, answer the questions we put? Is it possible to have poor children in non poor households? I think not, except for girls that may be discriminated against, but if that is the case, their mothers will be discriminated against as well. So actions from an exclusive child poverty perspective will not be adequate. Is it possible to have non poor children in poor households? Theoretically yes, if poverty reduction policies focus exclusively on children, providing food, shelter, water and sanitation, education and health services. But if such a policy is feasible, is it morally acceptable to leave out the thesis on internet marketing, children’s families?
All these arguments do not make specific policies useless or unnecessary. Specific actions against child labor, in favor of immunization and in julie wolves book report, favor of good education may be most welcome. But they will not be needed only for homework in college poor children and they will not be part of an exclusive anti-poverty policy. A child poverty perspective shows that the general context in which poverty is tackled is book report, extremely important. Poverty in general and about marketing research child poverty more particularly are always linked to broader societal problems that have to of the report, be looked at. Working exclusively at the level of child poverty entails a serious risk of ignoring or neglecting these problems. Possibly, one may reduce child poverty, but not poverty in general, let alone labor market competition and inequality, to name just a few. If my reasoning is correct, than one might wonder why so much attention today is given to child poverty. It is true that children are often not being taken into account in illegal, general poverty reduction policies. This points to of the report, the weakest spot of all poverty reduction policies: they are not meant to reduce poverty in an essay, the first place but came at the international political agenda because of other reasons than the really existing poverty and these reasons are still predominant today. In 1990, when the of the wolves book report, World Bank proposed to fight poverty, it had no statistics at all on essay with, global poverty and it could only state that past development policies had given good results in terms of growth and social indicators.
All the julie of the book report, same, it stated that other policies were needed. Why? Previous research  has shown that the poverty reduction policies as proposed by the World Bank were not meant to tackle existing poverty, but to dismantle existing social protection and research papers in hamlet replace it with poverty reduction policies. According to the neoliberal policy prescriptions of the ‘Washington Consensus’, universal social protection is not to be provided for by states. Governments only have to take care of julie report, ‘those who really need it’ and leave other forms of protection to in college, the private market. Report. This meant stepping back from social security and offer targeted poverty reduction.
At the same time, the Washington Consensus did not change, all its ingredients were kept intact. The analysis of the poverty discourse allowed to thesis marketing, conclude that ‘poverty’ was nothing more than the label put on to neoliberal policy prescriptions and present them as ‘the human face of julie report, globalization’. In fact, it was a new social paradigm that also allowed to forget poverty’s income dimension and to focus on budget constraints, the with, liberalisation of julie of the wolves, trade, fighting inflation, deregulation of the lesson plan, labour markets and privatisations of public companies, all in julie of the book, the name of the poor. This is why the major responsibility for poverty reduction programs is never with the Minister of Social Affairs, but always with the Minister of Finances. The same goes, unfortunately, for the UN part of thesis strategy, poverty reduction, the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals). Limited to halving extreme poverty during a 25-year period, they can hardly be qualified as being ‘ambitious’. They totally ignore the julie of the book report, three chapters of the ‘Copenhagen program’ of the research papers ghost, Social Summit of 1995: poverty, employment and social integration. Julie Wolves Book Report. They do not take into account the necessary economic development for successful poverty programs. It is this general context which can explain the search for ever poorer and more vulnerable people.
The UN and UNDP put the focus on women, the ‘poorest of the poor’, the ‘human face of poverty’ It explains the focus on extreme poverty instead of on poverty It explains the focus on thesis, ‘chronic poverty’ instead of current poverty. And it explains, I am afraid, the current focus on children. As Gilbert Rist would explain: women and children are the wolves report, ones that have to be saved first when the essay mla format, ship is sinking  All this is evidence of the lowered level of ambition of donor countries and of governments in julie report, developing countries. While ‘development cooperation’ started in the 1960s with ‘economic development’ and was later coupled to ‘social development’, now both have been abandoned and poverty eradication became poverty reduction and in practice the reduction of extreme poverty. Focusing on plan, women and child poverty has a major advantage.
It is easy to get funding from charities and philanthropic institutions. Julie Wolves Report. While pointing to the general context of inequality, lacking economic development, unfair trade relations, unsustainable debt servicing, corruption and tax evasion will only in college result in julie of the book report, denial and/or indifference, the face of thesis statement lesson, a poor child will open wealthy people’s wallets. Julie Of The Wolves Book Report. Poverty reduction, especially when it is focused on women and children, allows for unfair economic and social structures to research ghost, be maintained and even strengthened. It even gives these structures a moral legitimacy. Alternatives will have to julie of the wolves, be looked for on internet marketing that will allow children, and all other people, all over the world, to julie, live a life in dignity. A first condition seems to me to not de-link child poverty from other people’s poverty. Even if, theoretically, child poverty can be dissociated from the poverty of homework, their families and julie of the their communities, it goes without saying that for poverty reduction policies to thesis, be perceived as being fair, all poor people should benefit from and report be allowed social progress. This means that labour market policies and social protection will come at thesis marketing strategy the forefront. A very positive development of julie book report, these last years has been seen in research, the work of the ILO (International Labour Organization) and the UN who now plead for ‘decent work’ and ‘universal social protection’. Thirdly, all research points to the fact that poverty reduction strongly needs women and wolves report gender-sensitive policies.
If one wants to help children and more particularly girls, one will have to help their mothers and fight their discrimination. A gender agenda goes far beyond poverty, but is the major element that can help to essay, promote social change, empowering women, giving them economic autonomy, education and julie of the report health services. Finally, it should be clear that poverty cannot be de-linked from economic development. Real and sustainable poverty reduction can only be the result of a successful economic and social development process. They should go hand in hand since they are mutually strengthening each other. What this means is that poverty is not a problem of poor people, but of the whole of society and even of the international community. It is the result of a distributional bias that has to with, be corrected if one truly wants to eradicate poverty.
While poverty has always existed and probably will never be totally eradicated, today’s societies certainly have better ways and resources to fight it than what is currently being proposed by international organizations. Western Europe still remains the best example of what social policies can achieve in terms of poverty and inequality reduction. The structural solidarity mechanisms our countries have introduced almost a century ago have helped to prevent poverty and to eradicate extreme poverty. These values remain utterly important and should guide cooperation policies. Child poverty can be reduced if policies duly take into account its link to poverty in general and from there to social protection, inequality and julie wolves book report economic development. Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
Oude Graanmarkt 47.  Paugam, S., La disqualification sociale. Mla Format. Essai sur la nouvelle pauvrete, Paris, PUF, 4eme ed., 1997.  Simmel, G., Les Pauvres, Paris, PUF, 1988 .  Both proposed by UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) in their ‘Human Development Report’, 1990 and 1997.
The dimensions of human poverty are : life expectancy, literacy, access to health care and to water, malnourishment of julie of the wolves, children.  Alkire, S. and Santos, M.E., Acute Multidilmensional Poverty: A new Index for Developing Countries, OPHI Working Paper n 38, July 2010.  Gray Molina, G. and Purser, M., Human Development Trends since 1970. A social convergence Story, UNDP Research Paper 2010/02, New York, UNDP, 2010.  Mestrum, F., Globalisering en armoede. Over het nut van armoede in de nieuwe wereldorde, Berchem, EPO, 2002.
 Rist, G., Le developpement. Histoire d’une croyance occidentale, Paris, Presses de la Fondation nationale des sciences politiques, 1996.