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The Role Of Audit Committees And Corporate Governance Accounting
business plan mining Our Business Plan Services. About our experience in coal mine business plan. Beijing HL Consulting Co., Ltd has finished 9 business plan of coal minefor our clients. We have finished 2 Due diligence service for audit committee, international clients. Business Plan of *** Coalmine, Jiaohe, Jinlin Province. Definition of Technical Terms.
Coking coal is the research paper on neurofibromatosis main coking coal, with medium alteration competence. It tops in coking and audit committee, caking. Coking coal in Shanxi Province is especially treasured for its big size with few cracks, which boasts of good resistance to breakage, superb grindability. Coking coal can be made into coke, tar and india, coking furnace gas. Coke can produce gas and calcium carbide besides providing for smelting.
Tar and coking furnace gas can be burnt as fuel, as well as to committee essay, abstract dozens of chemical products from. Lishi, Liulin and Xiangning Diggings in middle and southern part of Hedong Coalmine, Shanxi Province produce low-sulfur and low-soot coking coal, which ranks particular high as the nation¡¯s key production. Fat coal is one kind of coking coal. Senior Art Director Cover Letter. Coke made from audit fat coal is with many horizontal cracks and honeycombed coke at the bottom. It is fragile but strong in caking, which enables it to produce high-quality coal with others weaker in caking. Thus fat coal is regarded as the mother of coke-mate. Fat coal has only a few varieties, comprising of only 5% of the nation¡¯s proved-up coal reserves. It mainly distributes in Huoxian, Sanjiao and Gujiao Diggings. Anthracite is with high alteration competence, being both adamant and shining. It supports long burning periods and strong firepower.
Anthracite is mainly for the production of chemical fertilizers and research papers india, other chemicals. Anthracite in Yangquan is the essay ideal spurting and puffing fuel for furnaces for its excellent grindability. Anthracite near Jincheng, Yangcheng is famous both home and india, abroad as ¡°Orchid Coke¡±. Shanxi Province¡¯s anthracite reserves top the nation for the big quantity and good quality. Lean coal is a kind of coke-mate, with similar capability to coking coal.
Lean coal can produce big-size coke with few cracks, but its fusing competence and grindability is considerably weak. Apart from being coke-mate, lean coal can also be used too produce gas, generate electricity and other energies. Shanxi Province¡¯s coalfields of Qinshui, Xishan, Huoxian, Hedong and etc. are all rich in lean coal reserves. Weakly caking coal. Weakly caking coal is a kind of transition between coking coal and non-coking coal, mainly to produce gas, fuel and as coke-mate. Shanxi¡¯s Datong Diggings is abundant in low-sulfur, low-soot and low-phosphor coal of weak caking, thus to be the largest high-quality fuel coal base in the country. Gas coal is audit committee a kind of coke coal with quite weak caking competence. It is mainly used as coke-mate. Gas coal has a high output rate of gas production and research papers, a high reclaim rate of coking products.
Its shortcomings are that it has many vertical cracks, being too narrow and too fragile. It can be used alone in coking for chemical production. Audit. Shanxi Province has rich resources in research classroom gas coal, making up more than 63% of the coke coal reserves. Lignite is a kind of altered coal with a deadwood exterior containing bioplasm humic acid. Its main features are rich moistness, tiny specific gravity, and low quantity of heat. Audit. Lignite can be used to senior art director letter, produce active carbon, sulfurated coal, lignite wax, humic acid, humic ammonium acid, and committee, other chemical products. On Neurofibromatosis. Long Flame Coal. Long flame coal is a kind of fuel coal with the lowest alteration extent, with no caking and coking competence. It can produce, through dry distillation in low temperature, half-coking coal, gas and tar. Audit Essay. It is used also for synthesized ammonia and etc. after gasification.
Meager coal is a kind of soft coal with the highest alteration extent, with no caking competence. This kind has short flames when burning, which but lasts for long period of time. It is mainly used for motive power, as raw material for synthesized ammonia and in gasification for fuel. Letter. Taiyuan¡¯ Xishan, Yangquan, Heshun and Shouyang Diggings all have abundant meager coal resources. Chapter I Introductions of *** Coalmine 9. Section A Introduction of the essay Enterprise 9. 1. Profile of the Enterprise 9. 2. License to Coal Production acquired 9. 3. Elements For A Essay. Introduction of Shareholders 9. 4. Organizational Structure of the Enterprise 10. Section B Listing of Main Assets 10. 1. Essay. Right of Access to Land 10. 2. Building Properties 11. Section C Introduction of the Main Products 11. Tourism Papers. 1. Main Products 11.
2. Main Customers 12. Section D Financial summary 12. Section E Introduction of the Management Team 12. Chapter II Introduction of the *** Coalmine Project 14. Section A Introduction of Coalfield Its Geographic Features 14. Audit Committee Essay. 1. Geographic Location of the Mine 14. 2. Coal Bed the Coal¡¯s Quality 16. 3. Reserves of the Coalfield 17. 4. Essay On Alha. Geographic Features 18.
5. The Serving Time Limit of the Coalmine 18. 6. Audit. Hydrological Geography Gas 18. 7. Coalfield Exploration 19. 8. Main Technological Economic Indexes 20. Section B Transportation 21. 1. Railway Transportation 21. 2. Highway Transportation 23. 3. Waterway Transportation 25. Chapter III Market Analysis 26.
Section A Analysis on China¡¯s Coal Market 26. 1. Gross, Quality Distribution of China's Coal Reserves 26. 2. Coal Production 33. 3, Coal Demands 34. 5. Future Market Tendencies 38. Tourism Research India. Section B Analysis on Jinlin Province's Coal Market 39. 1. Quality Distribution of Coal Reserves 39. 2. Audit Committee. Coal Production 44. 3. Coal Demands 44.
Section C Market Prospect Analysis for *** Coalmine 45. 1. Essay On Alha. High Profit Margin in *** Coalmine 45. 2. Demand Exceed the audit essay Supply of essay on alha, Product by *** Coalmine 45. Audit Committee. Section D Competition Analysis Countermeasures by the Mine 47. 1. Factors that Affect the Mine¡¯s Competitiveness 47. 2. Competition Analysis for *** Coalmine 47. 3. Countermeasures to Ensure the Mine¡¯s Competitiveness 48. Chapter IV Analysis on Industry Supervision System, Policies Regulations, Investment Access 49. Section A Structure of Coal Industry¡¯s Supervision System 49.
1. The State Development and Reform Commission (SDRC) 49. 2. The State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission 50. 3. Essay On Alha. The Ministry of Land and Resources 50. 4. Audit Essay. China Coal Regulatory Agency 50. 5. China Coal Industry Council 50. 6. State Administration of Coal Mine Safety 50. Essay On Alha. Section B Main Policies Regulations 51. Section C Foreign Capital (Private Capital) Access Its Limits to China's Coal Industry 52. Section D Analysis on Coal Industry's Supervision System Investment Access in Jilin Province 53. 1. Production Only With All Four Coalmine Certificates 53. 2. Control of Four Certificates Auditing Granting Rights by Sectors Concerned in the Provincial Government 54.
3. Institutions to Audit Grant the Safety Production Licenses Requirements for the Licenses 54. Chapter V Project Financing Requirements Ways of Cooperation 64. Section A Capital Requirement 64. 1. Investments Already Done 64. 2. Financing Requirements 64. Section B Ways of Cooperation 64. Chapter VI Future Managing Plan 66. Section A Plans of audit, Project Construction Equipment Purchase 66.
1. Open Caisson Laneway Construction 66. 2. Elevating Equipments 66. Paper On Technology In The Classroom. 3. Transportation Equipments 67. 4. Committee. Drainage Equipments 67. 5. Paper. Safety Equipments 67. 6. Under-well Explosion-preventive Equipments (Electrical Apparatus) 68. Audit. 7. Senior Letter. Aeration Equipments 68. 8. Excavating Equipments 68. 10. Over-ground Constructions 69.
Section B Future Mining Plan 69. Section C Market Plan 70. Chapter VII Project Finance Forecast 71. Section A Basic Assumptions on Finance Forecast 71. Section B Finance Forecast in Future Five Years 71. Chapter VIII Investment Risk Analysis Risk Control Measures 75. Section A Risk of Coalmine Disasters 75. 1. Essay. Risk Analysis 75. 2. Risk Control Measures 75. Section B Limits in Transportation System 76. 1. Risk Analysis 76.
2. Risk Control Measures 76. Section C Risks of Prices Changes 77. 1. On Neurofibromatosis. Risk Analysis 77. 2. Risk Control Measures 77. Section D Risks by Policies Laws 78. 1. Risk Analysis 78.
2. Risk Control Measures 78. 1. Corporation Business License (Copy) 79. 2. Audit Committee Essay. Mining license 80. 3. Coalmine Managing Competence Certificate 80. Essay On Alha. 4. Coal Production license 81.
Index of Charts Tables 82. Index of Charts 82. Index of committee essay, Tables 82. Add:Room A803,A805, Golden Prosperity Center,TangJiaCun,Guangqu East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100022 P.R.China. Tel:+86-10-67716608 +86-10-67716526 Fax:+86-10-67716520.
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Resume of Michael L. Abrahams, LCSW-C, BCD. “Homeschooling: Is it good for your clients?”, presentation to Greater Washington Society for committee essay, Clinical Social Work, Maryland Meeting, Bethesda, MD., March 21, 2000. “Parenting in Today’s World,” speaker/panelist, sponsored by essays, the Maternity Center of committee essay, Bethesda Support Group Program; Bethesda, MD, October 11, 1993. “Stress Management,” presentation to employees of William Mercer Management Co., Washington, D.C.; sponsored by on neurofibromatosis, Managed Health Network, November 23, 1992. “Parenting Skills: Strategies for Limit-Setting and Discipline,” presentation to Department of Energy employee seminars, Germantown, MD and Washington, D.C., February 22 and 23, 1990. “Recognizing Chemical Dependency,” presentation to American University Wellness Seminar, Washington, D.C., February 15, 1990. “How Therapy Can Help,” interview on Washington Health Talk, WMET-FM Radio, Gaithersburg, MD, February 9,1989. “Self-Esteem,” interview on audit essay, “Life Planning” feature of WJLA-TV News; Washington, D.C., February 6, 1989.
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“Why Go Into Counseling and Therapy” and “How to Choose a Therapist,” audio tape scripts for Mental Health Associates telephone tape series, 1983. “Developing Legislative Testimony,” published in Children’s Legal Rights Journal, Vol. 5, No. Audit Committee! 4, Fall 1983. “Sex Over Sixty,” talk presented to Rockville Senior Citizens Center, Rockville, MD, July 21, 1983.
“Lobbying 101,” workshop sponsored by National Association of Social Workers, Metropolitan Washington, D.C. Cover! Chapter, Washington, D.C.,January 29, 1983. “Family Violence,” workshop presented to Regional Year of the Child Conference, sponsored by Prince William County Department of audit committee, Social Services, Triangle, VA; October, 1979. Counselor Training: Short-Term Client Systems. Counseling skills training program presented to social-service personnel; sponsored by the City of essay on alha, Alexandria, VA and by Action in audit the Community Through Service , Dumfries, VA 1976, 1977, 1981. PROFESSIONAL LICENSES AND MEMBERSHIPS.
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1972 B.A. cum laude, Psychology major, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY. CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION. “Preparing for the Silver Tsunami – Working with the committee essay, Aging Adult”; Venus Masselam, Ph.D., Anya Parpura, Ph.D., Tybe Diamond, MSW, Kathryn Chafetz, MSW. Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C. March 11, 2017 (6 hours) “The Long and the Short of It – EMDR in research paper on technology classroom the Treatment of committee, Acute and Complex Trauma”, Nancy Newport, LPC, LMFT, and Tracy Ryan Kidd, LCSW; (DVD course); October 1, 2016. (12 hours) “Cultural Competency in Clinical Practice”, Shreya Hessler, Psy.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD, September 12, 3016 (3 hours) “What’s Love Got To Do With It”, Multiple Presenters, American Academy of Psychotherapists, Washington, D.C., February 26, 2016 (6 hours) “HIV: A Virus, a Syndrome, and an Ethical Question”, Jeffrey Davidson LCSW-C, , CEYou LLC, Laurel, MD, December 6, 2015, ( 3 hours) “Authenticity, Openness, and essays, Spontaneity: A Contemporary Psychoanalytic View of audit committee, Adolescent Development and senior cover, Treatment:”, Shelly Doctors, Ph.D. and committee essay, Jacqueline Gotthold, Psy.D., Institute of research papers, Contemporary Psychotherapy and essay, Psychoanalysis, Chevy Chase, MD., December 5, 2015, (3 hours) “Hot Topics in Psychosocial Oncology”, VIcki Kennedy, LCSW-C, University of Maryland School of Social Work, Washington, D.C., November 8, 2015, (3.5 hours) “Primed for Life: Psychotherapy for Marital and Family Issues of on neurofibromatosis, Older Adults”, Barry Jacobs, Psy.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., November 3, 2015 (3 hours) “Breaking the committee, Cycle: EMDR Solutions for senior art director letter, Problematic Acting Out and Addictive Behaviors”, Mark Nickerson, LCSW, EMDR International Association, Charlottesville, Va., November 7-8, 2014 (14 hours) “Sex Therapy for the General Therapist”, Marianne Brandon, Ph.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., October 28, 2014 (3 hours) “Managing Risk in Everyday Practice: The Ethics of committee essay, Being a Mental Health Practitioner”, Michael Heitt, Psy.D., Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., September 5, 2014 (3 hours) “Utilizing Cultural Competence in Mental Health Treatment,” Elite Continuing Education (online course), July 31, 2015 (3 hours) “Human Trafficking and Exploitation”, NetCE Continuing Education (online course), June 12, 2015 (5 hours) “Navigating the New DSM-V”, Gerald Shulman, Ph.D., American Addiction Centers, Bethesda, MD. Essays On Ecommerce! April 26, 2014 (6 hours) “Undoing Aloneness – Transformation of Emotional Suffering”, Diana Fosha, Ph.D., Washington School of audit committee essay, Psychiatry, Washington, D.C., Novermber 2, 2013, (6 hours) “The Nuts and Bolts of AEDP (Accelerated Experiential Dynamic Psychotherapy)”, Natasha Prenn, LCSW, Cape Cod Institute, Eastham, MA , June 24-28, 2013 (15 hours)
2012 EMDRIA Conference, sponsored by Eye Movement Desensitzation and Reprocessing International Association, Alexandria, VA., October 5-7, 2012. 15 hours, including: “Mindful Awareness and the Role of Resonance within EMDR Protocol”, Irene Seigel, Ph.D., LCSW (1.5 hours) “Treatment of research paper on technology classroom, Attachment Trauma and audit, the Dissociative Sequelae”, Robbie Adler-Tapia, Ph.D. Research On Neurofibromatosis! (3 hours) “Trauma, Attachment, Dissociation and EMDR”, Colin Ross, M.D. Essay! (1.5 hours) “Using History-Taking to Seamlessly Prepare Clients for EMDR Processing”, William Zangwill, Ph.D. (1.5 hours) “Principles of Trauma Model Therapy: Integration with EMDR” (3 hours) “EMDR Therapy Update: Theory, Research, and essay on alha, Practice” (Francine Shapiro, Ph.D., 1.5 hours) “31 Secrets of the essay, Embodied Self: Hearing Baby’s Story in EMDR for Trauma in Implicit Memory”, Sandra Paulsen, Ph.D., 3 hours. “Ethics and on ecommerce, Professional Practice”, David Jobes, Ph.D., Child Center and Adult Services, Gaithersburg, MD. October 19, 2012 (3 hours) “A Guide to audit the Standard EMDR Protocols”, Andrew Leeds, Ph.D., Springer Publishing Company, April 19, 2011 (12 hours) “Asperger’s in Therapy: What to expect and do”, Steven Kane, Ph.D., Child Center and Adult Services, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD. Essay On Alha! April 13, 2012 (3 hours) “The Interaction of Body and Brain in essay Affect Regulation: Application of Polyvagal Perspective to Attachment and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder”, Steven Porges, Ph.D., Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C.
April 2, 2011 (6.5 hours) “The Trauma Whispers: What Works in elements for a persuasive essay Trauma Treatment”, Daniel Buccino, LCSW-C, University of audit committee, Maryland, Rockville, MD. Essay On Alha! December 3, 2010 (5 hours) “Risk Management for Clinicians: The Nuts and Bolts of Legal and audit essay, Ethical Practice”, Edward Zuckerman, Ph.D., Premier Educational Solutions, Fairfax, VA. August 6, 2010 (6 hours) “Facilitating the essay on alha, Process of audit committee, Working Through Toward Character Change in Intensive Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy”, Patricia Coughlin, Ph.D., Washington School of necessary persuasive, Psychiatry, Washington, D.C.. January 30, 2010.(6 hours) “Psychiatric Vulnerabilities in the Elderly”; Carole Wynne, MS, CRNP, University of Maryland School of Social Work, Gaithersburg, MD. December 18, 2009 (6 hours) “The Gray Matter of Ethics: Problem-Solving Genuine Clinical Ethical Issues”; TImothy Donovan, LCSW-C and essay, Lori Mosotsky, LCSW-C, Maryland Society for Clinical Social Work, Columbia, MD, February. 2008 EMDRIA Conference, sponsored by EMDRIA (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing International Association), Phoenix, AZ. Sept. 12-14, 2008 ( 15.5 hours), including: “The Use of EMDR with Motor Vehicle Accident Victims”, Robert H. Tinker, Ph.D. (3 hours) “Advanced Clinical Strategies for Clients with Complex PTSD and Dissociation”, Mark Dworkin, LCSW(4.5 hours) “Brief Adjunctive EMDR: How to Work Collaboratively and elements necessary, Quickly with Referrals for committee essay, EMDR”, Susanne Borstein, Ph.D. (3 hours) “Western Psychiatry Applied in a Buddhist Country”, talk by Dr.
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(4.5 hours) “The Therapist’s Vulnerability in audit committee essay a Litigious World: Impact of essay on alha, Self on committee essay, Ethical Dilemmas”, Steven Friedman, Esq., Child Center and essay on alha, Adult Services, Gaithersburg, MD, April 7, 2006 (3 hours) “Psychotherapy with Older Adults”, Carol Hausman, Ph.D., Child Center and Adult Services, Gaithersburg, MD, December 2, 2005 (3 hours) “The Process of Differentiation – II” – Clinical Conference led by audit committee, Michael Kerr, M.D., sponsored by Georgetown Family Center, Washington, D.C., April 15, 2005 (6 hours) “Ethics in Clinical Social Work”, Workshop presented by Frederick Reamer, Ph.D., sponsored by papers, Greater Washington Society for Clinical Social Work and Catholic University School of Social Service, Washington, D.C., April 8, 2005. “EMDR Use with Core Attachment Issues in audit Adults”, workshop presented by Debra Wesselman, MS, LPC, sponsored by EMDR Institute, Inc., Bethesda, MD, June 27, 2004 (6.5 hours) “Brain Performance and EMDR Interventions”, workshop presented by Jennifer Lendl, Ph.D., sponsored by EMDR Institute, Inc., Bethesda, MD, June 26, 2004 (6.5 hours) “Clinical Supervision: A Balancing Act”, training sponsored by senior art director, Sheppard Pratt Health System, Towson, MD, April 23, 24, 2004 (12 hours) “Substance Abuse and the Senior Adult”, training by Frederick C. Blow, Ph.D., and committee essay, Joseph C. Research Paper In The! Gfrorer, sponsored by Mental Health Association of committee essay, Montgomery County, Jan 13, 2004 (3 hours) Critical Incident Stress Management”, training led by Bob VandePol, MSW, sponsored by research, Crisis Care Network, Arlington, VA, August 21-22, 2003 (14 hours). “Chemical Dependency”, course by audit committee, Vijay Fadia, sponsored by research paper in the, Homestead Schools, Inc., Torrance, CA, June 20, 2003 ( 7 hours) “Working with Difficult Middle School Children”, presentation by Robert Roth, LPC, sponsored by committee, Child Center and Adult Services, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, May 2, 2003 (3 hours) “Imaginal Nurturing”, workshop with April Steele, MSc., BCATR, sponsored by April Steele, Iselin, N.J. (13 hours) “Attachment and Intersubjectivity in the Healing Relationship”, presented by David Wallin, Ph.D., sponsored by R. Essay On Alha! Cassidy Seminars, Baltimore, MD, November 14, 2002 (6 hours) “Is It Imagination or Intuition? Learning to Interpret Personal Energy”, seminar led by Christel Nani, R.N., sponsored by audit committee, Debby Vajda, LCSW-C, Gaithersburg, MD, October 5-6, 2002 (11 hours) “Ethical Dilemmas”, course led by tourism research india, Constance Hendrickson, DSW and audit committee, Dolores Paulsen, DSW, sponsored by tourism india, Greater Washington Society for Clinical Social Work, Washington, D.C., October 4, 2002 (3 hours) “Understanding, Managing, and Treating Self-Injury”, presentation by Barent Walsh, Ph.D., sponsored by American Association of Suicidology, Bethesda, MD. , April 10, 2002 (6.5 hours) “Understanding and Addressing the Needs of Children and Adolescents with Learning Disabilities”, symposium presented by Larry Silver, M.D., Ruth Spodak, Ph.D., and G. Reid Lyon, Ph.D., sponsored by Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD, Nov. Committee Essay! 1, 2001 (6 hours) “Using EMDR for Performance Enhancement in research on technology in the classroom Career and in the Creative Performing Arts”, workshop presented by Sandra Foster, Ph.D., sponsored by EMDR Institute, Inc., Bethesda, MD, March 16-17, 2001 (14 hours) “Consultation Group on Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment”, group case consultation seminar led by essay, Deany Laliotis, LCSW-C, EMDR Facilitator; Bethesda, MD (1.5 hours/monthly, 9x/year; Oct. l997- Jan. 2001) “Consultation Group on essay on alha, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment”, group case consultation seminar led by Deany Laliotis, LCSW-C, EMDR Facilitator; Bethesda, MD (1.5 hours/monthly, 9x/year; Oct. l997 – Jan 2001) “Understanding and Treating Bipolar Disorder Across the audit committee, Lifespan”, symposium presented by necessary essay, Ellen Leibenluft, M.D. and committee essay, David Milkowitz, Ph.D., sponsored by essay on alha, Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD., Nov. Essay! 9, 2000 (6 hours) “Managing High Conflict Divorce Cases”, seminar presented by Office of the essay on alha, Montgomery County Divorce Roundtable, Gaithersburg, MD., Mary Donahue, Ph.D. and others, April 7, 2000 (6 hours) “A Scientifically Based Marital Therapy” , workshop sponsored by Psychoeducational Resources, Inc., Linthicum, MD., led by essay, John Gottman, Ph.D., March 10-11, 2000 (14 hours) “Clinical Applications of Buddhist Principles”, symposium sponsored by The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital, Baltimore, MD, Nov.
6, l999 (6 hours). “Lost, Tossed, and Found: Projective Identification with Couples and Individuals”, Jill Scharff, M.D., Washington Society of Psychoanalytic Psychology, Bethesda, MD, Oct. 15,l999 (3 hours). “Therapeutic Action: How Treatment Works”, 45th Annual Chestnut Lodge Symposium, Rockville, MD, October 1, l999 (4.75 hours) “Internet Abuse: Counseling Dysfunctional Behavior from Internet Use”, presentation by Jonathan Kandell, Ph.D., sponsored by Child Center and tourism research papers india, Adult Services, Inc., Rockville, MD, April 23, l999 (3 hours) EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) International Association Conference, Baltimore, MD, July 10-12, 1998, sponsored by EMDR International Association: (17.0 contact hours), including: “EMDR for Anger Management and Anger Reduction”; R. Audit! Greenwald, Psy.D.(4.5 hrs.); “Clinical Applications of EMDR in the Treatment of Adult Survivors of paper, Childhood Abuse and audit, Neglect”; A Leeds, Ph.D. and D. Korn, Psy.D. (4.5 hrs); “Using EMDR with Narcissistic Personalities”; P. Mansfield, Ph.D. J .Knipe, Ph.D. ,E. Snyker, MSW; (3 hrs); “Current Understanding of the Psychobiology of Trauma”, B. van der Kolk, M.D., (1.5 hrs); “Trust, Intimacy and Sex: An Integrated Approach”, B. Litt, MFT (1.5 hrs); Keynote and Plenary, Francine Shapiro, Ph.D. (2 hrs) “Prepare/Enrich Recertification Workshop” , training in using premarital/marital assessment instruments structured counseling program, led by Craig Messersmith, Ph.D., May 15, l998, sponsored by Life Innovations, Kensington, Md. (3.5 hours). “Managing Risk in Clinical Social Work: A Practical Guide to paper on technology in the classroom Preventing Malpractice”, training workshop by audit committee essay, Frederick Reamer, Ph.D., Sept. 26, l997; sponsored by Health Ed, LLC, Baltimore, MD (6 hours) “Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR),” Level II Training, led by essay on alha, Francine Shapiro, Ph.D., February 1-2, 1997; sponsored by EMDR Institute, Orlando, FL (14 hours).
“Eye Movement Desensitization and audit, Reprocessing (EMDR)” Level I Training led by research on technology classroom, Roger Solomon, Ph.D., April 19-21, 1996; sponsored by committee, EMDR Institute, Baltimore, MD (17 hours). “Adult ADHD: New Directions and Strategies,” symposium with Martha Denckla, M.D., Kevin Murphy, Ph.D., and Larry Silver, M.D., March 21, 1996; sponsored by cover letter, Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD (5.25 hours). “Clinical Issues Module: Major Depression, Women’s Health Model, Clinical Decision Trees,” presented by Kelley Phillips, M.D., March 14, 1996; sponsored by Principal Behavioral Health Care, Rockville, MD (3 hours). “Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory” – Training (Level 1) by audit, Michael Hartley, M.A., October 26, 1995; sponsored by research paper on neurofibromatosis, the SASSI Institute, Washington, D.C. (3.5 hours). “Fundamentals of ‘Le Petite Psychodrama’ and essay, the Application of the Pillars of Life, a Psychodramatic Technique for Building Creativity and necessary for a persuasive, Spontaneity from essay Historical Resources,” workshop with Nell Evans, M.S.Ed., C.P., October 13, 1995; sponsored by Germantown Psychotherapy Coalition, Germantown, MD (5.5 hours). “Short-Term Treatment of essays on ecommerce, Common Psychiatric Disorders,” training seminar with Donald Ross, M.D., Joseph Wisner, M.D., Anthony Rothschild, M.D., and audit committee, Joseph Triebwasser, M.D., June 3, 1995; sponsored by MD-IPA/MAMSI and essays on ecommerce, Sheppard Pratt Health System, Washington, D.C. (4.25 hours) “Techniques and Strategies to Help the Angry Child,” with David Greenwald, Ph.D., May 22, 1995; sponsored by audit committee, Center for Applied Psychology, Inc., Washington, D.C.(6 hours).
“Adolescent ADHD: New Directions and Strategies,” November 3, 1994; symposium sponsored by Jewish Social Service Agency, Rockville, MD (6 hours). “Abuse and Multiple Personality: Training in Treatment,” Pre- and Post-Conference courses by Richard Kluft, M.D., Colin Ross, M.D., and Joan Turkus, M.D., June 9-14, 1994; conference sponsored by research paper on technology in the classroom, Center for Abuse Recovery and Empowerment, Washington, D.C. (14 hours). “The Art and Psychology of committee essay, Positive Humor,” conference with Christian Hageseth, M.D., November 19, 1993, sponsored by Taylor Manor Hospital (5 hours). “Activity and Passivity Revisited,” the Chestnut Lodge Symposium, Judith E. Vida M.D., and others; October 1, 1993, sponsored by Chestnut Lodge Hospital (5 hours). “Continuing Education Seminar in Clinical Hypnosis,” conducted by paper on neurofibromatosis, Joseph Mallet, Ph.D. and audit, Lynne Hornyak, Ph.D., April 12 – May 17, 1993; sponsored by Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (12 contact hours). “Hypnosis in Psychotherapy,” Introductory Workshop/Training, October 20-22, 1992; sponsored by Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Arlington, Va. (24 hours). “Adolescent Suicide,” workshop with Lanny Berman, Ph.D., March 20, 1992; sponsored by Washington School of paper, Psychiatry, Washington, D.C. Audit Essay! (6 hours). “Beyond Countertransference,” February 8, 1992; conference presented by senior, California Society for Clinical Social Work, Los Angeles, CA (6 hours). “Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy: Focus on Affective Disorders,” workshop led by Donald Meichenbaum, Ph.D., November 14-15, 1991; sponsored by audit committee, Association of Advancement of Human Behavior, Silver Spring, MD (12 hours).
“A Brief Therapy Workshop,” by essays on ecommerce, Simon Budman, Ph.D., February 22, 1991; sponsored by American PsychManagement, Bethesda, MD (5.5 hours). “Clinical Work With Children: Focus on Assessment and Treatment Planning,” workshop led by audit committee essay, Valdeane W. Brown, PhD., April 23, 1990; sponsored by American Healthcare Institute, Silver Spring, MD (6.5 hours). “Active Parenting” Parent Education Program – Leader Certification Workshop,” workshop with Patty Owens-Smith, Ph.D., November 5, 1988; sponsored by elements necessary persuasive, Active Parenting, Inc., Marietta, GA (7 hours). “Outpatient Management of Troubled Children,” seminar with Terrence Chastek, M.D., Jim Holmes, LCSW, LCSW, and Samuel Roberts, R.Ph., June 17, 1988; sponsored by Psychiatric Institute of audit committee, Washington, D.C.(3.5 hours). “Family Therapy Network Conference,” Conference on Family Therapy, March 3, 1988; sponsored by Family Therapy Network, Inc., Chevy Chase, MD (8 hours). “Seminar/Case Conference on research in the classroom, Psychoanalytically Oriented Psychotherapy,” led by essay, Hilda Weissman, Ph.D.; weekly from October 1981 through June 1987; sponsored by Affiliated Community Counselors, Inc., Rockville, MD (360 hours:1.5 hours weekly, 40 weeks/year). “Diagnosis and Treatment of Clinical Depression,” seminar with John Rush, M.D., November 24, 1986, sponsored by the Dart Project, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, MD (6 hours). “Basic Workshop in Eriksonian Hypnosis,” presented by Amnon Nadau, Nov.
7-8, 1986, sponsored by Associate Trainers, Inc., Arlington, VA (13 hours). “Group Therapy: Tasks and Techniques,” Workshop by papers, Irvin Yalom, M.D., October 11, 1985; sponsored by Evaluation Research Associates, Silver Spring, MD (8 hours). “Advanced Training in Clinical Guided Imagery,” seminar with Martin Rossman, M.D. and David Bressler, Ph.D.,May 3-5, 1985; sponsored by Institute for the Advancement of audit committee, Human Behavior, Arlington, VA (24 hours). “Conference on Social Work Supervision,” Jan. 15-16, 1985; sponsored by Wurzweiler School of classroom, Social Work Supervision,Yeshiva University, New York, N.Y. (15 hours). “The Power of Imagery,” March 31, 1984, workshop sponsored by audit committee essay, the Imagery Training Institute, Bethesda, MD (8 hours). “Fresh Start Facilitators Training Program,” December, 1983; sponsored by American Cancer Society of the essay on alha, District of Columbia, Washington, D.C. (3.5 hours). “Training Program in committee Spiritual Aspects of Human Development,” 1979-83; sponsored by the Pathwork Community of essays on ecommerce, Washington, D.C., Washington, D.C. (600 hours). “Family Violence: A Systems Approach” by audit essay, Les Schaffer, M.A., March 19, 1983; sponsored by National Association of Social Workers, Metro D.C. Senior Art Director Letter! Chapter, Washington D.C. (4 hours).
“Eating Disorders” by Judith Asner, ACSW, March 12, 1983; sponsored by audit, National Association of Social Workers, Metro D.C. Chapter, Washington, D.C. (4 hours). “Family and Community Resources: How Do We Tie Them Together?” May 21, 1981; Conference sponsored by senior cover letter, National Association of Social Workers, Metro D.C. Committee Essay! Chapter, Washington, D.C. (8 hours). “Treating the Marijuana-Dependent Person,” April 4, 1981; Conference sponsored by the American Council on elements persuasive, Marijuana, Rockville, MD (8 hours). “Adult Protective Services Training Program,” Oct. – Dec., 1980; sponsored by Virginia Department of Welfare, Fairfax, VA (24 hours). “Introduction to Neurolinguistic Programming,” January, 1980; sponsored by Prince William County Mental Health Center, Manassas, VA (8 hours). “Family Therapy Practice Network Symposium,” September, 1979; sponsored by Family Therapy Practice Network, College Park, MD (16 hours). “Core-Energetic Therapy Training Workshop” by John Pierrakos, M.D., August, 1978; sponsored by Institute for the New Age, New York, NY (60 hours). “Counselor Training: Short Term Client Systems.” Phase I (Counseling Skills), January, 1975; sponsored by Special Approaches in Juvenile Assistance, Inc., Washington, D.C. (24 hours). Phases II and III (Training for audit essay, Trainers, Supervised Leadership of Program), August, 1976, November, 1976; sponsored by Alternative House, McLean, VA (Phase ii) and City of Alexandria, VA (Phase III) (24 hours each phase).
“Group Leader-Educator Program,” three intensive workshops, 1974-1976; sponsored by on ecommerce, Mid-Atlantic Training Consortium, Washington, D.C. (150 hours total in Human Interaction Training, Experiential Education Design Skills, and Group Development Skills). 18 Executive Park Court. Germantown, Maryland 20874. Serving: Germantown, Gaithersburg, Clarksburg, Damascus, Urbana, Poolesville, Rockville, North Potomac, Darnestown, Montgomery Village, Boyds, Olney. © 2017 Sugarloaf Counseling Psychotherapy Associates.
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What is the Role of the Internal Audit Function in Establishing and
Plagiarism - What it is and how to avoid it. Plagiarism is a serious academic offence. Each year a number of cases of plagiarism are brought to audit committee essay, the attention of the Dean of research paper, Arts and the President#146;s Office. Depending on the severity of the offence, students found guilty of plagiarism may lose credit for the assignment in essay question, be awarded a mark of zero in the course, or face suspension from the paper University. Most simply, plagiarism is intellectual theft. Any use of audit, another author#146;s research, ideas, or language without proper attribution may be considered plagiarism. Because such definitions include many shades of accidental or intentional plagiarism, these need to be described more fully. This is the most obvious case: a student submits, as his or her own work, an essay that has been written by someone else. Usually the original source is a published journal article or book chapter. The use of unpublished work, including the work of essay on alha, another student , is just as serious.
In such cases, plagiarism cannot be avoided by paraphrasing the original or acknowledging its use in footnotes . The work is the property of another author and committee essay should not be used. See Example #1. A student may also lift portions of another text and use them in research papers his or her own work. Audit Committee! For example, a student might add her or his own conclusions or introduction to on technology in the, an essay. Or a student might scatter his or her own comments through a text taken substantially from another source. These practices are unacceptable. Even with some attribution, the audit bulk of the work has been done by another. See Example #1. In many cases, a student will lift ideas, phrases, sentences, and paragraphs from a variety of sources and stitch them together into an essay. These situations often seem difficult to for a persuasive essay, assess. Essay! Most essays, after all, are attempts to bring together a range of sources and arguments.
But the line between plagiarism and original work is research paper on technology in the classroom, not difficult to draw. Committee Essay! See Example #2. Lazy plagiarism crops up in essay on alha many student essays, and is usually the result of sloppy note-taking or research shortcuts. Audit Committee Essay! Examples include: inadvertent use of another#146;s language, usually when the student fails to distinguish between direct quotes and general observations when taking notes. In such cases, the presence of a footnote does not excuse the use of another#146;s language without quotation marks. use of footnotes or material quoted in other sources as if they were the results of senior art director letter, your research. sloppy or inadequate footnoting which leaves out sources or page references.
Although it may not be the student#146;s intention to audit, deceive, it is often difficult for instructors to distinguish between purposeful and accidental plagiarism. See Example #3. This is not intended to discourage students from pursuing specific interests. If you want to use a previously completed essay as a starting point for new research, you should receive the instructor#146;s approval and provide her or him with a copy of the original essay. On Ecommerce! If you want to use substantially similar essays to satisfy the requirements of two related courses, you should get approval from committee, all the instructors concerned. It is not hard to draw the distinction between original and thoroughly plagiarized work. But the grey areas between these extremes are more vexing. Essay On Alha! Students should avoid any hint of dishonesty by maintaining good research habits and paying attention to essay, a few basic rules of writing and documentation. Most written assignments begin with the collection of senior letter, research notes -- a combination of ideas or quotes from other sources, and the student#146;s own ideas. Whether you keep notes on index cards, in a loose-leaf binder, or on old envelopes in a desk drawer, it is important to record and organize them in such a way that vital information is not lost. Keep careful and complete track of sources.
Accurately copy the author, title, and audit essay other information about the source publication, including the number(s) of the page(s) from which notes or quotes were taken. Distinguish carefully between your ideas and the ideas of others. This is a simple question of intellectual honesty. If you use another#146;s conclusions, acknowledge them. If you come to the same conclusions as another on your own, you should still acknowledge the agreement. Distinguish carefully between your own words and those of others. If necessary, highlight or use coloured index cards for directly quoted material. As you begin to tie your ideas together in written form, consider the on ecommerce following: Begin by organizing your essay in committee essay an original manner . Elements Persuasive! Avoid mimicking the pattern or order of argument used by others. Remember: this is committee essay, your humble contribution to a debate or a body of research; it is not (in most case) an attempt to summarize or paraphrase the paper on neurofibromatosis work of others.
As you weave the ideas and language of others into your work, make clear choices about the use of quoted material . In other words, either quote directly, or state the idea(s) in your own language. Do not mess around with close paraphrases or purely cosmetic changes. See Example #4. Read the first draft carefully . Essay! Is the research paper distinction between your work and committee the work of others clear and unambiguous? You might even take an early draft and art director cover letter highlight all those passages that summarize, paraphrase, or quote other sources. Is there enough of your own work left in the essay? Many cases of plagiarism occur in the documentation rather than the body of the essay. You should have a clear idea of the variety of purposes a footnote (or endnote) may serve, and audit many different ways you can acknowledge the work of others. For specific cases See Example #5 . Also note the following: Always record your source of the information; never use or rely on another author#146;s footnotes. The footnote should allow the reader to find or check the material being cited.
Provide exact page numbers for direct quotes, and a range of essay on alha, page numbers for committee more general points. If you included more than one source or reference in a footnote, the relevance or order of the various sources should be clear to the reader. Once your essay is complete, consider each portion that is drawn from another source, and ask yourself the following: Is the idea or argument expressed entirely my own? Is the general language or choice of words (including even phrases or rough paraphrases) my own? If either answer is no, the work must be credited to the original author. And if the answer to the second question is no, the passage should either be quoted directly or rewritten in the student#146;s own words and credited directly. Complete or Near-Complete Plagiarism. Despite minor changes to the text, the passages are substantially unchanged.
In the essay on alha first case, the plagiarist also lifts the footnote from the original. Note that the committee essay use of even very brief passages (such as the wings of aspiration) constitutes plagiarism. On Ecommerce! Use of such passages throughout an essay would constitute complete plagiarism ; use of such passages occasionally would constitute near-complete plagiarism . Audit Committee Essay! [This example is drawn from a longer discussion regarding plagiarism in the graduate school essays of Martin Luther King Jr. Students interested in a well-illustrated discussion of student plagiarism, might want to consult this: Becoming Martin Luther King -- Plagiarism and Originality: A Round Table, Journal of American History (June 1991, pp. Essays On Ecommerce! 11-123.
The example used below is on p. 25.] The second case illustrates a more typical instance of student plagiarism. Even the footnote to the original does not excuse the substantial use of the original#146;s language. It is Eros, not Agape, that loves in proportion to committee essay, the value of its object. Research Paper! By the pursuit of value in essay its object, Platonic love is let up and away from the world, on essay on alha, wings of aspiration, beyond all transient things and committee persons to the realm of the Ideas. Agape, as described in the Gospels and Epistles, is spontaneous and #145;uncaused#146;, indifferent to human merit, and tourism research papers india creates value in those upon whom it is bestowed out of pure generosity. It flows down from God into this transient, sinful world; those whom it touches become conscious of their own utter unworthiness; they are impelled to audit committee essay, forgive and love their enemies. because the God of grace imparts worth to them by the act of loving them.* [footnote* is to Anders Nygren, Agape and Eros . (New York, 1932), pp.
52-56] As Nygren set out to contrast these two Greek words he finds that Eros loves in papers proportion to the value of the object. By the pursuit of value in its objects. Platonic love is let up and away from the world, on audit committee essay, wings of aspiration, beyond all transient things and persons to elements for a persuasive, the realm of the Ideas. Agape as described in the Gospels and Epistles, is spontaneous and committee essay uncaused, indifferent to tourism papers, human merit, and creates value in those upon whom it is bestowed out of pure generosity. It flows down from God into the transient, sinful world; those whom it touches become conscious of audit committee essay, their own utter unworthiness; they are impelled to forgive and love their enemies, because the essay on alha God of audit, Grace imparts worth to them by the act of loving them.*
[Footnote* is to Nygren, Agape and Eros , pp. 52-56] The strike officially began on May 29, and on essay, June 1 the manufacturers met publicly to plan their resistance. Committee Essay! Their strategies were carried out on two fronts. They pressured the essays proprietors into audit essay holding out indefinitely by refusing to send new collars and cuffs to any laundry. Also the manufacturers attempted to undermine directly the essay on alha union#146;s efforts to weather the strike. They tried to create a negative image of the union through the press, which they virtually controlled. They prevented a few collar manufacturers in other cities from patronizing the unions#146; cooperative laundry even though it claimed it could provide the same services for 25 percent less.
Under these circumstances, the collar ironers#146; tactics were much less useful. The strike began on May 29, and on June 1 the manufacturers met publicly to committee, plan their response. Elements Necessary For A! They had two strategies. They pressured the proprietors into essay holding out indefinitely by refusing to research, send new collars and cuffs to any laundry, and they attempted to undermine directly the union#146;s efforts to weather the strike. Audit Committee! They also tried to create a negative image of the union through the newspapers, which they virtually controlled. They prevented a few collar manufacturers in other cities from using the unions#146; cooperative laundry even though it could provide the same services for 25 percent less. Under these circumstances, the collar ironers#146; tactics were much less useful. 1. 1. Carole Turbin, And We are Nothing But Women: Irish Working Women in Troy, pp. 225-26 in elements for a Women of committee essay, America . Edited by Mary Beth Norton (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979). Here two sources are combined to create a new passage.
As it stands, the passage is clearly plagiarized. Research On Neurofibromatosis! If a footnote were added acknowledging the sources, the substantial use of the language of the original passage would still open the student to charges of plagiarism. An example of an honest and acceptable use of the essay information derived from research papers, these sources is provided at the bottom of the page. Note that the acceptable version uses the facts of the original sources, but organizes and expresses them in the student#146;s own language. Despite the strong public opposition, the Reagan administration continued to install so many North American men, supplies, and facilities in Honduras that one expert called it the USS Honduras , a [stationary] aircraft carrier or sorts. (Walter LaFeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), 309.) By December 1981, American agents--some CIA, some U.S. Audit Essay! Special Forces--were working through Argentine intermediaries to set up contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps along the Nicaraguan-Honduran border. (Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), 139.) Despite strong public opposition, by December 1981 the essays on ecommerce Reagan Administration was working through Argentine intermediaries to install contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps in Honduras. One expert called Honduras the USS Honduras , a stationary aircraft carrier or sorts. In the early 1980s, the Reagan Administration made increasing use of Honduras as a base for the contra war.
The Administration set up a number of military and essay training facilities--some American, some contra, and some housing Argentine mercenaries--along the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. The country, as one observer noted, was little more than a [stationary] aircraft carrier, which he described as the USS Honduras . 2. 2. See Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. 307-310 (quote p. 309); and Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), 139. In this example, the student may have made a sincere effort to necessary for a, write an original passage, but sloppy research and committee documentation raise the possibility of plagiarism. Note the characteristic errors: confusion of original and student#146;s language, quotation marks in paper on neurofibromatosis the wrong place, improper or incomplete footnotes. Despite the strong public opposition, the Reagan administration continued to install so many North American men, supplies, and facilities in Honduras that one expert called it the USS Honduras , a [stationary aircraft carrier of sorts. Essay! (Walter LaFeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), 309.) By December 1981, American agents--some CIA, some U.S. Elements Persuasive! Special Forces--were working through Argentine intermediaries to set up contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps along the Nicaraguan-Honduran border. (Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), 139.)
Despite strong public opposition, the essay Reagan Administration continued to install so many North American men, supplies, and facilities in Honduras that one expert called it the USS Honduras, a stationary aircraft carrier or sorts. 3. In December 1981, American agents--some CIA Special Forces--were working through Argentine intermediaries to set up contra safe houses, training centres, and base camps along the Nicaraguan-Honduran border. 4. 3. Research Paper On Neurofibromatosis! Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. Audit Essay! 309. 4. Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983).
Students anxious about committing plagiarism often ask: How much do I have to change a sentence to on neurofibromatosis, be sure I#146;m not plagiarizing? A simple answer to this is: If you have to ask, you#146;re probably plagiarizing. This is important. Avoiding plagiarism is not an exercise in inventive paraphrasing. There is no magic number of words that you can add or change to make a passage your own.
Original work demands original thought and organization of thoughts. In the following example, although almost all the words have been changed, the student has still plagiarized. An acceptable use of this material is also provided below. Shortly after the two rogues, who pass themselves off as a duke and a king, invade the raft of Huck and Jim, they decide to raise funds by performing scenes from audit committee essay, Shakespeare#146;s Romeo and Juliet and Richard III . Essay On Alha! That the presentation of Shakespeare in small Mississippi towns could be conceived of as potentially lucrative tells us much about the position of Shakespeare in the nineteenth century. (Lawrence Levine, Highbrow, Lowbrow: The Emergence of a Cultural Hierarchy in essay America (Cambridge, 1986), p. 10) Soon after the two thieves, who pretend they are a king and a duke, capture Huck and Jim#146;s raft, they try to make money by putting on two Shakespeare plays ( Romeo and Juliet and Richard III ). Because the production of Shakespeare in tiny Southern towns is seen as possibly profitable, we learn a lot about the status of Shakespeare before the elements for a persuasive twentieth century.
As Lawrence Levine argues, casual references to Shakespeare in popular nineteenth century literature suggests that the identification of highbrow theatre is audit, a relatively recent phenomenon. 5. Note that this version does not merely rephrase or repeat the essay on alha material from the passage cited above, but expands upon it and places it in the context of the student#146;s work. Varieties of Footnotes. The use of audit, sources can be clarified in a number of ways through careful footnoting.
Consider the necessary for a persuasive different forms of committee, documentation and acknowledgement in the following: With the election of Ronald Regan, covert operations in Latin America escalated rapidly. 6 The influx of American funds, notes Peter Kornbluh, determined the frequency and destructiveness of on neurofibromatosis, contra attachs. 7 In the early 1980s, the Regan Administration increasingly used Honduras as a base for the contra war. The Administration set up a number of military and training facilities--some American, some contra , and audit essay some housing Argengine mercenaries--along the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. [T]he USS Honduras , as one observer noted, was little more than a [stationary] aircraft carrier. 8 These strategies seemed to represent both a conscious acceleration of for a, American involvement in audit committee the region, and the inertia of past involvements and failures. 9.
6. The following paragraph is drawn from Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. 307-310; and Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), pp. 139-149. Note: FOOTNOTE 6 provides general background sources. 7. Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), p. 139. Note: FOOTNOTE 7 documents a quoted passage, noting the exact page location. 8. Observer quoted in Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions (New York, 1989), p. 309. Note: FOOTNOTE 8 documents a secondary quotation. 9. Peter Kornbluh, Nicaragua, in Michael Klare (ed), Low Intensity Warfare (New York, 1983), stresses the renewal of counterinsurgency under Reagan; Walter Lafeber, Inevitable Revolutions , stresses the ongoing interventionism of the U.S. (New York, 1989), p. 307-310. Note: FOOTNOTE 9 distinguishes your argument from that of your sources. Dr.
Colin H. Gordon. (Department of History, UBC) Professor Peter Simmons. (President#146;s Advisory Committee on Student Discipline, UBC)
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The Brazilian Audit Committee Essay
an mla essay Reserve a space for your group online Interlibrary loans. Request books from external libraries RefWorks. Manage your citations and create bibliographies Article delivery. Request a PDF of an article we have in our physical collection WebPrint. Upload documents to print on campus Course reserves. Deposit a thesis or article. Study resources Calendar - Graduate Calendar - Undergraduate Class cancellations Class schedules Course registration Important academic dates More academic resources Campus services Concordia Stores IT services Job opportunities Security Shuttle bus Student Service Centre (Birks) All campus services What's New Calendar of committee essay events Latest news Media Relations Faculties, Schools Colleges Arts and Science Engineering and research india Computer Science Fine Arts John Molson School of Business School of audit Graduate Studies All Schools, Colleges Departments.
Introduction Updates from the new edition In-text citations General guidelines Multiple authors or no author Audiovisual resources Indirect quotations Long quotations Works cited General guidelines Two or more works by the same creator Book with 1 author Book with 2 authors Book with 3 or more authors Anthology or compilation Work in an anthology or an essay in research paper on neurofibromatosis, a book Book by a corporate author Article in audit committee essay, a reference book or an entry in an encyclopedia Translation Book in a series Article in a journal Article in a newspaper or magazine An entire website A page on a website Social media posts Emails Sound recording YouTube video Film, videorecording or DVD Television or radio program Untitled sources. This guide provides a basic introduction to the MLA citation style. Essay On Alha. It is committee essay, based on the 8th edition of the paper on neurofibromatosis MLA Handbook published by audit essay the Modern Language Association in 2016. This is a new edition of the book, and there are several significant changes to MLA style. The MLA Handbook is generally used for academic writing in the humanities. Essay On Alha. The handbook itself covers many aspects of research writing including evaluating sources, the committee essay mechanics of writing, the format of the research paper, plagiarism, as well as the way to cite sources.
This guide provides basic explanations and paper examples for the most common types of audit committee essay citations used by students. For additional information and examples, refer to the MLA Handbook . Abbreviations: in previous editions, certain abbreviations could be used (e.g. “ed.” for “editor”, “trans.” for “translated by”). Research On Technology. Based on the new edition, these words should be spelled out audit fully (see Works cited - a translation). Note: it is still recommended that you abbreviate months with four or more letters (e.g. “September” is written as “Sept.”). Multiple authors: previously, if a work had one, two, or three authors, all the research paper on technology in the classroom names would be listed. Now, each author is listed only if a work has one or two authors (see In-text citations - Multiple authors or no authors for examples) In works cited entries, the audit committee city of research publication and medium of publication (e.g. Print, Web) are no longer required. In works cited entries, the volume and issue number of journal articles used to be represented as follows: vol#(issue#) [e.g. 3(2)].
However, now they are represented as vol. #, no. # (e.g. vol. Audit Committee Essay. 3, no. Essay On Alha. 2). For sources you find online, include a URL or doi. If possible, use a permanent link or a doi. Do not use URL shorteners (e.g. bit.ly, goo.gl) as these are unstable and essay your reader may not be able to cover access these sites in the future. Audit Committee. In-text citations - General guidelines. Research On Neurofibromatosis. With in-text citations, you acknowledge a source by audit providing a brief reference to exactly where in the source you found the for a persuasive information. The reader can then use the complete reference listed in the Works Cited page at the end of your paper to verify what you have written.
Further examples and explanations are available in essay, the MLA Handbook . In most cases, providing the author's last name and a page number is sufficient. Example: In response to rapid metropolitan expansion, urban renewal projects sought an order in which more significant kinds of conflict, more complex and intellectually stimulating kinds of disharmony, may take place (Mumford 485). If you mention the author’s name in your text, only the elements for a page reference needs to be inserted in parentheses. Example: According to audit Postman, broadcast news influences the decision-making process (51-63). In-text citations - Multiple authors or no author.
If there are two authors, include the last name of essay on alha each. Audit Committee Essay. Example: (Winks and Kaiser 176) If there are three or more authors, include the last name of the first author followed by et al. without any intervening punctuation. Example: (Baldwin et al. 306) If there is no author, as is the case with some web pages, include either the whole title of the work in the text or use a shortened form of the paper title in parentheses, using the first words of the title. Italicize the titles of books or entire web sites and place the committee essay titles of necessary articles or individual web pages in audit, quotation marks. Example of entire web site: Voice of the Shuttle has many electronic sources.
Gophers can have many detrimental effects on paper lawns, including building underground tunnels, eating plants, and audit essay disturbing root systems (“Gophers”). If your source has no page numbers, but has labelled section or paragraph numbers, you can indicate these numbers in your parenthetical reference. If there are no such reference marks, do not create or include them in your reference. Example where paragraph or section numbers are available: Winston argues that Rourke has lowered his defenses (par. 29). Essays. Example where no paragraph or section numbers are available:
The Lincoln administration was against secession, as it would “create a fatal precedent that would eventually fragment the committee essay no-longer United States into research paper, several small, squabbling countries” (McPherson). In-text citations - Audiovisual resources. Audiovisual recordings such as videos and songs do not have page numbers to be included in in-text citations. For such time-based media, you should include the time or range of audit essay times for any segment you are quoting or discussing. Near the beginning of the film, a woman tells Johnnie that Lina is “a very carefully brought-up young lady” ( Suspicion 4:50).
In-text citations - Indirect quotations. When citing a quotation which is cited in another source, indicate the source you actually consulted in your parenthetical reference and in your works cited. Use the abbreviation qtd. in to indicate that the information has been quoted in another source. Example: Landow admitted that there was work to be done (qtd. in Rogers 333). In-text citations - Long quotations. If you are quoting text that is longer than four typed lines in your paper, block indent the essay on alha passage half an inch (1.27 cm) from the left margin. Do not surround the quotation with quotation marks. The parenthetical reference follows the final punctuation. Anderson argues that all nations can be measured: The nation is imagined as limited because even the largest of them, encompassing perhaps a billion living human beings, has finite, if elastic, boundaries, beyond which lie other nations.
No nation imagines itself coterminous with mankind. The most messianic nationalists do not dream of committee a day when all the members of the elements for a human race will join their nation in audit, the way that it was possible, in certain epochs, for, say, Christians to dream of essays a wholly Christian planet. (7) The alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of your paper contains more information about all of the essay sources you've cited, allowing readers to refer to them, as needed. The main characteristics are: The list of Works Cited must be on a new page at the end of tourism india your text Entries are arranged alphabetically by audit essay the author's last name or by the title if there is essays, no author Titles of books are italicized and audit committee essay titles of articles are placed in quotation marks. All important words should be capitalized Entries are double-spaced (for the elements necessary essay purposes of this page, single-spacing is used) For online sources, date of access is an committee optional element. However, it can be helpful to include this information, especially if the source you are using does not have a date of publication. Works cited - Two or more works by the same creator. Begin by arranging the research paper on technology in the classroom creator’s works in alphabetical order. Committee. Create a full entry for the first work in the list (following the instructions below). For the other work(s), replace the creator’s name by three hyphens and arrange alphabetically by the work’s title.
Postman, Neil. On Ecommerce. Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in audit committee essay, the Age of Show Business . Viking, 1985. ---. The Disappearance of research Childhood . Vintage, 1994. Last Name, First Name. Title . Publisher, Year of Publication. Mumford, Lewis. The Culture of Cities . Harcourt, 1938.
First Author’s Last Name, First Author’s First Name, and committee essay Second Author’s First and Last Names. Title . Publisher, Year of Publication. Ormerod, Neil, and Christiaan Jacobs-Vandegeer. Foundational Theology . Fortress Press, 2015. India. Works cited - Book with 3 or more authors. First Author’s Last Name, First Author’s First Name, et al.
Title . Publisher, Year of Publication. Note: these rules regarding the listing of authors also apply to other kinds of sources (e.g. journal articles). Essay. Francis, R. Elements Necessary Persuasive Essay. Douglas, et al. Destinies: Canadian History since Confederation . Harcourt, 2000. Works cited - Anthology or compilation. Include the word “editor” after the editor’s name. Committee. Abate, Corinne S., editor. Privacy, Domesticity, and on ecommerce Women in Early Modern England . Ashgate, 2003.
Works cited - Work in an anthology or an audit committee essay essay in a book. Research On Technology In The. Last Name, First Name. “Work Title.” Book Title, edited by Editor Name, Publisher, Year, pp. page range. Naremore, James. Hitchcock at the Margins of Noir. Alfred Hitchcock: Centenary Essays , edited by Richard Allen and S. Audit Essay. Ishii-Gonzales, BFI, 1999, pp.
263-77. Works cited - Book by a corporate author. Associations, corporations, agencies and essay on alha organizations are considered authors when there is no single author. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Audit. Action against Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol and Beyond . OECD, 1999.
Works cited - Article in a reference book or an entry in an encyclopedia. If the article/entry is signed, include the author's name; if unsigned, begin with the title of the entry. Example of a signed article: Guignon, Charles B. Existentialism. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy , edited by Edward Craig. Routledge, 1998. Example of an unsigned article: “Niagara Falls.” Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 2016. The translator’s name follows the essays title of the audit work. Murakami, Haruki. 1Q84 . Translated by Jay Rubin and Philip Gabriel, Alfred A. Knopf, 2011. Optionally, you may include the series title at the end of the citation, followed by the number in the series if applicable.
Bloom, Harold, editor. Andre Malraux . Essays. Chelsea House, 1988. Modern Critical Views. Works cited - Article in a journal. Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Title of essay Journal , vol. #, no. #, Month/Season Year, pp. page range. Ferrer, Ada.
Cuba 1898: Rethinking Race, Nation, and Empire. Radical History Review, vol. 73, Winter 1999, pp. 22-49. NOTE – If an article is not printed on consecutive pages, record the papers india first page number followed by a plus sign. Audit Committee Essay. If there are no page numbers, leave the field blank. Example of article with non-consecutive page numbers: Mack, Candice. “From the President.” Young Adult Library Services , vol.
14, no. 2, Winter 2016, pp. 3+. Example of article with no page numbers: Sehmby, Dalbir S. Wrestling and Popular Culture. CCLWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture, vol. 4, no. 1, March 2002. Article retrieved from a library database: Provide the same information as you would for on ecommerce a printed journal article and add the name of the database in italics , and include the URL or doi to the article. Wolfensberger, Donald R. “Happy Together?” The Wilson Quarterly , vol.
33, no. 1, Winter 2009, pp. 63-66. JSTOR , jstor.org/stable/40262243. Example with date of access (optional element): Heming, Li, Paul Waley, and Phil Rees. Reservoir Resettlement in China: Past Experience and the Three Gorges Dam.
The Geographical Journal, vol. 167, no. Audit Committee. 3, Sept. 2001, pp. 195-212. Research On Neurofibromatosis. Wiley-Blackwell Journals , DOI: 10.1111/1475-4959.00018. Accessed 29 Mar. 2014. Works cited - Article in a newspaper or magazine.
Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Title of Newspaper or Magazine, Date, page range. Semenak, Susan. Feeling Right at Home: Government Residence Eschews Traditional Rules. Montreal Gazette, 28 Dec. 1995, A4. Driedger, Sharon Doyle. After Divorce. Maclean's, 20 Apr. Audit Essay. 1998, pp. 38-43. Research. Last Name, First Name.
Title of Website . Committee Essay. Date, URL. Works cited - A page on necessary a Web site. An entry for a nonperiodical item found on the Web contains the following: Last Name, First Name. Document Title if Available. Title of the audit Overall Web site , Date, URL. If you cannot find some of this information, include only what is available. Example (including optional date of access): Joyce Wieland. Celebrating Women's Achievements: Women Artists in Canada , 2000, collectionscanada.gc.ca/women/030001-1173-e.html.
Accessed 29 Mar. 2004. If the author’s name begins with “@”, disregard it when alphabetizing your Works Cited list. Instead, begin with the character immediately following it. Author. “Full text of post.” Name of Social Media Website , Date, Time, URL. @jk_rowling. “God, I hate this stuff. I’ve winged it my whole life. I’ve messed up regularly.
There are no rules. Do your thing.” Twitter , 12 June 2016, 10:03 a.m., twitter.com/jk_rowling/status/742039536688107520. Art Director. Author of essay email. “Subject.” Received by Recipient Name, Date. Belanger, Suzanne. Senior Cover. “Travaux de Construction.” Received by audit committee Ravi Vishnaj, 9 Feb. 2016. Senior Cover. Last Name, First Name. “Title of Track.” Album Title , Record Label, Year. Ellington, Duke. Black and Tan Fantasy. Music is My Mistress , Musicmasters, 1989.
If the recording was obtained online, include a link to committee essay the website. Example: Jonas, Nick, and papers india Tove Lo. “Close.” Last Year Was Complicated , Island and Safehouse, 2016. listen.tidal.com/track/61554644. Committee Essay. “Title of Video.” Video Hosting Service , uploaded by Uploader name, date of upload, URL. “Ken Burns Henry Louis Gates, Jr. in Conversation with Michel Martin.” YouTube , uploaded by BAMorg, 18 Mar. 2016, youtube.com/watch?v=42OlCnuXN0A. Works cited - Film, videorecording or DVD. The format of your citations depends on the focus of your work.
If you want to emphasize the role of a particular contributor (such as a director, performer, or writer), list the person’s name first, followed by their role, then the title of the film. Otherwise, you can start with the title of the film. Example where the film title is listed first: The Shining . Directed by Stanley Kubrick, performances by Jack Nicholson and Shelley Duvall, Warner Bros., 1980. Example where a contributor is essays, listed first: Nair, Mira, director. Monsoon Wedding . Performances by Naseeruddin Shah and Lillete Dubey, Mirabai Films, 2001. Audit. Works cited - Television or radio program. As with films, videorecordings and DVDs, elements can be ordered in different ways depending on what you want to emphasize. Here is how citations are structured if no particular contributor is art director cover letter, being emphasized: “Episode Title.” Program Title, created by Creator Name, performance[s] by audit committee Performer Name[s], season #, episode #, Network, Date. “Blax, Snake, Home.” Happy Endings , created by David Caspe, performance by Elisha Cuthbert, season 2, episode 1, ABC, 28 Sept. 2011.
Example of program obtained from a website (including optional date of access): “Arianna Huffington.” The Daily Show, created by Lizz Winstead and Madeleine Smithberg, performance by Trevor Noah, season 21, episode 111, Comedy Central, 19 May 2016. ctv.ca/TheDailyShow/video.aspx?vid=870157. Accessed 12 June 2016. This format could apply for items such as artifacts or works of art. Creator. Senior Art Director. Description. Year/Range of Years, Museum, Place. Savage Lyman Co. Brooch and committee earrings. About 1845, McCord Museum, Montreal. CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY - Locations phone numbers. Thanks for your time.
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The Role Of Audit Committees And Corporate Governance Accounting
essay voltaire The Life of Voltaire. Click here for printer friendly version of this page. I am going to introduce you to Voltaire, poet, novelist, playwright, historian, scientist and philosopher. Seen by many as the embodiment of the French Enlightenment, Voltaire was a complex, contradictory character. A tireless campaigner against injustice and audit essay, advocate of religious and social tolerance, he was also fiercely anti-Semitic, describing the Jews as “an ignorant and barbarous people and arguing that Africans are a separate species “as different from ours as the art director cover, breed of spaniels is from that of greyhounds. A great polemicist, who persistently denounced the hypocrisy of the ruling class and audit, the Catholic Church, he rarely stood by his own words, choosing instead to claim his works were falsely attributed to him. Tourism Research Papers India. However, none of these things should be taken out of context.
This was a time when the ideas of universal humanity and equality were mere babes in arms and audit, the France that Voltaire grew up in was one in which the essays on ecommerce, monarchy, nobility and clergy ruled with an iron hand, keeping the majority of the audit essay, people in a state of poverty and virtual slavery. It was an age of burning of books and tourism papers india, imprisonment without trial at the whim of the ruling class. Committee Essay. No wonder then that Voltaire, especially after some of elements necessary for a, his early experiences of the injustices of the regime, chose not to acknowledge his own words. Less of an original thinker than many of the Enlightenment thinkers, he is particularly important for challenging the audit committee, church and promoting the ideas of John Locke and Isaac Newton in essay on alha, France. Voltaire’s life was tempestuous and fascinating, full of affairs, spells in prison and in exile from his beloved home town of Paris. Born Franois Marie Arouet in November 1694, he was a sickly child who was not expected to live beyond a few days, so right from the beginning he managed to surprise everyone by surviving. His father, Franois Arouet, was a minor treasury official of some property, but it was his mother Marie Marguerite D’Aumard who was probably to thank for his introduction to good society, having been a close friend of the committee, abbe de Chateauneuf, who was his sponsor and tutor in elements necessary essay, his early years. Chateauneuf, who was his godfather as well as his teacher, was an unusual character, especially for a priest. Skeptical and irreligious, he encouraged his pupil to reject the superstition which was rife at the time.
Amongst other things he taught the audit committee, bright young boy deism and literature and there can be no doubt how influential this was on Voltaire. In 1704, some two years after the elements, death of his mother, Voltaire was packed off to the Collge Louis-le-Grand in Paris, where he was educated by the Jesuits for seven years. He was an essay, unusual pupil, caring little for games or sport, mixing little with his peers and spending much of his time talking to the teachers. Although he later claimed that he learned nothing but “Latin and the Stupidities there this period was almost certainly important in essay on alha, the early development of his literary talents. Here he wrote poetry and was introduced to theatre. Audit Essay. There was a tradition at Jesuit schools, dating back to the Renaissance, of senior art director letter, performing plays in Latin and in the vernacular and the young Voltaire took to the stage with enthusiasm. This left a deep impression on him, so much so that by the time he left the Collge at the age of 17 he had decided that he wanted to become a writer.
On his return from school his father was somewhat dismayed by the young man’s ambitions, having mapped out audit committee essay, a career in law for his son. India. “Literature, he said, “is the profession of the committee, man who wishes to be useless to society, and a burden to his relatives, and to die of hunger. Voltaire was thus forced to take a job as assistant to essay on alha a lawyer, but spent as little time as possible working, devoting his energy to writing satirical poetry. However, it was not long before his father found him out and sent him off to the provinces where he studied law for two years. During this time he devoted his time to writing poetry, essays and historical studies and consequently did poorly in his studies. Exasperated, Franois Arouet tried once again to influence his son’s choice of audit, career, obtaining a job for him as secretary to the French ambassador in essay on alha, Holland. Here Voltaire fell in love for the first time with Olympe Dunoyer, otherwise known as Pimpette. The girl was quite well connected but had no money, was a Protestant and, worst of all, had a mother who was a writer with a less than respectable literary reputation. The barriers were to prove too great for the young lovers. Pimpette’s mother disapproved of the relationship and Voltaire’s father attempted to intervene by obtaining a lettre de cachet to ban the committee, match.
Lettres de cachets were sealed warrants issued by the king, usually used to secure the imprisonment without trial of senior, people who were disliked or distrusted by the crown. In the audit committee essay, end the lettre de cachet was not used as Pimpette decided that their future together was too uncertain and she withdrew from the relationship herself. Heartbroken and miserable, Voltaire turned more seriously than ever to literature, and was never to stop writing until his death at the age of 83. Returning to France he worked for a short time in a lawyer’s office, but got into trouble for writing libellous poetry and his father sent him to the country where he stayed for nearly a year with Louis de Caumartin, the papers, marquis de Saint-Ange. His father’s idea was that he continued to study law, but in true character Voltaire instead directed his energy into writing essays and committee, historical research. In 1715 Louis XIV died, and around the on ecommerce, same time Voltaire returned to Paris once again. The king’s reign had been coloured by misery, tyranny and hunger and news of his death was received with great joy by the majority of the audit committee, population. His funeral, which Voltaire attended, was treated more like a day of essay on alha, celebration than mourning. Hopes were high that things were going to change for the better. These hopes were to be dashed and it was not until the French revolution nearly 70 years later that things were really going to change, but let’s not get ahead of ourselves.
Voltaire was welcomed into audit essay the literary society of Paris as his work and his reputation for audacity were widespread by this time. Falling into the circle of duchess of on neurofibromatosis, Maine, he once again got himself into trouble by contributing to a libellous satirical poem ridiculing the prince regent Orleans, with whom the audit committee, duchess had something of a feud. Essay On Alha. As a consequence he was exiled from essay, Paris in tourism, May 1716, first to Tulle and audit essay, then to Sully. He enjoyed his sojourn at Sully, spending is time hunting, socialising and of course writing, but he was still anxious to return to the Capital. Utilising some tactical flattery in his poems and epigrams he managed to bring his exile to a close in less than a year, returning to Paris early in 1717, but his freedom was to be short lived.
This time he was not the author of the work that got him into trouble, but his reputation for brilliant satire was such that many works were being falsely attributed to him by this time. He was accused of writing two anonymous libels, the Puero Regnante and J’ai vu and in May 1717 found himself in Paris’s notorious prison, the Bastille, for the first time. He was to spend eleven months there. This was a turning point for Voltaire, for he felt the sting of injustice most keenly, and research papers india, it surely influenced his later campaigning against the injustices dealt out to committee others. Despite it being some time before he could obtain pen and ink, he set to work on a new play from the outset, and the resulting tragedy, Oedipe was to be his first theatrical success. It was also during this stay in the Bastille that he began the Henriade , an epic poem about Henry IV, and decided to adopt the pen name Voltaire, saying “I was very unlucky under my first name. I want to see if this one will succeed any better.
There are various theories as to where the name Voltaire originates, but the most likely is that it is simply an senior cover letter, anagram of “Arovet l.i which is committee essay, a Latinized, shortened form of “Arouet le jeune [Arouet the paper in the, young]. From this time on he was known as Arouet de Voltaire, or simply Voltaire, to essay all. On his release from prison in 1718, Oedipe was produced in Paris, playing to packed houses and huge acclaim. The tragedy ran for forty-five nights, establishing Voltaire’s reputation as a great playwright at the early age of 23 and making the young man a considerable amount of money in the process. It also secured him a pension from the regent, but thankfully for posterity, this was not to keep Voltaire quiet. Pensions to paper on technology in the artists, as favours from the rich and powerful, all too often stifled criticism but Voltaire refused to allow his sponsorship to hinder his thoughts or writings. Committee. He could at research paper this point easily have accepted an easy life of luxury spent in good society, but keeping his mouth shut was just not in Voltaire’s nature and he carried on regardless, criticising the church and committee, state and poking fun at the powerful. It was not long before this landed him in trouble again. Late in 1725 he had a run in with a powerful young nobleman, the Chevalier de Rohan, who insulted Voltaire and of course consequently found himself at the sharp end of the poet’s tongue.
Soon after, Voltaire was called out while dining with the Duke of Sully and was soundly beaten by Rohan’s hirelings. Voltaire found himself isolated with regard to this affair and eventually, some three months later, challenged Rohan to a duel. Essays. However Rohan’s family obtained a lettre de cachet and Voltaire was arrested on the morning of the duel and was thrown into the Bastille for the second time. During his short spell of audit committee, imprisonment Voltaire had a stream of admiring visitors but this did not mitigate his circumstances: He was confronted with two options; another term in prison or exile. This was to be a turning point in Voltaire’s life as he plumped for exile in papers india, England, where he spent most of the next three years, and audit essay, the ideas he was exposed to there were to prove more influential than any he had encountered before. Paper. Voltaire was impressed by a number of things that stood in stark contrast to how things were in France at that time, in particular the respect for freedom of speech and the religious tolerance he found there. He was also quite taken with England’s constitutional monarchy and remained a monarchist for the remainder of his days despite the actions of the kings of France against himself and the people during his lifetime. Voltaire’s timing was good for a change. George I died soon after his arrival in England and although the new king, George II, was not a fan of committee essay, literature, Queen Caroline loved poetry and research on technology, he was welcomed into society. Committee Essay. Making the research on technology in the, most of this in audit committee essay, a characteristically astute move he published an English edition of the Henriade dedicated to tourism research india the queen and made a small fortune. Mastering the English language in a mere six months, he made friends with a fascinating and stimulating range of people, including the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Walpole, Lord Bolingbroke, the poet Alexander Pope and the playwright William Congreve.
He also came across the Quakers and was struck by their tolerance and simplicity, and even more so by the absence of audit, priests in that religion. For A Persuasive. Most important of all, though, he came across the work of two of the great thinkers of the 17th century: the greatest natural scientist of audit essay, them all, Isaac Newton and the philosopher of senior art director, freedom John Locke. They were to committee influence him deeply and his later philosophical rationalism and study of the natural sciences stems from this most important of introductions. While in England Voltaire of course kept on writing, producing his Essay Upon Epic Poetry and Essay Upon the Civil Wars in France , published in 1727 and essay on alha, beginning a ground-breaking biography of Charles XII of Sweden published in 1731. In the work on Charles XII Voltaire suggested that humans control their own destiny, rejecting the idea that divine intervention guides history and this marks the beginning of his rejection of religion, a position that was of course very dangerous to hold. Returning to France in 1729 with a whole new set of ideas behind him he set to work with his usual vigour. His Letters Concerning the English Nation , published first in English in 1733, openly praised the more tolerant society he found in England and characterised England’s constitutional monarchy as a better, more progressive form of government than that of France. Voltaire knew that it was dangerous to publish the committee essay, book in Paris and held it back for a while, but somehow it got out of research paper, his hands and was published in French as Lettres Philosophiques sur les Anglais in 1734. Audit. Predictably this caused a storm: the publisher was sent to the Bastille, and necessary persuasive, copies of the book were burned publicly in Paris by the hangman, denounced as “scandalously contrary to religion, morals and audit, society. Elements Persuasive Essay. This time Voltaire managed to avoid prison, but was forced to flee Paris once again, this time moving to the Chteau de Cirey on the borders of France, Champagne and Lorraine.
From this time on, having become acutely aware of the dangers of speaking (and writing) his mind, Voltaire began his habit of disowning his own works. This has been interpreted by some as an act of cowardice, which in some ways it was, but it did provide him with the freedom to continue to committee essay criticise without risking his liberty and without finding himself exiled time and again. The Cirey residence which, apart from a brief period of refuge spent in Holland in 1736-7, was to last until 1740, was the essay on alha, beginning of a new era for committee essay, Voltaire and has been described as “the first stage of his literary manhood. A few months earlier, in 1733, Voltaire had met a brilliant young woman, Emilie de Breteuil, marquise du Chtelet, who he quickly realised was on his wavelength and essay on alha, it was at her invitation that he moved to audit committee Cirey. Emilie, or ‘Madame du Chtelet’ as she is generally known, was twelve years his junior, married and had three children. Nevertheless they began an affair that was to last over fifteen years until her death in 1749.
Her husband was well aware of art director letter, their affair and tolerated it. Voltaire and committee essay, Madame du Chtelet set forth on a voyage of cover letter, discovery together, studying the natural sciences and performing their own experiments. Committee. They also studied history, focusing on people they thought had contributed to senior art director cover civilisation up to that point, and philosophy, in particular metaphysics. Their relationship was stormy, full of arguments and difficulties, but their common intellectual interests ensured that they did not part. Together they collected over 21000 books on a variety of subjects, which they studied and discussed at length. They thought of themselves as ‘Newtonians’ and Madame du Chtelet even invented a verb ‘to newtonise’ to characterise their thinking. She was an able mathematician and scientist, exciting and audit committee, difficult and a constant stimulation to Voltaire. Some of the work they produced, in particular Madame du Chtelet’s translation of Newton’s Principia and Voltaire’s Elements de la Philosophie de Newton (Elements of Newton’s Philosophy), which they worked on together, were extremely important in introducing the new ideas in natural philosophy to essay on alha the Continent. Voltaire produced a number of other works during the Cirey residence, including Essai sur la poesie epique (Essay on Epic Poetry), which introduced the famous story of Newton recognising the existence of the audit, force of gravity thanks to on neurofibromatosis an apple falling from audit committee, a tree.
In March 1736 Voltaire received a letter from the tourism research papers india, crown prince of Prussia, Frederick, which was to mark the beginning of a long and important relationship. They eventually met in September 1740 after a long correspondence in which Frederick had repeatedly tried to audit committee essay get Voltaire to senior art director come to live in audit committee essay, Prussia. However, it was not until after the death of Madame du Chtelet several years later that he eventually succeeded, at least in part thanks to the fact that he omitted to include Madame du Chtelet in his invitations, earning her hatred in research india, the process. Between 1740 and 1749 Voltaire moved about quite a bit, dividing his time primarily between Brussels, Cirey and audit essay, Paris. These years included spells as an ambassador-spy first in Prussia in 1740, then in Brussels (1742-3) and time spent at court where he became friendly with the king’s mistress Madame du Pompadour. He also wrote his most successful play in this period, Le Fanatisme, ou Mahomet le Prophte , (Fanaticism, or Mohammed the prophet) which played in Lille first in 1741 and in Paris the following August.
The play portrayed Mohammed as a power-hungry intriguer, and there was no doubt in the minds of the Catholic clergy that this was a veiled attack on Christian fanaticism. They promptly pronounced it profane and sacrilegious and had it burned. However, Voltaire was becoming wilier in his advancing years and wrote to essays the pope asking his permission to dedicate Mahomet to him. The pope agreed, sending Voltaire his blessing and accepting the dedication of “your admirable tragedy. The cardinals had no choice but to go along with it – Voltaire had won for once. By this time Voltaire’s genius was recognised far and wide. In France he was hailed by many as the greatest poet and playwright, he had been placed in Germany’s Hall of Fame and had been elected a member of the Royal Society in England, butthe recognition he really wanted had eluded him thus far. The Acadmie Franaise had passed him over time and audit committee, again, considering him too controversial a figure and this frustrated Voltaire greatly. Finally, in 1746, with Madame du Pompadour, the king and the pope behind him, they could no longer refuse and he was admitted to the Acadmie. Being Voltaire, delighted as he was, he could not resist offending all and sundry with his inaugural paper. It was typically witty, cheeky and sacrilegious and resulted in him having to retreat to Cirey once again.
He did not know at the time of course, but another turning point was on on technology in the classroom, the horizon for Voltaire. In September 1749 Madame du Chtelet died after the birth of a child, and poor Voltaire was devastated. He was fifty five and somewhat lost, not knowing which direction to turn or where he wanted to be. He spent some time in Paris, and even thought of audit committee, resettling there, but he could never stay out of trouble for long enough to essay be safe in the French capital and committee essay, eventually, in 1751, accepted the invitation of Frederick of Prussia, who was king by this time, to move there. This was not to prove as much of a success as either Voltaire or Frederick had envisaged. Elements For A Persuasive Essay. Their long correspondence had convinced them both of the wisdom of Voltaire’s move,but actually being in close proximity with each other turned out to committee be very hard. They fought all the time and Voltaire stirred up lots of trouble in paper on technology, Frederick’s court. He was neither humble nor confident enough for this type of life, and it exaggerated all his worst traits – jealousy, greed and a barely controllable restlessness. After two years both of them had had enough and Voltaire was granted a leave of absence, leaving Potsdam in 1753. Committee. All these tensions of course did not stop him writing and research, it is during his time in Potsdam that he produced an committee essay, interesting little work that is probably the first piece of science fiction. His Micromgas (1752) features two ambassadors from research on neurofibromatosis, another planet who visit Earth and audit committee, witness the folly of the human race.
Finding himself unable to research on technology classroom obtain permission to return to France, especially after the committee essay, publication in January 1754 of Essai sur les moeurs , Voltaire bought a country house just outside Geneva, which he called Les Dlices. By this time he was a man of on ecommerce, considerable wealth, fitting out audit committee essay, Les Dlices with great style, including the installation of a private theatre, and buying a number of smaller properties around the region in different jurisdictions so that he always had a bolt-hole in times of trouble. He entertained constantly, performing in his own plays and living the essay on alha, sort of audit essay, life he had always wanted. His work continued to go from strength to strength, writing plays and verses which well reflected his experience and literary skill. There were however a few problems yet to haunt him.
Geneva had at the time a law forbidding all theatrical performances and, although Les Dlices was outside the research paper on neurofibromatosis, city state a resolution was passed by the Consistory of Geneva urging people not to committee essay attend plays at Voltaire’s residence. Voltaire was not happy about this, but his past experience at the wrong end of the law guided him on this occasion and he shifted his performances to his house in Lausanne. It is almost certainly as an paper in the classroom, indirect consequence of this that D’Alembert criticised the theatre ban in his article on Geneva in the Encyclopedie probably at Voltaire’s instigation. At the end of 1758 Voltaire bought an even more extensive property on audit essay, the shore of Lake Geneva, a few miles from essays on ecommerce, Geneva itself and on French soil. Audit Committee Essay. It was here, at Ferney, that he was to spend the majority of his last twenty years. Ferney was to become the intellectual capital of Europe. There he continued to entertain the great and research on neurofibromatosis, the good and, more importantly, continued to write, producing some of his best work. His satirical story Candide , published in audit committee essay, 1759, is one of his best loved and most widely read works.
Full of his usual wit this ‘philosophical romance’ is an art director cover, outright attack on the religious and philosophical optimism popular at the time. The protagonist, Candide, is young, innocent and nave and goes through a bizarre set of audit committee, adventures plagued by bad luck, preyed on by a rich cast of characters full of hypocrisy, greed and treachery, while throughout he attempts to reconcile his experiences with the philosophy he was taught by his friend and teacher ‘the best philosopher in the world’ Doctor Pangloss. The character of Pangloss, who teaches that “all is for the best in this best of elements for a persuasive, all possible worlds, is widely thought to be a caricature of audit committee essay, Gottfried Leibniz the great Prussian engineer, logician, mathematician and rival of Newton, but it is likely that Pangloss is at least in part also based on the French philosopher-scientist Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, with whom Voltaire had had a dispute during his time in Prussia and whom Voltaire had previously ridiculed in on neurofibromatosis, L’histoire du Docteur Akakia (The story of Dr Akakia) in 1752. I recommend reading Candide if you want to get a feeling for Voltaire’s writing. It is only a short novel and it is very entertaining. You can see why it caused quite a storm – it is irreverent, extremely cutting and is a great example of Voltaire’s satire. I will quote a few sections from John Butt’s translation to give you an idea of what I mean. At one point he asks his rather brilliant servant Cacambo about the Jesuits of Paraguay, who tells him: ‘I was once a servant in the College of Assumption, so I know how the reverend fathers govern as well as I know the streets of Cadiz. It’s a wonderful system they have.
There are thirty provinces in their kingdom, and it is more than three hundred leagues across. The reverend fathers own the whole lot, and the people own nothing: that’s what I call a masterpiece of committee essay, reason and justice. I don’t think I have ever seen such godlike creatures as the necessary essay, reverend fathers. They fight the audit essay, Kings of Spain and Portugal over here and tourism research india, give them absolution in audit essay, Europe. In this country they kill Spaniards, and in Madrid they send them to Heaven. Delightful isn’t it? …’ Later, speakingto an old man in the legendary country of Eldorado Candide asks “Do you mean to say you have no monks teaching and disputing, governing and intriguing, and having people burned if they don’t subscribe to their opinions? To which the old man replies “We should be stupid if we had … we are all of the essay on alha, same opinion here, and we don’t know what you mean by monks. When Candide passes through France on his journeys Voltaire takes full advantage to poke fun at his own nation. After a visit to the theatre he asks how many plays have been written in French. ‘About five or six thousand,’ replied the abb . ‘That’s a lot,’ he remarked; ‘how many are good?’ ‘Fifteen or sixteen,’ replied the committee, other. And when they later go to dinner Voltaire describes it as follows: The supper was like most Parisian suppers, first of all silence followed by an indistinguishable noise of words, then some witticisms, most of paper, which were insipid, some scandal, some false reasoning, a little politics and a good deal of slander.
Five years after the essay, publication of Candide Voltaire published his greatest work of philosophy the research paper, Dictionnaire Philosophique (Philosophical Dictionary). The Dictionnaire consists of audit essay, a series of articles on a range of subjects, many of which were written for necessary for a persuasive essay, the Encyclopedie . In it he defined his idea of the ideal religion, teaching morality but rejecting dogma. Committee Essay. These were of course dangerous views to hold and Voltaire denied his own authorship once more, especially as the essay on alha, book was condemned in Paris, Amsterdam and Geneva. Like Candide this is a great work to read if you want get a feel for Voltaire’s character – his wit, his passion, his strengths and weaknesses are all here. Before I come to the close of the story of committee essay, Voltaire’s life I have to make some mention of essay on alha, his tireless campaigning on behalf of the oppressed which took up much of audit committee, his time and energy in elements necessary, the last years of his life. Audit Committee Essay. Voltaire had of course experienced first hand the injustices of the research paper on technology in the classroom, judicial system in France and this was certainly a major factor in cementing his commitment to its reform. The Calas affair is committee, perhaps the best known case that he took up, and I will outline it here for you as an example, although it is just one of many. Jean Calas was a Protestant and respectable merchant who lived in the town of Toulouse. One of tourism papers, his sons wanted to study law but at this time that was only possible if you were a member of the Catholic Church. The son got very depressed and killed himself, something that was considered a mortal sin at audit committee essay the time.
His family, finding the poor man hanging by the neck, decided to conceal the research, suicide as they did not want to essay see his body drawn and essays on ecommerce, quartered and fed to dogs as was the common practice for those who took their own lives. Audit. However, things were to necessary essay go horribly wrong as a rumour started that Jean Calas had murdered his son because he wanted to essay become a Catholic, renouncing the art director letter, Protestantism of his family. The whole city was up in arms and the old man was convicted of murder on the basis of the flimsiest hearsay evidence. Refusing to confess even after horrendous torture, Calas was tied to a wooden cross, had his arms and legs broken and was strangled publicly by audit committee essay the executioner, after which his body was burned at the stake. The state then confiscated his property, leaving his widow homeless and destitute, and placed his children in Catholic institutions. Voltaire heard about research paper in the classroom, this terrible affair and decided to audit committee investigate the case. He took one of the old man’s sons to Ferney, found out what had happened and set out to clear Calas, writing dozens of letters to important people throughout Europe, including Catherine of Russia and his old friend Frederick the Great, hiring a lawyer, raising money for the family and preparing a case to vindicate Calas. He worked tirelessly for six years, eventually securing a unanimous vote in research paper on neurofibromatosis, the parliament of Paris declaring Calas innocent. Calas himself was of course dead, but the reversal of his conviction meant that his estate was returned to his family and the children returned to their mother. Voltaire also gave them an estate to live in once the case was over.
This was to be just one of many such cases taken up by Voltaire in his Ferney years. Audit Essay. Many of them, like Calas, were sadly proven innocent after their execution, but there can be little doubt that the lives of elements necessary for a persuasive, many other innocents were saved as a consequence of Voltaire’s campaigns. This Voltaire is the one who should really be remembered, for this was a heroic struggle against oppression forged at no small risk to himself for, in his own words ‘it is dangerous to be right when the audit committee essay, government is wrong.’ After a lifetime of denying authorship of paper on neurofibromatosis, his own work when it threatened his own safety, this mature Voltaire was a man of principle and bravery who did a great service to the cause of liberty and justice. In 1778, after nearly twenty years of exile in Ferney, Voltaire had an audit, unbearable longing to return to Paris. He had just completed his latest tragedy Irene and its first performance was to take place at the National Theatre in Paris. Voltaire wanted nothing more than to be there to oversee its production. His niece Madame Denis, who had been his companion for many years, was also very keen to return to the buzz of life in the French capital and encouraged him to go.
So, in February they set out on the five day journey to his longed-for home, arriving to a hero’s welcome, the on ecommerce, streets lined with cheering fans. The journey and committee, the excitement were too much for the 83 year old man and essay on alha, he fell seriously ill after a couple of weeks. On 28 th February, believing he was about to die, he wrote ‘I die adoring God, loving my friends, not hating my enemies, and detesting superstition.’ However, this was not to be the end. He recovered and resumed preparations for the opening of Irene . Audit. At the end of March he attended a performance of this, his last completed work. The reception was huge, the theatre packed with an effusive audience who repeatedly demanded he speak from the box and crowned him with a laurel wreath.
Voltaire decided to begin a new life in Paris, buying a house, working on another tragedy and attending meetings of the French Academy, but his health would not permit it. In May he became seriously ill again and died at the end of the month. Having refused to sign a general retraction of his works before his death, the church refused to essay on alha give him a Christian burial, but his body was taken secretly to the abbey of Scellieres in Champagne and buried there. His heart was embalmed and given to Madame Denis. In 1791, some thirteen years later, the National Assembly ordered that his body be brought back to Paris, and in July of that year his remains were transferred to the Pantheon. However, even this was not to be the committee, end of the story, for in 1814 his remains were stolen by a group of religious zealots and dumped in a pit. Essay On Alha. It was only fifty years later when it was decided to committee essay return his embalmed heart to the other remains that this was discovered. Thus there was a remarkable end to the history of research paper on neurofibromatosis, this remarkable multi-faceted man. Voltaire is the perfect example of an Enlightenment figure whose contribution to the Age of Reason was incredibly important. Audit Committee Essay. The sheer volume of work he produced in research paper, his 83 years is mind-boggling. Not only was he one of the most renowned playwrights of all time, he was instrumental in committee, propagating the new methods of the natural sciences in persuasive essay, Europe and in arguing for freedom of thought and the civil rights.
There is a certain irony related to his legacy, for the French Revolution was to begin eleven years after his death and his writings and his campaigns certainly influenced the turn of events, but Voltaire would have been quite horrified by committee that knowledge. He was a strong advocate of progress but he distrusted the senior, judgement of the masses, who he considered stupid and committee essay, uneducated. As a consequence, he was opposed to democracy. Having been highly influenced by his stay in tourism research, England, he believed rather in an enlightened monarchy in essay, which the king would be advised by research paper on technology in the philosophers like himself. Although it has been argued that he contributed little in terms of original thought I think that this is a little unfair when you consider that, amongst other things, he presented history for the first time without the idea of divine intervention ( Charles XII , 1731), attempted the first history of the world as a whole ( Essai sur l’histoire generale set sur les moeurs et l’esprit des nations , 1756) and wrote what is audit committee, possibly the first work of science fiction ( Micromgas , 1752). Most of art director cover, all, though, what I love about audit committee essay, him as figure is elements for a persuasive essay, his disrespect for authority and audit, his genuine wish to see an on ecommerce, end to tyranny and oppression. C J M Hewett, August 2006.
Voltaire – on the World Philosophy Series. Five biographies of Voltaire by Clarence Darrow, Robert Green, Jim Herrick, Joseph Lewis and Thomas S. Vernon (www.positiveatheism.org) Voltaire and committee, Frederick the Great from Books and Characters, French and English by Lytton Strachey, 1915, edited by tourism papers Geoffrey Sauer. Works by Voltaire. Poem on the Lisbon Disaster (1756) by Voltaire edited and translated by Joseph McCabe.
Letters on audit committee essay, Newton from the Letters on the English or Lettres Philosophiques, c. 1778. On Francis Bacon from Letters on the English or Lettres Philosophiques, c. 1778. John Locke’s Theory of Knowledge ( An Essay Concerning Human Understanding ) by Caspar Hewett.