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Introduction to Crime and Punishment - UK Essays

Crime and punishment essay introduction

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Introduction to Crime and Punishment - UK Essays

book report cfsp The Certified Functional Safety Expert (CFSE) and the Certified Functional Safety Professional (CFSP) are global programs that apply to the field of functional safety. The knowledge required for the CFSE / CFSP programs that are based on current industry accepted practices and crime introduction, standards. The CFSE is striving to be more environmentally friendly. Rubric? Please email all application documentation to admin@exidacfse.com. Photocopies of your passport and diplomas must be provided. The case study application form must be submitted by candidates to provide a description of project where they demonstrated their skills, knowledge, and responsibility for a significant element of the safety lifecycle in accord with the and punishment essay introduction relevant areas of 61508/61511/62061. This must also include a supporting statement from one of the referees. (Applies to CFSE candidates only) Requires the applicant to list referees. The following applies: A minimum of four (4) references must be provided by the CFSE applicant and paper rubric, two (2) references by the CFSP applicant.

An applicant is encouraged to use an and punishment essay, immediate supervisor as a referee. A supporting statement from one of the referees for the Case Study. (CFSP not applicable) Referees should have personal knowledge of applicants experience and collectively be able to attest to the entire amount of experience claimed. Referees must NOT be related to the applicant. Each referee must complete a Referee Statement form, and forward it directly to the CFSE Governance Board. CFSE reserves the right to contact any referee for of parliament thesis verification purposes. Original referees should be e-mailed to CFSE. *There will be a $100USD late fee charged for any candidate applying for the exam 5 business days before the exam date. The applicable fees for the CFSE / CFSP examination are listed on the Examination Fee information sheet. Crime Essay Introduction? Fees should shortly follow with the application. Application fees can be paid by bank check, money order, credit card (Visa, MasterCard or Amex or purchase order).

Applications will not be reviewed until the FULL application process has been received by the CFSE Advisory Board and the payment has been made. Dbq Essay? CFSE only charges candidates an exam fee or retake; we are not responsible for additional fees associated with the organization holding the training or exam. Some global locations have their own fees associated with their training and/or exam. CFSE reserves the right, to cancel without specified reason any examination three (3) weeks before the examination date. CFSE will reschedule any canceled examination at their convenience.

The applicant has the right to reschedule prior to payment due date. The initial CFSE/CFSP certificate is only valid for a period of three (3) years. After that date it must be renewed by submitting the renewal application form and accompanying fee. Crime Essay? It is not necessary to take the decline essay exam again. The renewal consists of and punishment introduction a confirmation that the renewal applicant is critical nursing process presentation still active in their corresponding certificate specialty along with opportunities for additional supporting qualifications and experience.

Once the and punishment essay renewal has been accepted, the certificate is valid for an additional three (3) year period. The CFSE examination will take six (6) hours and is divided into two (2) sessions. The examination consists of two (2) categories of questions - multiple choice and short answer/case study. The multiple choice section is two (2) hours and handwriting essay, the short answer/case study section is four (4) hours. There will be a one (1) hour break in between; lunch. 2-20 point questions from. 20 possible questions. In order to pass the exam the candidate will have to score at and punishment essay introduction, least 60% in the multiple choice, 70% in the short answer/case study category, and 80% for the total examination. All CFSE exams are open book with all readily available published references allowed to be used during the exam. Please also note that the candidates are specifically encouraged to critical nursing process powerpoint presentation, at least bring a copy of part 1 of 61508 and similar relevant parts of the sector-specific IEC standards relevant to crime, their area.

For example, Process Applications candidates should also bring at least part 1 of 61511, Machine Applications candidates should also bring at do my for me, least 62061, Software candidates should also bring at crime essay, least part 3 of 61508, and Hardware candidates should also bring at least part 2 of 61508. Other textbooks, publicly available published course materials, and workbooks are also allowed and vs typing essay, may be useful to the candidates. Crime And Punishment Essay? Although occasional general hand notes in these reference materials may be allowed at the discretion of the Advisory Board appointed exam proctor, it is expressly forbidden to bring in 9th grade paper rubric any personal exam-specific notes. CFSE applicants must arrange to introduction, have the following materials submitted before the application deadline (see attached schedule): Examination Application Form – submitted by applicant. Please submit a photocopy of your passport along with your application. Case Study Form - Submitted by Applicant - a description of project where they demonstrated their skills, knowledge, and responsibility for a significant element of the safety lifecycle in accord with the relevant areas of research rubric 61508/61511/62061. This should also include a supporting statement from one of the crime essay introduction referees as noted on paper rubric, the Case Study Form. Referee Statement - (four are required) - submitted by referee (one for each referee listed in Examination Application Form). And Punishment Introduction? This will also include a supporting statement from one of the dbq essay referees for the Case Study. Copies of Licenses, Registrations Certification -submitted by applicant (one for each listed in Examination Application Form) . A photocopy of your diploma will suffice the requirement.

Payment for Application Fee. Crime? *** New requirement for CFSE Applicants. Decline Of Parliament Thesis Essay? A case study must be submitted candidates to provide a description of essay introduction project where they demonstrated their skills, knowledge, and responsibility for a significant element of the safety lifecycle in accord with the relevant areas of 61508/61511/62061. This will also include a supporting statement from 9th grade rubric, one of the referees. Please see application form and example. A candidate that is applying for CFSE must have a minimum of and punishment essay introduction 10 years work related experience. Critical Thinking Process Powerpoint? Please use the chart below for education credit: Using this table as guidance, a person with no higher level education would need at crime, least 10 years of 9th grade rubric related experience to be considered for essay introduction the CFSE program. A B.S./B.Sc./B.

Eng. degree in an engineering discipline immediately reduces the minimum experience requirement to 7 years while additional certification as a licensed professional engineer by decline thesis a recognized state or national body reduces the minimum requirement to 6 years. Similarly, someone with a B.S. degree in a scientific discipline such as physics or chemistry would need at least 8 years of crime introduction relevant safety and engineering experience to meet the dbq essay requirements. The examination will take four (4) hours and is one (1) session. The examination consists of two (2) categories of questions - multiple choice and short answer. And Punishment Introduction? In order to pass the exam the imperialism candidate will have to score at least 80% for the total examination. All CFSP exams are open book with all readily available published references allowed to be used during the exam.

Please also note that the crime essay introduction candidates are specifically encouraged to at least bring a copy of part 1 of Lottery 61508 and introduction, similar relevant parts of the sector-specific IEC standards relevant to their area. For example, Process Applications candidates should also bring at least part 1 of 61511, Machine Applications candidates should also bring at least 62061, Software candidates should also bring at least part 3 of imperialism dbq essay 61508, and Hardware candidates should also bring at least part 2 of 61508. Other textbooks, publicly available published course materials, and workbooks are also allowed and may be useful to the candidates. Although occasional general hand notes in these reference materials may be allowed at the discretion of the crime essay Governance Board appointed exam proctor, it is expressly forbidden to bring in any personal exam-specific notes. CFSP applicants must arrange to have the following materials submitted before the application deadline (see attached schedule): Examination Application Form – submitted by nursing process powerpoint applicant.

Please submit a photocopy of your passport along with your application. And Punishment Essay? Referee Statement - (two are required) submitted by referee (one for each referee listed in Examination Application Form) Copies of Licenses, Registrations Certification - submitted by applicant (one for each listed in Examination Application Form). A photocopy of your diploma will suffice the requirement. Payment for Application Fee. Handwriting Essay? A candidate must have a minimum of 2 years related experience with credit given for crime and punishment education as follows: Completed application materials and payment must be received by the CFSE Governance board at least 2 weeks prior to the exam date. The specific date is critical thinking powerpoint presentation usually noted on the exam schedule information page. Please note that because of the crime tight deadline, incomplete applications will not be guaranteed a place at the exam.

It is strongly recommended that all applicants send in their information well in advance of Lottery of our Paper this deadline to and punishment essay, insure a place at the exam. Do My For Me? If the Governance Board does not receive your application prior to the exam, you may take the CFSE / CFSP exam at your own risk prior to acceptance to the exam. There are no refunds. Essay? The CFSE Governance Board will publish a general list of dates and locations. Lottery Of Our? For all dates and locations the cancellation policy applies. Organizations can also request examination dates and locations. Contact the CFSE Governance Board for more information. Results will be mailed approximately 8 weeks after the examination.

No results will be given over the phone. And Punishment? Please do not call the CFSE Governance Board for test results. If the applicant did not report for the examination, or did not pass the examination, the results letter will explain how to schedule for a retake examination, and state the applicable fees. Exams will not be released with out a complete application. Please check the CFSE / CFSP Tracker for updated information. Decline Essay? Candidates are expected to exhibit proper examination decorum throughout the examination. Government issued identification is required.

Candidates will be required to and punishment, arrive at least 30 minutes prior to the scheduled time of examination. Candidates will not be admitted to the examination after the announcements have been given. Detailed instructions concerning arrival will be included with the admission notice. Published reference materials are permitted. Only non-programmable calculators will be allowed. Documents Devices NOT permitted for the CFSE/CFSP exam. Computer or laptop Mobile phones Programmable calculators Exam - specific notes Smart Watches. Documents Devices permitted for the CFSE/CFSP exam* Non-programmable calculator Standards, e.g.

IEC 61508 (part 1), IEC 61511 (Please click Here for exam specialty curriculum) Other textbooks, publicly available published course materials, and workbooks are also allowed and essay for me, may be useful to the candidates. Although occasional general hand notes in crime and punishment these reference materials may be allowed at the discretion of the critical powerpoint presentation Advisory Board appointed exam proctor, it is expressly forbidden to bring in any personal exam-specific notes. Crime Essay Introduction? * You must supply your own documentation, manuals, standards, and/or calculator for your exam. You may NOT share documents or devices. Currently examinations are only available in the English, Spanish, and the German language. Admission Applicants must allow two (2) weeks for full processing of of our Birth their complete applications.

At least one week prior to the examination date, an crime and punishment, admission notice will be sent to eligible candidates and will confirm dates, times, and location of the vs typing essay examination. For the introduction due date of the examination fee see paragraph 3. If the admission notice has not been received at least one (1) weeks prior to the examination date, the candidate must contact the CFSE Governance Board. There will be no refunds. Training classes are not required to be eligible for the test. However, many candidates may prefer to receive training oriented toward the curriculum required for the examination. Two Levels of decline of parliament thesis Recognition are Available.

CFSE - Certified Functional Safety Expert. CFSP - Certified Functional Safety Professional. Eligibility Requirements for Examination - CFSE. A candidate must have 4 referee statements from other professionals (preferably CFSEs) recommending candidates.

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nietzsches essay On the Genealogy of Morals. A Polemical Tract. [This document, which has been prepared by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC, is in the public domain and essay, may be used by anyone, in whole or in part, without permission and without charge, provided the source is acknowledged. Editorial comments and translations in square brackets and italics are by Ian Johnston; comments in decline thesis, normal brackets are from Nietzsche's text]

Guilt, Bad Conscience and crime and punishment essay introduction, Related Matters. To breed an animal that is entitled to make promises—surely that is the essence of the decline of parliament thesis essay, paradoxical task nature has set itself where human beings are concerned? Isn't that the real problem of human beings? The fact that this problem has largely been resolved must seem all the more astonishing to a person who knows how to appreciate fully the power which works against this promise-making, namely forgetfulness. Forgetfulness is not merely a vis interiae [a force of inertia] , as superficial people think. Is it much rather an active capability to repress, something positive in the strongest sense.

We can ascribe to and punishment essay introduction forgetfulness the dbq essay, fact what while we are digesting what we live through and crime essay, experience and then absorb (we might call the process mental ingestion [Einverseeling] ), we are conscious of what is going on as little as we are with the thousand-fold process which our bodily nourishment goes through (so-called physical ingestion [Einverleibung] ). The doors and windows of thinking presentation consciousness are shut from crime, time to time, so that it stays undisturbed from the noise and struggle with which the underworld of our functional organs keeps them working for and against one another—a small quiet place, a little tabula rasa [blank slate] of the consciousness, so that there will again be room for decline of parliament something new, above all, for the nobler functions and officials, for ruling, thinking ahead, determining what to do (our organism is arranged as an oligarchy)—that is, as I said, the use of active forgetfulness, like some porter at the door, a maintainer of psychic order, quiet, and etiquette. From that we can see at once how, if forgetfulness were not present, there could be no happiness, no cheerfulness, no hoping, no pride, no present. Essay. The man in whom this repression apparatus is harmed and not working properly we can compare to a dyspeptic (and not just compare)—he is 9th grade research finished with nothing. Now this necessarily forgetful animal in which forgetfulness is present as a force, as a form of strong health, has had an opposing capability bred into it, a memory, with the help of which, in certain cases, its forgetfulness will cease to and punishment essay introduction function—that is, for thinking process presentation those cases where promises are to be made. This is in no way a merely passive inability ever to be rid of an impression once it's been etched into the mind, nor is it merely indigestion over a word one has pledged at a particular time. No, it's an crime active wish not to be free of the matter, a continuing desire for what one willed at a particular time, a real memory of one's will, so that between the original I will or I will do and the actual discharge of the will, its real action, without thinking about do my essay for me, it, a world of strange new things, circumstances, even acts of the will can intervene, without breaking this long chain of the will. But consider what that presupposes!

In order to crime and punishment essay introduction organize the future in this manner, human beings must have first learned to separate necessary events from chance events, to 9th grade paper think in terms of cause and effect, to and punishment see distant events as if they were present, to thesis anticipate them, to set goals and and punishment, the means to reach them safely, to develop a capability for figures and calculations in general—and for that to occur, a human being must necessarily have first become something one could predict, something bound by regular rules, even in essay for me, the way he imagined himself to himself, so that finally he is able to act like someone who makes promises—who makes himself into a pledge for the future! Precisely that development is the history of the origin of responsibility. The task of breeding an animal with a right to make promises contains within it, as we have already grasped, as a condition and and punishment essay, prerequisite, the more urgent prior task of making a human being necessarily uniform to some extent, one among many other like him, regular and consequently predictable. The immense task in vs typing, what I have called the morality of custom (cf. Crime And Punishment Introduction. Daybreak , p. 7, 13, 16), the essential work of a man on critical process powerpoint presentation his own self in the longest-lasting age of the human race, his entire pre-historical work, derives its meaning, its grand justification, from the following point, no matter how much hardship, tyranny, monotony and idiocy it also manifested: with the help of the morality of crime essay introduction custom and the social strait jacket, the thinking nursing process powerpoint, human being was rendered truly predictable. Now, let's position ourselves, by crime and punishment contrast, at the end of this immense process, in the place where the tree finally yields its fruit, where society and the morality of custom finally bring to light the of our Paper, end for which they were simply the means.

We find—as the ripest fruit on that tree—the sovereign individual, something which resembles only itself, which has broken loose again from the morality of custom—the autonomous individual beyond morality (for autonomous and moral are mutually exclusive terms)—in short, the human being who possesses his own independent and enduring will, who is entitled to make promises—and in him a proud consciousness, quivering in every muscle, of what has finally been achieved and given living embodiment in him: a real consciousness of power and freedom, a feeling of completion for human beings generally. This man who has become free, who really has the right to make promises, this master of free will, this sovereign—how can he not realize the superiority he enjoys over everyone who does not have the essay, right to make a promise and make pledges on his own behalf, knowing how much trust, how much fear, and how much respect he creates (he is worthy of all three) and how, with this mastery over himself, he has necessarily been given in addition mastery over his circumstances, over nature, and over all creatures with a shorter and less reliable will? The free man, the owner of an enduring unbreakable will, by possessing this, also acquires his own standard of value: he looks out from himself at others and confers respect or withholds it. And just as it will be necessary for him to honour those like him, the strong and dependable (who are entitled to make promises), in critical nursing process, other words everyone who makes promises like a sovereign, seriously, rarely, and slowly, who is crime sparing with his trust, who honours another when he does trust, who gives his word as something reliable, because he knows he is strong enough to remain upright when opposed by imperialism misfortune, even when opposed by fate, so it will be necessary for him to keep his foot ready to kick the scrawny unreliable men, who make promises without being entitled to, and hold his cane ready to punish the liar who breaks his word in the very moment it comes out of his mouth. The proud knowledge of the extraordinary privilege of responsibility, the consciousness of this rare freedom, this power over oneself and and punishment essay introduction, destiny have become internalized into paper rubric the deepest parts of him and crime and punishment, grown instinctual, have now become a dominating instinct.

What will he call it, this dominating instinct, given that he finds he needs a word for it? There's no doubt about dbq essay, this question: this sovereign man calls this instinct his conscience. His conscience? To being with, we can conjecture that the crime essay introduction, idea of conscience, which we are encountering here in its highest, almost perplexing form, already had a long history and developmental process behind it. To be entitled to pledge one's word, to do it with pride, and also to say yes to oneself—that right is a ripe fruit, as I have mentioned, but it is also a late fruit. For what a long stretch of time this fruit must have hung tart and sour on thinking process the tree! And for an even longer time it was impossible to see any such fruit. It would appear that no one would have been entitled to make promises, even if everything about the tree was getting ready for it and was growing right in that direction. How does one create a memory for the human animal? How does one stamp something like that into his partly dull, partly idiotic momentary understanding, this living embodiment of forgetfulness, so that it stays there? This ancient problem, as you can imagine, was not resolved right away with tender answers and methods.

Perhaps there is nothing more fearful and more terrible in the entire pre-history of human beings than the technique for developing his memory. We burn something in so that it remains in the memory. Only something which never ceases to and punishment essay introduction cause pain stays in decline thesis, the memory—that is a leading principle of the most ancient (and unfortunately the crime, most recent) psychology on earth. We might even say that everywhere on earth nowadays where there is still solemnity, seriousness, mystery, gloomy colours in the lives of men and people, something of that terror is still at work, the fear with which in paper, earlier times on earth people made promises, pledged their word, or praised something. The past, the longest, deepest, most severe past, breathes on us and surfaces in us when we become solemn. When the human being considered it necessary to make a memory for himself, it never happened without blood, martyrs, and sacrifices—the most terrible sacrifices and and punishment, pledges (among them the decline of parliament, sacrifice of the first born), the most repulsive self-mutilations (for example castration), the cruellest forms of ritual in all the religious cults (and all religions are at bottom systems of cruelty)—all that originates in essay introduction, that instinct which discovered that pain was the most powerful means of helping to develop the memory. In a certain sense all asceticism belongs here: a couple of ideas need to be made indissoluble, omnipresent, unforgettable, fixed, in order to hypnotize the entire nervous and intellectual system through these fixed ideas—and the vs typing, ascetic procedures and forms of life are the crime and punishment introduction, means whereby these ideas are freed from jostling around with all the other ideas, in order to make them unforgettable. The worse the vs typing essay, human's memory was, the more terrible his customs have always appeared. The harshness of the laws of punishment provide a special standard for measuring how much trouble people went to and punishment essay introduction in order to triumph over forgetfulness and to maintain the awareness of a few primitive demands of social living together for this slave of momentary feelings and do my essay, desires. We Germans certainly do not think of ourselves as a particularly cruel and hard-hearted people, even less as particularly careless people who live only in the present.

But have a look at our old penal code in order to understand how much trouble it took on and punishment this earth to Lottery of our Birth Response breed a People of Thinkers (by that I mean the peoples of Europe, among whom today we still find a maximum of trust, seriousness, tastelessness, and practicality, and who with these characteristics have a right to breed all sorts of European mandarins). Essay Introduction. These Germans have used terrible means to make themselves a memory in order to attain mastery over their vulgar and thesis, brutally crude basic instincts. Think of the old German punishments, for example, stoning (even the legend lets the mill stone fall on introduction the head of the guilty person), breaking on the wheel (the unique invention and specialty of the German genius in the area of punishment!), impaling on imperialism dbq essay a stake, ripping people apart or stamping them to death with horses (quartering), boiling the criminal in oil or wine (still done in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries), the and punishment, well-loved practice of flaying (cutting flesh off in strips), carving flesh out of the nursing powerpoint, chest, along with, of course, covering the essay, offender with honey and paper, leaving him to the flies in the burning sun. With the help of such images and procedures people finally retained five or six I will not's in their memory, and and punishment essay, so far as these precepts were concerned they gave their word in order to live with the advantages of society—and that was that! With the assistance of this sort of memory people finally came to reason! Ah, reason, seriousness, mastery over emotions, the whole gloomy business called reflection, all these privileges and ceremonies of human beings—how expensive they were! How much blood and horror is the handwriting vs typing, basis for all good things. But then how did that other gloomy business, the consciousness of guilt, the whole bad conscience come into the world? With this we turn back to our genealogists of morality.

I'll say it once more—or perhaps I haven't said it at all yet—they are useless. With their own purely modern experience extending only through five periods, with no knowledge of or any desire to know the past, and even less historical insight, a second perspective—something so necessary at this point—they nonetheless pursue the and punishment introduction, history of paper rubric morality. That must inevitably produce results which have a less than tenuous relationship to crime and punishment the truth. Have these genealogists of morality up to this point allowed themselves to handwriting essay dream, even remotely, that, for instance, the major moral principle guilt [Schuld] derives its origin from the very materialistic idea debt [Schulden] or that punishment developed entirely as repayment, without reference to any assumption about the freedom or lack of freedom of the will—and did so to the point where it first required a high degree of crime human development [Vermenschlichung] so that the animal man began to dbq essay make those much more primitive distinctions between intentional, negligent, accidental, of sound mind, and their opposites and bring them to bear when handing out punishment? That unavoidable idea, nowadays so trite and apparently natural, which has really had to serve as the explanation how the feeling of justice in general came into existence on earth—The criminal deserves punishment because he could have acted otherwise—this idea, in fact, is an extremely late achievement, indeed, a sophisticated form of human judgment and decision making. Anyone who moves this idea back to the very beginnings is sticking his coarse fingers inappropriately into the psychology of primitive humanity. For the most extensive period of human history punishment was not meted out because people held the instigator of crime evil responsible for his actions, nor was it assumed that only the guilty party should be punished.

It was much more the case, as it still is now when parents punish their children, of anger over some harm which people have suffered, anger vented on the perpetrator. But this anger was restrained and modified through the idea that every injury had some equivalent and critical thinking nursing process powerpoint presentation, that compensation for it could, in fact, be paid out, even if that was through the and punishment essay introduction, pain of the perpetrator. Where did this primitive, deeply rooted, and perhaps by now ineradicable idea derive its power, the idea of an equivalence between punishment and pain? I have already given away the answer: in the contractual relationship between creditor and debtor, which is as ancient as the imperialism dbq essay, idea of someone subject to and punishment law and which, in itself, refers back to the basic forms of buying, selling, bartering, trading, and exchanging goods. It's true that recalling this contractual relationship arouses, as we might expect from what I have observed above, all sorts of suspicion of and opposition to primitive humanity which established or allowed it. It's precisely at this point that people make promises. Here the pertinent issue is essay that the essay introduction, person who makes a promise has to have a memory created for him, so that precisely at this point, we can surmise, there exists a site for what is Lottery of our Birth Response Paper hard, cruel, and painful. And Punishment Introduction. In order to inspire trust in his promise to pay back, in order to give his promise a guarantee of its seriousness and sanctity, in order to impress on thinking nursing presentation his own conscience the idea of paying back as a duty, an obligation, the and punishment essay introduction, debtor, by virtue of the contract, pledges to the creditor, in the event that he does not pay, something that he still owns, something over which he still exercises power, for of parliament essay example, his body or his wife or his freedom or even his life (or, under certain religious conditions, even his blessedness, the salvation of his soul, or finally his peace in the grave, as was the case in and punishment, Egypt, where the dead body of the debtor even in the grave found no peace from the creditor—and it's certain that with the Egyptians such peace was particularly important). That means that the creditor could inflict all kinds of ignominy and imperialism, torture on the body of the debtor—for instance, slicing off the body as much as seemed appropriate for the size of the debt.

And this point of view early on introduction and everywhere gave rise to precise, horrific estimates going into finer and finer details, legally established estimates, about individual limbs and body parts. I consider it already a step forward, as evidence of a freer conception of the imperialism dbq essay, law, something which calculates more grandly, something more Roman, when Rome's Twelve Tables of Laws decreed it was all the same, no matter how much or how little the creditor cut off in such cases: si plus minusve secuerunt, ne fraude esto [let it not be thought a crime if they cut off more or less]. Let's clarify the logic of this whole method of compensation—it is weird enough. The equivalency is given in this way: instead of an advantage making up directly for the harm (hence, instead of compensation in crime and punishment introduction, gold, land, possessions of some sort or another), the creditor is given a kind of pleasure as repayment and compensation—the pleasure of being allowed to discharge his power on a powerless person without having to think about it, the of parliament essay, delight in de fair le mal pour le plaisir de le faire [doing wrong for the pleasure of doing it] , the enjoyment of violation. This enjoyment is more highly prized the lower and baser the debtor stands in the social order, and it can easily seem to the creditor a delicious mouthful, even a foretaste of a higher rank. By means of the punishment of the debtor, the creditor participates in a right belonging to the masters. Finally he himself for once comes to the lofty feeling of despising a being as someone below himself, as someone he is entitled to mistreat—or at least, in the event that the crime essay, real force of punishment, of inflicting punishment, has already been transferred to the authorities, the feeling of dbq essay seeing the crime and punishment, debtor despised and mistreated.

The compensation thus consist of do my essay for me a permission for essay introduction and right to cruelty. In this area, that is, in the laws of obligation, the 9th grade rubric, world of moral concepts guilt, conscience, and sanctity of obligations was conceived. Its beginnings, just like the beginnings of everything great on earth, were watered thoroughly and for a long time with blood. And can we not add that this world deep down has never again been completely free of a certain smell of blood and torture—(not even with old Kant whose categorical imperative stinks of cruelty . . . ). In addition, here the weird knot linking the ideas of guilt and and punishment essay introduction, suffering, which perhaps has become impossible to undo, was first knit together. Let me pose the question once more: to what extent can suffering be a compensation for debts? To the extent that making someone suffer provides the highest degree of pleasure, to the extent that the person hurt by critical thinking nursing powerpoint presentation the debt, in exchange for the injury and for the distress caused by the injury, got an offsetting pleasure—making someone suffer—a real feast, something that, as I've said, was valued all the more, the greater the difference between him and crime and punishment, the rank and social position of the creditor. I have been speculating here, for it's difficult to see such subterranean things from the surface, quite apart from the fact that it's an embarrassing subject. Anyone who crudely throws into of parliament thesis essay the middle of all this the idea of revenge has merely buried and dimmed his insights rather than illuminated them (revenge itself takes us back to the very same problem How can making someone suffer give us a feeling of satisfaction?).

It seems to me that the delicacy and even more the hypocrisy of tame house pets (I mean modern man, I mean us) resist a really powerful understanding of just how much cruelty contributes to the great celebratory joy of primitive humanity, as an ingredient mixed into almost all their enjoyments and, from another perspective, how nave and innocent their need for cruelty appears, how they basically accept disinterested malice (or to use Spinoza's words, the sympathia malevolens [malevolent sympathy] ) as a normal human characteristic, and hence as something to which their conscience says a heartfelt Yes! A more deeply penetrating eye might still notice, even today, enough of this most ancient and most basic celebratory human joy. Crime Introduction. In Beyond Good and Evil , p. 117 ff. (even earlier in Daybreak , p. 17, 68, 102), I pointed a cautious finger at the constantly growing spiritualization and deification of cruelty, which runs through the essay, entire history of higher culture (and, in a significant sense, even constitutes that culture). In any case, it's not so long ago that people wouldn't think of an aristocratic wedding and folk festival in crime, a grand style without executions, tortures, or something like an auto-da-f [ burning at the stake ], and no noble household lacked creatures on whom people could vent their malice and cruel taunts without a second thought (remember Don Quixote at the court of the duchess). Today we read all of Don Quixote with a bitter taste on the tongue—it's almost an ordeal. In so doing, we become very foreign, very obscure to the author and do my for me, his contemporaries.

They read it with a fully clear conscience as the most cheerful of and punishment introduction books. They almost died laughing at it. Watching suffering makes people feel good, making someone suffer makes them feel even better—that is a harsh principle, but an old, powerful, and human, all-too-human major principle, which, by the way, even the essay, apes might agree with. For people say that, in thinking up bizarre cruelties, the apes already anticipate a great many human actions and, as it were, act them out. Without cruelty there is no celebration: that's what the oldest and longest era of human history teaches us—and with punishment, too, there is so much celebration!— With these ideas, by the way, I have no desire whatsoever to give our pessimists grist for their discordant mills grating with the weariness of life. On the contrary, I want to state very clearly that in that period when human beings had not yet become ashamed of their cruelty, life on earth was happier than it is now, now that we have our pessimists. The darkening of heaven over men's heads always increased quickly in proportion to the growth of human beings' shame at crime essay introduction, human beings. The tired pessimistic look, the 9th grade rubric, mistrust of the riddle of life, the icy denial stemming from introduction, disgust with life—these are not the signs of the of parliament thesis, wickedest eras in the history of essay introduction human beings.

It's more the case that they first come to light as the swamp plants they are when the imperialism dbq essay, swamp to crime and punishment essay introduction which they belong is there—I mean the sickly mollycoddling and moralizing, thanks to which the handwriting vs typing, animal man finally learns to and punishment feel shame about all his instincts. On his way to becoming an angel (not to use a harsher word here), man developed an upset stomach and a furry tongue which made him not only fight against thesis essay, the joy and innocence of the animal but even lose his taste for life, so that now and then he stands there, holds his nose, and with Pope Innocent III disapproves of himself and makes a catalogue of his nastiness (conceived in filth, disgustingly nourished in his mother's body, developed out of evil material stuff, stinking horribly, discharging spit, urine, and excrement). Now, when suffering always has to march out introduction as the first argument against existence, as its most serious question mark, it's good for us to remember the times when people saw things the other way around, because they couldn't do without making people suffer and saw a first-class magic in it, a really tempting enticement for living. Perhaps, let me say this as a consolation for the delicate, at that time pain didn't hurt as much as it does nowadays. At least that could be the conclusion of a doctor who had treated a Negro (taking the do my for me, latter as a representative of pre-historical man) for a bad case of inner inflammation, which drives the European with the best constitution to despair but which doesn't have the same effect on the Negro. (The graph of the human capacity for pain seems in fact to sink down remarkably and almost immediately after the first ten thousand or ten million of the top members of the higher culture. And I personally have no doubt that, in comparison with one painful night of a single hysterical well-educated female, the and punishment essay introduction, total suffering of all animals which up to now have been interrogated by the knife of science is of parliament thesis essay really insignificant). Perhaps it is even permissible to concede the possibility that the pleasure in cruelty does not really need to die out. Since today pain does more harm, the relevant pleasure needed only to be sublimated and made more subtle—in other words, it had to appear translated into and punishment introduction the imaginative and spiritual and embellished with nothing but names so unobjectionable that they arouse no suspicion in even the most delicate hypocritical conscience (tragic pity is research paper rubric one such name; another is les nostalgies de la croix [nostalgia for the cross] ). What really enrages people about suffering is not the suffering itself, but the meaninglessness of suffering. But neither for the Christian, who sees in suffering an crime introduction entire secret machinery for do my for me salvation, nor for crime and punishment the nave men of older times, who understood how to interpret all suffering in relation to the spectator or to the person inflicting the suffering, was there generally any such meaningless suffering.

In order for the hidden, undiscovered, unwitnessed suffering to be removed from the world and for people to be able to for me deny it honestly, they were then almost compelled to and punishment introduction invent gods and intermediate beings at all levels, high and low—briefly put, something that also roamed in hidden places, that also looked into the darkness, and that would not readily permit an interesting painful spectacle to escape its attention. Hence, with the help of such inventions life then understood and has always understood how to imperialism justify itself by a trick, how to justify its evil. And Punishment Essay. Nowadays perhaps it requires other helpful inventions (for example, life as riddle, life as a problem of knowledge). Every evil which is do my essay uplifting in the eyes of God is justified: that's how the pre-historical logic of feeling rang out—and was that really confined to introduction pre-history? The gods conceived of as friends of cruel spectacle—oh, how far this primitive idea rises up over vs typing the development of our European humanity!

We might well seek advice from Calvin and Luther on and punishment this point. At any rate it is certain that even the Greeks knew of no more acceptable snack to thinking nursing process powerpoint offer their gods for crime introduction their happiness that the joys of 9th grade research cruelty. With what sort of crime and punishment introduction expression, do you think, did Homer allow his gods to imperialism dbq essay look down on the fate of men? What final sense was there essentially in the Trojan War and similar frightful tragedies? We cannot entertain the slightest doubts about this: they were intended as celebrations for the gods—and, to the extent that the poet is in these matters more godlike than other men, as festivals for the poets as well. Later the Greek moral philosophers in introduction, the same way imagined the eyes of decline essay god looking down on the moral struggles, on heroism and the self-mutilation of the virtuous: the Hercules of duty was on stage, and he knew he was there.

Without someone watching, virtue for this race of crime essay actors was something entirely inconceivable. Surely that daring and decline of parliament thesis, fateful philosophical invention, first made for Europe at essay, that time, the free will, the absolutely spontaneous nature of human beings in matters of good and decline of parliament, evil, was created above all to justify the idea that the crime and punishment introduction, interest of gods in dbq essay, men and in human virtue could never run out? On this earthly stage there was never to be any lack of really new things, really unheard of suspense, complication, catastrophe. A world conceived of as perfectly deterministic would have been predictable and therefore also soon boring for the gods. That was reason enough for crime introduction these friends of the gods, the philosophers, not to ascribe such a deterministic world to decline their gods! All of ancient humanity is full of sensitive consideration for the spectator, for a truly public, truly visible world, which did not know how to crime essay introduction imagine happiness without dramatic performances and imperialism, festivals. And, as I have already said, in the great punishments there is also so much celebration! To resume the path of our enquiry, the feeling of guilt, of personal obligation has, as we saw, its origin in the oldest and most primitive personal relationship there is and has been—in the relationship between seller and buyer, creditor and debtor. Here for the first time one person encountered another person and measured himself against him. We have not yet found a civilization at such a low level that something of essay introduction this relationship is not already perceptible.

To set prices, measure values, think up equivalencies, to exchange things—that preoccupied man's very first thinking to such a degree that in a certain sense it's what thinking is. The very oldest form of astuteness was bred here—here, too, we can assume are the first beginnings of human pride, his feeling of pre-eminence in relation to other animals. Perhaps our word man [ Mensch ] ( manas ) continues to express directly something of this feeling of the paper, self: the human being describes himself as a being which assesses values, which values and measures, as the calculating animal as such. Selling and buying, together with their psychological attributes, are even older than the beginnings of crime and punishment essay any form of social organization and grouping. It is much rather the case that out of the most rudimentary form of personal legal right the budding feeling of exchange, contract, guilt, law, duty, compensation were first transferred to the crudest and dbq essay, earliest social structures (in their relationships with similar social structures), along with the habit of comparing power with power, of measuring, of calculating. The eye was now at crime and punishment introduction, any rate adjusted to this perspective, and with that awkward consistency characteristic of the thinking in ancient human beings, hard to Response get started but then inexorably moving forward in the same direction, people soon reached the great generalization Everything has its price, everything can be paid off—the oldest and most nave moral principle of justice, the crime introduction, beginning of all good nature, all fairness, all good will, all objectivity on earth. Justice at this first stage is good will among those approximately equal in power to come to terms with each other, to handwriting vs typing understand each other again by crime compensation—and in relation to those less powerful, to compel them to arrive at some settlement among themselves.

Still measuring by the standard of pre-history (a pre-history which, by 9th grade research rubric the way, is present at and punishment, all times or is capable of returning), the community also stands in relation to its members in that important basic relationship of the thesis, creditor to his debtors. People live in a community. And Punishment Essay. They enjoy the advantages of a community (and what fine advantages they are! Nowadays we sometimes underestimate them)—they live protected, cared for, in peace and trust, without worries concerning certain injuries and enmities from which the man outside the community, the man without peace, is excluded—a German understands what misery [ Elend ] or lend [ other country ] originally meant—and how people pledge themselves to and enter into obligations with the community bearing in mind precisely these injuries and enmities. What will happen with an exception to this case? The community, the do my, defrauded creditor, will see that it gets paid as well as it can—on that people can rely. The issue here is least of all the immediate damage which the offender has caused. Setting this to one side, the lawbreaker [ Verbrecher ] is above all a breaker [ Brecher ]—a breaker of crime introduction contracts and a breaker of his word against the totality, with respect to all the good features and advantages of the communal life in which, up to that point, he has had a share. The lawbreaker is handwriting vs typing a debtor who does not merely not pay back for the benefits and advances given to him, but who even attacks his creditor.

So from this point on not only does he lose, as is reasonable, all these good things and benefits, but he is also more pertinently reminded what these good things are all about. The anger of the injured creditor, the community, gives him back the wild condition, as free as a bird, from which he was earlier protected. It pushes him away from it, and crime and punishment introduction, now every form of hostility can vent itself on him. Do My For Me. At this stage of cultural behaviour punishment is simply the copy, the mimus , of the introduction, normal conduct towards the hated, disarmed enemy who has been thrown down, who has lost not only all rights and protection but also all mercy—hence it is a case of the rights of war and the victory celebration of vae victis [ woe to the conquered ] in all its ruthlessness and cruelty, which accounts for the fact that war itself (including the warlike cult of sacrifice) has given us all the ways in which punishment has appeared in Lottery, history. As it acquires more power, a community considers the crimes of essay a single individual less serious, because they no longer make him as dangerous and unsettling for for me the existence of the community as much as they did before. The wrong doer is no longer left without peace and thrown out, and the common anger can no longer vent itself on and punishment essay introduction him without restraint to of parliament the same extent it did before. It is crime and punishment rather the case that the wrong doer from now on imperialism dbq essay is carefully protected by the community against this anger, particularly from crime and punishment essay, that of the injured person, and is taken into protective custody.

The compromise with the anger of those most immediately affected by the wrong doing, and thus the effort to localize the case and to avert a wider or even a general participation and unrest, attempts to find equivalents and to settle the whole business (the compositio ), above all the desire, appearing with ever-increasing clarity, to consider every crime as, in some sense or other, capable of being paid off, and thus, at least to some extent, to separate the criminal and his crime from each other—those are the characteristics stamped more and more clearly on the further development of criminal law. If the power and the self-confidence of a community keeps growing, the criminal law grows constantly milder. Every weakening and profound jeopardizing of the community brings the handwriting vs typing essay, harsher forms of criminal law to and punishment essay light once more. The creditor always became proportionally more human as he became richer. Of Our Birth. Finally the amount of his wealth itself establishes how much damage he can sustain without suffering from it. It would not be impossible to imagine a society with a consciousness of its own power which allowed itself the most privileged luxury which it can have—letting its criminals go free without punishment. Why should I really bother about my parasites, it would then say. May they live and essay introduction, prosper—for that I am still sufficiently strong! . . . Justice, which started by stating Everything is capable of being paid for, everything must be paid off ends at that point, by covering its eyes and letting the person incapable of payment go free—it ends, as every good thing on earth ends, by doing away with itself. This self-negation of justice—we know what a beautiful name it call itself—mercy.

It goes without saying that mercy remains the privilege of the most powerful man, or even better, his movement beyond the law. Now a critical word about essay for me, a recently published attempt to find the origin of justice in quite a different place—that is, in resentment. And Punishment Essay Introduction. But first let me speak a word in the ear of the psychologists, provided that they have any desire to study resentment itself up close for once: this plant grows most beautifully nowadays among anarchists and 9th grade, anti-Semites—in addition, it blooms, as it always has, in hidden places, like the violet, although it has a different fragrance. Crime And Punishment Introduction. And since like always has to emerge from like, it is not surprising to see attempts coming forward from just such circles (see above, p. 30 [ First Essay ]) to Lottery Response Paper sanctify revenge under the name of justice, as if justice were basically simply a further development of a feeling of being injured [ Verletzt-seins ], and to bring belated respect to essay introduction emotional reactions generally, all of them, using the idea of revenge. With this last point I personally take the nursing presentation, least offence. It even seems to me a service, so far as the entire biological problem is crime and punishment introduction concerned (in connection with which the of parliament essay, worth of these emotions has been underestimated up to now). Introduction. The only imperialism thing I'm calling attention to is the fact that it is the very idea of resentment itself out of which this new emphasis on scientific fairness grows (which favours hate, envy, resentment, suspicion, rancour, and revenge). This scientific fairness, that is, ceases immediately and gives way to tones of mortal enmity and prejudice as soon as it deals with another group of emotions which, it strikes me, have a much higher biological worth than those reactive ones and which therefore have earned the right to be scientifically assessed and given a high value—namely, the truly active emotions, like desire for mastery, acquisitiveness, and so on (E. Crime And Punishment Essay. Dhring, The Value of Life: A Course in Philosophy , the whole book really).

So much against this tendency in general. But in connection with Dhring's single principle that we must seek the homeland of 9th grade paper rubric justice in the land of the reactive feeling, we must, for love of the truth, rudely turn this around by crime introduction setting out a different principle: the do my for me, last territory to crime and punishment essay be conquered by the spirit of justice is the land of the reactive emotions! If it is truly the case that the nursing powerpoint presentation, just man remains just even towards someone who has injured him (and not just cold, moderate, strange, indifferent: being just is always a positive attitude), if under the sudden attack of personal injury, ridicule, and suspicion, the gaze of the lofty, clear, deep, and benevolent objectivity of the just and judging eye does not grow dark, well, that's a piece of crime and punishment perfection and the highest mastery on earth, even something that it would be wise for people not to handwriting essay expect and and punishment essay, certainly not to believe in too easily. It's certainly true that, on average, even among the most just people even a small dose of hostility, malice, and insinuation is enough to make them see red and chase fairness out of their eyes. Thinking Powerpoint Presentation. The active, aggressive, over-reaching human being is always placed a hundred steps closer to crime essay justice than the reactive. Vs Typing. For him it is not even necessary in crime essay introduction, the slightest to estimate an object falsely and with bias, the way the reactive man does and must do. Thus, as a matter of handwriting fact, at all times the aggressive human being—the stronger, braver, more noble man—has always had on his side a better conscience as well as a more independent eye.

And by contrast, we can already guess who generally has the invention of bad conscience on his conscience—the man of resentment! Finally, let's look around in history: up to now in what area has the whole implementation of and punishment essay law in general as well as the Lottery Response, essential need for law been at home? Could it be in the area of the reactive human beings? That is entirely wrong. It is much more the crime essay, case that it's been at home with the active, strong, spontaneous, and aggressive men. Of Parliament. Historically considered, the law on and punishment earth—let me say this to the annoyance of the above-mentioned agitator (who himself once made the confession The doctrine of revenge runs through all my work and efforts as the imperialism dbq essay, red thread of justice)—represents that very struggle against and punishment introduction, the reactive feelings, the war with them on essay the part of active and crime introduction, aggressive powers, which have partly used up their strength to put a halt to critical nursing powerpoint or restrain reactive pathos and to compel some settlement with it. Everywhere where justice is practised, where justice is upheld, we see a power stronger in and punishment essay, relation to a weaker power standing beneath it (whether with groups or individuals) seeking a means to bring an end among the latter to the senseless rage of resentment, partly by dragging the decline, object of resentment out essay of the hands of revenge, partly by setting in the place of revenge a battle against the enemies of peace and order, partly by dbq essay coming up with compensation, proposing it, under certain circumstances making it compulsory, sometimes establishing certain equivalents for crime essay introduction injuries as a norm, which from handwriting essay, now on resentment has to deal with once and for all.

The most decisive factor, however, which the highest power carries out and sets in place against the superior power of the feelings of hostility and animosity—something that power always does as soon as it feels itself strong enough—is to set up laws, the imperative explanation of those things which, in its own eyes, are considered allowed and legal and which are considered forbidden and illegal. And Punishment. In the handwriting vs typing essay, process, after the establishment of the law, the authorities treat attacks and arbitrary acts of and punishment introduction individuals or entire groups as an outrage against the law, as rebellion against the highest power itself, and they steer the dbq essay, feelings of those beneath them away from the immediate damage done by such outrages and and punishment essay introduction, thus, in the long run, achieve the reverse of what all revenge desires, which sees only the viewpoint of the injured party and considers only handwriting vs typing essay that valid. From now on, the and punishment essay introduction, eye becomes trained to decline of parliament thesis evaluate actions always impersonally, even the eye of the harmed party itself (although this would be the very last thing to occur, as I have remarked earlier). Consequently, only with the setting up of the law is there a just and unjust (and not, as Dhring will have it, from the time of the injurious action). To talk of just and unjust in themselves has no sense whatsoever—it's obvious that in themselves harming, oppressing, exploiting, destroying cannot be unjust, insofar as life essentially works that way, that is, in its basic functions it harms, oppresses, exploits, and destroys—and cannot be conceived at all without these characteristics. We must acknowledge something even more alarming—the fact that from the crime essay, highest biological standpoint, conditions of law must always be exceptional conditions, partial restrictions on the basic will to 9th grade research rubric live, which is set on power—they are subordinate to essay the total purpose of this will as its individual means, that is, as means to do my essay create a larger unit of introduction power.

A legal system conceived of as sovereign and universal, not as a means in the struggle of power complexes, but as a means against all struggles in general, something along the lines of Dhring's communist clich in which each will must be considered as equal to every will, that would be a principle hostile to life, a destroyer and dissolver of human beings, an Lottery assassination attempt on the future of human beings, a sign of exhaustion, a secret path to nothingness. Here another word concerning the origin and purpose of punishment—two problems which are separate or should be separate. Crime Essay. Unfortunately people normally throw them together. How do the previous genealogists of 9th grade research paper rubric morality deal with this problem? Naively—the way they always work. They find some purpose or other for punishment, for example, revenge or deterrence, then in and punishment essay introduction, a simple way set this purpose at decline of parliament, the beginning as the crime essay introduction, causa fiendi [ creative cause ] of punishment and then that's it—they're finished. The purpose in Lottery of our Response Paper, law, however, is the very last idea we should use in the history of the emergence of law. It is much rather the case that for all forms of history there is crime and punishment introduction no more important principle that the Lottery of our Birth, one which we reach with such difficulty but which we also really should reach, namely that what causes a particular thing to arise and the final utility of that thing, its actual use and arrangement in crime essay introduction, a system of purposes, are separate toto coelo [ by dbq essay all the heavens, i.e., absolutely ], that something existing, which has somehow come to its present state, will again and again be interpreted by the higher powers over it from crime essay, a new perspective, appropriated in a new way, reorganized for and redirected to new uses, that all events in the organic world involve overpowering, acquiring mastery and dbq essay, that, in turn, all overpowering and acquiring mastery involve a re-interpretation, a readjustment, in which the sense and purpose up to then must necessarily be obscured or entirely erased. No matter how well we have understood the usefulness of some physiological organ or other (or a legal institution, a social custom, a political practice, some style in art or in crime and punishment introduction, religious cults), we have not, in that process, grasped anything about its origin—no matter how uncomfortable and unpleasant this may sound in elderly ears.

From time immemorial people have believed that in demonstrable purposes, the usefulness of a thing, a form, or an institution they could understand the reasons it came into Lottery Response Paper existence—the eye as something made to see, the hand as something made to grasp. So people also imagined punishment as invented to punish. Crime And Punishment Essay. But all purposes, all uses, are only vs typing signs that a will to power has become master over something with less power and has stamped on it its own meaning of and punishment introduction some function, and the entire history of do my for me a thing, an organ, a practice can by this process be seen as a continuing chain of signs of constantly new interpretations and adjustments, whose causes need not be connected to each other—they rather follow and take over from each other under merely contingent circumstances. Consequently, the development of a thing, a practice, or an organ has nothing to do with its progress towards a single goal, even less is it the logical and shortest progress reached with the least expenditure of crime and punishment introduction power and resources, but rather the sequence of more or less profound, more or less mutually independent processes of imperialism dbq essay overpowering which take place on that thing, together with the resistance which arises against that overpowering each time, the transformations of form which have been attempted for the purpose of defence and reaction, the results of crime introduction successful countermeasures. Imperialism. Form is fluid—the meaning, however, is even more so . . . Even within each individual organism things are no different: with every essential growth in the totality, the meaning of an individual organ also shifts—in certain circumstances its partial destruction, a reduction of its numbers (for example, through the destruction of crime and punishment essay intermediate structures) can be a sign of growing power and perfection. Let me say this: the partial loss of utility, decline, and degeneration, the loss of meaning, and handwriting vs typing, purposelessness, in and punishment introduction, short, death, belong to Lottery Birth the conditions of a real progress, which always appears in the form of a will and a way to greater power always establishing itself at the expense of crime and punishment a huge number of smaller powers. The size of a step forward can even be estimated by a measure of everything that had to imperialism be sacrificed to it. Crime And Punishment. The mass of humanity sacrificed for Lottery Response the benefit of a single stronger species of man—that would be a step forward . . . I emphasize this major point of view about historical methodology all the more since it basically runs counter to the present ruling instinct and contemporary taste, which would rather go along with the absolute contingency, even the mechanical meaninglessness of all events rather than with the theory of a will to power playing itself out in everything that happens. The democratic idiosyncrasy of being hostile to and punishment everything which rules and imperialism dbq essay, wants to rule, the crime essay introduction, modern ruler-hatred [ Misarchismus ] (to make up a bad word for imperialism dbq essay a bad thing), has gradually transformed itself and dressed itself up in crime introduction, intellectual activity, the most intellectual activity, to such an extent that nowadays step by step it infiltrates the strictest, apparently most objective scientific research, and is allowed to infiltrate it. Indeed, it seems to me already to do my for me have attained mastery over all of physiology and the understanding of life, to their detriment, as is obvious, because it has conjured away from them their fundamental concept—that of real activity.

By contrast, under the introduction, pressure of this idiosyncrasy we push adaptation into the foreground, that is, a second-order activity, a mere re-activity—in fact, people have defined life itself as an always purposeful inner adaptation to external circumstances (Herbert Spencer). But that simply misjudges the do my for me, essence of life, its will to power. That overlooks the first priority of the spontaneous, aggressive, over-reaching, re-interpreting, re-directing, and shaping powers, after whose effects the adaptation first follows. Thus, the governing role of the highest functions in essay, an organism, ones in which the will for living appear active and creative, are denied. People should remember the criticism Huxley directed at Spencer for his administrative nihilism. But the issue here concerns much more than administration . . . Returning to the business at hand, that is, to punishment, we have to differentiate between two aspects of it: first its relative duration, the way it is carried out, the action, the drama, a certain strict sequence of procedures and, on the other hand, its fluidity, the meaning, the purpose, the expectation linked to the implementation of such procedures. In this matter, we can here assume, without further comment, per analogium [ by analogy ], in accordance with the major viewpoints about the historical method we have just established, that the procedure itself will be somewhat older and earlier than its use as a punishment, that the latter was only injected and interpreted into the procedure (which had been present for a long time but was a tradition with a different meaning), in imperialism dbq essay, short, that it was not what our nave genealogists of morality and law up to now assumed, who collectively imagined that the procedure was invented for the purpose of punishment, just as people earlier thought that the hand was invented for the purpose of grasping. Now, so far as that other element in punishment is concerned, the fluid element, its meaning, in a very late cultural state (for example in contemporary Europe) the idea of punishment actually presents not simply one meaning but a whole synthesis of meanings. The history of punishment up to now, in general, the history of and punishment its use for different purposes, finally crystallizes into research paper a sort of unity, which is difficult to untangle, difficult to crime and punishment essay introduction analyze, and, it must be stressed, totally incapable of definition. (Today it is impossible to say clearly why we really have punishment—all ideas in which an entire process is Lottery of our Response semiotically summarized elude definition—only something which has no history is capable of being defined). At an earlier stage, by contrast, that synthesis of meanings appears much easier to untangle, as well as easier to essay adjust.

We can still see how in essay, every individual case the elements in crime and punishment introduction, the synthesis alter their valence and rearrange themselves to such an extent that soon this or that element steps forward and dominates at the expense of the rest—indeed, under certain circumstances one element (say, the of our Paper, purpose of deterrence) appears to and punishment introduction rise above all the other elements. In order to nursing process powerpoint give at least an idea of how uncertain, how belated, how accidental the and punishment introduction, meaning of punishment is and imperialism, how one and the same procedure can be used, interpreted, or adjusted for fundamentally different purposes, let me offer here an example which presented itself to me on essay the basis of Lottery Paper relatively small and random material: punishment as a way of rendering someone harmless, as a prevention from further harm; punishment as compensation for the damage to the person injured, in some form or other (also in the form of emotional compensation); punishment as isolation of some upset to an even balance in order to avert a wider outbreak of the disturbance; punishment as way of bringing fear to those who determine and carry out punishment; punishment as a sort of compensation for the advantages which the law breaker has enjoyed up until that time (for example, when he is crime and punishment essay made useful as a slave working the mines); punishment as a cutting out of a degenerate element (in some circumstances an entire branch, as in critical thinking powerpoint, Chinese law, and crime and punishment essay introduction, thus a means to keep the race pure or to sustain a social type); punishment as festival, that is, as the violation and humiliation of some enemy one has finally thrown down; punishment as a way of making a conscience, whether for the man who suffers the decline of parliament thesis essay, punishment—so-called reform—or whether for those who witness the punishment being carried out; punishment as the payment of an honorarium, set as a condition by those in power, which protects the wrong doer from the excesses of revenge; punishment as a compromise with the natural condition of revenge, insofar as the latter is still upheld and essay, assumed as a privilege by powerful families; punishment as a declaration of war and a war measure against an enemy to peace, law, order, and authority, which people fight with the very measures war makes available, as something dangerous to the community, as a contract breaker with respect to its conditions, as a rebel, traitor, and breaker of the peace. Of course, this list is not complete. Obviously punishment is overloaded with all sorts of useful purposes—all the more reason why people infer from it an alleged utility, which in the popular consciousness at least is considered the most essential one. Faith in punishment, which nowadays for several reasons is getting very shaky, always finds its most powerful support in precisely this: Punishment is supposed to be valuable in waking a feeling of guilt in the guilty party. In punishment people are looking for the actual instrument for that psychic reaction called bad conscience and essay, pangs of crime and punishment conscience. In doing this, people still apply reality and psychology incorrectly to present issues—and how much more incorrectly to the greater part of man's history, his prehistory! Real pangs of do my essay conscience are something extremely rare precisely among criminals and prisoners. Prisons and penitentiaries are not breeding grounds in introduction, which this species of gnawing worm particularly thrives—on that point all conscientious observers agree, in 9th grade rubric, many cases delivering such a judgment with sufficient unwillingness, going against their own desires.

In general, punishment makes people hard and cold. It concentrates. It sharpens the feeling of estrangement and strengthens powers of resistance. If it comes about that punishment shatters a man's energy and crime introduction, brings on a wretched prostration and self-abasement, such a consequence is surely even less pleasant than the ordinary results of punishment—characteristically a dry and gloomy seriousness. However, if we consider the millennia before the of parliament essay, history of humanity, without a second thought we can conclude that the crime and punishment essay introduction, very development of essay for me a feeling of guilt was most powerfully hindered by punishment, at least with respect to the victims onto whom this force of punishment was vented.

For let us not underestimate just how much the and punishment essay, criminal is prevented by the sight of judicial and executive processes from sensing the research rubric, nature of his action as something reprehensible in itself, for he sees exactly the same kind of actions undertaken in the service of justice, applauded and practised in good conscience, like espionage, lying, bribery, entrapment, the crime and punishment, whole tricky and 9th grade research paper rubric, sly art of the crime, police and prosecution, as it develops in Birth Response, the various kinds of and punishment essay introduction punishment—the robbery, oppression, abuse, imprisonment, torture, murder (all done as a matter of principle, without any emotional involvement as an excuse). Of Our Birth Response. Such actions are in no way rejected or condemned in themselves by his judges, but only in particular respects when used for crime and punishment introduction certain purposes. Bad conscience, this most creepy and interesting plant among our earthly vegetation, did not grow in this soil. In fact, for the longest period in the past no notion of dealing with a guilty party penetrated the consciousness of judges or even those doing the punishing.. Of Parliament. They were dealing with someone who had caused harm, with an irresponsible piece of fate. And the man on whom punishment later fell, once again like a piece of crime and punishment introduction fate, experienced in that no inner pain, other than what came from the sudden arrival of something unpredictable, a terrible natural event, a falling, crushing boulder against which there is no way to fight. At one point Spinoza became aware of this point (something which irritates his interpreters, like Kuno Fischer, who really go to great lengths to misunderstand him on this issue), when one afternoon, confronted by some memory or other (who knows what?), he pondered the question about critical thinking presentation, what, as far as he was concerned, was left of the celebrated morsus conscientiae [ the bite of conscience ]—for he had expelled good and evil into the human imagination and had irascibly defended the honour of his free God against those blasphemers who claimed that in introduction, everything God worked sub ratione boni [ with good reason ] (but that means that God would be subordinate to Fate, a claim which, if true, would be the greatest of all contradictions). For Spinoza the world had gone back again into that state of innocence in which it existed before the fabrication of the idea of essay a bad conscience.

So what, then, had happened to the morsus conscientiae ? The opposite of gaudium [ joy ], Spinoza finally told himself is sorrow, accompanied by the image of something over and done with which happened contrary to all expectation ( Ethics III, Proposition XVIII, Schol. I. II). Just like Spinoza, those instigating evil who incurred punishment have for thousands of years felt in and punishment essay introduction, connection with their crime Something has unexpectedly gone awry here, not I should not have done that. They submitted to Birth Response Paper their punishment as people submit to crime and punishment introduction a sickness or some bad luck or death, with that brave fatalism free of revolt which, for example, gives the Russians an advantage over us westerners in coping with life. If back then there was some criticism of the act, such criticism came from research rubric, prudence: without question we must seek the essential effect of punishment above all in an increase of prudence, in and punishment, a extension of memory, in a will to go to work from now on more carefully, mistrustfully, and secretly, with the awareness that we are in many things too weak, in imperialism, a kind of and punishment introduction improved ability to judge ourselves. In general, what can be achieved through punishment, in human beings and animals, is an increase in fear, a honing of prudence, control over desires. 9th Grade Research Paper. In the process, punishment tames human beings, but it does not make them better. People might be more justified in asserting the opposite crime essay, (Popular wisdom says Injury makes people prudent, but to the extent that it makes them prudent it also makes them bad. Fortunately, often enough it makes people stupid.) At this point, I can no longer avoid setting out, in an initial, provisional statement, my own hypothesis about the origin of bad conscience.

It is not easy to get people to handwriting vs typing essay attend to crime and punishment it, and it requires them to consider it at length, to Paper guard it, and to sleep on it. I consider bad conscience the profound illness which human beings had to come down with, under the crime, pressure of the most fundamental of all the changes which they experienced—that change when they found themselves locked within the confines of society and peace. Paper Rubric. Just like the crime and punishment essay introduction, things water animals must have gone though when they were forced either to become land animals or to die off, so events must have played themselves out paper rubric with this half-beast so happily adapted to and punishment essay introduction the wilderness, war, wandering around, adventure—suddenly all its instincts were devalued and disengaged. From this point on, these animals were to dbq essay go on foot and crime and punishment essay, carry themselves; whereas previously they had been supported by the water. A terrible heaviness weighed them down. In performing the simplest things they felt ungainly. In dealing with this new unknown world they no longer had their old leader, the ruling unconscious drives which guided them safely. These unfortunate creatures were reduced to thinking, inferring, calculating, bringing together cause and effect, reduced to their consciousness, their most impoverished and error-prone organ! I believe that on earth there has never been such a feeling of of our misery, such a leaden discomfort—while at the same time those old instincts had not all at once stopped imposing their demands! Only it was difficult and seldom possible to do their bidding.

For the most part they had to find new and, as it were, underground satisfactions for crime introduction them. All instincts which are not discharged to the outside are turned back inside. This is what I call the internalization of man. From this first grows in man what people later call his soul. Do My Essay. The entire inner world, originally as thin as if stretched between two layers of skin, expanded and extended itself, acquired depth, width, and height to the extent that the discharge of human instinct out into the world was obstructed. Those frightening fortifications with which the organization of the crime introduction, state protected itself against the old instincts for freedom—punishment belongs above all to these fortifications—made all those instincts of the wild, free, roaming man turn backwards, against man himself.

Enmity, cruelty, joy in pursuit, in attack, in critical, change, in destruction—all those turned themselves against the possessors of such instincts. That is the origin of bad conscience. The man who lacked external enemies and crime and punishment, opposition and was forced into an oppressive narrowness and regularity of custom, impatiently tore himself apart, persecuted himself, gnawed away at himself, grew upset, and did himself damage—this animal which scraped itself raw against the bars of 9th grade research paper rubric its cage, which people want to tame, this impoverished creature, consumed with longing for the wild, had to create in itself an adventure, a torture chamber, an uncertain and dangerous wilderness, this fool, this yearning and puzzled prisoner, was the inventor of bad conscience. With him was introduced the greatest and weirdest illness, from crime essay, which human beings today have not recovered, the suffering of man from of parliament thesis, his humanness, from himself, a consequence of the forcible separation from and punishment essay introduction, his animal past, a leap and, so to speak, a fall into Lottery Birth new situations and essay introduction, living conditions, a declaration of war against the old instincts, on which, up to that point, his power, joy, and Paper, ability to inspire fear had been based. Let us at once add that, on crime essay introduction the other hand, the fact that there was now an animal soul turned against itself, taking sides against research paper, itself, provided this earth with something so new, profound, unheard of, enigmatic, contradictory, and portentous [ Zukunftsvolles ], that the picture of the earth was fundamentally changed. In fact, it required divine spectators to approve the dramatic performance which then began and whose conclusion is not yet in sight, a spectacle too fine, too wonderful, too paradoxical, to be allowed to play itself out and punishment essay senselessly and unobserved on some ridiculous star or other. Since then man has been included among the most unexpected and most thrilling lucky rolls of the dice in the game played by Heraclitus' great child, whether he's called Zeus or chance.

In himself he arouses a certain interest, tension, hope, almost a certainty, as if something is announcing itself in decline essay, him, is preparing itself, as if the human being were not the goal but only the way, an episode, a great promise . . . Inherent in crime essay introduction, this hypothesis about the origin of bad conscience is, firstly, the assumption that this change was not gradual or voluntary and did not manifest an organic growth into new conditions, but was a break, a leap, something forced, an irrefutable disaster, against which there was no struggle nor any resentment. Secondly, it assumes that the adaptation of handwriting vs typing essay a populace which had hitherto been unchecked and shapeless into crime essay a fixed form was initiated by an act of violence and imperialism dbq essay, was carried to its conclusion by nothing but sheer acts of violence, that consequently the very oldest State emerged as a terrible tyranny, as an oppressive and inconsiderate machinery and and punishment, continued working until such a raw materials of people and half-animals finally were not only thoroughly kneaded and submissive but also given a shape. I used the imperialism dbq essay, word State—it is self-evident who is meant by and punishment essay introduction that term—some pack of blond predatory animals, a race of conquerors and thinking nursing powerpoint presentation, masters, which, organized for introduction war and with the power to organize, without thinking about it, sets its terrifying paws on critical powerpoint a subordinate population which may perhaps be vast in introduction, numbers but is still without any shape, is still wandering about. That's surely the way the Lottery Birth Response, State begins on earth. I believe that that fantasy has been done away with which sees the beginning of the state in some contract. The man who can command, who is naturally a master, who comes forward with violence in his actions and and punishment, gestures—what has a man like that to do with making contracts! We cannot negotiate with such beings. They come like fate, without cause, reason, consideration, or pretext. Dbq Essay. They are present as lightning is present, too fearsome, too sudden, too convincing, too different even to become hated.

Their work is the instinctive creation of forms, the imposition of forms. They are the most involuntary and unconscious artists in existence. Where they appear something new is crime introduction soon present, a living power structure, something in which the parts and functions are demarcated and coordinated, in which there is, in general, no place for anything which does not first derive its meaning from its relationship to the totality. These men, these born organizers, have no idea what guilt, responsibility, and consideration are. In them that fearsome egotism of the artist is in charge, which stares out like bronze and knows how to justify itself for rubric all time in the work, just like a mother with her child. They are not the ones in whom bad conscience grew—that point is obvious. But this hateful plant would not have grown without them. It would have failed if an immense amount of freedom had not been driven from the and punishment introduction, world under the pressure of their hammer blows—or at least driven from sight and, as it were, had become latent.

This powerful instinct for freedom, once made latent (we already understand how), this instinct driven back, repressed, imprisoned inside, and finally able to discharge and direct itself only against itself—that and that alone is what bad conscience is in its beginnings. We need to be careful not to entertain a low opinion of this entire phenomenon simply because it is from the outset hateful and essay, painful. Basically it is the same active force which is at work on a grander scale in those artists of power and and punishment essay introduction, organization and which builds states. Handwriting. Here it is inner, smaller, more mean spirited, directing itself backwards, into the labyrinth of the breast, to use Goethe's words, and it builds bad conscience and negative ideals for itself, that very instinct for freedom (to use my own language, the will to power). But the and punishment introduction, material on which the shaping and violating nature of this force directs itself is man himself, all his old animal self, and not, as in that greater and more striking phenomenon, on another man or on other men. This furtive violation of the self, this artistic cruelty, this pleasure in giving a shape to oneself as if to a tough, resisting, suffering material, to burn into it a will, a critique, a contradiction, a contempt, a denial—this weird and horribly pleasurable work of a soul voluntarily divided against itself, which makes itself suffer for the pleasure of creating suffering, all this active bad conscience, as the womb of ideal and imaginative events, finally brought to light—we have already guessed—also an abundance of strange new beauty and affirmation, perhaps for the first time the idea of the decline of parliament thesis essay, beautiful. . Crime And Punishment. . . For what would be beautiful, if its opposite had not yet come to presentation an awareness of itself, if ugliness had not already said to itself, I am ugly . . . At least, after this hint one paradox will be less puzzling—how contradictory ideas, like selflessness, self-denial, and self-sacrifice, can connote an ideal, something beautiful. And beyond that, one thing we do know—I have no doubt about and punishment, it—namely, the nature of the vs typing essay, pleasure which the selfless, self-denying, self-sacrificing person experiences from the crime essay, start: this pleasure belongs to cruelty. So much for the moment on imperialism dbq essay the origin of the unegoistic as something of moral worth and on the demarcation of the soil out of which this value has grown: only bad conscience, only the will to abuse the self, provides the condition for the value of the unegoistic.

Bad conscience is a sickness—there's no doubt about that—but a sickness as pregnancy is a sickness. Let's look for the conditions in which this illness has arrived at its most terrible and most sublime peak. Crime Essay. In this way we'll see what really first brought about its entry into the world. But that requires a lot of endurance—and we must first go back to an earlier point. The relationship in rubric, civil law between the and punishment introduction, debtor and the creditor, which I have reviewed extensively already, has been reinterpreted once again in essay for me, an extremely remarkable and dubious historical manner into a relationship which we modern men are perhaps least capable of understanding, namely, into the relationship between those people presently alive and their ancestors.

Within the and punishment essay, original tribal cooperatives—we're talking about primeval times—the living generation always acknowledged a legal obligation to the previous generations, and especially to the earliest one which had founded the tribe (and this was in Lottery Response, no way merely a sentimental obligation—the latter is something we could reasonably claim was absent for the longest period of the crime essay, human race). Here the handwriting vs typing, reigning conviction was that the tribe exists only because of the sacrifices and achievements of their ancestors, and that people must pay them back with sacrifices and achievements. In this people recognize a debt which keeps steadily growing because these ancestors in their continuing existence as powerful spirits do not stop giving the tribe new advantages and lending them their power. Do they do this gratuitously? But there is no gratuitously for these raw and spiritually destitute ages. What can people give back to them?

Sacrifices (at first as nourishment understood very crudely), festivals, chapels, signs of honour, and, above all, obedience—for all customs, as work of one's ancestors, are also their statutes and commands. Crime And Punishment Introduction. Do people ever give them enough? This suspicion remains and grows. From time to time it forcefully requires wholesale redemption, something huge as a payment back to the creditor (the notorious sacrifice of the essay for me, first born, for example, blood, human blood in any case). Fear of ancestors and their power, the awareness of one's debt to them, according to this kind of logic, necessarily increases directly in and punishment, proportion to the increase in the power of the tribe itself, as the tribe finds itself constantly more victorious, more independent, more honoured, and handwriting, more feared. It's not the crime and punishment essay, other way around! Every step towards the critical thinking process powerpoint, decline of the tribe, all conditions of misery, all indications of degeneration, of dissolution, always lead to a diminution in the fear of the spirit of its founder and give a constantly smaller image of his wisdom, providence, and present power. If we think this crude logic through to its conclusion, then the and punishment essay introduction, ancestors of the most powerful tribes must, because of the fantasy of increasing fear, finally have grown into something immense and have been pushed into the darkness of do my essay a divine mystery, something beyond the powers of imagination, so the and punishment introduction, ancestor is essay necessarily transfigured into a god. Here perhaps lies even the origin of the gods, thus an origin out of fear! . . . And the man to whom it seems obligatory to add But also out of piety could hardly claim to be right for crime essay introduction the longest period of human history, for his pre-history. Of course, he would be all the more correct for the middle period in which the 9th grade research paper, noble tribes developed, those who in fact paid back their founders, their ancestors (heroes, gods), with interest, all the characteristics which in the meantime had become manifest in crime essay, themselves, the noble qualities. Later we will have another look at the process by Lottery of our Paper which the crime and punishment introduction, gods were ennobled and decline essay, exalted (which is essay naturally not at all the same thing as their becoming holy).

But now, for the moment, let's follow the path of this whole development of the do my for me, consciousness of crime introduction guilt to imperialism dbq essay its conclusion. As history teaches us, the consciousness of being in crime, debt to the gods did not in any way come to an end after the downfall of communities organized on the basis of blood relationships. Just as humanity inherited the ideas of good and research, bad from the nobility of the tribe (together with its fundamental psychological tendency to crime and punishment essay set up orders of rank), so people also inherited, as well as the divinities of the 9th grade rubric, tribe and crime and punishment essay, extended family, the pressure of as yet unpaid debts and the desire to be relieved of them. (The transition is made with those numerous slave and indentured populations which adapted themselves to the divine cults of their masters, whether through compulsion or through obsequiousness and mimicry; from them this inheritance overflowed in all directions). The feeling of being indebted to the gods did not stop growing for several thousands of years—always, in fact, in direct proportion to the extent to which the do my essay, idea of god and the feeling for crime and punishment god grew and were carried to vs typing the heights. (The entire history of ethnic fighting, victory, reconciliation, mergers—everything which comes before the final rank ordering of all the elements of a people in that great racial synthesis—is mirrored in the tangled genealogies of its gods, in and punishment essay, the sagas of their fights, victories, and imperialism, reconciliations. The progress towards universal kingdoms is at the same time always also the progress toward universal divinities. In addition, despotism, with its overthrow of the and punishment introduction, independent nobles always builds the way to some variety of monotheism). The arrival of the Christian god, as the greatest god which has yet been reached, thus brought a manifestation of the greatest feeling of indebtedness on earth. Assuming that we have gradually set out in the reverse direction, we can infer with no small probability that, given the inexorable decline of faith in the Christian god, even now there already may be a considerable decline in the human consciousness of guilt.

Indeed, we cannot dismiss the idea that the complete and final victory of atheism could release humanity from this entire feeling of being indebted to its origins, its causa prima [ prime cause ]. Atheism and a kind of imperialism dbq essay second innocence belong together. So much for a brief and rough preface concerning the connection between the ideas guilt and obligation with religious assumptions. Up to this point I have deliberately set aside the actual moralizing of these ideas (the repression of them into the conscience, or more precisely, the complex interaction between a bad conscience and the idea of crime and punishment essay god). At the end of the previous section I even talked as if there was no such thing as this moralizing and thus as if now these ideas had necessarily come to an end after the collapse of their presuppositions, the faith in our creditor, in critical thinking nursing presentation, God. But to a terrible extent the facts indicate something different. And Punishment. The moralizing of the ideas of debt and duty, with their repression into bad conscience, actually gave rise to the attempt to reverse the direction of the development I have just described, or at least to bring its motion to a halt. Thinking. Now, in crime essay, a fit of pessimism, the critical thinking nursing process, prospect of a final installment must once and for all be denied. Now, our gaze is to bounce off and ricochet back despairingly off an iron impossibility, now those ideas of debt and duty are supposed to and punishment turn back. But against imperialism, whom? There can be no doubt: first of and punishment essay all against the debtor, in whom from imperialism dbq essay, this point on bad conscience, firmly set in essay introduction, him, eating into him and for me, spreading out like a polyp, grows wide and deep, until finally, with the impossibility of discharging the crime essay introduction, debt, people think up the idea of the 9th grade research paper, impossibility of removing the penance, the idea that the debt cannot be paid off (eternal punishment). Finally however, those ideas of crime and punishment essay debt and decline of parliament essay, duty turn back even against the creditor.

People should, in this matter, now think about the causa prima [first cause] of humanity, about the beginning of the human race, about essay, their ancestor who from now on is loaded down with a curse (Adam, original sin, no freedom for the will,) or about nature from whose womb human beings arose and into whom from now on the principle of evil is inserted (the demonizing of nature) or about existence in general, which remains something without value in itself (nihilistic turning away from existence, longing for nothingness, or a desire for its opposite, in an alternate state of being, Buddhism and things like that)—until all of a sudden we confront the paradoxical and research, horrifying expedient with which a martyred humanity found temporary relief, that stroke of genius of Christianity—God's sacrifice of himself for the guilt of human beings, God paying himself back with himself, God as the only one who can redeem man from what for human beings has become impossible to redeem—the creditor sacrifices himself for the debtor, out of and punishment introduction love (can people believe that?), out of love for his debtor! . . . You will already have guessed what went on with all this and behind all this: that will to do my self-torment, that repressed cruelty of animal man pushed inward and forced back into himself, imprisoned in the state to make him tame, who invented bad conscience in order to introduction lacerate himself, after the vs typing essay, more natural discharge of this will to inflict pain had been blocked, this man with a bad conscience seized upon religious assumptions to drive his self-torment into something most horrifying—hard and sharp. Guilt towards God: this idea becomes his instrument of torture. He sees in God the essay, ultimate contrast he is capable of discovering to his real and indissoluble animal instincts. He interprets these very animal instincts as a crime against God (as enmity, rebellion, revolt, against the master, the father, the original ancestor and beginning of the world). He grows tense with the contradiction of Lottery God and devil, from himself he hurls every denial which he says to himself, his nature, his naturalness, the reality of his being as an crime essay introduction affirmative yes, as something existing, as living, as real, as God, as the research paper, blessedness of God, as God the Judge, as God the Hangman, as something beyond him, as eternity, as perpetual torment, as hell, as punishment and guilt beyond all measure. In this mental cruelty there is crime essay introduction a kind of handwriting vs typing insanity of the essay, will, which simply has no equal: the for me, human will finding him so guilty and reprehensible that there is no atonement, his will to imagine himself punished but in and punishment introduction, such a way that the punishment can never be adequate for his crime, his will to infect and poison the most fundamental basis of things with the problem of punishment and guilt in paper rubric, order to cut himself off once and for all from any exit out of this labyrinth of fixed ideas, his will to and punishment introduction erect an ideal (that of the holy God) in order to be tangibly certain of his own absolute worthlessness when confronted with it. Imperialism. Oh this insane, sad beast man! What ideas he has, what unnaturalness, what paroxysms of nonsense, what bestiality of thought breaks from him as soon as he is prevented, if only crime essay a little, from being a beast in deed! . . . All this is excessively interesting, but there's also a black, gloomy, unnerving sadness about it, so that man must forcefully hold himself back from gazing too long into these abysses. Here we have an illness—no doubt about that—the most terrifying illness that has raged in human beings up to now. And anyone who can still hear (but nowadays people no longer have the ears for this) how in this night of torment and Lottery of our Birth, insanity the cry of love has resounded, the cry of the crime and punishment introduction, most yearning delight, of redemption through love, turns away, seized by an invincible horror. . . In human beings there is so much that is terrible! . . . For too long the world has been a lunatic asylum! . Handwriting Essay. . . These remarks should be sufficient, once and for all, for crime introduction the origin of the holy God.

The fact that conceiving gods does not necessarily, in of our Birth Paper, itself, lead to a degraded imagination—that's something we have to and punishment essay consider for a moment, the Response Paper, point that there are more uplifting ways to use the invention of the gods than for this human self-crucifixion and self-laceration in which Europe in the last millennia has become an expert. Fortunately that something we can infer if we take a look at the Greek gods, these reflections of nobler men, more rulers of essay themselves, in whom the animal in man felt himself deified and did not tear himself apart, did not rage against himself! These Greeks for the longest time used their gods for the very purpose of dbq essay keeping that bad conscience at crime introduction, a distance, in order to be able to continue to enjoy their psychic freedom. Decline. Hence, their understanding was the opposite of how Christianity used its God. Crime And Punishment Introduction. In this matter the Greeks went a long way, these splendid and lion-hearted Greeks, with their child-like minds. And no lesser authority than that of of parliament thesis Homer's Zeus himself now and then tells them that they are making things too easy for themselves. And Punishment Essay. It's strange, he says at one point in critical thinking process powerpoint, relation to and punishment essay the case of decline essay Aegisthus, a very bad case— It's strange how these mortal creatures complain about the and punishment essay introduction, gods! Evil comes only from us, they claim, but they themselves.

Stupidly make themselves miserable, even contrary to fate. But at the same time we hear and see that even this Olympian spectator and judge is of parliament far from being irritated or thinking of them as evil because of this: How foolish they are he thinks in crime essay, relation to the bad deeds of mortal men. And the Greeks of the decline of parliament thesis, strongest and bravest times conceded that much about essay introduction, themselves—the foolishness, stupidity, a little disturbance in the head were as far as the basis for many bad and fateful things are concerned—foolishness, not sin! Do you understand that? . . . But even this disturbance in the head was a problem, Indeed, how is vs typing essay this even possible? Where could this have really come from in heads like the crime and punishment essay, ones we have, we men of noble descent, happy, successful, from the best society, noble, and virtuous? For hundreds of years the noble Greek posed this question to essay himself in crime, relation to essay any incomprehensible horror or outrage which had defiled one of his peers. Some god must have deluded him, he finally said, shaking his head . Crime. . . This solution is typical of the Greeks . . Paper. . In this way, the gods then served to justify men to a certain extent, even in bad things. Crime Essay Introduction. They served as the origin of evil—at that time the decline of parliament thesis essay, gods took upon themselves, not punishment, but, what is nobler, the guilt.

I'll conclude with three question marks—that's clear enough. Crime Introduction. You may perhaps ask me, Is an ideal being built up here or shattered? . . . But have you ever really asked yourself how high a price has been paid on earth for the construction of every ideal? How much reality had to 9th grade rubric be constantly vilified and crime, misunderstood, how many lies had to be consecrated, how many consciences corrupted, how much god had to be sacrificed every time? That is the law—show me the case where it has not been fulfilled! . Dbq Essay. . . We modern men, we are the inheritors of the vivisection of the conscience and the self-inflicted animal torture of the introduction, past millennia. That's what we have had the do my for me, most practice doing, that is perhaps our artistry—in any case it is something we have refined to crime and punishment spoil our taste. For too long man has looked at his natural inclinations with an dbq essay evil eye, so that finally in him they have become twinned with bad conscience.

An attempt to reverse this might be possible, but who is strong enough for that, that is, to interrelate with bad conscience the unnatural inclinations, all those aspirations for what lies beyond us, which goes against our senses, our instincts, nature, animals—in short, the earlier ideals, all the ideals which are anti-life and have vilified the world. To whom can we turn to crime and punishment introduction today with such hopes and demands? . . . We would have precisely the good men against us, as well, of course, as the comfortable, the complacent, the vain, the enthusiastic, the tired . . . Response. But what is more offensive, what cuts us off more fundamentally from these others, than letting them take some note of the severity and loftiness with which we deal with ourselves. And by contrast how obliging, how friendly all the world is in relation to us, as soon as we act as all the world does and let ourselves go just like everyone else! . . . To attain the goal I'm talking about requires a different sort of spirit that those which really exist at this time: spirits empowered by war and victory, for whom conquest, adventure, danger, and even pain have even become a need. That would require getting acclimatized to keen, high air, winter wanderings, to crime essay ice and mountains in every sense. That would require even a kind of vs typing sublime maliciousness, an ultimate self-conscious willfulness of crime and punishment essay introduction knowledge, which comes with great health. Dbq Essay. Briefly put, that would unfortunately require this great health! . . . Is this even possible today? . And Punishment. . . But at some time or other, in a more powerful time than this mouldy, self-doubting present, he must nonetheless come to us, the redeeming man of great love and imperialism dbq essay, contempt, the creative spirit, constantly pushed away from the sidelines or from the beyond by his own driving power, whose isolation is misunderstood by people as if it were a flight from reality, whereas it is his immersion, burial, and crime essay, absorption into nothing but reality, so that once he comes out of do my it into the light again, he brings back the redemption of this reality, its redemption from the crime and punishment introduction, curse which the previous ideal had laid upon it.

This man of the future, who will release us from that earlier ideal and, in so doing, from those things which had to grow from it, from the great loathing, from the will to nothingness, from nihilism—that stroke of noon and of the great decision which makes the will free once again, who gives back to the earth its purpose and to human beings their hope, this anti-Christ and Anti-nihilist, this conqueror of God and of nothingness—at some point he must come . . . But what am I talking about here? Enough, enough! At this stage there's only one thing appropriate for me to do: keep quiet. Otherwise, I'll make the imperialism, mistake of arrogating to myself something which only someone younger is free to introduction do, someone with a greater future, someone more powerful than I—something which only Zarathustra is free to do, Zarathustra the Godless. . .

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How to crime, Find Resumes on the Internet with Google. Want to learn how to handwriting vs typing, find resumes on the Internet using Google? You’ve come to the right place! Whether you are new to essay introduction, searching the Internet for resumes or you are a veteran Interent sourcer, I’ve included some tips, tricks, and observations for the novice and expert alike. When using Google to search specifically for resumes, it’s a good idea to begin by imperialism dbq essay searching for crime essay, the word “resume” in the title and/or the url of web pages. For example: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) Here is a sample result to illustrate how this works – we can see the word “Resume” in the blue TITLE line, as well as in the green URL line. Decline Of Parliament Thesis Essay. The first line of any search result is the title of the webpage, and the url is the specific web page’s address. Targeting the word “resume” in the title and/or url is very handy, because for many people, it’s simply common sense/instinct to either title the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” and/or save their resume using the essay word “resume” in the name of the file. Eliminating False Positive Results.

A “false positive” result is a search result that contains your search terms, but does not match the paper “essence” of what you are actually trying to find. And Punishment Introduction. For example – if you’re searching for resumes, there are many sites that will be returned in your search results that are in Paper fact not resumes, such as sites advertising resume samples and job postings that mention phrases such as, “submit resumes to…” In order to remove most non-resume false positive results, you can use Google’s version of the Boolean NOT operator, which is the minus sign, to prevent your search from returning results with words such as sample, job, etc. (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples. Other ideas of terms you can try to and punishment introduction, eliminate that may return false positive results: -eoe -submit -free -”resume service” -template -”resume service” -“resume writers” -“resume writing” Some people who decide to make their resume available on the Internet also decide to publish a phone number. To find these folks, you can try and include local area codes in your search in attempt to find them. Here is an example of essay a search using area codes to target people who live in Northern VA: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples -“resume service” (703 OR 571) What you’ll notice, however, is that searching for area codes can easily produce false positive results, as can be seen in the screenshot below – which are the first 4 results from the search.

Result #3 and #4 mention the number 571, but it’s not referenced as an area code, so they are false positive, non-local results. To clean up the false positive results that mention 571 or 703 but are not of resumes of people who live in crime essay introduction VA, you can add the state and imperialism dbq essay, state abbreviation to the search as well as exclude more non-resume terms and crime and punishment essay introduction, phrases: While there are still a good number of non-resume false positive results, this can be expected because we didn’t even search for any keywords/skills. Once we do, we will notice a significant drop off in false positives. Another way to search for local resumes is to essay, target a zip code radius. While Google doesn’t support true zip code search functionality, we can leverage the fact that Google supports searching for crime essay, numbers within a range, otherwise known as “numrange” search.

You can perform a numrange search on any sequential (low to high) set of do my numbers by typing two periods between the numbers without any spaces. Introduction. This is especially helpful because we can exploit this search functionality and adapt it to performing a zip code radius search. For example, take your target zip code and handwriting vs typing essay, use this handy zip code radius lookup application, which you can use to search for crime essay introduction, zip codes in vs typing a radius and sort the zip codes within the radius from low to high. Using a central zip code of 75201 in Dallas, TX and introduction, targeting a 20 mile radius, we can use that zip code radius application to get a range of zip codes from a low zip code of 75001 to a high zip code of 76155. Using Google’s numrange search syntax, here is an example of a search string targeting people within a 20-mile radius of 75201 in Lottery of our Birth Paper TX: Sample results: you can see the crime essay introduction zip code search worked beautifully: Here are a couple of things to keep in mind when searching for local resumes: Not everyone will publish a phone number on their resume If they do publish a phone number on their resume, it could be a cell phone with a non-local area code if they relocated from 9th grade paper rubric, another area – this is why is can be helpful to search for crime and punishment, zip codes as well as area codes If they don’t publish a phone number at imperialism dbq essay, all, they should at least mention a city and/or state. Targeting Resumes That Are Not Titled As “Resume” Although plenty of people do title their resume or the crime web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” there are some people who don’t.

After searching for all of the results that DO contain the word “resume” in the URL or title of the web page, you need to dbq essay, try to essay introduction, eliminate them from future search results using Google’s NOT operator, the minus sign, to specifically target the results that don’t mention resume in the title or URL. For example: Don’t be tempted to try and write that as -(inurl:resume OR intitle:resume), because Google will not read that search string in the manner in which you intend. Instead of eliminating results with the word “resume” in either the URL or the title, Google will in fact will do the exact opposite. Click here to see the sad reality. Sorry Google. Next, you’ll have to think about essay, words that are commonly found on resumes, such as “objective,” “summary,” “experience,” “employment,” “skills,” “history,” “education,” etc.

Then you’ll have to try and crime essay, reduce false positive results of decline of parliament essay job postings, resume sample sites and crime essay, such, and also target local results. Decline Thesis. Putting it all together, your search string could look like this: First page results: We can see that the first result is essentially of a resume, yet the person saved their work history as “biodata.” See? Some people don’t use the word resume. :-)

Looking at the second result, we can see that the and punishment introduction word “resume” is actually highlighted in the url of the second result – which technically should not happen, as we coupled Google’s NOT/- operator with inurl:resume. Yet more proof that Boolean search does not = Internet search. That’s 2 strikes, Google. The third result is decline of parliament essay definitely not a resume – it is a LinkedIn directory by name, within which is at least one positive hit on our search terms. While there are no doubt resumes on the Internet that do not mention the and punishment essay word “resume,” anywhere within them, I have found that when you stray from targeting the nursing process powerpoint presentation word “resume” in web page titles and URLs, you can quickly find yourself swimming in a sea of false positive results, which is a huge time drain. I believe the 80/20 Pareto principle solidly applies here: You will get 80% of your viable results from targeted resume searches and essay, the other 20% from thinking process presentation, searching without targeting the word “resume.” Likewise, you can easily waste 80% of crime and punishment introduction your time trying to imperialism dbq essay, sort through the crime and punishment essay introduction sea of false positives in order to 9th grade research, dig up the 20% of resumes that do not mention the term. I’ve provided you with a quick overview of how to crime essay, effectively utilize Google to search for resumes on the Internet. Be aware though – all is not perfect in for me when hunting for resumes in Google land – if you have not already, please read these 2 posts: The Internet has Free Resumes – So What?and Boolean search does not = Internet search. For those of you who read this post and crime introduction, asked why I: didn’t talk about searching for of parliament, CV’s didn’t suggest using the tilde. operator in conjuntion with the word “resume” didn’t use - job when trying to eliminate false positive results didn’t talk about targeting filetypes didn’t talk about crime essay introduction, just searching for the word “resume” without using it in conjunction with inurl: or intitle: didn’t mention Google CSE’s.

Excellent Article! Real insight seen in the description and also hands on expertise. I believe this way you could simply recruit using an internet connection and nothing else. This is very impressive. Also you will be able to get better candidature as opposed to people using job boards. Thanks Glen! This really was a value addition to essay for me, my efforts! I have tried the search as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume (objective OR summary) (experience OR history) education -job -jobs -sample -samples’ which you have mentioned. But I didn’t get any result from essay, linkedin site. If I modify the search keyword as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume -job -jobs’ then I got result from 9th grade research, linkedin site but it displays events also along with candidates.

I found this article very interesting and appealing as I have been trying to learn ways to crime essay introduction, do sourcing for resumes on imperialism dbq essay the internet. And Punishment Essay. I am trying to learn ways to form such a string on either google or any other tool/site. Imperialism Dbq Essay. I am new to this and can hardly understand all the requirements.Could you be kind enough to post an crime and punishment essay introduction, article for the same? I have already subscribed on this site. Thanks a lot for your article, i have heard about resume search in google but i dont know how to do it. After reading your article i have got an idea to do it.. Lottery Of Our Birth Response. i will try. please post me the articles related to this search and job search in US. i do appriciate your help… Thank you so much. Hey, thanks a lot for all the information you are sharing with.

Its real cool. How ever I would like to know more about sourcing the resume. Please help me out. I’m really great full about this article. I’m currently new in and punishment essay the field of Human Resource.

And I’m currently using an online subscription based resume search. But unfortunately, it’s not enough to fullfill my search. I’m currently looking for a faster and accurate resume search. Excellent article, with a ton of essay for me great search refining information. I have what seems like a dumb question that I must ask. Crime And Punishment Essay. I am searching Google for imperialism dbq essay, Android engineers and have used the following string: android engineer OR Mobile Programmer resume filetype:pdf -guide -events -hire -amazon -job -jobs -manual. I have returned ok results… Here is my question, how do I eliminate European countries and Canada from my results? I look forward to your reply.

Thanks again. Internet Resume Search 2.0 does all the internet search work for you using the major search engines including Google, Yahoo and Bing at: http://www.intelligentsearchagents.com/internet-resume-search.php. Thank you so much for this article. Can you send me few tips with example to my personal gmail id gonanagesh@gmail.com. Great article! Thank you for sharing this knowledge.

It’s going to be very useful for my searches. I do have one question though, how do I narrow a search for a SEO expert who needs to have worked on and punishment essay introduction one of the top Alexa 100 sites? Basically, how do I add criteria to my search? how to type the keywords for 9th grade rubric, the need requirment……… Designing was passion so got it worked for, have a look on crime the new trends of Designers. Hi Glen; I tried your string on Google and indeed was very helpful i getting resumes in USA, but i mostly work on European requirements, can you please advise how to source if i am looking out for profiles in multiple countries in thesis Europe with Bilingual language option. And Punishment Essay Introduction. Thanks. Very informative, that’s exactly what i am looking for. Specially in finding that quality resume which sometimes tends to be not so inviting after all,. Decline Thesis Essay. You got a good theme but sometimes fail in editing, that’s sometimes the crime sickness of a resume. You’re right.

And, are you kiddin’me, i’ve been looking that information for weeks. Great Post plus i like the website’s layout. I’m going to bookmark this up for the reliable information that i think i’m gonna be needing sooner or later. Awesome! I was looking for Boolean for zipcode and radius and got here exactly what I was looking for plus lot of additional new stuff..Excellent way of putting the concept and explaination..Thanks for decline of parliament thesis essay, the article! I am looking for guides on recruitment sales techniques such as how to close a candidate or a manager… does anyone can help? Thanks a lot in crime and punishment essay introduction advance for 9th grade rubric, your help! I learnt a lot from this article…..thanks a lot…… Finding the crime and punishment introduction resume is easy but finding the vs typing good resumes with all the contents is very difficult!!

Need job send your resume to crime essay, resumes@reclutaconsultant, For what type of Position and imperialism dbq essay, Company? there is an advanced search in google homepage…u can search for resumes from there in different formats and techniques…try them till u find the right one. thanks. Thank you so much for crime and punishment, writing this article! It is by far the most useful and easy to understand introduction to Boolean I have found. I have a bit of a tailored question for imperialism, you, what is your success in using Boolean to find data scientists? I’ve been having a hard time finding them and crime, was wondering if I was doing something wrong or if they just don’t tend to post their resumes online.

I would greatly appreciate any insights you have to handwriting essay, offer! (I didn’t see an article about this in your blog but sorry in advance if it is in crime essay there and I missed it.) can u please mention the vs typing strings to search resumese with complete details. oh i need to fix my problem in various ways, how could help me in this situation … Cathey is essay a sourcing and recruiting thought leader with over 16 years. of experience working in large staffing agency and global RPO. environments (1,000 recruiters and nearly 100,000 hires annually). Starting out his career as a top producing recruiter, he quickly. advanced into senior management roles and now currently serves as the.

SVP of Strategic Talent Acquisition and Innovation for Kforce, working. out of their renowned National Recruiting Center with over 300. recruiters. Handwriting Vs Typing. Often requested to speak on sourcing and and punishment introduction, recruiting best. practices, trends and handwriting vs typing, strategies, Glen has traveled internationally to. present at many talent acquisition conferences (5X LinkedIn Talent. Connect – U.S. ’10, ’11, ’12, Toronto ’12, London ’12, 2X Australasian. Talent Conference – Sydney Melbourne ’11, ’12, 6X SourceCon, 2X.

TruLondon, 2X HCI) and is regularly requested to crime essay, present to companies. (e.g., PwC, Deloitte, Intel, Booz Allen Hamilton, Citigroup, etc.). This. blog is Lottery of our Birth Response Paper his personal passion and and punishment introduction, does not represent the views or. opinions of critical thinking powerpoint anyone other than himself. – See more at:

Good afternoon, this seems very interesting. Essay. I am a recruiter and trying to research paper, search for a position within a certain area – how do I do this? Maria Gomez. pls tell about a article on web designer that work on the web designer company and also know the method of crime and punishment introduction create websites.

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essay photos As a digital photographer, if you haven’t been asked this question you eventually will: “Do you manipulate your photographs?” Sometimes it comes under another aspect: “Do you change the crime essay colors?” And occasionally it goes straight to the heart of the imperialism matter: “Is this real?” There is a certain percentage of the public who believes that fine art photographs must represent reality. And Punishment. There are people who do not know that there are differences between what they see and do my for me what the camera captures. Finally, there are individuals who do not understand that a photograph is a two dimensional representation of crime and punishment introduction, reality and do my essay for me not reality itself because reality is far more complex, perceived by crime essay introduction, us through five senses and not just one. Some people are willing to change their minds when these things are explained to them.

Others have their minds made up and do not want to be bothered by the facts. Handwriting Vs Typing Essay. Those are the essay introduction ones that I am referring to in this essay. The people in this last category not only believe that photographs must represent reality, they also believe that to achieve this photographs must be unaltered. They believe that a photograph must be printed exactly the way it comes out of the camera. While this may be true for certain types of technical photographs, when it comes to art and to my work I believe the exact opposite to be true, namely that photographs must be altered in one way or another in order to have a chance to represent the reality that I perceive. My premise for this essay is that a fine art photograph, created by an artist with the goal of expressing himself or herself, is a representation of this artist’s view of reality - a representation of this artist’s vision - and not a representation of the world as others may see it. This can be a blessing or a crime, depending on vs typing essay, your opinion regarding this matter. Eventually, this is a matter of opinion. Personally, my opinion is crime and punishment essay that a photograph cannot capture reality as we experience it physically and I can back it up with facts (I do so in dbq essay, my other essays on crime and punishment essay introduction, this subject including Of Cameras and handwriting essay Art and The Eye and the Camera ). However, I found that debating this point with people who do not agree with me isn’t necessarily the smartest decision.

So, I propose a different approach, one that works well for essay introduction, me. A little bit of history. For a long time I didn’t know what to say when confronted by people asking me if my work was real, if I manipulated the thinking nursing process powerpoint presentation colors, or if I changed something in the scenes I photographed. Crime Essay Introduction. In fact, as a fledging artist unsure of where I stood, I felt threatened by these questions and was more concerned with defending myself than with anything else. At that time I believed that explaining my artistic approach would help. So I answered by saying that this - the color changes, the manipulations, the modifications I made to the image - were representative of my style and that my goal was to show how I saw the world. I also explained that I preferred to call what I do “enhancements” rather than “manipulations,” because the later was a derogative statement while the former was positive and complimentary. Unfortunately, my efforts were to no avail. These fine differences in critical thinking powerpoint, terminology were lost on these people. Furthermore, their minds were made up and crime introduction they did not want to be bothered by the facts.

My explanations may have been accurate, thought out and sophisticated, but they were facts nevertheless. 9th Grade Research Paper. While they may have had a chance to be heard in an academic setting, they were completely useless in a real world situation. I also thought that doing all this would help in regards to crime introduction selling my work. I believed that I could change people’s mind and that once this was achieved they would buy my photographs. Do My. What I discovered was how many people have their minds made up and don’t want to be bothered by the facts. I also discovered that people who do not believe what you say, or who do not like what you do, will not buy your work. After all, I am selling art. And to buy art, someone has to like the work and often like the artist as well. When people don’t like one or the other, or worse don’t like either, trying to make a sale is not just futile, it is delusional.

What I discovered overall was that my explanations had little effect on and punishment, these people. While some believed me, most were unconvinced. Lottery Of Our. What I did not know then, was that the majority of those asking these questions were primarily interested in starting an argument. They knew that what I showed in my work was my vision. They asked if it was real not because they wondered about what my answer would be, but because they did not like my vision of reality.

Certainly, a few – a minority — really did not understand how my work was created. Crime And Punishment. But those were satisfied with my answer that this is my style, my vision of the world. Those that I am talking about here are the others, those that wouldn’t accept that answer as valid. I finally saw the imperialism light and decided on a different course of action. I decided that in crime essay introduction, front of Lottery Response Paper, obvious suspicion regarding the honesty of my answers, I would give the most direct and least questionable answer possible.

I decided, in a sense, that I would act as if I was in a court of law, where the party being questioned, the party whose actions are at stake, is asked to and punishment introduction answer with a simple “yes” or “no.” In short, and to get to the point, I decided to just say yes . The Art of of our, saying Yes. When you are asked “do you manipulate your colors?” and you answer “yes” you create an entirely different situation than when you start explaining why you do what you do. When you say “yes”, you state the facts and nothing but the facts: “Yes, I do manipulate my colors.” Although the person asking the question may not like your answer, it is difficult to crime question this answer without questioning your personal integrity. When you do explain why you do what you do, you are in effect trying to legitimize your actions. In that case, three things need to be explained. First, trying to legitimize your actions implies that you know they may not be perceived as legitimate.

Second, you are leaving it up to critical thinking process powerpoint the person asking the essay introduction question to decide whether they believe you or not. Third, you are opening the door for a lengthy discussion because the person asking the question now has the option of taking apart your answer point by 9th grade paper rubric, point. In other words, although I was speaking the truth when I tried to explain myself, I was giving control to the person asking the question. And Punishment. Once I had given my answer, they were in control because it was up to them to decide whether they believed my explanations or not, and decline of parliament up to them to decide how they were going to respond. I was also confusing the matter by explaining in a lengthy manner what could have been answered with just one word: yes or no. Crime Essay Introduction. They could legitimately ask why I was not saying “Yes” or just saying “No”.

They had grounds to question my integrity regarding what I was really doing in my work. Once I decided to just say “yes,” I took control of the powerpoint situation. Why? Simply because when someone answers a question in the most straightforward manner possible, the and punishment introduction two only options available are to either believe this person or not. If you don’t believe that the imperialism dbq essay person is crime saying the truth, then you must come back with a question as straightforward as their answer, and most likely you will hesitate doing so because you will expect a second answer just as straightforward as the first one. You also run the chance of coming across as insulting. After all, someone you just met answered your question in the most straightforward and to the point manner possible.

This person can, if pressed further, could legitimately ask what reasons you have to not believe them. Or ask if you are suspicious by nature or if you have a problem with what they do. Lottery Of Our Response. Finally, they could ask if there is something wrong with you in the first place. Crime Essay. Neither option is bound to be pleasant for the person asking the questions. And as a general rule, human beings do not purposefully engage in unpleasant actions. For example, if someone asks me “Do you manipulate your colors?” and essay for me I answer “yes” and crime and punishment they then ask “Is that so?” my answer will be another “yes.” I could say “yes sir” to emphasize my answer, or just because I feel that they need a longer answer, but that is all I would say at a show of decline, my work. If they ask “how do you manipulate your colors?” I will answer “in Photoshop.” And if they say, “Oh, I see, you use Photoshop!” my answer will again be “yes” with or without “Sir.” Of course, the exact words being used and the exact questions being asked vary in their grammatical construction according to the situation, but in my experience, this is how things go. Let’s back up a little. My Creative Writing teacher at Northern Arizona University, Allen Woodman, defined drama as being: “two dogs, one bone.” As we all know, such a situation can quickly lead to a dogfight because most dogs will want that one bone for themselves.

Dogs rarely share with other dogs. With humans, fights often occur for crime, the same reason: two individuals both wanting the essay same thing for and punishment essay introduction, themselves. Imperialism Dbq Essay. If we metaphorically apply it to the situation discussed in this essay, photographers or photography enthusiasts often enter into a conflict regarding reality because they both believe they describe reality in their work. However, their work looks radically different, although they both photographed the same subject. And Punishment Essay Introduction. In this situation, who is right?

Who can claim to represent reality? Clearly, it must be one or the other but not both. This is vs typing usually what is at crime introduction, stake when someone looks at my work and research paper asks: “Do you manipulate your colors?” or “Is this real?” They question whether I claim to represent reality or not. If I say that I do, most likely we are going to have an argument because most likely they see reality differently than I do. Crime And Punishment Essay. Therefore, if they believe there is dbq essay only one possible reality out crime and punishment introduction there, one of us will be wrong. Essay For Me. Two photographers, one reality equals a problem. However, my answer does not point to crime and punishment essay introduction a conflict. Do My. My answer is and punishment introduction not “yes, I represent reality.” My answer is “yes” I do manipulate my work. And “yes” I manipulate reality. Therefore, my reality may be different from vs typing essay yours.

At conferences, I give a longer answer, explaining, “In fact I clone, change the colors, alter the contrast, even remove houses that look ugly in the middle of a pristine wilderness. In short, I modify reality. What you see is not what I photographed. What you see is how I felt when I created this image. What you see is the world as see it and as I want to show it.” “Furthermore, I feel great about doing what I do. In fact, I love it and I have never been happier than since I gave myself the freedom of doing so! Not only and punishment introduction, that, but I write essays describing precisely not only how I do what I do, but teaching others how they can do it too.

I even give workshops and seminars and conference presentations about Paper both the techniques I use and essay introduction the philosophical and rhetorical views that underline my position. And if there is anything else you would like to essay know about this subject that I have not covered yet, don’t hesitate to and punishment introduction ask. I may have overlooked something, and if so I will be glad to 9th grade rubric fix it right away.” What I am saying, to go to the root of my message and of my artistic position, is that there isn’t just one reality. Instead, there are multiple realities.

And if we limit this discussion to just myself and crime introduction the person asking the questions mentioned above, then there are at least two different realities: their’s and mine. We both see the world in different ways. I see the world the way it is depicted in my work, and research paper rubric they see the essay world whichever way they like. That is OK. Dbq Essay. They can have their reality, I can have my reality, and I don’t see a problem with that whatsoever. I don’t claim that their reality is wrong or that my reality is right, or that their reality is right and and punishment essay introduction mine is wrong. Do My. In fact, I really don’t care which reality is right and wrong. All I know is that I love my reality. It makes me feel great, makes me want to get out of bed in the morning to create more of crime introduction, it, makes me want to go further in describing in greater details exactly what it consists of, and above all it makes me want to experience it as much as I can. In short, I love my reality and I live in it happily. All I ask is vs typing essay that they don’t impose their reality on me anymore than I impose my reality on them.

It is a free country and they can do whatever they please, but their freedom stops where mine begins. We have the same rights, and we should both remember that. We may both believe that we are right in depicting the world the crime and punishment way we do in our work, but we could just as easily be wrong, not just them, me or you but all of us. Technique is meant to be seen. There is decline another aspect to crime introduction this, and that aspect is technique. Technique, in my view, is decline of parliament meant to and punishment introduction be seen and should be visible. Thinking Nursing Process. If this technique involves manipulating or enhancing the image, depending on crime essay, which side of the fence you stand on, then this enhancement, or manipulation if this is critical nursing process presentation what you want to call it, must be visible.

Why? Because I want others to see it. Because I want my audience to essay see what I did to critical nursing process the image, see how I made my vision a reality through the crime and punishment essay introduction use of this technique or that technique. In fact, I want this to be visible so much that starting April 2006 I am providing the imperialism master file to my images with print purchases. I do this so others can learn how to do what I do, but also to show how I did what I did. That is, I am taking advantage of one aspect of digital technology, which is that the digital image file can be duplicated countless times and still be as good as the original. Such is and punishment not the case with a negative or a transparency, whose quality degrades dramatically with each copy made from the decline essay original.

There is also a matter of quality. The only way to tell if a technique is good, effective or again mastered by the practitioner, by the master, is to see it for crime essay introduction, ourselves. Otherwise, we rely on the word of others, on the opinion of someone else but us. Mastery is something that must be witnessed, something that must be seen. If one wants to be recognized as a master, one cannot have as a goal to essay for me make his technique transparent. Crime And Punishment Essay Introduction. One must try as hard as possible to make his technique something that can be seen, something visible to all. Technique, in other words, must be or become part of the work. It must not be just the path that lead to the creation of essay, this artwork, it must be part of the artwork.

To return to my main point in crime essay introduction, this essay, and to just saying yes when asked if my work is enhanced or manipulated, I must give this answer in order to tell my audience that it is for me my intention to make my technique visible. And Punishment Essay Introduction. Indeed, I often emphasize my yes answer, by critical thinking powerpoint, saying yes! In writing, there is no other way to show this subtle difference besides placing an exclamation point after the yes, but in reality this slight change conveys my love and my passion for essay, the work that I do and for my desire to share this with my audience. Bringing a conclusion to this essay is difficult. On the one hand, there is a lot more to say on the subject. On the rubric other hand, some may argue that such an essay should never be written. The first position is correct the second one is introduction incorrect. There is a lot more to be said on this subject, and this essay does need to be written because finding the proper answer to decline of parliament thesis essay these questions is very difficult. Essay Introduction. As I said at the beginning, if you are a photographer and you show your work to other people, regardless of whether you sell your work or not, you will be asked these questions.

If you haven’t yet, you eventually will. It is only a matter of time. As the popular statement goes: it is not a matter of if, it is a matter of when. And when the 9th grade rubric time comes, you better have an answer. Otherwise you will join the crime and punishment essay ranks of the Paper stumped. Crime And Punishment Essay Introduction. I don’t know about you, but personally I hate being stumped. So yes, this essay definitely has a reason to exist.

This reason is to help you find out where you stand. 9th Grade. My answer is “Yes” because I do believe, and for good reasons, that I manipulate reality. Your answer may be different. For example, if you believe you do not manipulate reality, then your answer should be “No.” My goal is to create images that represent the world not as it is, but as how I see it, how I feel when I am in crime and punishment essay introduction, a specific location and how I perceive this location as a whole. Not just the part that I see, but the Lottery Paper part that I don’t see: the crime and punishment essay melting sap of Pinion pines on a warm summer days; the call of a blackbird bouncing off a canyon wall; the heat waves floating in front of me over the bare sandstone; the imperialism dbq essay multitude of crime essay introduction, sensory inputs that are, by nature, non-visual. Imperialism. After all, a photograph is nothing but something we can look at. Yet, the crime reality of the world is much more than that. We experience this reality through five senses: smell, touch, hearing, taste and do my essay finally sight.

A photograph only crime and punishment essay introduction, makes use of the fifth sense. It is a partial perception of the world, representing at the most 1/5th of all that we sense. I wish those that argue that unaltered photographs can represent reality would understand that. But, as I explain, it is not in 9th grade paper, my power to and punishment change their mind. Critical Nursing Process Presentation. Therefore, I limit myself to just answering “yes” when they ask me questions about whether my work is essay introduction manipulated or not. Of course my work is manipulated. How could it be otherwise? Only a fool would believe that it isn’t. Yes. To some extent, my goal is to imperialism include in my photographs as much of what we perceive with these other four senses as is possible to include in a two dimensional medium.

It is also to transform the and punishment world from what it actually is to what I wish it was. For example, I may photograph a depressing yet otherwise beautiful scene, and if all it takes is remove the houses that mar this scene, or brighten the colors, for this photograph to bring joy to my heart instead of sadness, then I will unashamedly do so, regardless of what others might think. If someone wants a depressing photograph, or a photograph in which all the houses that mar the hills in an otherwise beautiful location are present, I know for a fact that there are countless photographers out Lottery of our Birth there, and that one, if not several of them, will either have exactly what these people want or will be willing to create exactly what they want. So no, don’t write to me saying that you wish I didn’t do what I do, or that you wish I didn’t manipulate reality, change the crime introduction colors, remove things, or alter the contrast. Don’t write to me to 9th grade research ask that I do not make the world more beautiful, more joyful, more inviting, or more attractive than it really is in your opinion. Instead, write to me to tell me that you like what I do and crime and punishment introduction that you wish I would go further. Decline Thesis. Write to me to say that you see my point, that your mind is not made up and that you are willing to be bothered by the facts. And Punishment Essay Introduction. Write to thesis essay me to say that you love my work. Why? Simply because if you disagree with what I do, you actually disagree with who I am.

You see, what I show in my work is part of and punishment introduction, me, part of who I am and part of how I perceive the world. It is critical nursing powerpoint presentation that part that I make visually accessible to crime and punishment essay introduction all. It is that part that I am willing to thinking nursing process share with others. And no, I am not willing to change. Definitely not. I am not willing to crime see the decline of parliament world as a depressing or gloomy place. Call me delusional if you wish, but do keep it to yourself.

There is another aspect to this, and and punishment essay this aspect is the audience I am addressing. I am addressing an audience who loves what I do. Do My For Me. I am addressing an audience who has loved what I do since I started, nearly 20 years ago. I am addressing an audience who is growing daily and who wants to see me go further in introduction, my approach, in my practice and in my style. An audience who knows that I manipulate colors, change things around a little, and who not only does not care one bit that I do so but actually loves that I do what I do. I am addressing an audience who loves my work for imperialism dbq essay, what it is. So no, don’t even give it a try. Crime And Punishment Essay Introduction. And if you do, don’t expect me to care. I don’t and I won’t. I have already answered the handwriting essay question, and crime introduction the answer is yes.

Yes, I manipulate my work, change the of parliament thesis essay colors and much more; and yes, I feel great about crime and punishment doing so; and yes, I am proud of it and essay have no remorse whatsoever; and yes, I have no intention whatsoever of crime and punishment essay, changing this approach. In fact, this is my style. For Me. This is me. If you are a photographer, I strongly encourage you to follow my approach. If nothing else, it will free you and liberate your creativity. I know it does for me.

Remember that you must be free in order to be an artist. Crime Introduction. If you do not feel free to create whatever your heart desires, then you might call yourself an Response Paper artist, but you are not really an artist. And Punishment. Art is personal expression. It is the expression of your personality, of your vision, or your view of the dbq essay world, of crime introduction, your perception of do my essay, reality. Art is not doing something because you believe someone else may like it better than what you would otherwise do.

Art, in short, is freedom. What is art is crime essay another discussion altogether, one that I will address in a future essay in this series. For now, remember that the most effective answer to a question designed to do my stump you is the and punishment essay introduction shortest, most direct and most honest answer you can possibly think of. Imperialism. In this situation it is a resounding Yes or a resounding No. It all depends whether you believe that your work is manipulated or not. In general, and in closing, it is best not to and punishment introduction act defensively when you find yourself confronted by handwriting vs typing essay, someone asking questions such as the ones I mention in this essay. Crime And Punishment. Often, these questions are aimed at making you take a defensive position. Unfortunately, if you do so you find that you have to decline essay defend yourself in regards to actions that you are perfectly free to crime and punishment essay conduct.

Actions that, eventually, are nobody’s business except your own. Actions that, furthermore, are perfectly legal but that your interlocutor may want you to feel are not. Unfortunately for handwriting vs typing essay, them, what is illegal are things such as loan sharking, drug dealing or pistol-whipping a priest. It does not include image manipulation. Crime Introduction. You can’t be arrested for doing it, you can’t be taken to court and you can’t be placed on probation or otherwise legally punished. The best solution for people who really do not like your work and who do not want to be bothered by the facts is to move on and go look at the work of an artist that they like. Therefore, if they ask you questions, there is no reason for Lottery Paper, you to feel threatened or act in a defensive manner. Just tell them the truth, and let them believe whatever they want to believe.

Remember, if they don’t like you or your work, they will never buy your work. And if they compliment you about and punishment your work, they are either lying or pulling your leg. So just say yes and let them be. That is of parliament what I do. Learn more about Alain and view more of his work on his website at www.beautiful-landscape.com.

Alain can be contacted at crime, alain@beautiful-landscape.com. Comments on NPN nature photography articles? Send them to decline thesis the editor.

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Kellogg Video Essay: Practice Here. Why do you think MBAs are so sought after by employers? Why are they able to command the salaries they do? The answer is that employers are looking for introduction the best and the brightest to take on of parliament thesis essay, leadership roles within their organizations. A lot of people assume that companies recruit MBAs for their intelligence combined with two years of practical training. While that’s partly true, the reality is that MBAs aren’t the crime and punishment introduction, ‘smartest’ people out there in critical thinking nursing process, absolute (there are a myriad of grad and PhD students out there that far surpass the average MBA in raw intelligence).

Beyond that, anybody could buy a bunch of business textbooks online and acquire a lot of the knowledge one would otherwise obtain in the MBA classroom. I said that employers are looking for the best and crime and punishment introduction the brightest but actually they are looking for an elusive combination of best and brightest. The bright part you can learn but the essay, best part tends to be something intrinsic to the individual herself. In that sense an MBA can round out someone with natural potential but an MBA can never transform someone without it. Bright (smart with practical business training) + Best (a natural leader: friendly, charming, persuasive, a self-assured public speaker with the soft skills essential for a manager) = MBA. Kellogg (like every other school) cares about personality, communication style, and the likability of applicants. I call this ‘ presenting well ‘ (and that doesn’t mean being a PowerPoint ninja). Most schools screen for this during their interview process. But if you think about it, that’s a very inefficient strategy because the Adcom doesn’t really have a sense of what percentage of the candidates it invites to interview will present well until they walk through the door. By that time the Adcom is stuck choosing the incoming class from the pool it interviewed. Maybe 80% will present well, maybe only 30% will.

Kellogg wants to interview a cohort of applicants in which 100% present well. That’s why Kellogg is pre-screening applicants via the video essay. Crime Essay? NYU Stern does the same thing via their Personal Expression Essay. Imperialism? Chicago Booth and and punishment essay MIT Sloan do it via their optional multimedia essays. In the video essays, Kellogg isn’t looking for Birth Response the best orators – students will have time to hone their communication and presentation skills in Kellogg’s courses and clubs. And Punishment Introduction? Likewise, they are not looking for any particular opinion or response. They just want to see what you, the unpolished candidate, look like in a spontaneous situation. As such, the critical thinking nursing, your main job is to be yourself – to relax, feel comfortable, and communicate naturally as they would if they were talking to a friend. The flip side of crime introduction, that is that if you memorize answers and recite them verbatim you’ll come off as very robotic. Handwriting Vs Typing Essay? I had a candidate one year that wrote out, word for word, and then memorized answers to every question the Adcom could possibly put to him during an interview. Crime Essay Introduction? He sent me a video of himself ‘interviewing’ and I was shocked by how bizarrely he came across: He didn’t make any of the natural pauses in his spoken language that people do when they are answering a spontaneous question.

He spoke rapidly and incessantly in a bizarre monotone with no facial expression or hand gesturing to punctuate what he was saying. That’s because he wasn’t thinking about what he was saying, he was reciting what he had already memorized. No amount of coaching from decline, me was able to ‘undo’ the damage and it resulted in some deeply painful rejections from and punishment introduction, top five business schools. He thought that he could outsmart the system but ultimately he shot himself in the foot. Here’s what Kellogg’s Adcom tells us about critical thinking presentation, their video essay: The Video Essays provide applicants with an and punishment introduction, additional opportunity to demonstrate what they will bring to our vibrant Kellogg community – in an interactive way. Each applicant will complete two short video essay questions. The questions are designed to bring to life the person we have learned about on paper. After submitting a completed application, each applicant will be asked to complete two Video Essay Questions. Essay? One will be about the crime and punishment, candidate’s interest in Kellogg and the other will be a “getting to know you” type of question. Here’s what you need to know about Kellogg’s video essay:

After you submit your application to imperialism, Kellogg, the crime and punishment, video essay will become available to you in your Kellogg applicant dashboard. You have one week after the application deadline to Paper, complete the video essay. If you submit in Round 1 you need to complete the essay by crime and punishment essay introduction October 2nd, if you submit in Round 2 you need to submit by 9th grade rubric January 18th. There are two video essay responses you will give, one axed on your interest in Kellogg while the other will be more axed around you. Before you give your actual response you’ll have up to 10 practice questions to get comfortable with the video interface.

When you give your official video responses you’ll have 20 seconds to think about the question and then one minute to essay introduction, respond to it. II Common Kellogg Video Essay Questions. This year Kellogg has decided to handwriting, share the first question with applicants ahead of time. The Kellogg question is: What path are you interested in pursuing, how will you get there, and crime and punishment essay introduction why is this program right for do my you? This is the crime and punishment essay, typical Career Goals/Why MBA? question condensed down into a one-minute format. Most applicants will take the time to prepare the question prior to their video interview. Here is how you might structure that response. Goals : State your short long term goals. Give an of our, example or two of the type of company you’d like to essay, work at post-MBA as well as the role you hope to interview for.

Backstory : Briefly mention how your past work experience, training, extracurricular activities or personal passion tie in with your short-term goal. Action Plan : Is your transition to role X a natural one given your past experience? For most people the answer is: not completely. How will you prepare yourself for your future role (via networking opportunities, classes, clubs, projects etc.)? Growth Plan : Think about what your true weak points are and how you might leverage your two years at do my essay business school to crime and punishment, work on them. Example: Become more extroverted > public speaking, voice opinion via case method; Get outside comfort zone > treks, student talent show. Cultural : What about Kellogg really resonates with you? What excites you?

This is where you really want to bring the charm and your excitement at the prospect of being a part of the Kellogg community. Mention one thing you might gain and one thing you might contribute. Kellogg’s second video essay question will be axed around you. Typically it’s either a personal question, a behavioral question or an opinion-based question. In section III (below) you have an opportunity to practice giving answers using a video interview software and 30 questions from imperialism dbq essay, previous years. III Practice giving a Kellogg Video Essay: Record Playback.

The problem with video (and watching yourself on video) is that it is almost always a traumatic process. Crime? People tend to be overly self-critical so if you do record yourself practicing for Kellogg’s video interview don’t allow the process to 9th grade research rubric, undermine your self-confidence. Avoid becoming preoccupied with small, inconsequential issues such as hand-gestures or body language, because that may potentially sabotage your ability to just naturally be yourself. Crime Introduction? The goal of vs typing, practicing should be to improve your ability to think and speak spontaneously. So here’s the cool part! You can click on the record button below and an interactive video recorder will open and allow you can record, play back and crime and punishment essay re-record video of yourself answering Kellogg’s questions. Your browser doesn't support Adobe Flash, sorry. Please install Adobe Flash plugin. Thesis Essay? Get Flash Player. I’ve hidden the crime and punishment, Kellogg questions behind spoiler tabs so you don’t accidentally read all of handwriting, them at crime essay first glance.

There are 2 questions in every section. Take some time to actually practice looking at a question for the first time, giving yourself 20 seconds to prepare an answer, and then another 60 seconds to answer. Imperialism? Then go back and watch the video of yourself. What path are you interested in pursuing, how will you get there, and why is this program right for you? Goals : State your short long term goals. Give an example or two of the type of company you’d like to work at post-MBA as well as the role you hope to interview for. Backstory : Briefly mention how your past work experience, training, extracurricular activities or personal passion tie in with your short-term goal.

Action Plan : Is your transition to role X a natural one given your past experience? For most people the crime and punishment essay introduction, answer is: not completely. How will you prepare yourself for your future role (via networking opportunities, classes, clubs, projects etc.)? Growth Plan : Think about what your true weak points are and how you might leverage your two years at business school to work on them. Example: Become more extroverted > public speaking, voice opinion via case method; Get outside comfort zone > treks, student talent show.

Cultural : What about Kellogg really resonates with you? What excites you? This is where you really want to bring the charm and your excitement at the prospect of being a part of the imperialism dbq essay, Kellogg community. Mention one thing you might gain and one thing you might contribute. 2. Crime And Punishment Essay? Tell us about how you overcame an handwriting vs typing essay, obstacle.

4. If you could keep one of your personal strengths, possibly losing one or more of the others, which would you choose? 6. What kind of a team player are you? 8. When you leave your job for crime essay b-school, what will your teammates miss most about you? 10. Tell us about thinking nursing powerpoint presentation, someone you admire, and why. 2. Tell me about a time that you disagreed with a colleague and how did you handle it? 4. Tell us about a time when your idea was challenged. 6. Tell us about essay, a time when you were on paper rubric, a team and there was disagreement among team members. What did you do? 8. Tell us about and punishment, a time when you were pleasantly surprised by a work situation. 10.

Please describe a creative solution that you have come up with for a problem. 2. If you were going to donate $1M to the university, how would you want it spent? 4. 9th Grade? Tell us, in essay introduction, your view, one downside for business due to globalization. 6. Discuss your thoughts about the following statement: “Business leaders are the of parliament essay, world’s new role models and essay introduction they are failing.” IV Kellogg Video Essay Tips on Lighting, Clothing Location Selection. You can use a couple of floor lights and essay perhaps a clamp or desk light to crime and punishment, achieve this lighting set-up. You’ll need two key lights and one fill light.

The key lights are placed about 9th grade research paper rubric, 2-3 feet away from you at about a 35 degree angle from introduction, your nose. The key lights help eliminate any shadows (they literally fill in every crevice in your face from do my for me, both the left and the right). The fill light should be placed behind you, angled towards the top of your head. The fill light helps to essay introduction, differentiate the top of 9th grade, your head and shoulders from the background. Without it people look more two-dimensional on film. I use 100 watt equivalent florescent bulbs and essay introduction Rosco Tough White #3026 diffusion paper $6/sheet ( you can purchase it at BH by clicking here ). That said, the diffusion paper is more for shooting high def video with a high quality camera (it might not make any difference if you’re just filming with a webcam).

Kellogg Video Essay: Background Location. Whatever background or location you choose, I’d advise you to stay away from windows altogether because it can cause overexposure and other lighting problems. Notice how the right side of this person’s face is lit up and decline of parliament thesis the left side is in shadow? That’s because of the crime and punishment essay, window behind him. If you decide to film at home or in handwriting, the office, look for a small space without a lot going on crime essay introduction, in the background. The first two slides in the presentation below illustrate what you don’t want – a wide angle view of the entire office. Look for a corner or small space with a limited amount wall hangings and other decorations in research, view. I recently saw this video which was created by a student applying to and punishment essay introduction, NYU Stern . The picture is from the video. The living room is too ‘busy’ with flowers, furniture, lots of pictures and stenciling on for me, the wall.

The shot is from introduction, too far away – ideally you want just your head and shoulders visible. Finally the candidate’s shirt looks disheveled – I feel like he just ate a turkey dinner and had to undo a few buttons :/ I’d highly suggest buying a roll of handwriting essay, Savage Seamless Background Paper for essay $10 here . Handwriting Essay? You’re going to need 53? x 12 yards (no more and no less). Crime And Punishment Introduction? Personally I use Thunder Gray for do my essay my videos but you can buy whatever color you like. Essay Introduction? Keep in mind that red, yellow and orange might cause you to look sort of red, yellow or orange yourself. Nursing Process Presentation? If you want to play it safe go for crime and punishment introduction any shade of gray, blue, purple or beige. Decline Of Parliament? Below you’ll find examples of crime essay, some of the colors Savage offers. If you want to achieve the effect on the left hand side, you’ll need a light behind your chair pointing at the paper which will create a gradient effect and also remove the shadow your head casts on the paper. So you’ll have to do my essay, add a fourth light to your three-point lighting set-up or a second light to and punishment essay introduction, your ring light set-up. The right hand version is done with just lighting pointed at 9th grade the subject and creates a much flatter background effect. Either is crime and punishment essay introduction fine.

In general you want to avoid black and white because they are such saturated colors they tend to dominate a scene. Of Our? If you’re using a color background then you want to wear neutral colors (gray, beige). And Punishment Essay Introduction? If you are using a gray, white, black or beige background then you can wear a color that looks good on you. Paper? The idea is to introduction, have one focal color in the shot (either the background or your top/shirt). Ideally just your head and decline essay shoulders should be visible in crime and punishment, the shot so both men and women are going to want to choose a shirt or top that pretty much comes all the way up to your neck or collar bone. The video essay is supposed to assess how well you’ll fit in do my essay for me, the Kellogg community – so think about what you might wear to and punishment introduction, class at Kellogg….probably something nice but casual right? You don’t want to look like Donald Trump in your video – you want to look smart, friendly and dbq essay laid back. Guys : Wear a solid-colored, rounded-neck, t-shirt or wear a solid-colored button down shirt (light gray looks good on everyone). While a t-shirt might seem too casual to wear to an interview, on camera it will look clean and the solid material will make you pop. I’d ditch the suit jacket and tie because honestly there won’t be enough of it in essay, the shot and it’s just going to add yet another color to the mix.

Ladies : Here are some things to avoid based on my own trials and errors filming professional videos. Wearing a scoop or deep v-neck tends to give viewers the impression that something is missing (i.e. you’ll look strangely naked) when the shot is only of your head and shoulders. Thin and flimsy materials don’t look great on camera so avoid silk, polyester and do my for me anything that lacks shape or clings to your body. I’d avoid wearing a suit jacket because honestly there won’t be enough of it in crime and punishment introduction, a head and shoulders shot and it’s just going to do my for me, add yet another color to the mix. What will look great is anything with a high, rounded neckline – one that comes up to your collarbone or neck. You’ll look great in a rounded-neck, solid colored t-shirt. While that might seem too casual to wear to an interview, on camera it will look clean and essay introduction the solid material will make you pop. Cashmere is nursing process powerpoint presentation another material that always looks good on video because it’s a thick and crime has a matte finish.

A solid-colored button down shirt would also be a good choice. Would I recommend Leah? Oh yes, without a doubt. She truly helped me in ways I could not imagine, and handwriting essay I am so excited to essay introduction, be going to business school this fall. Leah's creativity is unmatched which is exemplified with the critical thinking process powerpoint presentation, stupendous work she did on essay, my Chicago Booth Essays. Her work ethic and willingness to spend as much as time it takes to get the right answer is incredible.

I finally had multiple offers from top schools (Kellogg, LBS, Booth) while I was waitlisted at HBS.