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anylitical essay How to essay develop and write an analytic essay. Argument : Writing an analytic essay requires that you make some sort of argument. The core of this argument is called a thesis. It is your claim, succinctly stated in a single sentence. What do budding literary critics such as yourselves argue about? You make a pervasive, persistent case that a certain thing is true about a piece of literature. This thing should not be readily obvious to the casual reader of the literature in question. It is what you draw out of the book or essay, how you interpret it.
It is a claim that must be supported by specific evidence from the text. Thesis statement: At least once during the course of business pro premier writing your essay, isolate what you consider to be your thesis. Avid? Is your proposition both arguable and research paper, reasonable? If it is avid obvious (i.e. Mary Rowlandson used the Bible for comfort during her captivity) you don’t have an argument. Argument requires analysis (i.e. taking things apart and explaining them).
One test that may help is asking yourself what the opposite world problems, side of avid your argument would be. A good, complicated thesis (which was proposed by one of your classmates) is - antithesis that Although Mary Rowlandson says she often used the Bible as a source of comfort during her captivity, a closer reading of her narrative suggests her faith may have been more troubled by her experience than she lets on. One useful structure for writing thesis statements is the although form used above: Although x seems to be true about this piece of literature, y is in fact more true (or makes our thinking about x more complex). In this form you present both sides of your argument at once and show which side you’re on. Your job in the paper is to convince your reader to join you. Another way to avid essay write an effective thesis statement is to use the phd thesis, form If we look closely at x (e.g. how Bradford defines freedom) we discover y (that ). In order to find something to argue: Look for images or metaphors that the author uses consistently. Essay? What other sort of pattern can you identify in the text? How do you interpret this pattern so that your reader will understand the book, essay, poem, speech, etc. better? What philosophical, moral, ethical, etc. Pro Premier? ideas is the avid essay, author advocating or opposing? What are the consequences of accepting the author's argument? Explain how the research ghost, work functions as a piece of avid essay rhetoric-- how does the author attempt to convince his or her reader of something?
For instance, what widely held beliefs do they use to support their argument? How do they appeal to emotions, logic… Re-examine something that the text or most readers take for granted (that Thoreau’s book Walden represents his attempt to escape from society). Question this major premise and i blogspot, see where it takes you. Ask yourself if an author’s literary argument is inconsistent with itself or is in some way philosophically dangerous, inadequate, unethical, or misleading. Examine how characters are presented in a story. How do they help the main character to avid develop? Which characters are trustworthy?
Which are not? Why are they presented this way? What counts as evidence: Structure : How the parts of the mahat phd thesis, book or essay follow one another; how the parts are assembled to make a whole? Why does the author start where they start, end where they end? What is the logical progression of thought? How might that progression be intended to affect the reader What effect might this progression of ideas have on a generic reader or on a reader from the avid essay, time period in which the work was written? Does the piece move from the general to the specific or vice versa? If you could divide the book/essay into sections, units of cancer research meaning, what would those sections be? How are they related to each other? Note that chapters, while they form obvious sections can themselves be grouped. Referring to the text : In writing analytic papers that address any kind of literature, it is necessary to refer to the text (the specific words on avid the page of the book) in culminating project research paper order to support your argument.
This means that you must quote and interpret passages that demonstrate or support your argument. Quotation is usually stronger than paraphrase. Remember also that your purpose in writing an essay essay is not merely to pukar mahat phd thesis paraphrase or summarize (repeat) what the author has said, but to make an avid argument about culminating project research, how the make their point, or how they have said what they have said. Language : includes the way an author phrases his or her sentences, the key metaphors used (it’s up to you to avid explain how these metaphors are used, why these metaphors are appropriate, effective, ineffective, or ambiguous). Problems? Is the way a sentence is phrased particularly revealing of the avid essay, author’s meaning? Practical Essay-writing Hints: Please title your paper and make the title apt and enticing--I LOVE a good title. It puts me in a good mood before I start reading. Be clear about whether you’re writing about a book, an business plan essay (non-fiction, short prose), a story (short fiction) a poem, a novel (book-length fiction), an autobiography, a narrative (as in Captivity Narratives) etc. Walden is a book comprised of chapters. Each of these chapters could also be called an essay.
Within these essays, Thoreau sometimes tells stories. The book itself is not a story, but closer to a narrative, which is non-fiction. Always go through at least two drafts of you paper . Let your paper sit, preferably for avid 24 hours between drafts sometime during the process of your writing. Eliminate first person pronoun (I) in your final draft (it’s OK for rough drafts and may help you write). If your paragraphs are more a full page or more in business length it is more than likely that they are tooooooo long . Probably you have too many ideas in the air at avid essay, once. Brain Research? Consider breaking the paragraph in half--into two smaller, but related arguments. Your reader needs a break, needs more structure in order to be able to avid follow your meaning. Damnatur - Antithesis? If several of your paragraphs are exceedingly short (4-5 lines), it is likely that you are not developing your ideas thoroughly enough--that you are writing notes rather than analysis. Short paragraphs are usually used as transitional paragraphs, not as content paragraphs. (Short paragraphs can be used in the rhetorical devise of avid essay reversal where you lead your reader down a certain path (to show them one side of the argument, the one you are going to oppose) and then turn away from that argument to state the true argument of business your paper.) Employ quotation often. One quotation per argumentative paragraph is usually necessary. Depending upon the length and complexity of the avid essay, passage or topic you're dealing with, more quotations may be useful to plan pro premier prevent you from getting too far away from the text.
Your quotations combined with your interpretations are your proof. Be sure that you show your reader how they should interpret these quotations in order to avid essay follow your argument. Damnatur? (Almost every quotation should be followed by an interpretation, a deeper reading of what is being said and how its being said. This interpretation demonstrates how the quotation supports the claim you're making about it). Pay attention to metaphor, phrasing, tone, alliteration, etc. How is the author saying what they are saying--what does that teach us about the avid, text? Remember to write directive (sometimes called topic) sentences for your paragraphs . The first sentence of any paragraph should give your reader an idea of what the brain research paper, paragraph is avid essay going to say and how the paragraph will connect to culminating project research paper the larger argument. It should have more to do with what you have to say about the materials than what the author him or herself has said.
Transitions between paragraphs : try to get away from using The next, First of all Another thing. Avid? to connect your paragraphs. This is the list method of structuring a paper--not an integrated, logical approach. Culminating Project Paper? A really strong transition makes the logical connection between paragraphs or sections of essay a paper and plan, gives the reader a sense that you’re building an essay argument. To make sure you are making a well-connected argument, ask yourself how the last sentence of each paragraph and the first sentence of the next are connected. Each of the world, sentences within your paragraphs should be related somehow (follow from, refer to, etc.) the avid essay, one that precedes it, and the one which follows it.
This will help the reader follow the flow of research ghost your ideas. The order of your paragraphs should reveal a developing argument. On the most basic level, you should be able to consciously justify the essay, presence and placement of every word in every sentence, every sentence in every paragraph, every paragraph in every essay . To repeat: in revising your papers after the first draft (which is always, inevitably to some degree confused because you are involved in the process of pukar mahat working your ideas out), you should be highly conscious of what you are doing and why you are doing it.
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How to Write a Resume Skills Section. The resume skills section allows you to list, re-iterate, and expand upon your skills and abilities that are relevant to the job you are applying for. A well-crafted resume skills section will also help your resume beat Applicant Tracking System (ATS) “resume reading robots”, which is the first step to getting your application into a hiring manager’s hands. Don’t miss the opportunity to make a powerful skills section that can tip the odds in your favor — read on to learn how. Sometimes referenced as “ Additional Skills ” the Skills Section is where you can list all of your useful abilities that are not overtly mentioned in the bullet points of the avid essay, Work History sections. Here are some samples showing what they look like: Customer Service Resume Skills Section. Laborer Resume Skills Section. As you can see, these all tend to brain paper be brief and to the point.
Yet, there is avid essay a right way and a wrong way to writing them. Don’t forget your cover letter. Browse through our library of Cover Letter Samples by project paper, Industry. Tips on Adding Additional Skills to Your Resume. In the above examples, there are a few similarities to essay the types of skills that the job seekers listed even though they are going after different positions. A hiring manager is research in hamlet interested in what relevant skills you have. They do not care about whether or not you came in first place in the hot dog eating contest at the state fair. An IT Industry job seeker should not do this : Leader of a 70 member guild in World of Warcraft for 3 years. Maintained a self-hosted VoIP chat server for 3 years.
One of the above skills shows some legitimate tech savvy while the avid essay, other does not. That’s something that might catch a hiring manager’s eye. Keep your skills targeted toward the job you are applying for. Even if you have a knack for something that is not directly related to the position, as long as it’s relevant it’s worth mentioning . For example, if you are applying for an assistant manager position at a small music shop, it’s perfectly acceptable to mention that you can play guitar. It isn’t directly related to management, but it shows you have knowledge of the industry. Just like discussed in all of the Resume Genius resume samples, replace nonspecific adjectives with hard numbers.
The same goes for how specific you are in regards to software, hardware, and other tools you are skilled with. Don’t Say: Excellent with foreign languages. Do Say: Fluent in English and Spanish , and proficient in French. Don’t Say: Skilled typist. Do Say: 70WPM typist. You don’t need to get overzealous with the specifics, but a couple of details go a long way. When listing large software suites like Microsoft Office, try to pukar mahat name the individual applications you’re proficient with, such as PowerPoint or Excel when page space is adequate. If you’re only listing 2 or 3 bullet points, this isn’t that big of a deal, but once you start listing more, you want to keep things sensible. For example, keep your computer skills with your computer skills and your speaking and language skills with your speaking and language skills. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Bilingual – Fluent in essay, English and research in hamlet, French Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker.
Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and avid essay, Adobe Illustrator Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker Bilingual – Fluent in English and French. Also, when possible list the damnatur - antithesis, group of avid skills that are more important to business plan pro premier the position that you’re applying for first. You shouldn’t spend too much time debating on the ordering though as per the first tip, they all should be relevant anyway. Formatting: Additional Skills vs. Technical / Computer Skills. Most job seekers end up choosing a resume template that places their relevant skills closer to the bottom, but for some specific industries listing them at the top is very effective . Take a look at the sample resume for an applicant searching for avid essay, an IT job: Because an IT job requires an employee to have a base set of skills, the applicant starts off by listing his Technical Skills instead of business pro premier adding them as Additional Skills towards the end.
He also breaks them down by theme, such as what computer networking skills he has and what operating systems he is proficient with, bolding each main general category and then listing each specific skill in its respective category. Some jobs where using a Technical Skills section instead of an Additional Skills section could be beneficial are: Information Technology Graphic Design Manufacturing Technical Writing Engineering. Regardless of which style of Skills Section you use on your resume, as long as you use relevant, clear, well organized bullet points , you’re sure to essay impress. Industry-Specific Skills for your Resume. The Best List of research papers in hamlet Skills For a Resume. Below are the most sought after skills and abilities that employers look for on a resume. If you can include these abilities on avid essay your resume, you will be sure to attract their attention. Culminating Project Research Paper? However, it is not enough to simply list your skills. The bottom line is that HR managers want proof.
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A FREE Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a retail business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample online retail store business plan template feasibility report to help you get started. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a retail store. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample retail store marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for retail stores. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. There are times when one might not be disposed to buy stuff in bulk. This might be due to financial constraint or other contingencies.
This is one of the reasons why retail outlets are scattered all over the world. They know the importance of reaching all and sundry, and that is why they want to avid provide services that can reach all classes of people. Culminating Project Research Paper. Those who are already in the trade know the huge profit levels which they attain always. What Does It Take to Start a Retail Store? If you have decided to start a retail business, then good news is avid, that you are in a profitable trade, as nearly all the research paper type of avid essay, goods that are being dealt in business, is such that is important to all. After you have scaled through some preparation hurdles; like registering a business name, securing a base to launch out from and a host of other things, yet another hurdle you may need to surpass is the avid business plan mark. Why is this important, you just might ask? This is especially important because you will need to go to the drawing table and write all your sales forecast, your projections, the type of business, profit you expect and when.
Writing a business plan might not be as easy as writing other things. In fact it needs a detailed and professional touch so that the most important things aren’t left out. This is one of the reasons why business consultants leverage of the ignorance of people to make massive money. This is because they are able to provide information in a ways that would make the business blow. What then happens if you are looking to write a business plan and do not know your way around it? Plus, you do not want to hire a consultant to do this, as you fear if the consultant could do justice to the plan the way you wanted it to be? Good news is essay, that an existing retail business plan can help you stay afloat. This means that by researching and getting a detailed retail business plan, you can as well be able to research papers in hamlet tweak it to suit yours.
Be sure to have thorough calculated figures about your retrial business, as this will go a long way in getting a hang of your finances. Here is a sample retail business plan for your perusal and use. A FREE Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template. Avid. When we talk about cancer research retailing, we talk about a business that deals in loads of consumer goods; which can be categorized into three major areas. These categories are: general merchandise, apparel, and furniture. In other words, retailers are engaged in the selling of finished goods; they get the goods from the manufacturers and they sell to the end users (consumers). Retail goods can also be categorized into avid essay durable goods and non – durable goods.
Durable goods are goods such electronics, computers and accessories, furniture, and other large appliances et al and non – durable goods are good such as food, toiletries, drinks, beauty products, jewelry, clothing and shoes et al. Brain Research Paper. The retail industry is a major sector of the economy of the avid United States which generates a whooping sum of well over mahat $4 trillion annually from more than a million retail outlets scattered all around the avid essay United States of America. The industry is responsible for the employment of well over 15 million people which is about 12% of the workforce of the U.S. eMarketer.com published that in 2014 alone, the retailing industry on a global scale generated a revenue of well over ghost $22 trillion; it goes to show that the industry is indeed a very large industry. It is a fact that an estimated two-thirds of the United States’ gross domestic product (GDP) comes from retail consumption. This is why the United States of America’s economy is measured with the yardstick of how well the retailing business is fairing in the U.S. In essence, when there is an unstable economy, purchasing power drops and it impacts the retailing industry negatively which may result in the closure of some retail stores. In recent time, the avid essay retail landscape has seen tremendous changes in culminating paper, the last 20 years; it has grown from the usual mom and pop outlets to a more organized and far reaching venture. The introduction of franchise and online store makes it easier for a retailer to reach out to a larger market far beyond the areas where his physical store is located.
It is interesting to note that more retail shops; especially lager retail outlets have started to include self-serve checkout lanes in their stores. Avid. It creates shorter lines that appeal to consumers; the average customer would not want to stay longer on queue. Over and above, the retail industry is a profitable industry and research ghost in hamlet, it is open to any aspiring entrepreneur to avid essay come in and establish his or her business; you can chose to culminating project research paper start on a small scale in a street corner like the avid essay average mom and paper, pop business or you can chose to start on a large scale with several outlets in key cities. Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template Executive Summary. People’s Choice Retail Shop is a retail shop that will be located in one of the busiest streets in Columbus, Ohio.
We have been able to lease a facility that is big enough to fit into the design of the avid retail shop that we intend launching and damnatur - antithesis i blogspot, the facility is located in a corner piece directly opposite essay the largest residential estate in Columbus, Ohio. Our retail shop will retail a wide range of durable goods and solving problems, non – durable goods at affordable prices from different brands. We retail goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, baby stuffs, children’s toys, home furnishings and avid essay, home appliances et al. We are aware that there are several large and small retail outlets all around Columbus, which is why we spent time and resources to research papers in hamlet conduct our feasibility studies and market survey, so as to essay offer much more than our competitors will be offering. We have sell service options for our customers, and our outlet is well secured with the various payment options.
Much more than selling the goods and products of top brands in the manufacturing industry, our customer care is second to none in cancer, the whole of Columbus, Ohio. We know that our customers are the essay reason why we are in business, and that is why we will go the extra mile to get them satisfied when they visit our retail shop and also to become our loyal customers and ambassadors. Business Plan Pro Premier. People’s Choice Retail Shop will ensure that all our customers are given first class treatment whenever they visit our shop. We have a CRM software that will enable us manage a one on one relationship with our customers, no matter how large the numbers of our customers base. We will ensure that we get our customers involved in the selection of brands that will be on our racks and also when make some business decisions. We are aware of the trend in the retail industry and we are not only going to operate a system where our customers would have to come to our shop to make purchase or whatever they want but we will also operate an avid essay, online store and our customers can order goods online and they will get it delivered to their houses or any location they want us to cancer research paper deliver the goods to within Ohio. People’s Choice Retail Shop is a family business that is owned by Bob Wesley and Family. Although the business is launching out essay, with just one outlet in research, Columbus, Ohio, but there is avid essay, a plan to open other outlets all around Ohio. People’s Choice Retail Shop is in the retailing industry and we will ensure we go all the way to make available a wide range of goods and products from top manufacturing brands in the United States and other countries of the world.
We will have available in our store a wide range of project research, durable goods and non durable goods at affordable prices. We retail goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, children’s toys, baby stuffs, home furnishings and home appliances et al. Our vision is to establish a one stop retail shop in Columbus, Ohio and in other cities in avid, Ohio. Our mission is to establish a retail business that will make available a wide range of goods and products from top manufacturing brands at affordable prices to the residence of Columbus, Ohio and other cities in Ohio. People’s Choice Retail Shop do not intend to start a retail business like the usual mom and world, pop business around the street corner; our intention of starting a retail business is to build a standard retail outlet in Columbus, Ohio. Although our retail business might not be as big as Wal-Mart or Marcy, but will ensure that we put the right structure in place that will support the essay kind of growth that we have in mind while setting up the business. We will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, honest, customer centric and are ready to work to pukar mahat help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more. In view of that, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions; Chief Executive Officer (Owner) Store Manager Merchandize Manager Sales and Marketing Manager Information Technologist Accountants / Cashiers Cleaners. Roles and Responsibilities.
Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and avid essay, implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and damnatur, overall direction i.e. leading the development and avid, implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Business Pro Premier. Responsible for essay, fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for recruitment Responsible for payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and - antithesis i blogspot, documents on behalf of the essay company Evaluates the success of the organization. Responsible for managing the daily activities in the restaurant Ensures that the plan store facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Interfaces with third – party providers (vendors) Controls the sales floor inventory Ensures that goods and essay, products are properly arranged Supervises the entire sales staff and workforce Any other duty as assigned by the CEO. Manages vendor relations, market visits, and the ongoing education and development of the paper organizations’ buying teams Helps to ensure consistent quality of avid, goods and products on our rack Responsible for the purchase of goods and products for the organizations Responsible for planning sales, monitoring inventory, selecting the solving world merchandise, and writing and pricing orders to vendors Ensures that the organization operates within stipulated budget. Sales and Marketing Manager. Avid. Manages external research and coordinate all the internal sources of solving world, information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Models demographic information and analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by avid customer purchases. Manages the phd thesis organization website Handles ecommerce aspect of the business Responsible for avid essay, installing and culminating project paper, maintenance of computer software and hardware for the organization Manage logistics and supply chain software, Web servers, e-commerce software and POS (point of sale) systems Manages the organization’s CCTV Handles any other technological and IT related duties. Receives payments on behalf of the organization Issues receipt to customers Prepares financial report at the end of essay, every working week Handles all financial transaction on behalf of the company Interfaces with our bankers Responsible for payment of tax, levies and utility bills Any other duty as assigned by the CEO / store manager. Solving World. Responsible for cleaning the avid essay store facility at damnatur - antithesis, all times Ensures that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of stock Cleans both the interior and exterior of the store facility Any other duty as assigned by the restaurant manager, Sample Retail Store Business Plan SWOT Analysis.
Our intention of starting just one outlet of our retail store in Columbus, Ohio is to test run the business for a period of 2 to 5 years to know if we will invest more money, expand the business and then open other outlets all over Ohio. Essay. We are quite aware that there are several retail stores all over Columbus and even in the same location where we intend locating ours, which is problems, why we are following the due process of establishing a business. We know that if a proper SWOT analysis is conducted for our business, we will be able to position our business to maximize our strength, leverage on the opportunities that will be available to us, mitigate our risks and be welled equipped to confront our threats. People’s Choice Retail Store employed the services of an expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in retailing to help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to help us create a business model that will help us achieve our business goals and objectives. This is the summary of the SWOT analysis that was conducted for People’s Choice Retail Store; Our location, the business model we will be operating on essay (physical store and online store), varieties of payment options, wide range of world, products and our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for People’s Choice Retail Store.
A major weakness that may count against us is the fact that we are a new retail outlet and we don’t have the financial capacity to compete with multi – billion dollars retail outlets like Wal-Mart and co when it comes to essay retailing at a rock bottom prices for all their goods. The fact that we are going to - antithesis be operating our retail store in essay, one of the busiest streets in Columbus, Ohio, provides us with unlimited opportunities to sell our goods to a large number of people. We have been able to conduct thorough feasibility studies and business plan pro premier, market survey and we know what our potential clients will be looking for when they visit our retail outlets; we are well positioned to essay take on the opportunities that will come our way. Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn. It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new retail outlet in same location where ours is brain, located. Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS.
Retailing business has been in existence for as long as humans started trading goods, but one thing is certain, the avid retailing industry is still evolving. The introduction of technology and subsequently online retail store has indeed helped in reshaping the world problems industry. It is essay, now a common phenomenon for retail outlets to leverage on brain cancer research paper technology to effectively predict consumer demand patterns and to strategically position their shop to meet their needs; in essence, the avid essay use of technology help retailers to maximize supply chain efficiencies. No doubt data collected from customers goes a long way to help retail shops serve them better. Pukar Phd Thesis. Another common trend in the retailing industry is the pricing system. Aside from avid having varieties of products in a store, one of the easiest ways for retail stores to sell the goods on in hamlet their racks as fast as they can and keep re – stocking is to essay ensure that the prices of their goods are a bit lower than what is obtainable elsewhere. Brain Cancer. For example; it is common to avid essay see items with prices in this format; $3.99, $99 and $199 et al as against $4, $100 and $200. Retailers also engage in massive clearance sales and discount sales to attract customers.
It is a strategy that helps them welcome new customers and also reinforce the loyalty of damnatur i blogspot, old customers. Perhaps the avid retailing industry has the widest range of customers; everybody on planet earth has one or more things that they would need in pukar mahat phd thesis, a retail shop. Avid. It is difficult to find people around who don’t patronize retail shops. In view of that, we have positioned our retail store to ghost in hamlet service the residence of Columbus, Ohio and every other location our retail stores will be located all over Ohio. We have conducted our market research and avid essay, we have ideas of what our target market would be expecting from us. We are in research paper, business to retail a wide range of products to the following groups of people; Households Corporate Executives Business People About to wed couples Expectant Mothers Sports Men and essay, Women Students Tourists. People’s Choice Retail Store is launching a standard retail shop that will indeed become the preferred choice of residence of Columbus, Ohio. Our retail store is pro premier, located in avid, a corner piece property on brain cancer research paper a busy road directly opposite one of the largest residential estates in Columbus, Ohio.
We have enough parking space that can accommodate well over 100 cars per time. One thing is certain; we will ensure that we have a wide range of products available in our store at all times. It will be difficult for customers to visit our store and not see the product that they are looking for. One of our business goal is to make People’s Choice Retail Store a one stop shop. Avid. Our excellent customer service culture, online store, various payment options and highly secured facility will serve as a competitive advantage for us. Retail Store Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. People’s Choice Retail Shop is in brain research paper, business to retail a wide range of products to the residence of Columbus, Ohio. In essence, our source of income will be the retailing of a wide range of durable goods and non durable goods at avid, affordable prices. We will retail goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, children’s toys, baby stuff, home furnishings and home appliances et al. It is important to state that our sales forecast is based on the data gathered during our feasibility studies, market survey and also some of the assumptions readily available on the field.
One thing is common with retailing business, the larger a retail store the larger the numbers of customers that will patronize them. Although we may not be as large as Wal-Mart, but we will ensure that within our capacity we make available a wide range of goods from different manufacturing brands in our retail outlet. Below are the sales projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of operations; N.B : This projection is done based on what is world, obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and natural disasters within the avid essay period stated above. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Before choosing a location for People’s Choice Retail Store, we conducted a thorough market survey and feasibility studies in order for us to be able to be able to penetrate the available market and become the preferred choice for residence of Columbus, Ohio. We have a detailed information and data that we were able to research papers ghost utilize to structure our business to attract the numbers of customers we want to attract per avid, time. We hired experts who have good understanding of the world retail industry to avid help us develop marketing strategies that will help us achieve our business goal of winning a larger percentage of the available market in Columbus, Ohio.
In order to continue to be in solving world problems, business and grow, we must continue to sell the products that are available in our store which is why we will go all out to empower or sales and avid, marketing team to solving problems deliver. In summary, People’s Choice Retail Store will adopt the following sales and marketing approach to avid essay win customers over; Introduce our business by sending introductory letters to residence, business owners and business plan pro premier, organizations Promptness in bidding for contracts Advertise our business in community based newspapers, local TV and avid, radio stations List our business on yellow pages ads Leverage on the internet to brain cancer research promote our business Direct marketing Word of mouth marketing (referrals) Retail Store Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Despite the avid essay fact that our retail store is culminating project research, well located, we will still go ahead to intensify publicity for the business. We are going to explore all available means to promote our retail store. People’s Choice Retail Store has a long term plan of opening outlets in various locations all around Ohio which is why we will deliberately build our brand to be well accepted in Columbus before venturing out. As a matter of fact, our publicity and advertising strategy is avid essay, not solely for winning customers over but to effectively communicate our brand. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on project paper to promote and advertise People’s Choice Retail Store; Place adverts on both print (community based newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Columbus, Ohio Engage in road show from time to time Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Position our Flexi Banners at strategic positions in the location where our retail store is located. Pricing is one of the key factors that give leverage to retail stores, it is normal for avid, consumers to go to places (retail outlets) where they can goods at pukar, cheaper price which is why big player in essay, the retail industry like Wal-Mart will attract loads of consumers.
Products in their store are tagged with the cheapest price you can get anywhere in the United States. We know we don’t have the capacity to compete with Wal-Mart or any other big retail store, but we will ensure that the prices of all the products that are available in our store are competitive with what is obtainable amongst retail stores within our level. Our payment policy is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available in every of solving world problems, our outlets; Payment by cash Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the avid above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any itches. Solving World Problems. Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) This is the essay key areas where we will spend our start – up capital; The Total Fee for Registering the brain cancer Business in Ohio $750. Legal expenses for avid essay, obtaining licenses and permits as well as the accounting services (software, P.O.S machines and other software) $1,300. Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of People’s Choice Retail Store in the amount of $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at damnatur - antithesis, $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Cost for hiring Consultant – $2,500 . Avid. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and pro premier, property casualty) coverage at avid, a total premium $2,400. Cost for pukar mahat phd thesis, payment of rent for essay, 12 month at $1.76 per square feet in the total amount of $105,600. Cost for Shop remodeling (construction of world, racks and shelves) $20,000.
Other start-up expenses including stationery ($500) and avid essay, phone and utility deposits ($2,500). Paper. Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $60,000 The cost for Start-up inventory (stocking with a wide range of products) $100,000 Storage hardware (bins, rack, shelves, food case) $3,720 Cost for serving area equipment (plates, glasses, flatware) $3,000 Cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) $13,750 Cost of purchase and installation of CCTVs: $10,000 The cost for the purchase of essay, furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Sound System, tables and chairs et al): $4,000 . The cost of Launching a Website: $600 The cost for our opening party: $7,000 Miscellaneous: $10,000. We would need an estimate of $500,000 to successfully set up our retail store in Columbus, Ohio. Please note that this amount includes the salaries of all the staff for the first month of operation. Culminating Project Research Paper. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for People’s Choice Retail Store. Essay. People’s Choice Retail Store is a private business that is solely owned and financed by Bob Wesley and papers ghost, family. They do not intend to welcome any external business partner which is why he has decided to avid essay restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital to 3 major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings Source for soft loans from family members and friends Apply for loan from my Bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about $200,000 ( Personal savings $150,000 and soft loan from family members $50,000 ) and we are at the final stages of pukar phd thesis, obtaining a loan facility of $300,000 from our bank.
All the papers and document have been signed and submitted, the avid loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited with the amount. Retail Store Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and business plan, competence of the essay employees, their investment strategy and business, the business structure. If any of these factors is missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. Avid. People’s Choice Retail Store will ensure that all the factors listed above are reinforced on cancer research a regular basis and avid essay, also we will engage in continuous capacity building of our workforce. As a matter of brain research, fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on essay their performance for - antithesis i blogspot, a period of three years or more. We will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in essay, place to ensure that staff welfare is well taken of.
Our company’s corporate culture is culminating project research paper, designed to drive our business to essay greater heights and training and problems, re – training of our workforce is at the top burner. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and avid essay, permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of facility and remodeling the shop: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of ghost in hamlet, Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of avid, Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, racks, shelves, computers, electronic appliances, office appliances and - antithesis, CCTV: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and essay, around the community: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Compilation of our list of products that will be available in our store: Completed Establishing business relationship with vendors – suppliers of all our needed raw materials: In Progress.
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example good essay Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Avid. Click on the highlighted text for pro premier comments about avid academic writing conventions; click on solving world problems the notes in the margin for commentary on essay the essay. Birth rates are falling in solving world problems developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to essay have children. And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children.
But what are the causes of solving problems this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in avid essay the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the business plan pro premier, world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the avid, total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per female, but in business 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced.
Japan now has a birthrate of only avid essay, about 1.3, and - antithesis Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to avid essay below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Research Paper. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in essay the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at ghost in hamlet the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of essay this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the damnatur - antithesis i blogspot, term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and avid essay continue live at world problems home with their parents.
These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in essay the form of shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to brain cancer interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for essay family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an business plan example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of avid essay 2.33 children in their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the values of the young are not at research paper all incompatible with the idea of having a family. Essay. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the plan pro premier, way that prevent them from avid essay fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg.
Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in culminating previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument.
For one, the essay, lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. Pukar. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of avid women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is research papers, that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children.
However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to avid be the papers ghost, decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to avid a different factor - the economic condition of young people and business pro premier their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in avid Australia: Evidence, causes and solving world problems policy responses#039; discusses some of the avid, things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an cancer research paper assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an avid essay economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and brain cancer paper will grow up to avid essay love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits.
McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. World. According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in avid essay our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to damnatur i blogspot avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts.
Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in essay Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of project research perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of essay men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in project research this age group were in full-time work.
Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the avid essay, risks of solving world marital breakdown or the avid essay, long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to brain cancer Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of essay young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to bear the brunt of the brain, decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to avid a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in culminating paper Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to avid essay reversing this trend is for governments to business take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested.
Some writers have focussed on the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for avid essay more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to papers in hamlet do otherwise. Avid. Castigating the young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000).
Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. Plan. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. Avid Essay. (2000).
A debate on plan Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an avid aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Research Paper. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of avid essay America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b).
The toolbox of public policies to impact on research fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the avid essay, European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Paper. Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Avid. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000).
Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. Brain Cancer Research Paper. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it.
As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to avid essay what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in phd thesis a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in essay the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in mahat phd thesis the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the avid essay, student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Notice how the culminating research paper, student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the avid, world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the solving problems, need to avid support them with some evidence.
After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about brain cancer research paper it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers.
The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the essay, student provides a critique of these ideas. Mahat. (Recall the student#039;s argument in avid the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. Cancer Research. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to essay blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in - antithesis some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. Essay. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young.
The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the business, key to avid any essay you write. Solving World Problems. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the avid, main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey.
Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay. But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in business plan pro premier the conclusion. In the first sentence, the avid, student restates his argument - if we accept that. Damnatur I Blogspot. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach.
Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to avid map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of spelling, typographical and grammatical errors.
Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in damnatur - antithesis i blogspot the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Avid Essay. Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in cancer his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is.
And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is avid, that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in world problems academic writing. Avid. In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to in hamlet use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is avid essay, not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford).
In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in paper each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and then provide the avid, citation immediately after it to indicate the source. Culminating Research Paper. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and essay Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in cancer paper Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text.
Whilst you should make an effort to avid read ideas in brain paper their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the essay, #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to pukar phd thesis use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to avid essay distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like:
Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the - antithesis i blogspot, way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of essay academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to solving problems add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . Avid Essay. (Whilst it is OK to change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc. This is research ghost in hamlet, known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Essay. Notice the use of business pro premier reporting verbs in avid this citation type (discusses).
Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to phd thesis make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins.
In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in avid a slightly smaller font. Ghost In Hamlet. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Avid. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for world students to refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays.
In addition to providing author and avid title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to damnatur i blogspot be sure the avid essay, information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the business pro premier, more reliable). Problems? Questions?
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Debugging AM335x Suspend-Resume Issues. This page is geared toward Linux developers using the AM335x family of embedded processors. Many of the topics contained in the page, however, will still apply to users of other operating systems. The goal of this page is to give users some insight into avid essay common issues they might bump into, as well as tools to help identify issues. First and problems, foremost you must be certain that your hardware is configured appropriately. In general: Consult the essay, data manual for a general diagram of how the memory should be connected to the AM335x. When using a single 16-bit external memory device, there is no need for VTT termination for the address/control lines. VTT termination adds additional cost and complexity to the board, so if you are only using a single 16-bit memory then you should not use VTT termination. If you're using dual 8-bit memories with VTT termination, pay very careful attention to the terminations, i.e. some signals get pulled to VTT while others are pulled to VDDS_DDR. If using VTT termination and world problems, want to essay, control the LDO (TPS51200 or equivalent) then you must select a pin from GPIO bank 0. Pukar Mahat Phd Thesis! A pull-up on DDR_RESETn is not recommended since we want reset to avid, be asserted (low) during power-up.
Since most peripherals are turned off during DeepSleep0, it is business plan necessary to specify the state of each and every pin associated with the PER domain. Avid! There is a very helpful spreadsheet focusing on this topic on this wiki page: Optimizing AM335x IO Power in DeepSleep0 Any GPIO wakeup sources must utilize bank 0 of the GPIO For your main clock (e.g. Business Plan Pro Premier! 24 MHz, etc.) you can use either a crystal or a LVCMOS square wave clock. Avid Essay! There is a power benefit to using a crystal because there is hardware inside the chip that can shutoff the crystal entirely during DeepSleep0. - Antithesis I Blogspot! When using a square wave clock there is unfortunately no mechanism for automatically turning the clock off and avid essay, on, which results in - antithesis additional current consumption. Configuring the I/O values for DeepSleep0. The dts file allows you to enter separate values for normal operation as well as sleep.
The actual run-time change is essay driver dependent. There is world a call to pinctrl_pm_select_sleep_state that is avid essay usually in a suspend handler within the driver. It is solving generally the last thing done before sleep. Therefore the IP should be ready to be shut off and not doing anything in preparation of having its clocks disabled. As a general note, the mux mode does NOT need to be changed for avid, DS0. A different mux mode needs to be chosen only in the case where the spreadsheet from Optimizing AM335x IO Power in research papers DeepSleep0 dictates that a mux change is needed. In these cases you should use the spreadsheet to find a mux mode that it likes in order to achieve the avid essay, necessary state on the pin. Changing the mux mode does not reduce power consumption, so there's not a general need to do it. The only reason to do it is in mahat cases where there is a conflict, e.g. the pin drives low during DS0 but you need to have it high. The pin muxes were not designed specifically for run-time transition, so there is a small possibility of introducing a glitch on the pin during the transition. So in general changing the muxes can/should be avoided.
Controlling the Power Management IC during DeepSleep0. Once the DDR3 is in avid self refresh, the vdd_core rail can actually be lowered to 0.95V to save even more power. This can be achieved through the scale-data.bin files that are part of the firmware. Beagle Bone Black Suspend/Resume Fix. The DDR IOCTRL registers are being corrupted during the suspend/resume sequence.
The following patch introduces code to culminating project research, save/restore those registers during a suspend/resume sequence. This actually improves upon the older approach where hard-coded values were being written by the M3. With this new patch, customers with customized IOCTRL values (i.e. based on IBIS analysis, etc.) will have their values preserved. Processor SDK 2.00.00 through 2.00.02 all use the same patch as Processor SDK 1.00: This resolution to this issue (Split 335x and 437x ddr io ctrl handling) is avid part of business plan pro premier, Proc SDK 3.01. Here is the avid essay, official patch, which should be pulled to business pro premier, the firmware from Proc SDK 3.00: Alternatively, just grab the essay, binary from Proc SDK 3.01. There are two main things to validate: That all of the pukar mahat, domains powered down as expected.
That the IO values correlate with your spreadsheet. Verifying all domains transitioned. When you begin the suspend sequence you see something like this: It's actually during resume that you can see whether or not all the power domains transitioned as expected. After hitting a key on the console to resume you will see something like this in the case of a successful suspend/resume sequence: If you get the message in green above, then things appear to be in good shape.
In the case of avid essay, a failed suspend/resume sequence, it will look like this: In the case all power domains did not transition you will need to use JTAG to determine which power domain and clocks are still alive. Please refer to the section Checking the state of the power domains and clocks further down the page. A script has been developed to make this job much easier. The other major place for power consumption to occur is with the I/Os. If for example, an external device is driving an I/O pin high, but the cancer research paper, internal pull-down is configured, then you are going to have constant leakage on that pin. Hopefully you have gotten this all correct when filling out the spreadsheet from Optimizing AM335x IO Power in DeepSleep0. And furthermore, hopefully everything has been entered correctly into avid essay the device tree so that the pins are in the proper state.
More often than not, given so many pins, there are a few mistakes lurking. To find the mistakes the phd thesis, best approach is to measure each pin with a multimeter and record the corresponding voltage in Column U of the essay, spreadsheet. Do they all match the expected state? If they don't match, or you have an ghost in hamlet, in-between level then you need to revisit that particular pin. There could be a mistake on the board, in your spreadsheet, or in the software. Essay! These mistakes all have a cumulative impact. Note: Floating pins consume significant current. For any pins where you are disabling the internal pull during DeepSleep0 you need to be absolutely sure that the pin is being driven to a known state by an external device. When probing a floating pin with a multi-meter, the. 1Mohm impedance to ground is often sufficient to mahat phd thesis, pull a floating pin low and hide the fact that you have a floating pin.
Investigating a mystery hang using no console_suspend. There are scenarios where a mis-behaving driver (usually a newly integrated driver!) can introduce issues. If the crash happens while the UART is essay disabled, you won't see any of the output. One method of checking for this type of pukar phd thesis, issue by setting console_suspend to no: Note: With this configuration, the console cannot be used as a wakeup source!
Alternatively you could use a GPIO bank 0 wakeup, etc. In this way, if a driver crashes during the suspend/resume sequence, you should be able to see the kernel panic, which will help you track down the issue. Inspecting the SoC state immediately prior to avid, entering DeepSleep0. One of the main difficulties of debugging issues pertaining to DeepSleep0 is business plan pro premier that you have limited visibility once everything (or nearly everything) is avid turned off! When entering DeepSleep0, the Cortex A8 will turn off many clocks but the final steps of turning off the various power domains is handled by the wakeup controller (i.e. Cortex M3). After it has turned off all the power domains, the final thing it does is to turn off the clock to the wakeup domain itself. Research In Hamlet! Once that clock is turned off you no longer have JTAG connectivity. The main goal of avid, this particular section is to enable you to connect to the M3 at the point right after the M3 has attempted to turn off all the power domains, but right before the wakeup clock is turned off such that you can still use JTAG. So in order to do this, we will need to modify the power management firmware to put a spin loop at mahat phd thesis the place where we want to connect with JTAG. Downloading the Power Management Firmware.
If you look in the software manifest for a Linux SDK, there is a line that tells the avid, corresponding firmware version. For example, in Processor SDK 2.00, it mentions amx3-cm3 version 1.9.1 from - antithesis git://git.ti.com/ti-cm3-pm-firmware/amx3-cm3.git;protocol=git;branch=ti-v4.1.y. So you can do: So now you have a local version of the Cortex M3 firmware. Make the following edit: Next, go to the root directory of Processor SDK 2.00: Edit the Makefile there in the base directory.
Right after the linux_clean rule you can insert these rules: Note: Make sure that the indented lines are with TABS and not SPACES or these rules won't work! Now from essay your SDK base directory you can clean and build with these commands: That will generate the executable amx3-cm3/bin/am335x-pm-firmware.elf which should be copied into the /lib/firmware directory of the AM335x root file system. M3 Firmware Binaries (with jtag spin loop) For quick usage you can use a pre-built firmware with the problems, spin loop integrated.
It needs to be copied into the AM335x file system in the /lib/firmware directory. Connecting to avid, the M3 during suspend. Once your modified M3 firmware is in problems the file system you can initiate a suspend to DeepSleep0 (DS0): In CCS perform the following steps: If you have not already created a Target Configuration File, go to File - New - Target Configuration File. Select your JTAG probe and your device.
In the Target Configurations window (View - Target Configurations), right-click on your Target Configuration and select Launch Selected Configuration. In the Debug window that launches, right-click on avid essay your target configuration and select Show all cores. Right-click on M3_wakeupSS_0 and papers, select Connect Target. Note: If you're having trouble with connecting to a core it might be due the debug clock being turned off. If that's the case, reboot your board and avid essay, from the business, console you can poke the CM_WKUP_DEBUGSS_CLKCTRL register by executing devmem2 0x44e00414 w 0x12500002.
We are connected to the highlighted Cortex M3, and avid, the goal at this point is to phd thesis, interrogate the essay, Control Module and project, the PRCM in order to verify that everything is truly powered down, and to find sources of power consumption. Validating the State of the avid, DDR Bus. One of the more complex areas managed by software is the DDR interface. There are many registers related to this configuration and so a script was written to help scrape these values from pukar phd thesis memory and decode them to provide insight. Once you have managed to avid, halt the M3 and connect with CCS during the suspend path, you can follow these steps: Download am335x-ddr-analysis.dss. Launch the scripting console by going to business pro premier, View - Scripting Console. Load am335x-ddr-analysis.dss in the scripting console by avid essay executing loadJSFile path-to-dss-file/am335x-ddr-analysis.dss. It will use the Debug Access Port (DAP) unobtrusively behind the scenes such that the Cortex A8 is never halted. Brain Cancer Paper! It will generate a am335x-ddr-analysis_yyyy-mm-dd_hhmmss.txt file on your desktop.
Things to check in the output file: DDR_PHY_CTRL_1 reg_phy_enable_dynamic_pwrdn should be enabled all the time (active and sleep). The ddr_cmd0/1/2_ioctrl and ddr_data0/1_ioctrl registers should have the same value before suspend and after resume. The ddr_cmd0/1/2_ioctrl and ddr_data0/1_ioctrl registers during active operation should have all pulls disabled. Essay! The ddr_cmd0/1/2_ioctrl and research ghost, ddr_data0/1_ioctrl registers during sleep should have a pullup on avid ddr_resetn and pulldown on ddr_cke. Checking the state of the power domains and clocks. Download am335x-ds0-analysis.dss and am335x-ctt.dss. Launch the scripting console by going to solving problems, View - Scripting Console. Essay! Load am335x-ds0-analysis.dss in the scripting console by executing loadJSFile path-to-dss-file/am335x-ds0-analysis.dss. A file named am335x-ds0-analysis_yyyy-mm-dd_hhmmss.txt will be created on your desktop.
Cortex A8, Graphics, and PER are supposed to all be off. Generally if there's a problem, it's something in PER. In some cases, this file might tell you precisely what failed (e.g. TIMER7 active). In other cases (e.g. L3 active) you will need to continue onto the following steps to brain cancer research paper, identify the precise peripheral. Load am335x-ctt.dss in the scripting console by avid essay executing loadJSFile path-to-dss-file/am335x-ctt.dss. A file named am335x-ctt_yyyy-mm-dd_hhmmss.rd1 will be created on your desktop.
This file is an ascii file that contains a register dump of all the important PRCM registers. It is useful in identifying what peripherals are enabled that shouldn't be. Take the output file (am335x-ctt_yyyy-mm-dd_hhmmss.rd1) and perform a diff against a file taken from a good suspend sequence. (You might need to make one on the TI EVM if you cannot ever get your hardware to suspend.) You can then manually decode the corresponding registers that are different to identify which peripheral is still on. Once you've finished collecting all the cancer research, data you want to allow the M3 core to finish the essay, suspend sequence. CCS 6.1.0 with Processor SDK 2.00 was having an issue with the ELF file (NOTE: fixed in solving world CCS 6.1.1) and so the avid essay, variables window was not showing the proper value. It was necessary to culminating project research, use a memory window set to address SP to modify the stop variable. Here's a picture: To allow the essay, AM335x to suspend all the way, you simply change the memory location shown above to zero, and then disconnect from the pro premier, M3. When you disconnect that will start the M3 running again.
It will immediately complete the transition to DeepSleep0. Essay! We choose disconnect instead of Run to damnatur - antithesis i blogspot, prevent a loss of connection message in CCS which should lead to a more stable debug experience. Essay! At this point you should be able to resume as usual at this point, e.g. press a key on the console, etc. Stepping through C Code - Load Symbols. It is possible to step through the C code executing on any of the processors of the AM335x by loading symbols.
To step through the M3 firmware after halting execution with a while loop mentioned above, ensure the M3 core is selected in world problems the Debug panel, then from the File menu, select Tools-Load Symbols-Load Symbols. In the Load Symbols dialog box, select the am335x-pm-firmware.elf. On the first attempt, the code editor panel will need pointing to M3 firmware source tree- select the folder containing the source file.