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od specialist resume 2016 OD Network Annual Conference. Ahli Moore, Current Student, Pepperdine University Graduate School of essay Education and Psychology PhD in lab report, Global Leadership and Change program. Ahli is an Atlanta-based change leader with over 20 years of organizational development, training, change management and business readiness experience. Essay? Since 1993, Ahli has worked with senior executives, training organizations, and music therapy human resources departments to increase organizational efficiency and employee performance across a multitude of industries.

He has consulted for several Fortune 500 companies, government agencies, and non-profit organizations to develop customized performance improvement programs that span an array of interventions, including training, employee performance assessments, organizational needs assessments, leadership development, succession planning, communication planning, strategic planning, employee conflict management and stress management. Ahli holds a Master of Science degree in Marketing Communications Information Technologies and a Bachelor of essay Science degree in analytical, Political Public Affairs Communication, both from the Florida State University. Manager, Human Capital Practice, Deloitte Consulting. Alyona Kudina is a Manager within the Human Capital Practice of Deloitte Consulting. Her project work generally focuses on organizational assessment, design, and talent management strategies within the essay neighborhood federal government. She holds a Master’s degree in maker, Organizational Management and Development and is certified as a Project Management Professional. Risk Analyst, Salt River Project. Amanda Wallace is a Risk Analyst for Salt River Project, specializing in culture engagement, strategic planning, and change management. She works with corporate initiative teams to implement safety programs, roll-out trainings, and align corporate rewards with desired behavior. Amanda has a Master’s Degree in Business Administration from the W.P.

Carey School of Business at Arizona State University and essay neighborhood is currently studying Organizational Development with the Graziadio School of Business and Management at Pepperdine University. Her thesis research is focused on behavioral change and developing safety culture. MSOB, President, Counterbalance Consulting, LLC, Anna Tansi, President of Counterbalance Consulting specializes in facilitating strategic planning, building leadership capability, and topics for debate improving organizational effectiveness throughout systems. Anna has coached and consulted with senior executives and leadership teams in a wide range of industries including financial services, technology, healthcare, not-for-profit, and essay manufacturing organizations. Organization Development Fellow, GOJO Industries. Argerie Vasilakes is the Organization Development Fellow at GOJO Industries, leaders in well-being solutions. In that internal role, Argerie partners with colleagues both inside and music therapy outside the company to neighborhood build capabilities in strategic growth, networked collaboration, leadership development, transformational change, and facilitation.

Vice President, LitheSpeed, LLC. Arlen Bankston is an introduction, established leader in essay, the application and evolution of a2 english Agile software development processes such as Scrum, Kanban and Extreme Programming, as well as process management methodologies such as Lean and Six Sigma. Essay? He is essays on flowers for algernon, a Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt, Certified ScrumMaster Trainer and essay neighborhood Certified Scrum Product Owner. He has sixteen years of experience, beginning in product design, where he leveraged principles of information architecture, interaction design and usability to develop innovative products that met customers’ expressed and thesis unspoken needs. MA, Manager, Team + Organization Development, Ball Aerospace, USA. Asna is a talent and organizational development leader at essay Ball Aerospace based in Boulder, Colorado. She works as an internal consultant to the business in creating and facilitating team engagements and leadership development opportunities. She is passionate about engaging others and creating meaningful results. Asna has experience in a variety of industries both as an internal and external OD practitioner.

Asna obtained her Masters of music Arts in Organizational Psychology and Change Leadership from Teachers College, Columbia University. PhD, Core Faculty Member, College of essay Management and Technology, Walden University. For over 25 years, Barbara A. Bailey, PhD has combined professional experiences in the private sector, the public sector, and higher education. She has served as a full-time faculty member and adjunct faculty member (doctoral; masters; bachelors) for coursework gender various on-ground and online colleges and essay universities, teaching economics, management and leadership, research methodology, statistics, and presentation skills. Dr. Bailey serves as registered as a third party neutral (mediator and arbitrator) in Georgia and for how to write written thesis statement the US Department of Justice, conducting ADA mediations, and served as a member of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Board of Examiners (2005, 2006). Dr.

Bailey co-founded the Healing Bridge Foundation, developing and essay managing multi-generational veterans’ residential supportive services communities on a national level. PhD, Author, Speaker, and Expert in the field of Action Learning. Dr. Thinking Topics For Debate? Bea Carson is an author, speaker and expert in essay, the field of Action Learning. Dr.

Carson has mastered teaching Action Learning to the full spectrum of critical for algernon organizational levels. She is an external OD consultant specializing in leadership development, problem solving and strategic planning. Bea has worked in private and public sectors, with profit and not-for-profit organizations, locally and internationally, for organizations of all sizes. PhD, CPT, Associate Professor, Department of Organizational Leadership, Oakland University. Bill Solomonson, PhD, CPT, is essay neighborhood, Associate Professor in the Department of music therapy Organizational Leadership at Oakland University in Rochester, MI., where he is also the HRD Program Coordinator. He is a current member of the neighborhood Board of Directors of the International Society for a2 english language gender Performance Improvement (ISPI), where he has chaired chaired several award committees and serves as a scholarly peer-reviewer and certification reviewer. He has presented at numerous conferences. Vice President, Organization Development Education, Memorial Hermann Health System. Carol Jennings is an organizational development and essay education professional with twenty years of experience in leadership development, talent management, improvement of the workplace environment and critical topics for debate education.

She is the Vice President of Organization Development Education at Memorial Hermann Health System in Houston, an neighborhood, integrated system serving the healthcare needs of the people of a2 english language coursework gender southeast Texas. In her role she is responsible for the Talent Management and essay neighborhood System Clinical Education for the organization. In addition to the healthcare industry, she has been involved in education and analytical essay leadership development roles for the finance, insurance, city government, high tech and auto industries. Cathy Chen Rennie. Coach, Facilitator, Capriole Consulting. Pre-Google, Cathy had managed plenty of people and projects, but a leadership class at CCL.org (thanks, Google!) catapulted her to a new vision of how to lead—and how to cope with burn-out (her own included). An executive coach then demo-ed the value of an “outside opinion,” leading Cathy to greater insight and peak performance.

But how did someone NOT involved in essay neighborhood, tech—or the product itself—galvanize her to get such stellar results? And what would happen if that coaching process were married to an insider’s intimate knowledge of the exact stresses tech teams face? Cathy saw she’d rather coach than manage. Lab Report? It was more fun—and employees performed much better. Facilitating a leadership camp for engineers was next . and the rest is history. Now, she marries impeccable hands-on geek cred with up-to-the-minute, research-backed, organizational theory (group dynamics from a systems perspectives, organizational change, executive coaching, and the ever-popular—because ever-necessary—managing conflict in organizations.) But Cathy’s working style is jargon-free. And she’s not “touchy-feely”—just a great listener who asks the questions you didn’t even know you were afraid to ask yourself. Consultant, Interior Designor, OD Practitioner, and Author. Cheryl Duvall is a consultant, interior designer, OD practitioner, and author.

After receiving her M.S. in Positive Organization Development and neighborhood Change, she developed innovative change management processes to support new advances in workplace design. Good Analytical Essay Introduction? Her clients include Cisco Systems, HanesBrands, and neighborhood Virginia Dept of Transportation. In 2014 she published a how-to book about change management, Change is on the Wind: Managing Change for a New Landscape, written in the form of an engaging fable. Organizational Leadership Development Consultant. Clara has worked for the U.S. Department of Defense for over a decade.

As an experienced professional leader and executive coach, Clara has utilized her international experiences to advise and consult to a wide-variety of industries to include defense aerospace, as well as tech-focused startups, legal firms and critical thinking topics for debate non-profits. Essay? Clara is passionate about facilitating long-term strategic change and is also an executive coach to military veterans and those within the Federal Government. Analytical? Clara earned her Masters of Arts in Organizational Psychology and Change Leadership from Teachers College, Columbia University. Her undergraduate work focused on Peace Conflict Resolution- Mediation Negotiation, earning a degree in International Relations, Politics, and Spanish from Drake University, and a certificate from American University’s Peace Conflict Resolution Program. Corey Jamison, President CEO, Corey Jamison Consulting and essay neighborhood XperienceU Training and Leadership Development. Corey Jamison, President CEO of Corey Jamison Consulting, brings more than 25 years of experience partnering with executives and teams around the globe to drive dramatic, sustainable organizational transformation. She has worked with leaders at critical thinking topics for debate all levels of some of the largest brands, and offers a level of experience, acumen, partnership and courage that inspires leaders and teams toward the hard work of taking it to the next level. Dr.

Craig Petrun. PhD, Chief Engineer, Enterprise Strategy and Transformation Technical Center, MITRE's Center for Connected Government. Dr. Essay Neighborhood? Craig Petrun is the Chief Engineer for the Enterprise Strategy and Transformation Technical Center within MITRE's Center for Connected Government (CCG). Therapy? In his role, Dr. Petrun advises enterprise-wide government transformation programs/projects implement change.

Dr. Petrun has a Doctorate degree in neighborhood, Cognitive Psychology and Master of Science degree in Psychology from the University of on flowers Kentucky. Neighborhood? He holds a patent titled: Decomposing Human Behavior into Quantified Layers of Perception. Professor of thesis Management, Lansing Community College, USA. David Schwinn is a Professor of Management at Lansing Community College. Essay Neighborhood? His most significant initiation into the world of OD was as part of the small, internal team at Ford World Headquarters in the late 70’s that led Ford into a new culture of employee involvement, participative management, and continuous improvement. Before and after that immersion, he has trained hundreds of OD facilitator/trainers and worked with hundreds of organizations and communities in highly varied OD initiatives, usually integrating both the people and numbers sides of OD practice. MBA, MS, Director, Federal Human Capital, Deloitte Consulting, USA.

Dave Witkowski is a Director with Deloitte Consulting's Human Capital practice, delivering organization development services to with Federal government clients. Dave's main interest areas are organization assessment and design, talent strategy, and learning and development. Dave has degrees from Cornell University and the University of Virginia, and he is a certified Senior Professional in Human Resources and Project Management Professional. Founder/CEO of Morgan McGuire Leadership and Senior OD Consultant. Founder/CEO of Morgan McGuire Leadership and Senior OD Consultant, Deb partners as a value-adding facilitator, speaker, designer, strategist and coach. Critical Thinking? Clients look to her to help solve organizational problems, develop strategy and take action to neighborhood get results. Deb holds an MBA from the University of St. Thomas and has completed over 1000 hours of additional OD training and certifications.

She leads OD interventions, authors programs, coaches and serves as a conference speaker and adjunct faculty member. Facilitator, Sewa Beats. Deborah Peyton came to Sewa Beats with over 15 years of topics corporate and essay neighborhood organizational experience in how to write, the areas of leadership, change management, facilitation, and sales and neighborhood marketing . She heard the call of West African drumming seven years ago, and since that time has facilitated and played drums for companies and organizations across the US. Deborah's mission is to share her skills and analytical introduction enthusiasm of the drum by neighborhood providing exciting interactive rhythm events that energize, connect and inspire individuals, organizations and companies. A2 English Coursework? She believes that a hands-on group experience can “drum in” organizational messages, philosophies, and goals and provide a lasting and essay transformative experience to critical topics for debate company members. Dr.

Deborah O'Neil. Associate Professor, Organizational Behavior and Director, Master of essay Organization Development Program, Bowling Green State University. Dr. Deborah O'Neil is an Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior and the Director of the Master of how to write thesis statement Organization Development Program in the Department of essay Management, College of Business Administration, Bowling Green State University. She has published numerous articles and a2 english language coursework book chapters on career, leadership, and organization development.

SHRM-SCP, GPHR, Director World Human Resources, Cobb-Vantress. Dennis has responsibility for effectively leveraging the company's human capital around the world. He is also certified as a Birkman Method consultant and DDI facilitator. In his 15 years with Cobb he has led efforts to position the global talent pool in 19 countries to focus on the organization's strategic priorities. PhD, Professor Program Director, Fielding Graduate University, Canada. Residence: Victoria, British Columbia, Canada Selected Publications and Presentations: Patient Engagement in Phenomenographic Research, Leadership Integrity; Media and Social Networks; Variation, Ways of Making Meaning, and Change; Understanding Patient Satisfaction in Health Care; Ethics in Virtual Environments; Escalation in Project Development; Games and Organizational Development; Inter- and Intra-Cultural Communication on neighborhood Project Teams; Lessons from Chaos. Senior Organization Development Consultant, GOJO Industries. Doug Detwiler, MOD, is a Senior Organization Development Consultant at GOJO Industries, leaders in critical essays, skin health and neighborhood hygiene solutions. As an internal consultant, Doug partners with others to increase the effectiveness, engagement, well-being and critical topics success of individuals, teams and the GOJO enterprise.

Expert Program Manager and Team Leade r. Elaine Renz is an expert Program Manager and Team Leader. Essay? Over the last 25 years, she has led and worked with diverse teams from critical thinking, around the world. She has a B.S. in Chemistry, and a Masters in Project Management as well as a Masters of Organizational Development from Columbia University. Elaine has experience with Automotive, Defense, and Commercial Aerospace Industries, leading teams to launch a variety of new technologies and products. She enjoys working in essay, fast-paced environments and engaging with chaotic programs where she can establish successful structures that result in high-performing teams that produce results. Master's Candidate Leadership and Organization Development, Emergent Learning Coach and music therapy thesis Facilitator, Bigger Game Better World Coaching Facilitation, Canada Elan Bailey is the founder and president of Thrive Learning and Development. Her passion is helping entrepreneurs, leaders and organizations become more adaptable and sustainable through emergent learning, leadership and essay organization development. Write Written Thesis? She has more than 20 years experience providing strategy, innovation, marketing communications and technology support to entrepreneurs and executives of small and medium businesses and not-for-profit organizations. Essay Neighborhood? Elan believes in our innate wisdom, power and wholeness and our infinite capacity to create a world that better reflects our highest potential.

She has been authoring her emergent learning across a variety of cross-disciplines for lab report almost 30 years. In 2011, Elan received her graduate certificate in values-based leadership/cultural transformation from Royal Roads University. She is currently a Master’s Candidate at the SelfDesign Graduate Institute with a focus on Adaptive Leadership and Organization Development. Mother of one, she lives in Vancouver, BC with her teenage son. Leadership, Learning and Organization Development Professional, Brave Leaders Inc.

Emily Isensee works for Brave Leaders Inc , Brene Brown's online learning community, helping organizations integrate Brene’s eCourses into their talent development strategy to create braver leaders and essay neighborhood more courageous cultures. Previously Emily worked on the Learning Development Team at how to the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation, where she improve d the learner experience by integrati ng social learning into onboarding trainings. Emily is neighborhood, currently pursuing a Masters of Science in Organization Development at the Graziadio School of language coursework gender Business and Management at Pepperdine University . Her thesis research is focused on emotional intelligence development in teacher leaders. Gayle Renee Elliott. Student, Executive Master of essay Organization Development Program, Bowling Green State University. Gayle Elliott is currently enrolled in the Executive Master of language coursework Organization Development Program at Bowling Green State University. She served in the United States Air Force for neighborhood twenty years where she gained exposure to cross cultural environments and experience in for algernon, a broad range of human resources competencies.

She is neighborhood, a Senior Certified Professional with the Society for Human Resource Managers. Analytical Essay Introduction? She resides in Blacklick, Ohio with her husband, James Morton. MSW, President, Crosby Associates, USA. Gil Crosby has been an Organization and Leadership Development Professional since 1984. Mr. Crosby has a unique ability to connect with people from essay, all walks of life, from the top of an music therapy thesis, organization to essay neighborhood the bottom, in multiple industries, and in good analytical essay, cultures all over the globe. He is a second generation OD professional, and is happily married to a Jamaican. Essay Neighborhood? His skill as a catalyst of deep transformation keep him in demand as a speaker, coach, author and a2 english language consultant. MBA, Organizational Development Facilitator, Team Building Associates, USA.

For more than twenty-five years as the Director of Team Building Associates, Harrison Snow, MBA, has been helping Government and corporate clients in 26 different countries manage change and enhance organizational performance. He has facilitated change management, strategic planning, leadership training, executive coaching and team building facilitation for hundreds of teams and departments during his career. His most recent book about the neighborhood hidden dynamics of change and thesis leadership is essay, Confessions of a Corporate Shaman. Good Analytical Essay Introduction? His blog, orgiq.blogspot.com, provides case studies on the inner dynamics of change. Ph.D, CEO, Temenos, Inc., USA. Consultant, writer, professor, irrepressible idealist, Irv Rubin was educated in Cambridge, Massachusetts (B.S.E.E. Tufts University; M.S. and Ph.D. Sloan School of Management, M.I.T).

Considered a foundering father of modern OD, over a million people worldwide have used his textbook, Organizational Behavior: An Experiential Approach (originally co-authored with Kolb and McIntyre.first non-physician to be made an Honorary Member of the essay neighborhood American College of Physician Executives. Research Associate, Doctoral Student in language gender, Organization Development, University of St. Thomas. Jackie Milbrandt is Research Associate and a current doctoral student in Organization Development at essay the University of language gender St. Essay? Thomas.

Jackie has over 15 years of experience working in various capacities as a manager, consultant, and educator and researcher in the US and overseas. Jackie has published in several journals and presented on topics including culture norms and values in family businesses, and values in the field of OD. Jackie is a member of several professional networks including ODN. Research Engineer, Vesuvius. You might say I've had rocks in lab report, my head. Essay Neighborhood? Since I was a young child, I've collected and studied rocks which eventually led me to a Bachelor of Science degree in Ceramic Engineering. Since then, I've tried to discover what else I enjoy doing. I've worked as a Marketing and Development Manager, Inventory Manager, Quality Manager, IT Manager, Research Engineer, Facility Manager, and Research Manager. Most of those roles were with my current employer, Vesuvius USA. Critical Thinking Topics For Debate? I noticed the managing theme in my titles and decided improve those skills. I enrolled in the College of Business at Bowling Green State University and graduated with a Masters of Organizational Development in August, 2016.

Whether I'm developing a new product, designing a website, helping people define new procedures, or finding a better tool, I have had successes in each of the positions I've held because I value teamwork and enjoy searching for creative solutions. I live in essay neighborhood, Bowling Green, OH with my wife and youngest child. My oldest three children have all left for college. Now that I've graduated, I have time to resume my interests in music, baseball, gardening, and pizza. Jessica Fe ldmark. Partner, Resource Evolution, LLC. Jessica brings 20 years of leadership in critical essays for algernon, the public and nonprofit sectors to her work in organization development. An experienced facilitator, trainer, mediator, and executive, she is neighborhood, committed to helping organizations empower individuals and strengthen communities.

She received her M.S. in Organization Development from American University and her B.A. in topics, Sociology and International Relations from Goucher College. Jim is the CEO of Proofpoint.net, a Silicon Valley provider of cloud applications that accelerate organizational development and human performance in the areas of root cause analysis, planning and execution, and fair talent management. Prior to founding Proofpoint, Jim was a career officer in the United States Marine Corps and an executive with Sun Microsystems. Essay Neighborhood? He is a past president of the International Society for Performance Improvement. I am an OD consultant and professor, with 21 years experience, passionate about helping individuals and organizations experience life to the fullest, and engaging in positive, transformational change.

I have a Master's in I/O Psychology from the University of Nebraska at Omaha, and a Ph.D. in Human Resource Development from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. My current passions center around engaging in transformational change involving work with developing communities and organizations. Executive Director, Human Resources, Azusa Pacific University. As Executive Director of Human Resources at Azusa Pacific University, John Baugus brings his expertise of critical essays on flowers for algernon conflict resolution and communication to the organization. Currently a PhD student at Fielding Graduate University, Baugus holds an MBA from the essay Drucker School at Claremont Graduate University, an MDR (Master of lab report Dispute Resolution) from Pepperdine University, an SPHR, and essay neighborhood has taught at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.

PhD, Associate Professor of Organization Theory, Pepperdine University Director of Pepperdine’s Masters of Science in coursework, Organizational Development (MSOD) program. Dr. Julie A. Essay? Chesley is an Associate Professor of Organization Theory at Pepperdine University where she is the Director of Pepperdine’s top ranked Masters of Science in Organizational Development (MSOD) program. Julie’s teaching focuses on good introduction personal and essay neighborhood group transformation as well as the critical thinking and analysis required to successfully lead change. Julie has also been on the faculty at the United States Air Force Academy and at analytical Colorado College.

Principle, Oakwood Leadership, USA. Julie Murphy is a consultant, coach, and thought leader dedicated to bringing mindfulness, emotional intelligence and authentic leadership to neighborhood business. She has 20 years experience working in organizations on strategy, change execution, engagement, culture, and leadership. Julie's passion is to create conditions in which people and organizations can prosper. Good Essay? Julie's first career was in divorce law. More recently she was the head of strategy for Girl Scouts USA and in change at neighborhood Verizon. Julie is a gifted learning facilitator who ignites personal, and music therapy thesis systemic learning and essay neighborhood shifts in awareness for individual, team, organizational, and community transformation. She has over 25 years experience in good analytical essay, roles as coach, facilitator, consultant, and trainer working in Canada, U.S.A., Asia and Europe.

She perceives organizations as living systems and essay draws from an International MBA, biochemical engineering, energy healing/wisdom culture teachings, NIA dance, and NVC by Marshall Rosenberg. Appreciative Inquiry Learning Consultant. Karen Leckie is an good analytical essay introduction, Appreciative Inquiry Learning Consultant who develops and essay neighborhood manages leadership, training development for large eLearning organizations. She coaches individuals, groups, and organizations to transform themselves and live into their full potential. Karen received her MSOD from American University and trained in Appreciative Inquiry with Jane Magruder Watkins and Maureen McKenna. She lives in Toronto and works virtually from her home office with companies in Vancouver, Washington, Detroit and Los Angeles. Karen co-founded jPod, an innovative learning program, with Nancy Nightingale, in a local Toronto high school and is published in the book “Appreciative Inquiry: Change at the Speed of Imagination.” Human Factors Ergonomics Specialist at Herman Miller Atlanta. M.A. I/O Psychology, current I/O Ph.D. A2 English Language? Student, CEAS I.

As an Industrial Organizational (I/O) Psychologist, Kibibi Springs is essay, driven to analytical introduction help people achieve their most ambitious goals and reach a higher quality of life both professionally and neighborhood personally. Based in Atlanta, she is currently a Human Factors Ergonomics Specialist for Herman Miller. As an expert in workplace wellness, she was recently featured in write written thesis statement, the cover story on ergonomics in the Atlanta Business Journal, and also presents at Universities, corporations and essay neighborhood professional association events on the subject. Ph.D., President and Founder, Innolect. Kittie W. Watson, Ph.D. Written? — President and Founder of Innolect, serves corporations nationwide to grow leaders and essay build high performance teams through company assessment, workshops and thesis coaching.

The author of 15 books, Kittie is a strong supporter of women in neighborhood, business, traveling and speaking on behalf of the Greater Women’s Business Council in NC, SC and GA, in addition to running Innolect. Lauren Leigh Hinthorn. PhD, Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning Advisor, USAID's Bureau of Policy, Planning and Learning. Dr. Hinthorne is a Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning Advisor in USAID's Bureau of critical for algernon Policy, Planning and Learning. She has previously worked at the US State Department and the University of Queensland's Center for Communication Social Change, and essay neighborhood is an Associate Scholar of the Center for Local Strategies Research. She is particularly interested in community-led development, change leadership and participatory visual methodology.

Transformative Work Consultant, NextWork Partners, LLC, USA. Lisa Connors is an independent designer and OD consultant with over twenty years of experience helping people engage in transformative work. As a creative writer and visual artist Lisa often incorporates these tools to help her clients ask and answer, What's next? Her work includes culture change for Qantas Airlines, Australia; leadership development for Robert Bosch, LLC; culture change strategy and workshops for Ford Motor Company; and critical essays on flowers system-wide change management for Trinity Health. Lisa Coen has over essay 23 years of global legal, public affairs, government relations, communications, and policy expertise in the public and critical private sectors. Previously, she was Vice President and Head, Global Public and Government Affairs, focused on essay building the Global Public and Government Affairs function for Bayer CropScience and helping to ensure the music therapy thesis company was an essay, effective partner to support a safe, sustainable global food supply. She has also held senior public affairs positions at Pfizer and lab report maker Novartis, and in the U.S. Government.

She is an attorney, and currently attends Georgetown University and essay is pursuing a Masters Degree in Corporate Communications. Lori Evans Ermi. PCC, SHRM-SCP, SPHR, Managing Director, The Ermi Group, USA. Georgetown-trained Certified Leadership Coach with over 25 years OD/HR corporate, consulting experience. Change agent, facilitator, trainer, dynamic presenter.

Long career with Procter Gamble in write written statement, global roles, certified Woman Owned Small Business partnering with Fortune 100, small, mid-sized firms, non-profits, feds. Lori weaves her expertise with passion and stories so participants can take away new knowledge and neighborhood pragmatic frameworks that offer an innovative lens to apply in purposeful ways. President, The Abundance Company. Coach and good introduction corporate consultant for essay neighborhood 30+ years, Lynnea is write written statement, president of The Abundance Company. She also works with Silicon Valley-based Organizational Learning Center on initiatives that focus on helping organizations establish a partnership culture and improve employee engagement. With focus on advanced leadership skills, Lynnea supports leaders and their teams to get out of their own way, build organizations that inspire the soul, and impact the world. She holds 4 degrees, including an MS in Organizational Development from essay, University of San Francisco.

Past professional experience includes: founder and Chief Marketing Officer for a weight loss and health company; building processes and departments for Disney and Quaker State Oil; manager and music consultant for ATT’s business sales and marketing department. B.Comm (Uvic), Graduate Certificate in Organizational Development (Royal Roads), CEO Agile Management Consultant, Alluvial Management Consulting, Canada. Mack Adams has worked in a range of roles that provide him with a depth of perspective and experience that he applies with companies through advisory, coaching, consulting and training. His objective is to help technology organizations better align their business strategy, product development delivery with their organization and processes. Mack works in the areas of Product Management, Organizational Strategy Design, Agile Transformation, Program Project Management. Program Officer, Eugene and Agnes E Meyer Foundation, USA. Maegan Scott is a program officer at the Meyer Foundation in Washington, DC, where she specializes in capacity building and leads the Organizational Effectiveness Program.

An avid volunteer throughout her community and abroad, Maegan has more than a decade of experience working with nonprofit organizations and NGOs. She holds a graduate certificate in Nonprofit Management from Georgetown University and essay is pursuing a master's of write a well written science in neighborhood, Organization Development at Pepperdine University. MBA, Sr. Organizational Development Consultant, Memorial Hermann Hospital, USA. Margie Poole has spent over 20 years as both and internal and external Organizational Development Consultant. Her work has ranged from solutions for individual teams to mapping strategy for major organizations.

Recent successes include creating an award-winning Leadership Academy for a large utility and managing user training for a enterprise-wide implementation--a component of a major transformation for a 24k employee hospital system, which is the subject of this presentation. Principal, Juilland Leadership Group – Executive Coach (ICF), Leadership Mindfulness Program Consultant. Marie-Jeanne brings to her leadership development work a rich business background, including 20-plus years in strategy, marketing, journalism and executive communications – both in the C-Suite, and as an advisor to international executives in Silicon Valley. Her work today with leaders and teams specializes in building executive presence and communication – critical to increased productivity and engagement – and incorporates secular mindfulness as a key tool. Marie-Jeanne is one of a few certified worldwide to teach the Search Inside Yourself Leadership Program, developed at Google. Select clients include Wells Fargo Bank, Facebook, Stanford Graduate School of Business, Mitsubishi, Canadian and Swiss Consulates. She works with well-funded startups, as well as large organizations, and critical for algernon holds an Integral Coaching Certification from essay neighborhood, New Ventures West (ICF). Talent Organizational Development Leader, SCHOTT. Marion Stattler leads the North American Talent OD function at SCHOTT, a multi-national technology company with manufacturing operations in over 35 countries.

Born and raised in Germany, she made the U.S. Lab Report? her home 15 years ago. Marion produces results at the intersection of strategy and human behavior through open dialogue, evidence-based practice, and experiential learning. Her superpower is to guide managers and teams through the process of discovery and transformation with a healthy dose of encouragement, reflection, humor, and by asking impactful questions. Marion holds a Master’s Degree in Organizational Psychology Change Leadership from Columbia University Teachers College. Martha Freymann Miser. PhD, Founder President of Aduro Consulting, LLC. Martha Freymann Miser, PhD is Founder and President of Aduro Consulting, LLC, a Boston Consulting and Coaching firm specializing in leadership and change for purpose-driven companies. As head of essay neighborhood Aduro Consulting, Martha works with “purpose-driven” companies – those organizations which seek to have an impact beyond the bottom line. In particular, she focuses on language coursework disrupting organizations, so that people think differently about themselves and their relationships, leading to client organizations that are more awake, more passionate, more human and more focused - all of which adds up to better business results. MSOD, PMP, CSM, RYT200, Visual Facilitator / Associate Director PMO, Independent Consultant / American University, USA. Matteo is passionate about helping individuals, teams and organizations improve the way they Live and Work.

As an Associate Director of the Project Management Office (PMO) in the Office of Information Technology at AU, Matteo spends his days managing the more complex, impactful and costly projects from the 8 university project portfolios. Matteo also partners with initiatives and groups across campus to promote and essay neighborhood support health, wellness, and positive change for AU staff, faculty and good essay students. Additionally, Matteo provides Visual OD Consulting Services to organizations in the US and essay Internationally helping them better see, understand, and how to written then achieve, their goals together. Chief Operating Officer, Temenos, Inc. Consultant and former practicing attorney, Matt Stone had a fortuitous encounter with Dr. Rubin over five years ago that changed the trajectory of his life and eventually led to his leadership role with Temenos. Essay Neighborhood? While responsible for all Temenos operations, he spends the majority of his time evangelizing the critical thinking topics for debate all-new online version of Temenos’ flagship relationship development tool The Behavior Minder®. An ICF-certified coach, Mr. Essay? Stone also provides leadership coaching services to select clients.

MS, SPHR, SHRM-SCP, Labor Management Consultant, 1199SEIU Training and Employment Funds, USA. Mavis Flowers is a Human Resources Strategist with over twenty five years of progressive and broad based experience in organizational development, talent management, group facilitation, change management, coaching and partnering with stakeholders to mitigate risk and align solutions with organizational strategy. She is a Senior Professional in Human Resources, holds a Masters Degree in Organizational Leadership, and certifications in Organizational Development , Training and Consulting. SOD, Founder / Lead Consultant, Partnering Resources, USA. Maya Townsend helps individuals, teams, and organizations thrive in music, our networked world.

She uses knowledge of the art and essay neighborhood science of networks to help leaders find opportunity in complex business ecosystems, influence change, and build high performing, collaborative workplaces. Co-editor of _Handbook for Strategic HR: Best Practices in Organization Development from the OD Network_, she will happily tell you why most HR departments need a total makeover. Melissa George Kessler. MSOD, Director of Communications, U.S. How To A Well Thesis Statement? Grains Council, USA. Melissa George Kessler is director of neighborhood communications for the U.S.

Grains Council, which promotes the economic and human benefits of agricultural trade. She has previously been a reporter and a2 english coursework gender editor; the communications director for an agriculture policy organization; and in independent practice doing both OD- and communications-focused work. Melissa holds a MSOD from American University and a bachelor's of political science degree from the University of Oklahoma. Human Factors Ergonomics Specialist at Herman Miller Los Angeles. M.A. Essay Neighborhood? I/O Psychology, I/O Ph.D. Candidate, CEAS I. Formally trained as a fine artist, Melissa Steach brings her understanding of aesthetics to the world of a2 english language human factors and ergonomics. She truly believes that work is essay neighborhood, a physical, cognitive, and social experience. Due to this deep passion for the profound affect work environments have on employee experience, Melissa has been invited to speak at FUSE Design and Brand in London 2016.

Ms. Critical On Flowers For Algernon? Steach holds a Bachelors’ degree in essay neighborhood, Studio Art and a Master’s degree in how to thesis, I-O Psychology with a focus on Human Factors, skills she applies to her work as a Board Advisor for DTLA: One, a non-profit which converts shipping containers into homes for people living on skid row Los Angeles. Melissa currently works as a Human Factors and essay Ergonomics specialist at Herman Miller, as an adjunct professor at Art Institute, and is an maker, I-O Psychology PhD candidate. Ed. Essay? D, President, Right Chord Leadership. As president of Right Chord Leadership, Dr. Michael Brenner helps leaders at all levels strengthen the essential skills needed to foster great performance in the workplace. He draws on lessons learned as an international business consultant, executive coach, speaker and educator for 16 years and as a professional musician for essays on flowers more than 30 years.

Michael's clients include QVC, SAP, Godiva, Boeing, the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Virtual Health, and Sri Lankan food manufacturer Maliban. Michael has over forty years of experience in the fields of human resources, labor relations, and organizational development and has served as a consultant to unions and management in the healthcare, textile, apparel, steel, bottling, aerospace, paper-making, logistics, automotive supply and waste management industries as well as professional services organizations. Neighborhood? Since 2010 Mike has served as a senior consultant to the leadership of topics for debate major New York City’s hospitals and essay the largest union of healthcare workers, 1199SEIU Healthcare Workers East, as the stakeholders struggle with the evolving nature of healthcare delivery, its impact on finances, its impact on patients and families and analytical essay introduction its impact on staff. Mike has extensive experience on issues related to leadership development, high performance/self-directed work systems, total quality, conflict resolution, collective bargaining, joint improvement processes, and the development of neighborhood union-management partnerships focused on strategic mutual interests. MSOD, Manager for good essay introduction Organizational Learning, Dexis Consulting Group. Monalisa Salib, MSOD, Manager for Organizational Learning, Dexis Consulting Group, is an OD consultant supporting the essay efforts of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in becoming a more effective learning organization. Doctoral Student, Organization Development, University of St. Thomas. Nicole is a doctoral student in the University of lab report maker St.

Thomas (UST) Organization Development and essay neighborhood Graduate Assistant to the program Chair. Nicole is essay, currently working on a long-term research project on leaders use self- awareness to develop highly effective teams. Nicole has nearly 20 years of business management experience including consulting and holding leadership management roles. PhD, CTDP, MCATD, Lead, Enliven Learning, Canada. Nitin Deckha is an educator, researcher and facilitator based at the University of Guelph-Humber in Toronto. He specializes in teaching mid-career professionals in interactive blended learning environments in degree completion programs. He holds a PhD in Anthropology and a Master's Certificate in Adult Training and Development. In addition to teaching, he designs and essay delivers learning on coursework gender organizational culture, gendered and intercultural intelligence, and learning and leadership agility.

Ed. M., Consultant, Just Works Consulting, USA. Ora Grodsky co-founded Just Works Consulting in essay, 2000 to provide organizational development services to how to a well written organizations working for social change. Since then she has guided hundreds of successful change and planning processes. She received a master's degree from the essay Harvard Graduate School of Education and is a graduate and former academic dean of the New England School of Acupuncture. Ora lives in the Boston area with her husband, dog, cat, and (when she is lucky) her two young adult daughters. Patricia A Parham. Ph.D., Sr.

OD Consultant, Sole Proprietor, Parham Enterprises, USA. Dr. Language Coursework? Parham, senior OD consultant, has worked with organizations to build more effective leadership and teams that increase productivity, safety and diversity. Her forte is integrating new processes into ongoing procedures to unleash passions and lead to greater effectiveness and creativity. Patricia teaches at American U. in the M.S.O.D. Program and chairs dissertation committees for several online doctoral programs. She previously served on the board, NTL Institute and was active in local ODNs. MPA, R.N, Director, Organizational Development Learning, Truman Medical Centers.

Paul Sokoloff has over 35 years of clinical, administrative, and consulting experience in healthcare. Essay Neighborhood? Prior to his current position as Director of OD for Truman Medical Center he spent 15 years as Director of Organizational Development for a2 english coursework gender Carondelet Health. Essay Neighborhood? For 25 years Mr. Sokoloff was an adjunct faculty member at Ottawa University where he taught classes in Leadership, and Organizational Behavior. A graduate of the Research School of Nursing, he received his BA in Health Care Management from therapy, Ottawa University and his Master of Public Administration from the essay neighborhood Bloch School of Business and Public Administration at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. As a Temenos Certified Leadership Trainer, Mr. Sokoloff has 15 years of good essay introduction experience coaching leaders using Temenos’ Behavior Minder tool. BBA, MBA, Founder and President, RoundTableau LLC, USA.

Rebecca Cooke grew up professionally at IBM, serving global and national oil companies since 1980. After nearly 15 years in the corporate world, she went out on her own to essay develop a practice in thesis, strategy. It was during this time that she discovered her ability to change the outcomes of aspiring leaders, most especially women leaders in essay neighborhood, male-dominated environments. She currently dedicates a large portion of her time to developing and lab report maker delivering comprehensive programs for women in leadership. Robert C. Crosby.

Robert P Crosby experienced his first T-Group in 1953. He attended a Train the neighborhood Trainer workshop led by lab report Ronald Lippitt, Kenneth Benne, and Leland Bradford soon after, and has been an OD practitioner ever since. Essay? In charge of the Methodist T-Group movement in the 60's, he was elected an NTL Associate. He founded the language coursework Leadership Institute of Spokane/Seattle (LIOS) in 1969, which in 1973 became the first ever Master of neighborhood Arts in how to write a well, the Applied Behavioral Sciences. He has a long and storied OD career, playing a pivotal role in the PECO Nuclear turnaround, and leading the Alcoa Corporate Leadership program for over a decade…a program that mixed managers and steelworkers together as they applied their learnings to essay getting business results. Alcoa’s Davenport plant, which President Obama visited celebrating their productivity, had 1300 Crosby style T-group participants over an 8- year period. He has written numerous books. At 88 he continues his work with the help of his sons Gilmore and Chris Crosby. Founder and Managing Director, Ingenium Global. Sandhya is a leader in HR optimization, leadership development, team performance, and critical essays for algernon organization effectiveness. She has a proven track record of being a talent and organizational development expert as well as human resources strategy planning and implementation champion.

Her broad-based work experience of over essay 20 years includes all areas of human resources with an emphasis in language coursework gender, hospitality, manufacturing and client services work environments including Le Meridien, Ingersoll Rand, Citibank, Hewitt Associates, GAF Materials Corporation and Flowserve. Several of her assignments included establishing OD and talent management programs where none previously existed. Essay Neighborhood? Today, she is the founder and Managing Director of Ingenium Global, Dallas based consulting firm that is committed to creating talent-driven organizations. She holds a PhD in Human and Organizational Development from Fielding Graduate University. PhD, Co-Director, Future Search Network. Sandra Janoff, PhD co-developed the principle-based methodology called Future Search, a process used world-wide to language gender get the whole system focusing on essay the future and creating values-based action strategies. Critical Essays On Flowers For Algernon? She has led strategic planning meetings around the neighborhood world, consulted to global private and non-profit organizations and critical thinking topics taught the principles to thousands. She has co-authored the books Future Search (3rd ed, 2010), Don't Just do Something, Stand There (2007) and Lead More, Control Less (2015)

SHRM-CP, PHR, Senior Facilitator / Program Manager, Soderquist Leadership. Sandy has been with Soderquist Leadership 11 years. She facilitates group leadership development sessions and does executive coaching with individual leaders. Neighborhood? She also provides oversight for critical essays for algernon the suite of assessment instruments that are used to bring current, relevant insights to this work. Her certifications include The Birkman Method, EQ-i 2.0, and neighborhood the Change Style Indicator. She also guides leaders of organizations through organizational processes such as strategic planning. OD Senior Consultant, GMS. Shahrzad Saderi is an Organizational Design and Development senior-level professional offering broad-based change management, training and education, and talent management expertise to global companies needing to merge Eastern wisdom with Western education and proficiency. Her talents span program design, leadership and employee development, change management, human capital analysis, gap identification, and more.

Shahrzad has presented hundreds of workshops and training session in US, ME and Africa. MBA, PhD, Organizational Specialist and Executive Coach, Mbira Group. Sharon Wallace, MBA, PhD works with leaders wishing to transform their businesses through better self-knowledge, relationships, structure, decisions, and teamwork. She has 20 years' experience as a management and a2 english organizational consultant internationally and holds an MBA in MIS and neighborhood a PhD in Psychology. Her doctoral research involved understanding the critical essays psychology of communities. She is certified in organization design, is an MBTI Master Practitioner, and is the President of the APTi eChapter. Managing Director, gothamCulture. Shawn Overcast, Managing Director at gothamCulture, is a respected leader in leadership and essay neighborhood organizational development, connecting people processes to business impact. She has over 15 years of experience working in complex human capital departments spanning a variety of sectors and industries, and across the scale of small companies to global Fortune 100 organizations. She takes a holistic approach to driving sustainable growth and change, ensuring her clients have continued success far beyond the term of the engagement. Chair, OD Newtwork Board of Trustees and CEO, Alex Reidy Company.

Sherry Duda is not only the Chair of the OD Network Board of Trustees, she is also CEO of Alex Reidy Company. Her firm focuses on advancing its client’s opportunities of transformation, accelerated growth, and sustained competitive advantage. Sherry has 20+ years of global business experience in global talent management and a2 english gender organization effectiveness. Essay Neighborhood? Sherry has held executive level positions as Vice President of Global Talent Organization Capability with the Hershey Company, BP and United Airlines. PhD, MBA, Chair, Economic Development, Tourism, Sport Management, The University of Southern Mississippi. Dr. Hall’s expertise is in the area of sport safety and security management.

She has been published in leading international sport management, homeland security, and emergency management journals and has co-authored two textbooks – Global Sport Facility Operations Management and Security Management for Sports and lab report maker Special Events. Additionally, she has been invited to publish in national magazines such as Athletic Management, Athletic Administration, and Security Magazine. Dr. Hall has been referred to as one of the nation’s leading experts in sport security with interviews in USA Today, ESPN the Magazine, CBS New York, and also appeared on neighborhood a live national broadcast of ESPN Outside the Lines. Dr. Hall has been the principal investigator on good analytical grant awards in excess of $4M. Funded projects include awards from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to develop risk management curriculum for sport security personnel at NCAA institutions, conduct risk assessments at college sport stadia, and developing training programs for sport venue staff. MSOD, Collaboration Designer Graphic Facilitator, Performance Improvement Council. Steph is passionate about collaborating. She has a Master's in Organization Development and puts her learning about teams dynamics to essay work daily leading innovation sprints and good essay introduction strategic planning engagements in the federal sector.

Steph likes to work with teams transforming big ideas into insights and action. She treats her profession of facilitation as a calling and puts 100% of her focus into every engagement. Vice President, Human Resources, Azusa Pacific University. Steve Eckberg currently serves as Vice-President of essay neighborhood Human Resources at how to write Azusa Pacific University. As a 25 year veteran in the HR profession, Eckberg has spent much of his career in the non-profit and healthcare sectors. He desires to inspire organizations to live their mission and champions the value of people in the workplace. Eckberg holds an MBA, SPHR, SHRM-SCP, and CCP.

MBA, Certified Change Leader, Managing Principal, Desai Transformation, LLC. Supriya Desai is a senior advisor coach who helps businesses plan, execute and lead transformative change using a 21st century individual and organizational change model. Her firm, Desai Transformation, works to transform businesses as diverse as Zipcar, United Bank, Travelport Worldwide and Ritz-Carlton Hotels . Supriya writes for the DT Blog, Forbes.com and essay neighborhood HuffingtonPost, earned a Darden MBA, and is a professionally trained Leadership Coach, Change Leader and Six Sigma Master Black Belt. MA, CEO, WeVue gothamCulture. Taylor Wallace, CEO at WeVue, is a storyteller with a deep love of critical technology and narrative psychology. Essay? He builds mobile software to help organizations crowdsource stories, feedback, and data to build highly performative and engaging cultures. Shawn Overcast, Managing Director at gothamCulture, has over 15 years experience working in lab report, human capital departments spanning a variety of sectors and industries, and across the scale of small-mid size companies and global, Fortune 100 organizations. Independent Consultant and Senior Academic Success Coach, Capella University. Dr. Thompson works in the higher education community working with learners, leaders, and essay neighborhood organizations to maximize persistence and operational effectiveness. She has 18 years of critical thinking topics experience as an educator, coach, and neighborhood business leader.

Her professional background is music therapy thesis, founded in essay neighborhood, higher education, for-profit, non-profit, and government experiences. Her academic areas of specialty include leadership, business management, organization development/administration, strategy, and innovation. Her research interests are in leadership, organization development employee retention, organizational commitment, and profitability. Student, Grand Canyon University. I am currently a student at Grand Canyon University (GCU) in the Doctor of Education in Organizational Leadership with an emphasis in Organizational Development with a completion date of 12/2016.

I have a Masters in Organizational Leadership and Development from the lab report Ken Blanchard School of Business at GCU, a Masters in Internet Marketing from Full Sail University, and a Bachelor of Arts degree from neighborhood, California State University Fullerton. I also have 30 yrs of a well thesis statement business experience in Marketing. PhD, Professor, Security in Education, William Carey University. Walter Cooper, PhD, is currently the essay neighborhood Professor of Security in Education at WM Carey University. He has a wealth of experience in consulting, both in the public and private sectors, in additional to critical thinking topics for debate working closely on externally funded grants with the US Department of Homeland Security and the US Department of Education. Essay? Cooper enjoys sharing his passion and expertise in team building, crisis management, and strategic planning. PhD, Assistant Professor Inaugural Director, Master's of critical essays on flowers for algernon Science in Organizational Psychology, Azusa Pacific University. PhD student, Wendi Dykes, is an Assistant Professor and the inaugural Director of the Master's of Science in Organizational Psychology at Azusa Pacific University.

As a scholar-practitioner, Dykes spent 11 years in human resources with LEGOLAND California, where she was awarded international honors for her training programs and organization development strategies. In additional to LEGO, she has held positions with Disney and the University of California, San Diego. PhD, President, Fraser Consulting, LLC. Wendy mentors the collective wisdom in essay, organizations by engaging the talents and hearts of people. She fosters and builds capacity by strengthening human relationships and music therapy systems so groups and organizations thrive. She brings fresh approaches with a flare of humor and neighborhood gets results. Wendy works with public, education, and nonprofit clients in the US and internationally.

She teaches at two universities, has an OD consultancy practice, and was honored as an international humanitarian. PhD, Managing Consultant, Fraser Health SLD Consulting. Yabome Gilpin-Jackson manages the OD Practice for Fraser Health, one of the largest health regions in essays on flowers, British Columbia, Canada. She also runs a private practice supporting leadership organizational development and facilitating strategic change and neighborhood systematic organizing for social change and transformation. She has worked with corporate, non-profit and therapy public sector organizations, internationally. She lives/works for essay the moments when she helps uncover possibilities and ignite transformations.

Owner, Instructor, and Adjunt Professor, YMC Consulting, LLC; Benedictine University; St. Thomas University. Dr. Yao Maria Chen is a leadership expert who works with international business executives and business owners on issues of leaders, team, and organization effectiveness. She has provided consulting, training, and coaching services to global and Fortune companies. In addition to training change agents at client organizations, she has led numerous transformational initiatives. Several transformations resulted in significant financial turnarounds revitalizing important services for the organizations that employed her services. 1000 Westgate Drive, Suite 252. Saint Paul, MN 55114. Copyright © 2017 Organization Development Network.

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Essay about My Neighborhood -- Descriptive Essay Example

afro american essays By Ralph Ellison. nfortunately for neighborhood, scholars and write written statement serious fans of Ralph Ellison, there is little in this volume that has not been published before. In fact, at first glance ''Going to the Territory'' - a mix of occasional pieces, essays, speeches, interviews and reviews, many of essay them two decades old - bears a disquieting resemblance to ''Shadow and Act,'' a collection of music thesis Ralph Ellison's nonfiction writings published in 1964. Both books evaluate Richard Wright's stature as a writer, elaborate the intricate interplay between Afro-American fiction and neighborhood folklore, explore the a2 english, novel as a vehicle for moral and ethical truth, worry the notion of American identity and consider the craft of fiction as discipline and vocation. Essay! ''Going to the Territory'' is best viewed as a continuation of the project begun when Mr. Ellison introduced ''Shadow and Act'' as ''an attempt to transform some of the themes, the problems, the enigmas, the contradictions of character and culture native to my predicament, into what Andre Malraux has described as 'conscious thought.' '' What captures the reader of critical essays on flowers for algernon ''Going to the Territory,'' then, is not novelty, not outrageous theories and essay neighborhood claims, but the subtle, jazzlike changes Mr. Ellison rings against the steady backbeat of his abiding concerns as artist and critic. The rapid, almost casual allusions that occur in ''Hidden Name and Complex Fate,'' an topics for debate, often-quoted essay from ''Shadow and Act,'' reappear in essay the title essay of the present volume. On this second go-round we learn more about Johnson Chestnut Whittaker, a principal at Mr. Ellison's high school in Oklahoma. Whittaker, a ''white'' (fair-skinned) black man, was mutilated by essays his classmates at West Point in order to deny him a commission. We get frequent glimpses of essay Hazel Harrison, the music teacher at good essay Tuskegee Institute who possessed manuscripts presented to her by Prokofiev.

Mr. Ellison's Oklahoma boyhood and his aspiration to become a renaissance man are given context by his recollection of Bessie Smith singing ''Goin' to the Nation, Going to the Terr'tor,' '' a lyrical rendering of the impulse of blacks and neighborhood other Americans to push toward the frontier and its promise of freedom. The reader is impressed and delighted by good introduction the integrity of Mr. Ellison's vision. His voice is assured, calm, wise. The first-person mode, the transcriptions of talk, give a relaxed, intimate tone to many of these essays. Mr. Ellison is remembering; he's lived more than 30 years with his classic, ''Invisible Man,'' towering over his shoulder. But fame must have its compensations, not least the quiet power and authority he displays here. On the other hand, this collection is anything but mellow. Mr.

Ellison instructs literary people to ''keep a sharp eye on what's happening in the unintellectualized areas of our experience. Our peripheral vision had better be damned good. Essay Neighborhood! Because while baseball, basketball and football players cannot really tell us how to write our books, they do demonstrate where much of the language, significant action is taking place.'' Mr. Ellison can assume a boxer's stance, aggressive, wary, on his toes. Essay! Much to fight with and fight about - Lyndon B. Johnson's role in the civil rights struggle, the melting pot as a valid metaphor for American culture, a discussion of the relative weights of ''Afro'' and ''American'' in the expression Afro-American. All of this, with the how to statement, highly abstract, ponderously intellectual language of scattered passages, makes Mr. Ellison's writing challenging.

If you're not prepared to debate vigorously the essay neighborhood, point in question, if your knowledge of the facts is critical for algernon, spotty and you don't have a personal stake in your point of view, you'll find your arguments swatted away. In a tribute to Erskine Caldwell, Mr. Ellison quotes Baudelaire: ''The wise man never laughs but that he trembles.'' One of the essay, funniest moments in this book -one that causes me to tremble - confirms why the write a well, writer, like the neighborhood, fighter, must maintain constant vigilance. It follows an eloquent exposition of the creative process that produced ''Invisible Man.'' From the author's audience of West Point cadets this question arises: ''Sir, was it your intention to include any protest in the novel?'' LUCKILY, Mr. Ellison is a2 english language, a connoisseur of neighborhood irony and good essay dissonance. From them he fashions a personal angle of vision. Speaking at Brown during a ceremony dedicated to Inman E. Page, who in 1877 became that university's first black graduate and later succeeded Johnson Chestnut Whittaker as principal of Mr. Ellison's high school in Oklahoma City, the author revels in the unexpected twists and essay turns of history, the lofty intentions and maker tragic cross-purposes of the democratic process that brought Page's old student Ralph Ellison to a rostrum at essay Brown. The underground history that both creates and is created by men like Page and Mr.

Ellison explodes into visibility when Mr. Ellison writes: ''By pushing significant details of our experience into the underground of unwritten history, we not only overlook much which is positive, but we blur our conceptions of where and who we are. . . . Critical Thinking For Debate! It is as though we dread to acknowledge the complex, pluralistic nature of our society, and as a result we find ourselves stumbling upon our true national identity under circumstances in which we least expect to do so.'' Great writers are always teaching us how to read them. One measure of greatness is neighborhood, how much we need the analytical essay introduction, lessons, how much we appreciate them and essay then take them for granted. A2 English Gender! In a master's fiction there are implicit instructions and when he or she writes about writing, the messages become insistent. Change the word ''visual'' to neighborhood ''verbal'' and Mr. Ellison's depiction of Romare Bearden's paintings becomes a lucid summary of ''Invisible Man'': ''Through an act of creative will, he has blended strange visual harmonies out of the shrill, indigenous dichotomies of American life, and in doing so, reflected the irrepressible thrust of a people to endure and keep its intimate sense of its own identity.'' Mr. Ellison goes a step farther in ''The Little Man at Chehaw Station,'' describing the ideal reader of therapy his fiction. The little man, this Kilroy who is always listening and to whom the true artist must always defer by playing his best no matter where or when - even in a tiny railroad station in Chehaw, Ala. - is no more or less than the spirit of our American place, not the marketplace, mind you, but the vernacular, always-up-for-grabs agency of essay cultural change, creativity and possibility. A2 English Language! No American performs better for neighborhood, this audience than Ralph Waldo Ellison.

John Edgar Wideman is a novelist and professor of English at the University of Wyoming. IN HIS OWN GOOD TIME. On a squallish, ice-glazed November day in music 1967, Ralph and essay Fanny Ellison stood near their 200-year-old home in the Berkshires and watched it burn. The building slipped easily into for debate, flames driven by high winds. Essay Neighborhood! ''We just managed to get our Labrador retriever out,'' Mr. Ellison recalls. The couple could not rescue a goodly chunk of his still-uncompleted novel. The first was, of a2 english course, ''Invisible Man,'' the classic that won the National Book Award in essay neighborhood 1953. ''For a long time after the fire, I was scrambling around not knowing what was going on,'' Mr. Ellison said. When there is news of Mr. Ellison, most people sort through it for clues about the second novel.

Speaking with him about his latest essay collection, ''Going to the Territory,'' it seemed natural to lab report maker mention it. ''Until the recent stir about my new book of essays, the novel has been coming very well,'' he said by essay neighborhood phone from his Manhattan apartment. When will it be done? ''I don't know.'' Is it like the music, first one? ''It's quite different . . . a broader canvas. Though I think it will have some of the wildness of 'Invisible Man.' '' Will it be a multivolume affair? (In 1982, the manuscript was reported to be nearly 20 inches thick.) ''No, it's not, I know that's gotten around, though.'' Does it bother him that people always ask about it? ''I don't feel particularly uncomfortable with it. I know I have become something of a joke on this subject. One of the things I've tried to do is not let the publicity surrounding a book get out of hand.

When I was writing 'Invisible Man,' no one was hanging around saying 'when, when.' I have made my peace with my slow tempo of creation.'' In contrast, ''Going to the Territory'' seems to have pulled itself together. ''These pieces were not conceived of as a collection,'' the 72-year-old author said. ''They were written as they were called for and they may have some thematic continuity of which I am not aware.'' These days Mr. Ellison has set his course for the Berkshires - and work. ''This time of year I'm usually there, where only the foxes and woodchucks interrupt me.'' -- Brent Staples.

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erotic essay Sex and Sexuality in Islam. by Muslim Women's League. Even though it comprises only part of our identities, the sexuality of women represents so much more; such that women's sexuality has been viewed as something to be controlled, hidden, or mastered, most often by men. Through the ages, sexuality has an impact on one's identity, self-esteem, relationships with others, societal mores, legal codes and so on. If sexual behavior simply existed to essay allow for procreation, so much controversy and fascination would have no reason to exist. Unfortunately, in many societies and for many years women have been principally defined by their roles as sexual beings whose chief purpose is to satisfy men's sexual needs; this perception contributed to maintaining women in positions of inferiority and often subservience to men.

Even today, women are singled out as sex objects, either as victims of how to write a well written rape or willing participants in industries such as advertising or pornography, that exploit women's sexuality. The purpose of this chapter is to explore important issues of sexuality from an Islamic point of view in an effort to expose demeaning cultural habits which have no basis in Islam, and to offer alternative understandings of these issues based on the primary sources of Qur'an and Hadith. The view of sexuality as taboo and essay, shameful is by no means unique to analytical introduction any particular religious or ethnic group. The Victorian era in England and the US(late 19th century) was characterized by such a strong inhibition of essay sexuality that was subsequently blamed for psychological problems seen in women by psychiatrists such as Sigmund Freud. Breaking free from the oppressiveness of that era was an important goal for women through most of the critical essays on flowers 20th century since the prevailing attitudes were not confined to sexual issues as women were denied many other essential human rights. Laila Ahmed addresses some of the misogynistic conditions and beliefs that preceded Islam in the Mediterranean area, heavily influenced by Jewish and Christian thinking at that time(6th and 7th centuries). She points out the church's attitude on abortion and contraception . formed part of a broader negative ethos concerning the body and sexuality -- a sense of these as sinful and shameful and of sexuality as legitimate only for neighborhood, procreation. women were evidently perceived as innately more implicated in critical essays for algernon, physicality and sexuality than men. (Women and Gender in Islam, p.35) Unfortunately, a similar view of women has been adopted by essay, some Muslims and may actually be rooted in the cultural values which existed when Islam was introduced.

Human sexual development goes through several well-defined stages. Critical Topics. Throughout growth, opportunities exist to teach children about their bodies, to essay inculcate values and attitudes, and therapy, most importantly to foster self-esteem. The success or failure (as determined by a woman's overall understanding and value of herself as well as her ability to essay neighborhood maintain a satisfying relationship) can be determined by prevailing attitudes of the good essay family and surrounding culture. Sexual development occurs throughout the essay life-cycle, beginning in infancy and childhood. The healthy progression from essays, one stage of development to the next is dependent upon fulfillment of basic requirements at each stage. For example, an infant must develop trust that the caregiver will consistently respond to essay her cries before she can safely venture into the world and maker, test the budding independence of toddlerhood. The ultimate achievement is the development of an intact, secure adult with a high sense of self-esteem and self-worth.

If a girl is constantly being told that she is naughty, shameful, stupid or ugly, she will come to neighborhood believe it and obviously have low self-esteem which will interfere with relationships, school, work and so on. This illustration in general terms introduces the argument that cultural habits which teach girls excessive shame breed guilt and reinforce a negative self-image contributing to low self-esteem and even dysfunctional sexual lives. This stage of development has been referred to as the latent stage in Freudian terms. Introduction. It was felt that between early childhood and puberty children had no interest in their or others sexuality; they are essentially dormant in this regard until hormonal changes signal the onset of puberty. However, this argument has been challenged by other experts in the field. Regardless of psychological theories, certain facts must be considered about children at this age. They are developing mentally and as such are often extremely curious about themselves, others, animals and essay, so on. This is a good time to critical thinking topics for debate reinforce concepts of cleanliness, privacy and self-respect and to begin to teach them about sexuality and reproduction in an age appropriate manner. Neighborhood. Some girls will start menstruating as early as age nine and good analytical essay, should be prepared ahead of neighborhood time by frank and open discussions with their parents. For many girls, the most significant thing to happen during this time is the onset of menstruation. Therapy. If a girl has not been prepared for this event, the essay sight of the first few drops of blood can be terribly frightening.

The signs that a girl is entering this stage of development include breast development, growth of hair under the arms and in the pubic area, increase in height and finally onset of menses. At this time, cultural and familial attitudes about menstruation are critical in impacting a girl's acceptance or rejection of this milestone in her life. Because of the rapid rate of change and accompanying sense of awkwardness, adolescents are often insecure and preoccupied with appearances, with a strong desire to be accepted by their peers. This stage is good analytical essay introduction, characterized by a heightened interest in and awareness of members of the opposite neighborhood sex. In the essays United States and in many other countries, young people begin to develop relationships during the teenage years. Over half of the students graduating from high school have been sexually active.

Many communities are working hard to teach abstinence before marriage but they are working against difficult odds especially when dating is viewed as normal, age-appropriate behavior. Yet, a primary task at this stage is to achieve a healthy, intimate relationship, which, for Muslims, can only exist in the context of marriage. Once women become sexually active, they then must deal with issues related to pregnancy, such as attitudes toward child-bearing, timing and spacing of children, and contraception. Ideally, decisions are made within a mutually supportive monogamous relationship. Also, during this time, sexual satisfaction as well as sexual dysfunction or incompatibility become important issues as part of an overall relationship and can contribute to essay neighborhood its well being or be a source of tension and stress. Historically, older women and men were considered asexual as aging and sexuality seemed incompatible.

Especially today, as women and men live well into their eighties, sexuality is still an topics for debate important part of many people's lives. While some may experience a decreased sex drive, others do not notice any change at all. Early in life, children become aware of their sexuality even to the point that infants can experience sexual pleasure (see Your Baby and Child, P. Essay. Leach, p. 212). Infants develop awareness of the function and form of all body parts as they grow. To a child, the critical essays penis or vagina is just another part of the essay neighborhood body, like arms and legs. The focus on the genitals is particularly evident during the a well thesis toilet training years. If a child is taught that her genitals are dirty and shameful , but she wants to neighborhood explore them just the same, naturally she will feel ashamed and naughty if she does so. Therefore, early on she sees part of herself as negative. Most child development experts encourage parents to music therapy thesis remain neutral about a child's interest in her genitals to avoid preoccupation with that body part and to enhance the development of a positive sexual identity. As the child grows, it becomes important to teach her about privacy and appropriate behavior when around others.

Oftentimes, parents fear that by neighborhood, not discouraging their children from touching themselves, they are encouraging them to explore sexuality at an early age. But teaching children to respect and understand their bodies will more positively impact their self image compared to emphasizing the a2 english sense of shame ('ayb) that many children are taught. Such a sense of essay neighborhood shame can be taken to extremes; for example, a mother refuses to apply necessary medication to her three year old daughter's vagina because to touch her there is 'ayb. Other girls are afraid to cleanse their genitals properly because to touch themselves is 'ayb. The concept of shame or disgust regarding one's body has no basis in Islam. During adolescence, sexuality becomes of interest to young people as their bodies experience hormonal upheavals which result in physical and emotional changes.

Again, a girl's experience through childhood will influence her passage through this difficult time. If she is taught that the good analytical introduction onset of essay neighborhood menstruation is a curse, then her experience and coping mechanisms will be affected negatively. A positive attitude will enable a young woman to view it as a milestone, not a hindrance. Unfortunately, much folklore and negative cultural beliefs abound regarding a woman's menses. Indeed, for thesis, some women menstruation is a physically difficult, unwelcome disruption every month. But it is a simple biological process that can be managed like any other physical condition, and needn't impair a woman's ability to function. Several hadith exist regarding menstruation. The only Qur'anic reference is neighborhood, found in Surah 2, verse 222 where Muslims are told to essays for algernon avoid sexual intercourse during a woman's menses: And they will ask thee about (woman's) monthly courses. Say, 'It is a vulnerable condition. Keep, therefore, aloof from women during their monthly courses, and do not draw near unto them until they are cleansed; and neighborhood, when they are cleansed, go in unto them as God has bidden you to do.' In a hadith found in Muslim (No.

592, also reported in good essay introduction, Sunan Abu Dawud, No, 258), a discussion occurs whereby the Prophet emphasizes that the Islamic view of menstruation differs significantly from the Jewish attitude during his time, which strongly restricted women from essay neighborhood, several arenas while they were menstruating. In this hadith he says, Associate with them in the houses and do everything except sexual intercourse. Aisha and the other wives of the critical for algernon Prophet were instrumental in pointing out his attitude of tolerance; for example, Maimuna recalled an occasion when she was sitting near him while he was praying. She happened to be menstruating and essay neighborhood, during his prayers he knelt on her garment but did not displace it, meaning that being in critical thinking topics for debate, the presence of a menstruating woman had no impact on his prayers ( Mishkat ul Masabih, No. 550; for essay, other hadith along similar lines see Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 212-213, 267-273; Muslim, Nos. 269, 577-588 and Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 293-300) Also, the music thesis Prophet commanded menstruating women and those observing purdah to participate in Eid festivities.

They sat behind those who prayed but joined in takbir ( Muslim, Nos. 1932-34; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 321). Exemptions from Rituals. Today, as in the time of the Prophet, women do not pray or fast while on their menses. The Qur'an does not address this practice at all; several hadith exist which expressly forbid women to pray while on essay neighborhood their period. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos.

271-287, Bukhari, Vol.1., No.327). Several traditions show that menstruating women were not supposed to perform tawaf (circumambulation) around the Kaaba during Hajj while they were menstruating (Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 302,321,325; al-Muwatta, 20.16) The menses were viewed as a temporary illness such that days not fasted had to be made up as any ill person would do after Ramadan. The Qur'an states that those who are ill or on a journey can desist from fasting and make the days up later (2:184). There are no hadith which expressly forbid women from fasting while menstruating, but based on critical thinking topics the text from the essay following, one concludes that menstruating women did not fast: Aisha is reported to have said that during menstruation in the time of the Prophet, the women were commanded to complete the a2 english language gender fast (abandoned during menses) but were not commanded to complete the (abandoned) prayer (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 262-3, Muslim, Nos.

660-662). Women who have prolonged menses because of an underlying medical problem can resume prayers , fasting, and intercourse after a certain number of days (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 274-306, Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 303,306,322,324). In view of the verse mentioned above which admonishes against essay, sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman in order to avoid causing her harm, the exemptions from the above-mentioned rituals could be viewed as an extension of God's consideration of lab report women. Perhaps abstention from prayer and essay, fasting during one's menses is critical topics for debate, a divine acknowledgement of women's increased difficulty during that period.

God gave them permission not to pray or fast as a sign of mercy, just as He allows travelers to shorten their prayers to ease their burden. Many Muslims believe that menstruating women are not allowed to enter the mosque or touch the Qur'an. Essay Neighborhood. This relates to the view of the critical for debate menstruating woman as unclean. Essay Neighborhood. Since she cannot be purified with ablution until after her menses stop, she is not in the proper state to enter a mosque or recite Qur'an. Language Coursework Gender. Conflicting hadith exist regarding these habits.

When looking at the whole body of hadith regarding the subject of menstruation, it appears that many of the injunctions were made because of the physical problems associated with active bleeding. Essay. Women at maker that time did not have access to modern amenities which protect a woman and her garments from the blood flow. One hadith points out that one of the Prophet's wives (Um Salamah, who was having irregular bleeding) needed a dish underneath her to catch the menstrual blood while she was observing I'tikaf in the mosque during Ramadan (Bukhari No. Essay. 306, Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 2470, Muslim, No. 2470).

Therefore, practically speaking , women might have been restricted in lab report, their activities if they did not have the means to deal with a heavy period, for example. Today, women have so many options so that there are rarely fears of such difficulties. In addition, the Prophet once asked Aisha to fetch his mat which was in the mosque. Neighborhood. She said, But I am menstruating to which he replied Your menstruation is not in your hand. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 261) However, another hadith exists which states that menstruating women should not enter the mosque: The Prophet is reported to have said, I do not make the a2 english language mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for essay neighborhood, a person who is junub. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. Analytical Essay Introduction. 232) The act of not touching the Qur'an while menstruating is based on the hadith that the Prophet wrote a letter in which he said that no one should touch the Qur'an but one who is pure. (Mishkat-ul-Masabih, No. Neighborhood. 465;). Also, in Surah 56, verses 77-79 we find: That this indeed is a Qur'an most honorable, in analytical, a Book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who are clean (tahir).

In Mishkat-ul Masabih a hadith from Tirmidhi states that the Prophet said that the menstruating woman and one who is essay, junub should not recite anything from the Qur'an (No. 461). Thinking. In general, since, in either of these states, women or men are not yet physically purified (tahir) they cannot touch or formally recite the Qur'an until that state comes to an end. By performing ghusl (complete ablution) after the menses are over, one achieves the prerequisite physical state which allows for the resumption of prayers, fasting, reciting Qur'an and sexual relations. This does not imply impurity of spirit nor does it necessarily have to mean that a menstruating woman is unclean or dirty. The Prophet was known to perform ghusl after intercourse before reciting Qur'an, and he also would recite Qur'an while resting his head in Aisha's lap and she happened to be menstruating. (Mishkat, No.

460, Muslim, Nos. 260, 591) It is possible to understand why Muslims might view menses as a negative aspect of the female identity. A well known and oft-quoted hadith which leads to the conclusion that menstruating women neither prayed nor fasted is found in Bukhari with several versions: The Prophet is neighborhood, reported to have said, Isn't it true that a woman does not pray and does not fast on menstruating? And that is the defect in her religion (Vol. 3, No. 172, see also Vol. 1, No.

301). The conclusion usually derived from this hadith is that women can never achieve the same level of faith or spirituality as men because they cannot fulfill their religious duties all the for algernon time. The weakness in this argument and therefore in the hadith is essay neighborhood, that it contradicts the undisputed image expressed in the Qur'an of women and topics, men as equal in terms of their duties and expectations as Muslims, servants of God. To say that one's faith is determined only by the extent to which she can carry out the rituals negates all of the other aspects of faithfulness and observance that cannot be quantified. God rewards or punishes according to deeds and intentions; how, then, can something that is biologically determined, not chosen or willed by the individual, serve as a measure of faith? Would God punish women for something that He created? Because this hadith is found in Bukhari, it is rarely questioned or reinterpreted and essay, unfortunately reinforces a negative view of women in Islam.

The large volume of critical essays on flowers for algernon hadith regarding menstruation reflects the need for practical guidance on the part of the Muslim community at essay neighborhood the time of the Prophet. After reviewing all of the texts, one can't help but feel the burden of music menstruation for the Muslim woman. Regardless of the deficiency hadith and in view of essay modern advances, Muslim women today can view menstruation as a simple fact of life that has no negative bearing on a2 english gender her value as a human being. Modern medicine has enabled us to manipulate the menstrual cycle in a myriad of ways so that women can continue to carry out their activities without being disabled once a month. Indeed, many women take advantage of medical technology to essay neighborhood avoid menstruating during Hajj which, for many, is truly a once in a lifetime event not to essays on flowers for algernon be missed because of bad timing. Virginity and the Hymen: The Double Standard. Throughout childhood and adolescence, girls are sometimes prohibited by their parents from engaging in any activities that might interfere with the neighborhood integrity of the hymen which is essays on flowers, a small circular membrane at the opening of the vagina which allows the passage of menstrual flow. The opening is very narrow and is torn when penetration occurs (as in sexual intercourse). This is occasionally accompanied by bleeding.

Such blood loss has been required in some cultures to essay neighborhood prove that the woman is a virgin at marriage so a blood stained cloth would be given to gender the groom's family on the wedding night to essay verify the bride's pure state. If a woman did not bleed, the repercussions could be severe. So it became vitally important that the hymen remain intact as a sign of virginity with the family's honor at stake. While many of the cultural traditions involving proof of maker a woman's virginity are less prevalent than in the past, one can still find a persistent concern about the hymen as a marker for virginity today throughout many parts of the neighborhood Muslim world. (It should be noted that the concern about the hymen is not limited only to Muslims.) As a result, any activity that might cause tearing of the hymen would be forbidden, such as bicycle riding, horseback riding, gymnastics, etc. Unfortunately, the prohibitions against these activities are rarely accompanied by an explanation (most likely due to shyness on the part of the parents); thus, the young girl learns that because she is a girl she cannot participate in activities enjoyed by other children. Again, such an attitude promotes a negative self-image. Music. These attitudes are culturally entrenched and not based on neighborhood Islam. Maker. While virginity of both men and women is emphasized in Islam, there is no text in Qur'an or Hadith which specifically addresses the intactness of any part of a woman's anatomy as a marker for neighborhood, virginity. As will be discussed in language, detail later, the Islamic position on sexual behavior is explicit. Both men and women are required to be chaste and to seek fulfilling relationships in essay, marriage. Consequently, pre- and extra-marital relations are prohibited (Qur'an, 17:32, 24:26, 25:68; Bukhari, Vol.

8, Nos. 798-802). Critical Topics For Debate. Of course, then, there is no debate that Muslims, male and essay neighborhood, female, must be virgins before they enter into their first marriage. Each individual is responsible and accountable to God for maintaining a state of purity prior to matrimony. Critical On Flowers. Why should a woman have to prove that she is a virgin with physical evidence, when the man is taken on his word? Naturally, a woman who marries for the second or third time cannot give the same proof, meaning the status of the hymen is truly irrelevant for essay, determining sexual purity. The hymen exists as a remnant of embryological development which serves no purpose physiologically speaking (K. L. Moore, The Developing Human).

If it tears because a girl goes bike riding or uses a tampon or even has a pelvic exam by a physician as part of an evaluation of a medical condition, must it then follow that she is no longer a virgin? The restriction against vaginal penetration applies to premarital sexual behavior with a member of the opposite sex. The prohibition against premarital sex exists because of multiple negative social, psychological and physical consequences that do not apply if the hymen is torn by an act that does not involve sexual intercourse. An unfortunate consequence of focusing on a well written thesis statement the shamefulness of sexuality is the inability of many women to enjoy a fulfilling sexual life once married. If a woman is taught from childhood that her genitals are unclean, untouchable, and basically an area off limits, and if inadequate discussion takes place to prepare her for her first sexual experience, then naturally she would be horrified to imagine the penetration of essay that area by another person such as her husband. And if the first encounter is painful, the stage is set for inhibition and fear so that a fulfilling sexual relationship is practically impossible. Introduction. Problems that ensue include the inability to essay consummate a marriage, vaginismus (spasm of the vaginal muscles which causes pain and prevents penile penetration), dyspareunia (painful intercourse), and music thesis, the emotional and psychological consequences for the individuals involved in the relationship.

Also, the strong sense of essay neighborhood fear and shame often prevents adequate medical evaluation during pelvic examinations because some women are unable to sufficiently relax even if they are married and have already borne children. While our religion stresses the importance of critical essays on flowers mutual sexual satisfaction between marriage partners, negative cultural factors can prevent such an outcome. By educating children and young adults properly about sexuality, and by eliminating the features or habits which contribute to a negative self-image, and by focusing on the positive language found regarding these issues in Islamic literature women and men will be able to essay neighborhood enjoy a fulfilling sexual relationship in marriage that is each person's right. Sexuality in Qur'an and essays on flowers, Hadith. The references to sexuality found in Qur'an and hadith will now be discussed. Essay Neighborhood. In the following verse, men and women are referred to as the garments of critical on flowers one another, implying a sense of balance and mutual nurturance from one to the other. It is essay neighborhood, lawful for you to go in unto your wives during the night preceding the (day's) fast: they are as a garment for you, and you are as a garment for them. God is aware that you would have deprived yourselves of this right, and music therapy, so He has turned unto you in His mercy and removed this hardship from you. Now, then, you may lie with them skin to skin, and avail yourselves to that which God has ordained for you.(2:187) Also, by reviewing this and the verses below one appreciates the fact that sexual relations are sanctioned by God and essay neighborhood, are viewed as part of the spiritual relationship that exists between a husband and wife. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits intercourse during a woman's period (2:222) to avoid causing her discomfort.

In verse 223 of the same Surah, the for algernon Qur'an says: Your wives are your tilth; go, then, unto your tilth as you may desire, but first provide something for your souls, and essay, remain conscious of lab report maker God, and know that you are destined to meet Him. And give glad tidings unto those who believe. Based on essay these verses and some hadith, Muslim couples are encouraged to critical thinking topics enjoy sexual relations in any manner the two prefer. The only prohibitions involve avoiding intercourse while a woman is menstruating, and avoiding anal penetration (Muslim, No.3365); this explains the text in the verse mentioned above since it was revealed when one of the essay neighborhood Sahaba was concerned about having sexual intercourse from written thesis statement, behind. He was worried that he committed a sin.

So the Prophet said that any position was lawful as long as anal penetration did not occur. Therefore, if the couple is mutually agreeable, no other restrictions apply. Other verses that address sexuality focus on the unlawfulness of extra-marital sexual relationships which will be discussed later. Sexual Rights of the Wife. Several hadith also address the issue of sexual satisfaction with reference to the wife's rights in this matter. The Prophet advised Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As (who spent all day fasting and all night in essay, prayer) to fast sometimes and critical, not at other times; to pray at night and to essay sleep at critical essays on flowers for algernon night. Your body has a right over you, your eyes have a right over you and your wife has a right over you. (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 127) The wife's rights include a right to essay neighborhood companionship from her husband and fulfillment of her sexual needs. A woman's satisfaction is particularly referred to music thesis in the interpretation of the hadiths which discuss penile withdrawal as a method of contraception. One stipulation is that the woman must consent because such a practice could interfere with her sexual fulfillment to essay neighborhood which she is entitled.

Also, if she desires to bear children, coitus interruptus practiced by her husband would violate that right as well. This viewpoint is based on lab report maker a hadith transmitted by Umar ibn-al-Khattab who said that the Prophet forbade the practice of essay coitus interruptus with a woman except with her permission This reference is found in Sex and Society in Islam, by B. F. Musallam who also points out that this hadith was considered weak by some Medieval jurists (see also al-Muwatta, 29.34, No. 100). Nevertheless, the position regarding the woman's right to orgasm was developed over time by a2 english language gender, several Muslim jurists during the same period (Busallam, Chapter 2 and footnotes). Also, one undisputed justification for divorce on behalf of the wife is essay neighborhood, her sexual dissatisfaction. The most explicit discussions of sexual relations with respect to fulfilling the wife's needs are found in the Book on the Etiquette of Marriage, part of Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali's larger work, Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din), written in the eleventh century. In spite of for debate some of his comments that are generally disparaging of women, he argues forcefully regarding the essay neighborhood wife's right to sexual fulfillment. He quotes the Prophet as saying, Let none of you come upon his wife like an lab report animal, let there be an emissary between them. When asked what is the emissary, he replied, The kiss and sweet words. In another hadith, the Prophet points out that one of the deficiencies of a man is essay neighborhood, that he should approach his wife and have sexual contact with her before exchanging words and caresses, consequently, he sleeps with her and fulfills his needs (i.e. orgasm) before she fulfills hers. Al-Ghazali further elaborates on the importance of a woman achieving orgasm by stating, Congruence in attaining a climax is more gratifying to therapy her because the man is not preoccupied with his own pleasure, but rather with hers.

Rights of the Husband. The sexual rights of the husband are also elucidated in the traditions, but the language is such that it appears that his rights supersede those of his wife. For example, in Bukhari, AbuHuraira reports that the Prophet said, If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and she refuses, then the essay neighborhood angels send their curses on her till morning. (Vol. 7, No. 121-2; in Muslim, the text reads that God is displeased with her until the good analytical essay husband is pleased with her Nos. 3366-68). In Riyadh-us-Salaheen, a hadith attributed to Tirmidhi and Nisai states that the Prophet said, When a man sends for his wife for the satisfaction of his need, she should go to him even if she may be occupied in essay, baking bread. (No. 284) Similarly, Muslim women are advised not to fast without the language permission of their husbands since fasting would interfere with sexual relations (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 2452-3; Muslim, Nos.

3366-68; Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 120). Clearly, Islamic literature stresses the importance of the essay neighborhood sexual relationship between a husband and wife, but the good analytical above traditions seem to show that the husband's right to have sex is more important than the wife's right of essay refusal if she is not willing for whatever reason. The only time she can refuse intercourse, then, is for algernon, during menstruation. The verse (2:222) commands Muslims to avoid sex during that time because it may be associated with discomfort on the part of the woman. A logical conclusion would be that sexual relations are better avoided for any circumstances (physical or otherwise) that would lead to discomfort. A common view of neighborhood sex is music therapy thesis, that the stronger sexual urges of essay neighborhood men (compared to women) can be controlled only to a certain extent; according to some, this justifies the practice of polygamy even though the Qur'an makes no mention of sexual desires in the verses on polygamy (4:3-5). Also, the same argument is critical topics for debate, made to essay justify forcing women to have sex against their will, as they are forbidden to music refuse to essay have sexual relations. Good Essay Introduction. Since the husband's urges are so strong, and to prevent him from acting out on them illicitly, a wife's duty therefore is to submit in order to preserve the marriage.

Yet, human beings are endowed with self control not seen in essay neighborhood, any other species, such that we do not act on every instinctual impulse because of some uncontrollable force. This is what distinguishes humankind since God gave us the ability to think and make choices. Therefore, there is no justification for forcing women to have sex against their will, even in marriage. One does not find any traditions that show the how to write a well statement Prophet as an essay neighborhood aggressive or coercive husband. Critical For Algernon. Similarly, behavior involving coercion and force goes against essay, the philosophy of mutual satisfaction outlined in the Qur'an (see verses above) and against the hadith which states that the best among Muslims are those who are best towards their wives (Riyadh-us-Salaheen, No. 278). Also, the Prophet expressed his strong disapproval of those who physically beat their wives and then had sexual relations that night (Bukhari, Vol.

7, No. 132, Vol.9, 81-82; see also Riyadh us-Salaheen, No. 274). The example of the Prophet clearly reveals that he and his wives enjoyed physical affection not necessarily related to intercourse thus reflecting an attitude of loving behavior in a variety of circumstances. Based on the hadith transmitted by his wives (particularly regarding physical intimacy while they were menstruating), this behavior included kissing, caressing, embracing and bathing together. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 267-273, 2376-2379; Muslim, Nos. 577-586, 629)

Husbands and wives should strive to satisfy one another's sexual needs as much as possible. This can be achieved by honest, open discussions; care, kindness and a desire to please one another. Viewing sexual intimacy as an important part of the relationship will enable a couple to language gender achieve mutual satisfaction that enhances the overall success of the marriage. Clearly, coercion and essay, lack of consideration for one's spouses feelings will result in tension that can have negative effects on the rest of the relationship. Unfortunately, if a Muslim woman is raised to abhor and fear any matters related to sex, then in lab report maker, most instances of sexual contact she would be a passive and perhaps unwilling participant, and definitely not one who derives pleasure from sex. Also, the general view of neighborhood sex as a shameful and language gender, dirty act contributes to inhibitions of essay both men and women, preventing them from enjoying an act sanctioned by God. The following hadith highlights the importance of privacy in sexual relationships: the Prophet is reported to have said, The most wicked among the people in the sight of God on the Day of Judgement is the man who goes to his wife and she comes to him, and then he divulges her secret. A Well. (Muslim, Nos. 3369-70). Neighborhood. Consequently, Muslims would be very unlikely to discuss matters of their sexual lives outside of the home.

By keeping sexual issues private, the couple ensures mutual respect and avoids the good analytical essay introduction chances of violating trust by divulging personal tastes and practices to others. However, this attitude would also prevent couples from seeking necessary help, thus diminishing opportunities for alleviating any problems related to sexual dysfunction. Consultations with professionals, such as physicians, would not violate the code of privacy, and could help the essay neighborhood individual or couple in matters that significantly impact the marriage. Sex Outside of Marraige. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits sexual acts outside of good marriage (zina). Essay Neighborhood. Interestingly, the text does not go into detail to explain why such behavior is sinful. The verses which mention illicit sexual relations do so while admonishing Muslims to critical thinking avoid other grave sinful deeds such as murder and stealing (Qur'an 25:68, 60:12). Muslims acknowledge and believe in Divine wisdom which is understood, to essay neighborhood some extent, by the application of common sense and an exploration of the ramifications of fornication and adultery which include but are not limited to unwanted pregnancy, transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, negative emotional and psychological consequences, and physical intimacy without emotional commitment.

In addition to Qur'an, numerous hadith exist which point out that zina is considered a major sin (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. Analytical Essay Introduction. 148; Vol. 8, Nos. Essay. 798-802). The issue of extramarital sexual relations takes on even more profound importance because laws exist in Islamic jurisprudence which outline the punishment (hadd) for lab report, this behavior which is considered a sex crime. Essay. Clearly, the threat of punishment authorized by God serves as a very effective deterrent for illicit sexual behavior which results in negative social consequences beyond those experienced by the couple in question. Even though the text is how to write a well thesis, clear regarding the unlawfulness of zina, the following references point out essay neighborhood how difficult it is to accuse someone of such a crime. According to language gender the Qur'an, those who accuse another of zina are required to produce four eyewitnesses of the essay act of genital penetration (meaning the act of thinking topics intercourse would practically have to be committed in public view). According to hadith, other incriminating evidence include confession and essay, pregnancy (Bukhari, Vol. 8, No. 816; Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4518; Muslim, No. 4194). While the seriousness of the crime is not in question, the a2 english language Prophet himself demonstrated reluctance in reacting to accusations and even confessions without giving individuals the opportunity to essay avoid punishment and repent to God, with the hopes of good analytical essay avoiding punishment in essay, the hereafter as well. Analytical Essay. In addition, the Prophet himself advised the believers not to make public their misbehaviors. Neighborhood. When a man came to confess that he had been with a woman and did everything except sexual intercourse, Omar ibn al Khattab said, Allah has concealed your fault; it would have been better if you had concealed it yourself. The Prophet then quoted the verse, And be constant in praying at the beginning and the end of the lab report day. for, verily, good deeds drive away evil deeds: this is a reminder to all who bear (God) in mind. (11:114). In addition, the Qur'an elsewhere clearly stresses the importance of sincerely repenting as God is ever merciful (4:15-16). Several hadith refer to an instance in which the Prophet tried to give a man the opportunity to avoid punishment. Maiz ibn Malik came to the Prophet insisting on confessing his sin of fornication with a slavegirl. The Prophet responded by turning away from neighborhood, him, then insisted that the couple must have just looked at each other, or only embraced or kissed; but Maiz persisted with his confession of actual intercourse. The Prophet gave him ample opportunity to a2 english conceal his sin, and repent privately with the hopes of receiving God's forgiveness.

Yet, Maiz also knew that punishment in this life would replace the possible punishment awaiting in the Hereafter. So upon acknowledgement and confession of fornication, the essay Prophet ordered the a2 english language coursework punishment. (Bukhari, Vol. 8, Nos. Essay Neighborhood. 806, 810, 812-14; Sunan Abu Dawud, No. Lab Report Maker. 4413). A similar story involves a pregnant woman who also wanted to neighborhood confess and critical essays, receive punishment. Again, the Prophet first told her to neighborhood Go back to her tribe, but she returned again wishing to maker confess. The Prophet told her to go back until the child was born.

She returned again with the essay infant and essays for algernon, he told her to suckle him until you wean him. Essay. She returned when the boy was weaned, again confessing fully, resulting in the prescribed punishment. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. Coursework. 4428). For a couple (or individual) convicted of essay neighborhood zina, the punishment would be harsh. According to the Qur'an , 100 lashes for critical thinking topics, each (24:2). In several hadith collections, the punishment of stoning to essay neighborhood death is described for those guilty of adultery. This divergence is significant because stoning resulted in death while flogging did not.. The Qur'an does not distinguish between fornication and adultery but uses one word to describe both, zina. Belief in the Qur'an as the final word would argue that the use of maker stoning to death instead of flogging is inappropriate; indeed a hadith in Bukhari states that a transmitter of one of the stoning hadiths did not know if stoning was practiced before or after the revelation of the above Qur'anic verse (Vol. .8, No. 804).

Interestingly, both Bukhari and Muslim report a hadith transmitted by neighborhood, Ibn Abbas who narrated that Umar ibn al-Khattab feared that in future times Muslims would not use stoning as punishment because it is not mentioned in the Qur'an. Critical Thinking. But he spoke to confirm the obligation of its use as punishment for proven cases of adultery. (Bukhari, Vol.8, No. Neighborhood. 816; Muslim, No. 4194). All of these issues dealing with punishment must be reviewed by critical on flowers for algernon, modern Islamic jurists to develop laws (in those countries where Islamic law is applied) that incorporate the Islamic principles of justice, due process and compassion.

In countries where Muslims live as minorities (where Islamic law does not prevail), these punishments cannot be carried out by zealous individuals or communities who may feel that they are required to carry out neighborhood God's law in spite of the a2 english coursework gender prevailing legal system. Yet, the system of Islamic jurisprudence must guarantee basic rights of individuals accused of serious crimes: these rights cannot possibly be upheld without a court system with checks and balances to ensure enforcement of the essay law while respecting the critical essays on flowers rights of individuals. The main point is that, while the punishment for zina is severe and essay neighborhood, extreme, the requirements for proof of guilt are so strict that the chances of one actually being convicted and then punished are very small. Thus the individual Muslim who commits such acts in private, without fear of retribution should pay heed to the following verses: Verily, God's acceptance of repentance relates only to those who do evil out of ignorance and then repent before their time runs out. And it is a2 english coursework gender, they unto whom God will turn again in essay, His mercy - for critical topics for debate, God is all-knowing, wise; whereas repentance shall not be accepted from those who do evil deeds until their dying hour and essay neighborhood, then say, Behold I now repent; nor from those who die as deniers of truth; it is these for whom We have readied grievous suffering.(4:17-18) While it may seem obvious to some, the definition of critical essays for algernon zina is not without controversy. Again, using the hadith mentioned above(Bukhari, Vol. 8, No.

806, etc.), the Prophet did not consider Maiz ibn Malek of a crime until he confessed of actual sexual intercourse involving penile penetration. This does not mean that other behaviors such as kissing, heavy petting, oral sex are not prohibited but that the requirements needed to justify a harsh punishment are strict. Obviously, many couples can engage in all of these activities without being exposed to witnesses and thus avoid punishment in this life. But they still must answer to God who, in no uncertain terms, admonishes against any sexual contact outside of neighborhood marriage. False Accusations and Honor. If a husband accuses his wife of adultery by swearing four times and she denies any wrongdoing under oath, then she is vindicated (Qur'an 24:6-9).

According to Muhammad Asad (footnote 10, Surah 24) the same applies if a woman accuses her husband. If the accusation is found to be false the punishment of the accuser is good, severe: And as for essay, those who accuse chaste women (of adultery), and then are unable to produce four witnesses (in support of thier accusation), flog them with eighty s stripes; an ever after refuse to music therapy thesis accept from them any testimony- since it is they, they that are truly depraved!- excepting only those who afterwards repent and made amends for, behold, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace. And as for those who accuse their own wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let each of these (accusers) call God four times to witness that he is indeed telling the essay neighborhood truth, and the fifth time, that God's curse be upon lab report maker him if he is telling a lie. (As for the wife, all) chastisement shall be averted from her by her calling God four times to witness that he is indeed telling a lie, and the fifth (time), that God's curse be upon her if she is telling the truth . (24:4-8) These verses were revealed in response to accusations against Aisha, the Prophet's wife, who was left behind the caravan when she went looking for a lost necklace. Essay. A young soldier happened upon her and escorted her to the camp where they arrived the following day. Rumors about sexual misconduct spread, causing great upheaval and emotional distress in the household of the Prophet.

The above verses point out written thesis statement that a woman's word to swear to neighborhood her innocence is sufficient to both preserve her reputation and result in punishment of her accusers. The following verse admonishes the community for not questioning the good introduction rumors and giving Aisha, the accused, the benefit of the doubt: Why do not the believing men and women, whenever such (a rumor) is heard, think the best of one another and say, 'This is an obvious falsehood'. and were it not for God's favor upon neighborhood you, and His grace in critical thinking, this world and in the life to neighborhood come, awesome suffering would indeed have afflicted you in result of on flowers all (the calumny) in which you indulge when you take it up with your tongues, uttering with your mouths something of which you have no knowledge, and essay, deeming it a light matter whereas in the sight of God it is an good introduction awful thing. Verily, as for those who like (to hear)foul slander spread against (any of) those who have attained to faith - grievous suffering awaits them in this world and in the life to come: for God knows (the full truth), whereas you know (it) not (24:12-19). Slander is considered a grave offense since it taints the reputation of individuals and disrupts relationships The verses, while referring to Aisha's particular case, universally applied, serve to protect women from any unfair accusations about their chastity. Unfortunately in many communities throughout the Muslim world the, honor of the entire family is caught up in neighborhood, and determined by thinking, the reputation of the female members, who can be accused of sexual misconduct, even if it is only suspected. Essay Neighborhood. As is a2 english language gender, clear from the above verses, singling out essay neighborhood women for punishment based only on accusations or assumptions has no basis in Islam. Even if a woman is accused of fornication, and she denies the critical accusation, no punishment is carried out essay neighborhood (Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4451). Thus, even the suggestion of misbehavior (usually acts other than intercourse) cannot possibly serve as evidence of therapy thesis wrongdoing to Islamically justify retribution (such as honor killings) on the part of the woman's family. The sin of false accusations and the focus on absolving the one who is falsely accused has become problematic regarding the punishment of rape. If a woman accuses a man of raping her and he denies that he did, she is basically confessing to illicit sexual contact and therefore punishable. This is even more problematic if the woman has no other evidence besides her testimony. This is the current state of affairs in Pakistan where rape victims are punished for the crime committed against them. According to Imam Malik, if a man is convicted of rape, he receives the punishment as mentioned for zina and also must pay a mahr (bride-price) to the victim (al-Muwatta, 36.16).

Imam Malik also states that if an unmarried woman is pregnant and claims to have been raped, unless there is essay neighborhood, physical evidence, she is presumed to be guilty of fornication and therefore punished (al-Muwatta, 41.4). Again, based on earlier interpretations, the critical thinking woman is made to suffer for a crime committed by another because the focus is erroneously on the sexual act and not on rape as an act of violence. Rather than viewing the act of sex as the issue requiring jurisdiction, the judges should view rape as an act of essay neighborhood violence perpetrated against an unwilling victim who cannot be considered guilty of a sex crime. Along the lines of sexual behavior arises the issue of homosexuality about which the Islamic position is clear. Based on numerous verses in the Qur'an which refer to Prophet Lot and critical on flowers, the sins committed by his community, one concludes that homosexual relations are prohibited. (7:80-84, 11:77-83, 15:57-77, 26:160-175, 27:54-58, 29:28-35)) Again, the Qur'an does not go into neighborhood, great detail to good analytical explain why; and again Muslims first accept God's wisdom and then apply reason to come to an understanding. The most basic argument is neighborhood, that homosexual behavior is on flowers, ultimately detrimental to neighborhood the survival of thehuman race. Also, it is contrary to the Islamic position of the importance of the bond between husbands and wives which is a goal for which Muslims are encouraged to strive. (based on a well known hadith that marriage is essay, half of one's religion.) Like zina, punishment has been described for those who are found to engage in homosexual acts. The Qur'an is essay, somewhat vague on the issue of punishment. The only verse which alludes to a2 english coursework gender this behavior again calls for four witnesses to confirm the immoral conduct (fahishah) between two women or two men; if they are found guilty, they are to be punished, but if they repent they are to be left alone (4:15-16).

The type of punishment is not defined. The hadith are more specific. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet said if anyone is found doing as Lot's people did, to kill the neighborhood one who does it (sodomy) and to whom it is done (No. 4447). In the music therapy thesis footnote to this hadith it is pointed out that the jurists differed in opinion regarding how the punishment would be carried out. Neighborhood. Basically, homosexual acts are considered illicit and critical on flowers for algernon, if verified by witnesses or confession, then the individuals would be punished like those who commit zina. Essay Neighborhood. What occurs in private is critical for debate, between individuals who are ultimately accountable to God. Naturally, sexual feelings can arise for people who are not yet married.

An oft quoted hadith advises fasting to help quell the sexual appetite (Bukhari, Vol. Neighborhood. 3, No. 129). Analytical. For some this may not really help. Neighborhood. But feelings of analytical frustration do not justify acting them out with someone outside of the marital relationship. Therefore, one could argue for the benefit of masturbation which would relieve the essay neighborhood frustration and prevent illicit sexual contact (see Musallam, p.33 and a2 english language coursework gender, Qaradawi, pp. 170-1). Neighborhood. According to Al-Qaradawi in how to a well written thesis statement, The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, the majority of essay scholars consider masturbation haram (forbidden). But, he does point out thesis that the Hanbali jurists permit masturbation for those afraid of committing fornication or adultery or for those without the means to essay neighborhood marry.

While the value of family and raising children is music thesis, undisputed among most Muslims, it is essay neighborhood, well known that contraception is permitted and can be practiced for a variety of maker reasons at the discretion of the couple. This is consistent with the view that the purpose of sexual behavior between husband and wife is not limited to procreation. The Prophet did not prohibit contraception (the withdrawal method or coitus interruptus practiced at the time) and did not mention any stipulations in any of the hadith except one mentioned earlier which refers to the importance of obtaining the wife's consent before practicing withdrawal. Similarly, use of female controlled methods, such as the neighborhood birth control pill, would require the husband's consent in consideration of write a well thesis his desires for bearing children. (Bukhari, Vol. 7, Nos. 135-6; Muslim, Nos. 3371-88; al-Muwatta, 29.34) While withdrawal was the method practiced during the Prophet's time, by analogy, contraception by the means available today is also permitted. In almost every hadith that discusses withdrawal ('azl) the Prophet is reported to have said that even if it is practiced, if God intends a child to be born she/he will be born. Although the neighborhood methods used today for contraception are very effective, not a single one provides 100% assurance that pregnancy will not occur; so, as always, God's will prevails when He so ordains a matter such as conception.

Some Muslims argue that sterilization of men or women is not allowed as a method of contraception because it alters the lab report maker human body. They use the hadith which admonish against altering one's features for cosmetic reasons (Y. Al-Qaradawi, The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, pp. 88-9). Surgery done for beautification is clearly not the same as that done for essay, contraception so the connection is how to write a well statement, flawed at essay best, and does not offer a convincing argument against therapy thesis, sterilization. Like the other monotheistic religions, Islam prohibits the taking of the life of another human being without just cause (i.e. in self-defense, see 5:32) Therefore the question arises, at what point in gestation does the fetus become a human, such that to remove it would be described as murder. The debate in modern Western society centers around the issue of choice. Since the pregnancy is part of the essay neighborhood woman's body, she has the right to make decisions regarding the outcome. On the other hand, the fetus is a potential human being who has rights of her/his own, one of them being the right to life.

By the early third trimester, when an infant born can survive outside of the womb, to terminate a pregnancy is thinking topics, considered illegal. Essay. Prior to that stage of gestation, the therapy thesis fetus definitely cannot survive, therefore, it is not yet considered a human being . Others believe that the fetus's status as a human begins at conception. In spite of the positions of the essay major jurists, many Muslims today ( and some earlier jurists) believe that abortion is unlawful under any circumstances unless the woman's life is endangered by the pregnancy. Modern technology (not available to early jurists) enables the physician to see the beating heart of a 21 day old embryo; whether the embryo qualifies as a person is really only known by God. Many feel that life and the human spirit are present at conception meaning pregnancy termination at any stage would involve the unlawful taking of a life ( see Islamic Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology, by Dr. Hassan Hathout, pp. 61-78 ). While some modern day scholars also feel that the music therapy fetus' right to life prevails even in cases of incest or rape, others consider those situations exceptional and think abortion is allowed to essay preserve the a2 english language coursework emotional and psychological well-being of the woman. Female Genital Mutilation. Since female genital mutilation (FGM , known also as female circumcision). is a custom among some Muslims, the essay Islamic position must be made clear. This practice which involves varying degrees of mutilation (from removing the clitoris to removing all labia and sewing the vagina to such an extent that only a small opening exists to allow passage of menstrual blood) presumably is performed to limit the sexual activity of women . Essays. By eliminating their ability to experience orgasm , they will be less likely to misbehave before or during marriage.

This practice pre-dated Islam and is currently a custom in essay, a few Muslim countries, particularly in Africa. Only one hadith exists which specifically addresses FGM. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Um Atiya said that the Prophet told a woman who performed circumcision in Medina to not cut severely as that is better for thinking, a woman and more desirable for a husband (No. 5251). Essay Neighborhood. According to Abu Dawud, this is a weak hadith (mursal).

In the footnote of this hadith, the good analytical translator, Ahmad Hasan, points out that all of the major scholars maintained that FGM was recommended (but to what degree was not specified). As mentioned throughout this chapter, focusing on sexuality in a positive manner can be a difficult task for Muslims. Cultural views of women in general, fear of committing and being punished for sin, and the use of sex as a means of domination have all contributed to the silence and repression that prevent people from neighborhood, being comfortable with their sexuality as individuals and in relationships. Through education and understanding, a more positive approach can lead to a better outcome. Teaching children to accept their bodies and sexuality contributes to how to a well written developing strong self-esteem which is a major determinant of future sexual activity. Young people, particularly women, with low self-esteem are more likely to engage in sexual behavior at a young age. Fostering self-esteem occurs mainly within the family unit and also in schools and society at large. Informing children and young adults about the changes that occur as they grow and essay, then teaching them about developing healthy relationships with others is possible through formalized educational settings (especially if the parents feel too uncomfortable discussing sexuality.) Also, a willingness on the part of adults to answer questions openly and to discuss difficult issues such as homosexualty or sexually transmitted diseases will enable young adults to approach their parents and educators and coursework gender, therefore be less likely to obtain inaccurate information from their peers or the essay media. The Prophet was well-known for his frankness in discussing all issues, including those related to sex and sexual development.

In one hadith, he is asked by a woman if, when a woman has an orgasm while asleep (during dreaming), does she have to good introduction perform complete ablution (ghusl) prior to doing her prayers. Essay. The Prophet answered that she does because such an experience is akin to the nocturnal emissions of men which require ghusl. (Muslim, Nos. 607-613; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 280) This is a well written statement, a well known hadith which shows that the early Muslims felt no inhibition about addressing the essay neighborhood Prophet about sensitive issues such as female orgasm (see also Muslim, No. 649). Muslims today must follow the lab report example of the Prophet to use wisdom and beautiful preaching to talk to one another and their children about all matters. Teaching about essay sexuality from an Islamic perspective is necessary for Muslim young people who are growing up in a society full of tremendous pressures. Regarding menstruation, it is important to teach our daughters that this is a special part of development that signals the onset of adulthood and possible future child-bearing. Critical Thinking. A supportive attitude by parents is essential as girls struggle to deal with a change that may leave them feeling uncomfortable and essay neighborhood, sometimes embarrassed. A2 English Coursework. Pre-adolescents are usually preoccupied with the opinions of their peers.

So, a Muslim girl who isn't praying or fasting because it is neighborhood, that time of the month naturally feels exposed and maybe even isolated. Again, this points to the importance of teaching respect to all children to minimize the potential for hurt feelings and shame. Coursework. Also, discussing this in appropriate sex education courses for young Muslims enables them to be educated and informed so that mature attitudes will be engendered among boys and girls. One could argue that the strong language found in the Qur'an and Hadith against unlawful sex contributes to a negative attitude regarding sex in general. Indeed, fear of retribution is often used to discourage young adults from essay neighborhood, engaging in essays, premarital sexual behavior, thus contributing to inhibition, guilt and repression that interfere with healthy sexuality in marriage. Neighborhood. Muslims must be willing to discuss these issues openly with their children to music therapy thesis point out the wisdom of postponing sexual behavior until marriage and to focus on all of the positive aspects that a healthy sexual relationship contributes to that union.

Rules without explanation only stimulate a young person's curiosity and interest in risky behavior that is glorified by the media and often practiced by one's peers. Also, when instilled with a strong sense of self esteem and identity, young people are better equipped to deal with the pressures they face particularly during adolescence when many of their friends are experimenting sexually.

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Custom Ethos essay paper writing service. The doctrine of ethos is the notion that describes how music affects the brain. Essay Neighborhood. Ethos or music psychology is a branch of good analytical musicology and psychology. These branches help to essay neighborhood, understand and explain musical experience in relation to musical behavior. The basic interpretations of the primary source help the music systems observation approach and the systematic interaction with humans.

This research paper seeks to explore the questions and issues that surround musical activities and experiences. Doctrine of Ethos. There are many things that come in through senses of human beings. However, this does not mean that there should be difficulty while focusing attention on one stimulus and ignoring another. This is explained by the fact that human beings have an exceptional ability to get rid of unwanted stimuli. Doctrine of ethos is a fascinating sub discipline that explores mental processes and tries to understand how people think, remember, perceive, sing and speak. This branch of musical psychology can be also related to other disciplines such as linguistics and neighborhood, neuroscience. It is mainly focused on how human beings acquire, store, and process information.

Research requires many different musical practical applications[1]. These applications should focus on for algernon the increasing decision making accuracy, improving the memory and structuring the educational and musical processes. Historically, psychology as the school of thought was dominating other schools, while in the later years it focused more on the problem solving and attention, memory and problem solving after the cognitive evolution. It is necessary to note that behaviorism focuses on essay neighborhood the behaviors observed while cognitive psychology focuses on the internal mental states of human beings. The critical question is critical essays for algernon, “why it is necessary to study the doctrine of ethos?” Ethos is a branch of psychology that studies and examines the psychological aspects of the human brain.

This simply means that there is a connection between emotions and essay, the brain. It is thesis, studied by teachers, educators, scientists, architects, artists, designers, musicians and many other professionals[2]. Neighborhood. This psychology evolves around the idea and the notion that understanding the mind and internal processes is the key to understanding the relationship between human emotions and therapy thesis, the brain. It applies to a homothetic approach that adopts ideographic techniques in the case study. How the Doctrine of Ethos Pertains to Music.

The doctrine of neighborhood ethos pertains to music in several ways. It is necessary to note that tonal qualities and critical essays for algernon, sounds are triggered by a part of the brain which in turn, releases hormones into the body. These hormones change the mood of essay neighborhood a person drastically. This simply means that the doctrine of critical ethos is related to music moral qualities. In this case, study of ethos discusses benefits and harmful effects of ethical music. Musical attention is the ability to concentrate, focus on a musical notes and sounds, and allocate other processing resources. Neighborhood. There are different types of critical attention, namely selective attention, divided attention and automatic attention. Selective attention entails the effects of trying to attend to different things at essay neighborhood, the same time. In this case, the person needs to select the task to analytical essay, attend in order to finish another. Divided attention, on the other hand, is the difficulty that is faced when trying to do two different tasks at the same time. The neurosciences and philosophy in music is known as a binding problem.

These are many different possible uses which are useful at different anchor points. The process by which brains segregate musical elements is not unique but also highly complex. The first problem faced in this conventional questioning is the neural mechanism that distributes most activities to the central nervous system. Visual perception is a process that separates information and sends them to different regions or parts of the brain. Taking this into account, synthesis will feature on neighborhood the synchronizing different neurons which are found in essays on flowers, the cortex. Memory also largely depends on the biding problem[3]. This simply means that it is associated with many different elements which help to maintain and essay neighborhood, create brain association. The binding problem is applied to topics, unity consciousness in relation to a problem within the brain. In other words, the brain is supported by limited domains that can assess sensitive cells.

Most of the researches carried out studies on the music psychology have shown that all the music performers and listeners respond emotionally during and after listening to music. This is attributed to the fact that after experiencing emotion which is related to the music, the music emotions are recognizable. This simply means that these emotions are a behavioral change towards a stimulus[4]. The listener’s expression in the course of music determines music emotions and experience. According to essay, Waterman (1992), people respond to coursework gender, music because they have different musical responses. While choosing the best method to use in the ethos research study, it is necessary to consider the cognitive neuroscience and contemporary cognitive psychology. The methods chosen must focus on auditory attention. This simply means that the method should be introduced using a limited capacity in essay, the attention given.

The first method should try to understand human behavior and write a well written thesis, how music is processed. The method should evaluate and provide understanding how humans interpret, remember, perceive and sense music. The method should be based on the cross-cultural and developmental perspectives of music, performance anxiety, music therapy and neurological aspects. The selective method should use the Broadbent filter model of selective attention. Essay Neighborhood. It is necessary to note that the Broadbent method recognizes the information processing approach that contributes key information to the same. Broadbent argues that any information provided at any time has the how to write a well thesis capacity to essay, enter a sensory buffer[5]. According to Broadbent, this filter is designed to prevent an overload in the processing of the information. This method entails focusing on how people are listening to the music deliberately overloading with this information and how to good essay, read such a signal in the information process. This method also focuses on a repeated background. Therefore, this implies that people will make fewer mistakes if the music can be repeated back.

The other sheer effective method that can be used is the dichotic listening task. This method attempts to essay neighborhood, determine why it is lab report maker, difficult for humans to listen to music or switch to essay neighborhood, different channels at a time. This simply means that human beings can only listen to maker, one musical composition at a given time, while another musical composition from the unattended year gets lost[6]. Hence, it means that the music get stored by a remarkably short term memory. In this method, one music type is introduced. It is necessary to note that this method considers that there is limited capacity to enable the processing of this information or the music.

There are many disciplines and neighborhood, mutual aspects that help in research methodologies of music psychology or ethos. Other method will involve identifying a single motion while the listener is lab report, listening to different types of music. In this case, a questionnaire is used to neighborhood, conduct an critical experiment. The questionnaire should be simple and precise in order to essay neighborhood, allow easy understanding of the questions. It should also be addressed to a large group of person and should not only be limited to a group of people. Topics For Debate. The research method should also explore the relationship between musical psychology and music cognition.

As a result the cognitive arrays can be transformed into musical sequences of multi tracks. While constructing or developing the questionnaire, the neighborhood researchers must consider the fact that music psychology methods are extremely difficult to implement[7]. In this case, they should put quality control procedures in place in order to get expert review. The research study must cover the perception of sound patterns, perception of musical sounds, music memory, absolute pitch, musical gatherings and good, rituals, musical instruments learning processes, emotional musical behavior, personal role of music, musical social influences, rhythm, tone, harmony dance ability, phrasing and meter in the music and the psychological processes involved in musical performance. A variety of statistical tests should also be carried out in the research study. Essay Neighborhood. This will help to understand and explain the interlocking sets of music that are related to musical psychology. This research method should be based on disciplines such as use of computational models. Critical Essays For Algernon. Consequently, it will be able to essay, reflect most of the write a well written thesis properties present in the human cognition process. In this case, a music task should be used in order to neighborhood, determine actual relations between the theories used and the statistical tests involved[8]. Results from the filter or Broadbent model showed that this method was more effective when operated as a selective attention. This simply means that human beings can only pay attention to one specific song or songs at the same time.

The results from the music psychological research method brought to a conclusion that musical elements are related to emotional experiences depending on how to write a well written the music. However, there were many methodology problems that were observed because emotions last for a short duration of time. Latter means that the questionnaires do not provide enough insight to help researchers understand other complex emotions which were experienced while listening to the music. The results show that the music mind can perform, listen to and compose music. It also shows that the mind is linked to body language and essay neighborhood, responses from music. The resulting music therapy lowers the maker heart rate, anxiety, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The other discovery that was made was that music therapy is an essential element that helps to improve the quality of life among a certain group of essay neighborhood persons. Music therapy is also associated with improving stride symmetry, stride length and gate velocity. The study also showed that understanding a person’s music choice is critical in critical thinking, understanding the music responses from the particular person. Most people had limited control over the music played and thus the effects were related to the particular music played.

The challenge, however, comes from controlling these trials in order to understand the affects on people from different environments and medical settings. This could significantly help to optimize the use of music, relieve anxiety and increase comfort on the people involved. In this way, music can be used medically to help improve the life and neighborhood, health of the patients or individuals involved. The main aim for conducting an ethos research is to study and understand the sound verbal domain which is a particular contemporary field of science that is actively developing. A2 English Language Coursework Gender. In this sense, cognitive framework represents some unique properties of the abstract or the musical sound environment. In this case, the neighborhood sensory information or the frequency is ultimately transformed into essays on flowers for algernon a pitch. The input and essay neighborhood, output nature represent the critical topics transformation of the algorithms used.

This research also explores the instantaneous biology of the neighborhood human brain in order to present a functional base for critical essays on flowers, the oriented neuropsychological work[9]. As the sound is produced from different sources the behavior can change or remain constant through time, however, using a limited number of cues can give conflicting evidence or reinforcement on the same. Therefore, sound sources in the environment depend on neighborhood the acoustic information. In this case, the therapy music or the essay neighborhood arrangement of notes can profoundly affect the perpetual results of the same. Once the music is derived from the perpetual source, the music perception begins. These attributes or sources help to activate a knowledge structure which represents long term memory. Music Psychology. Music features rich melodic and rhythmic structures in the addition to the spoken language. Language and music largely depend on the functions of the brain.

As a result, the relationship between speech intonation’s perceptions and musical deafness or tone deafness are some of the behaviors that are illuminated in the neural foundations and therapy, cognitive domain[10]. In this case, perception is neighborhood, not registered as passive but is an a2 english language coursework active interpretation that involves a constructive process. In other words, the brain has a remarkable ability to support music and rhythm perceptions, examine auditoria systems, motor systems and other beat perceptions. The mechanism of the essay neighborhood brain clearly shows that understanding a musical beat is a phenomenon that illustrates the mechanism of the brain and the human culture. Temporal Dynamics of the Brain Activity. To understand temporal details of the brain, one should understand how the therapy thesis brain responds to the sound. A frequency tagging is a method that is used in the research to study the brain and how it evolves over time. It also helps to understand the auditory processes and the brain mechanisms. Stimulus affects the essay neighborhood brain activity in a great way since the brain activity is largely related to the stimuli that become temporally correlated[11].

Music and Body Language. Music is a cultural form that has survived many generations from the maker historical times to present time. Music does not only have an essay neighborhood effect on society but also has an effect on modern life. The body responds to music. Results and finding of numerous studies that have been carried out on this subject have proved that music is simply a unique thought that is related to the physical, spiritual and emotional aspects in the world. Therefore, a person’s mood can be easily changed by music.

Music can also cause simultaneous physical responses in human beings. Lab Report. Other people have perceived music as a way to neighborhood, weaken or strengthen a person’s emotion depending on the circumstances or the environment. Music has many functions apart from relaxation. It also decreases blood pressure, affects the breathing rate, increase heart rate and enhances a person’s ability to learn. Music Healthy Effects. Healthy effects of music are related to the power of music.

As mentioned before, music can slow down blood pressure, slow down the critical thinking for debate breathing rate among many other functions. In this way, the person can live a healthy life. Different types of music from different classical periods respond to the brain in sheer distinct ways. The brain can respond to changes and neighborhood, repetition, mood contrast and pitch and patterns of rhythm. A Well Written. Playing different music rhythms at a time or by changing the music theme helps the brain to respond in different ways.

However, the mind can shut down if one song or rhythm is repeated more than three times. The repetition can also cause the person to release emotions[12]. Therefore, it can be concluded that doctrine of ethos is directly related to essay, how music affects brain. Doctrine of ethos pertain music in some ways. It can be clearly noted that the human brain can be affected by the music. The doctrine of critical essays for algernon ethos suggests that an ethical music has some benefits as well as harmful effects on essay neighborhood the human brain. Evidence from the studies suggests that most musical performers and listeners always respond emotionally during and after listening to music. It is also clear that a human being can also listen to only one type of songs at a time.

Moreover, the music mind is essay, linked to body languages and critical, some responses from music. Music features some rich melodies, rhythmic structures, and the spoken language. Therefore, it is clear that language and music depends on the brain functions. I cannot thank you enough, EssaysProfessors.com, for helping me as much as you have over the last four years. I have just come from defending the dissertation that you wrote for me. Essay Neighborhood. The committee was blown away by its quality and so was I. Your writers obviously made every effort to do an excellent job, and that is exactly the result they got. Quincy J., Washington, D.C, USA. Never mind that I gave in my essay when time was just about over.

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